Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Acalymma vittatum
(striped cucumber beetle)

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Datasheet

Acalymma vittatum (striped cucumber beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Acalymma vittatum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • striped cucumber beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult
Caption
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
AdultUSDA-ARS
Example of damage on pumpkin fruit, caused by beetle feeding.
TitleCrop damage
CaptionExample of damage on pumpkin fruit, caused by beetle feeding.
CopyrightG. Brust
Example of damage on pumpkin fruit, caused by beetle feeding.
Crop damageExample of damage on pumpkin fruit, caused by beetle feeding.G. Brust
Example of damage on cucurbit flower, caused by beetle feeding.
TitleFlower damage
CaptionExample of damage on cucurbit flower, caused by beetle feeding.
CopyrightG. Brust
Example of damage on cucurbit flower, caused by beetle feeding.
Flower damageExample of damage on cucurbit flower, caused by beetle feeding.G. Brust
Example of plant (Canteloupe melon) infected with bacterial wilt, vectored by A. vittatum.
TitleCrop damage
CaptionExample of plant (Canteloupe melon) infected with bacterial wilt, vectored by A. vittatum.
CopyrightG. Brust
Example of plant (Canteloupe melon) infected with bacterial wilt, vectored by A. vittatum.
Crop damageExample of plant (Canteloupe melon) infected with bacterial wilt, vectored by A. vittatum.G. Brust
Test for the presence of bacterial wilt in a wilting cucurbit plant.
Title'String Test' for wilt.
CaptionTest for the presence of bacterial wilt in a wilting cucurbit plant.
CopyrightR. Latin
Test for the presence of bacterial wilt in a wilting cucurbit plant.
'String Test' for wilt.Test for the presence of bacterial wilt in a wilting cucurbit plant.R. Latin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Acalymma vittatum (Fabricius)

Preferred Common Name

  • striped cucumber beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Acalymma vittata (Fabricius)
  • Cistela melanocephala Fabricius
  • Crioceris vittata Fabricius
  • Cryptocephalus (Cistela) americanus Gmelin
  • Cryptocephalus (Crioceris) stolatus Gmelin
  • Diabrotica melanocephala (Fabricius)
  • Diabrotica vittata (Fabricius)
  • Diabrotica vittatae (Fabricius)
  • Galeruca cucumeris Melsheimer
  • Galeruca vittata (Fabricius)
  • Galleruca (Diabrotica) americana (Gmelin)
  • Galleruca pallipes Oliver

International Common Names

  • Spanish: tortuguilla de las cucurbitaceas
  • French: chrysomele rayee du concombre

Local Common Names

  • Turkey: cizgili hiyar bocegi

EPPO code

  • ACAYVT (Acalymma vittatum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Acalymma
  •                                 Species: Acalymma vittatum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresent, Few occurrencesDownie and Arnett (1996)
-ManitobaPresent, LocalizedNativeMunroe and Smith (1980)
-New BrunswickPresent, LocalizedNativeMunroe and Smith (1980)
-Nova ScotiaPresentMunroe and Smith (1980)
-OntarioPresent, WidespreadMunroe and Smith (1980)
-QuebecPresent, WidespreadMunroe and Smith (1980)
MexicoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Hauser & Balduf, 1925
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-ArizonaPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-ArkansasPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-CaliforniaPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-ColoradoPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-ConnecticutPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-DelawarePresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-FloridaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-GeorgiaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-IdahoPresent, Few occurrencesDownie and Arnett (1996)
-IllinoisPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-IndianaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-IowaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-KansasPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-KentuckyPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-LouisianaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MainePresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MarylandPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MassachusettsPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MichiganPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MinnesotaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MississippiPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MissouriPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-MontanaPresent, LocalizedNativeDownie and Arnett (1996)
-NebraskaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-NevadaPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-New HampshirePresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-New JerseyPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-New MexicoPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-New YorkPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-North CarolinaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-North DakotaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-OhioPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-OklahomaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-OregonPresent, Few occurrencesDownie and Arnett (1996)
-PennsylvaniaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-Rhode IslandPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-South CarolinaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-South DakotaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-TennesseePresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-TexasPresent, LocalizedNativeDownie and Arnett (1996)
-UtahPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-VermontPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-VirginiaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-WashingtonPresentDownie and Arnett (1996)
-West VirginiaPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)
-WisconsinPresent, WidespreadDownie and Arnett (1996)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / malformed skin
Leaves / frass visible
Leaves / wilting
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / external feeding
Stems / wilt
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / frass visible
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Ahgonedrus pallipes Predator Eggs/Larvae
Celatoria diabroticae Parasite Adults
Chaetophleps setosa Parasite Adults
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus Predator Adults/Larvae
Howardula benigna Parasite Larvae
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite USA; Indiana cucumbers
Syrrhizus diabroticae Parasite Adults
Tenodera sinensis Predator

References

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Anon., 1996. Regional Melon Production School Proceedings. W Lafayette, IN, USA: Purdue University, 86pp.

