Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gossypium hirsutum
(Bourbon cotton)

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Datasheet

Gossypium hirsutum (Bourbon cotton)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Gossypium hirsutum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Bourbon cotton
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.|G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleG. hirsutum - line drawing|Whole plant - line drawing
CaptionG. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.|G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.|G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
G. hirsutum - line drawing|Whole plant - line drawingG. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.|G. hirsutum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower in longitudinal section; 3, fruit; 4, opening fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', Vols 1-20 (1989-2000), by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Gossypium hirsutum

Preferred Common Name

  • Bourbon cotton

Other Scientific Names

  • Gossypium hirsutum var. latifolium (Murray) Roberty
  • Gossypium hirsutum var. punctatum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty
  • Gossypium jamaicense Macfad.
  • Gossypium lanceolatum Tod.
  • Gossypium mexicanum Tod.
  • Gossypium morilii O. F. Cook & J. Hubb
  • Gossypium punctatum Schumach. & Thonn.
  • Gossypium purpurascens Poir
  • Gossypium religiosum L.
  • Gossypium schotti G. Watt
  • Gossypium taitense Parl.
  • Gossypium tridens O. F. Cook & J. Hubb

International Common Names

  • English: American upland cotton; cotton; upland cotton
  • Spanish: algodón; algodonero
  • French: coton velu; cotonnier
  • Portuguese: algodoeiro

Local Common Names

  • Germany: amerikanische Baumwolle; Upland- Baumwolle
  • Italy: pianta del cotone
  • Netherlands: Katoenplant
  • Sweden: bomullsplanta

EPPO code

  • GOSHI (Gossypium hirsutum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Malvales
  •                         Family: Malvaceae
  •                             Genus: Gossypium
  •                                 Species: Gossypium hirsutum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Abutilon mosaic virus; Abutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf); Acanthacris ruficornis; Achyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip); Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); African cotton mosaic disease; Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Amaranthus albus (tumble pigweed); Amaranthus blitoides (spreading amaranth); Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed); Anomis flava (cotton semi-looper); Anthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed); Commelina benghalensis (wandering jew); Cotton anthocyanosis virus (vermelhao disease); cotton blue; Cotton leaf crumple virus (cotton leaf crumple); Cotton leaf curl virus (leaf curl disease of cotton); Cotton phyllody phytoplasma; Cotton yellow vein disease; Criconemella (ring nematode); Crocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Datura stramonium (jimsonweed); Desmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass); Diabolocatantops axillaris (devil grasshopper); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Dysdercus peruvianus (cotton stainer); Dysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea); Earias vittella (spiny bollworm); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Helianthus ciliaris (Texas blueweed); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicoverpa punctigera (native budworm); Horcias nobilellus (cotton bug); Lygus hesperus (western plant bug); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Meloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode); Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant); Murdannia nudiflora (doveweed); Mussidia nigrivenella (cob borer); Oxalis latifolia (sorrel); Paspalum distichum (knotgrass); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton; Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Puccinia cacabata (southwestern cotton rust); Rastrococcus iceryoides (mango mealy bug); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Setaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail); Setaria pumila (yellow foxtail); Setaria verticillata (bristly foxtail); Setaria viridis (green foxtail); Sida acuta (sida); Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade); Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Tetranychus marianae; Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Xanthium strumarium (common cocklebur); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (angular leaf spot of cotton); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum australe (spiny-bur); Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Aleurodicus dugesii; Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Clavigralla tomentosicollis (African pod bug); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Delia platura (bean seed fly); Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Diaporthe phaseolorum var. meridionalis (soyabean stem canker); Digitaria insularis (sourgrass); Ditylenchus africanus (peanut pod nematode); Euschistus heros (Neotropical brown stink bug); Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Hirschmanniella oryzae (rice root nematode); Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Imperata cylindrica (cogon grass); Khuskia oryzae (cob rot of maize); Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Leptoglossus zonatus; Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Meloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Merremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose); Mesoplatys cincta; Mesoplatys ochroptera (sesbanie beetle); Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer); Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Phenacoccus solani; Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Sonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle); Sonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Sybra alternans; Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Associated with (not a host):

Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)

Host of (source - data mining):

Nipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug); Pennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)