Bassi A, 1982. The overwintering nature of Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith) and resistance to bacterial wilt in cucumber. PhD thesis. Fayetteville, USA: University of Arkansas.

Boving AG, 1927. Descriptions of larvae of the genera Diabrotica and Phyllobrotica with a discussion of the taxonomic validity of the subfamilies Galerucince and Halticinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Proceedings of the Entomological of Society Washington, 29:193-205.

Briand LJ, 1960. The nematode Howardula benigna Cob, 1921, parasite of the cucumber beetles in Ontario. Proceedings of the Entomological Society Ontario, 90:53.

Brust GE, 1997. Seasonal variation in percentage of striped cucumber beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) that vector Erwinia tracheiphila. Environmental Entomology, 26(3):580-584; 12 ref.

Brust GE, 1997b. Interaction of Erwinia tracheiphilia and muskmelon plants. Journal of Environmental Entomology, 26:849-854.

Brust GE, Foster RE, 1995. Semiochemical-based toxic baits for control of striped cucumber beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in cantaloupe. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(1):112-116

Brust GE, Foster RE, Buhler WG, 1996. Comparison of insecticide use programs for managing the striped cucumber beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in muskmelon. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(4):981-986; 14 ref.

Brust GE, Rane KK, 1995. Differential occurrence of bacterial wilt in muskmelon due to preferential striped cucumber beetle feeding. HortScience, 30(5):1043-1045

Bussart JE, 1937. The bionomics of Chaetophleps setosa Coquillett (Diptera: Tachinidae). Annals of the Entomological Society America, 30:285-295.

Caeser L, 1919. Insects as agents in the dissemination of plant diseases. Report of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 49:60-66.

Cavanagh A, Hazzard R, 2006. Perimeter trap crop systems using Blue Hubbard squash as a control for striped cucumber beetle in butternut squash. In: Cucurbitaceae 2006, Asheville, North Carolina, USA, 17-21 September 2006. North Carolina, USA: Organizing Committee, Cucurbitaceae, 232-240.

Cavanagh A, Hazzard R, Adler LS, Boucher J, 2009. Using trap crops for control of Acalymma vittatum (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) reduces insecticide use in butternut squash. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102(3):1101-1107. http://docserver.ingentaconnect.com/deliver/connect/esa/00220493/v102n3/s31.pdf?expires=1264486662&id=0000&titleid=10264&checksum=ACBFB28CF6513B18EB31EE0511D7EBD2

Chevrolat A, 1844. Diabrotica. In: D'Orbigny C, ed. O Dictionnaire universel d'histoire naturelle. Vol. 4. Paris, France: Renard Martinet.

Chittenden F, 1919. The striped cucumber beetle and its control. Farmers' Bulletin. USDA 1038.

Clayton EE, 1927. Effect of early spray and dust applications on later incidence of cucumber wilt and mosaic diseases. Phytopathology, 17:473-481.

Cobb NA, 1921. Howardula benigna, a nema parasite of the cucumber beetle. Science, 1409:667-670.

Doolittle SP, 1921. The mosaic disease of cucurbits. Bulletin. USDA 879.

Doolittle SP, Walker MN, 1925. Further studies on the overwintering and dissemination of cucurbit mosaic. Journal of Agronomic Research, 31:1-58.

Downie NM, Arnett RH, 1996. An American Insect Project. Gainesville, USA: The Sandhill Crane Press.

Eastham JW, 1915. The part played by insects in the spread of plant-diseases. Proceedings of the Entomolgical Society British Columb., 7:18-21.

Ellers-Kirk C, Fleischer SJ, 2006. Development and life table of Acalymma vittatum (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a vector of Erwinia tracheiphila in cucurbits. Environmental Entomology, 35(4):875-880. http://docserver.esa.catchword.org/deliver/cw/pdf/esa/freepdfs/0046225x/v35n4s7.pdf

Foster R, Brust GE, 1997. New approaches to cucumber beetle and bacaterial wilt management in cucurbits in the Midwestern United States. Recent Research Developments In Entomology, 1:59-71.

Gahan AB, 1922. A new Hymenopterous parasite upon adult beetles. Ohio Journal of Science, 122:140-142.

Gould GE, 1944. The Biology and Control of the Striped Cucumber Beetle. Bulletin. Lafayette, USA: Purdue University Experimental Station.

Headlee TJ, 1908. The striped cucumber beetle. Bulletin of the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, 216.

Houser JS, Balduf WV, 1925. The striped cucumber beetle, Diabrotica vittata Fabr. Bulletin. Ohio Agricultural Experimental Station, 388:239-364.

Isely D, 1927. The striped cucumber beetle. Bulletin of the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station 216.

Jansen WP, Staples R, 1971. Specificity of transmission of cowpea mosaic virus by species within the subfamily Galerucinae, family Chrysomelidae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 64:365-367.

Latin R, 1993. Diseases and Pests of Muskmelons and Watermelons. W. Lafayette, USA: Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service.

Lowry QS, 1918. The striped cucumber beetle Diabrotica vittata Fab. Seventeenth report of the Connecticut state Entomologist for 1917. Bulletin of the Conn. Agricultural Experiment Station, 203:262-273.

Main CE, Walker JC, 1971. Physiological responses of susceptible and resistant cucumber to Erwinia tracheiphila. Phypathology, 61:518-527.

Marsh HO, 1910. Biologic notes on species of Diabrotica in southern Texas. Bulletin of the Bureau Entomology USDA, 82:76-84.

Metcalf RL, Metcalf RA, 1992. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control., Ed. 5:1104 pp.; ref.

Munroe DD, Smith RF, 1980. A revision of the systematics of Acalymma sensu stricto Barber (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from North America including Mexico. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, No. 112:92 pp.

Oliver AG, 1792. Encyclopedie methodique. Histoire naturelle. Insectes. Vol. 6. Panckoucke, Paris. 1808. Entomologie, ou Histoire naturelle des insectes. Cole'opte'res. Vol. 6. Desray, Paris.

Peterson A, 1960. Larvae of Insects: Coleoptera. Sixth Ed, 1984. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA: Edwards Brothers Inc.

Rand FV, 1915. Dissemination of bacterial wilt of cucurbits. Journal of Agronomic Research, 5:257-260.

Rand FV, Cash CC, 1920. Some insect relations of Bacillus tracheiphilus, Erw. Sm. Phytopathology, 10:133-140.

Rand FV, Enlows EMA, 1916. Transmission and control of bacterial wilt of cucumbers. Journal of Agronomic Research, 6:417-434.

Reed DK, Reed GL, Creighton CS, 1986. Introduction of entomogenous nematodes into trickle irrigation systems to control striped cucumber beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 79(5):1330-1333

Shapiro LR, Seidl-Adams I, De Moraes CM, Stephenson AG, Mescher MC, 2014. Dynamics of short- and long-term association between a bacterial plant pathogen and its arthropod vector. Scientific Reports, 4(4155):srep04155. http://www.nature.com/srep/2014/140224/srep04155/pdf/srep04155.pdf

Sirrine FA, 1899. Combatting the striped beetle on cucumbers. Bulletin NY Agricultural Experiment Station, 158.

Staub JE, Peterson CE, 1986. Comparisons between bacterial wilt resistant and susceptible gynoecious cucumber lines and F progeny. HortScience, 21(6, I):1428-1430

Stehr F, 1991. Immature Insects. Dubuque, USA: Kendal/Hunt Publishing Company

Stoner WN, 1964. A mosaic virus transmitted by beetles and a grasshopper. Phytopathology, 53:890.

Sweetman HL, 1925. The life history of Diabrotica vittata. Iowa Journal of Economic Entomology, 18:795-807.

Walton WR, 1914. A new tachinid parasite of Diabrotica vittata. Proceedings of the Entomological Society Washington, 16:11-14.

Watson-Kamm ME, 1922. Studies on Gregarinae. II. Ill. Biological monograph, 7:1-104.

Yardim EN, Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Oliver TJ, Byrne RJ, 2006. Suppression of tomato hornworm (Manduca quinquemaculata) and cucumber beetles (Acalymma vittatum and Diabotrica undecimpunctata) populations and damage by vermicomposts. Pedobiologia, 50(1):23-29.

Zehnder GW, Yao ChangBin, Wei Gang, Kloepper JW, 2000. Influence of methyl bromide fumigation on microbe-induced resistance in cucumber. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 10(5):687-693.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Downie NM, Arnett RH, 1996. An American Insect Project., Gainesville, USA: The Sandhill Crane Press.

Munroe D D, Smith R F, 1980. A revision of the systematics of Acalymma sensu stricto Barber (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from North America including Mexico. In: Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 92 pp.

Distribution Maps

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