Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Galleria mellonella
(greater waxmoth)

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Datasheet

Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Galleria mellonella
  • Preferred Common Name
  • greater waxmoth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. July 2014.
TitleAdult
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. July 2014.
Copyright©Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. July 2014.
AdultGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. July 2014.©Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. August 2018.
TitleAdult
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. August 2018.
Copyright©Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. August 2018.
AdultGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. August 2018.©Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Taiwan. January 2016.
TitleAdult
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Taiwan. January 2016.
Copyright©LiCheng Shih/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Taiwan. January 2016.
AdultGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Taiwan. January 2016.©LiCheng Shih/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Pryor, Oklahoma; USA. September 2015.
TitleAdult
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Pryor, Oklahoma; USA. September 2015.
Copyright©Robert Webster/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Pryor, Oklahoma; USA. September 2015.
AdultGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Pryor, Oklahoma; USA. September 2015.©Robert Webster/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 4.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Netherlands. July 2011.
TitleAdult
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Netherlands. July 2011.
Copyright©Sharad Patel (Sharadpunita)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Netherlands. July 2011.
AdultGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Adult. Netherlands. July 2011.©Sharad Patel (Sharadpunita)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Total destruction of honeycombs in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleDamage to honeycomb
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Total destruction of honeycombs in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Total destruction of honeycombs in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Damage to honeycombGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Total destruction of honeycombs in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Mass of webs and caterpillars. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleWebbing
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Mass of webs and caterpillars. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Mass of webs and caterpillars. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
WebbingGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Mass of webs and caterpillars. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons on the comb frame in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleCocoons
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons on the comb frame in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons on the comb frame in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
CocoonsGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons on the comb frame in ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons (prepupae and pupae) on comb frame of ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleCocoons
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons (prepupae and pupae) on comb frame of ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons (prepupae and pupae) on comb frame of ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
CocoonsGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Cocoons (prepupae and pupae) on comb frame of ruined hive. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Severely damaged honeycomb. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleDamage to honeycomb
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Severely damaged honeycomb. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Severely damaged honeycomb. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Damage to honeycombGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Severely damaged honeycomb. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Damage to honeycomb (tunneling, webbing). Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleDamage to honeycomb
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Damage to honeycomb (tunneling, webbing). Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Damage to honeycomb (tunneling, webbing). Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Damage to honeycombGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Damage to honeycomb (tunneling, webbing). Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Webbing in combs, cocoons on the wall. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
TitleDamage to hives
CaptionGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Webbing in combs, cocoons on the wall. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Copyright©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara
Galleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Webbing in combs, cocoons on the wall. Puerto Rico, April 2008.
Damage to hivesGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth); Webbing in combs, cocoons on the wall. Puerto Rico, April 2008.©Fabiola Areces-Berazain and Julio Lazcano-Lara

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Galleria mellonella Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • greater waxmoth

Other Scientific Names

  • Galleria cerella Fabricius
  • Phalaena mellonella Linnaeus
  • Tinea mellonella Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: bee moth; honeycomb moth; larger waxmoth; waxworm
  • Spanish: polilla de las colmenas; polilla mayor de los panales (arg)
  • French: fausse-teigne de la cire; teigne de la cire, fausse; teigne des ruches

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: voksmøl
  • Germany: Bienenwolf; Grosse Wachsmotte; Rankmade
  • Israel: ash hadonag hagadol
  • Netherlands: Wasmot
  • Norway: voksmoll

EPPO code

  • GALLME (Galleria mellonella)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Pyralidae
  •                             Genus: Galleria
  •                                 Species: Galleria mellonella

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-GuangdongPresent
IndiaPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-SarawakPresent
PakistanPresent
TaiwanPresent

Europe

CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
ItalyPresent
PolandPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SwedenPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1700s
United KingdomPresent

North America

Puerto RicoPresent
United StatesPresent
-ArizonaPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-VermontPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-TasmaniaPresent
-VictoriaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresentIntroduced1926

South America

ColombiaPresent

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles galleriae Parasite
Apechthis ontario Parasite
Archytas marmoratus Parasite
Bacillus cereus Pathogen
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis alesti Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis shandongiensis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis subtoxicus Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Bacillus thuringiensis wuhanensis Pathogen
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Blattisocius keegani Predator
Blattisocius tarsalis Predator
Brachymeria lasus Parasite
Brachymeria tibialis Predator/parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Bracon brevicornis Parasite
Bracon gelechiae Parasite
Bracon hebetor Parasite
Bracon kirkpatricki Parasite
Cantheconidia furcellata Predator
Chrysoperla carnea Predator
Compsilura concinnata Parasite
Cyzenis albicans Parasite
Densonucleosis virus Pathogen
Dibrachys boarmiae Parasite
Dolichogenidea ultor Parasite
Drino inconspicua Parasite
Dufouriellus ater Predator
Elachertus geniculatus Parasite
Encarsia porteri Parasite Eggs
Entomophaga aulicae Pathogen
Eocanthecona furcellata Predator
Eucelatoria bryani Parasite
Eurysthaea scutellaris Parasite
Euthyrhynchus floridanus Predator
Exeristes comstockii Parasite
Exeristes roborator Parasite
Exorista larvarum Parasite
Exorista xanthaspis Parasite
Formica polyctena Predator
Geocoris punctipes Predator
Glabromicroplitis croceipes Parasite
Glabromicroplitis croceipes Parasite
Goniozus legneri Parasite
Granulosis virus Pathogen
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Parasite
Heterorhabditis heliothidis Parasite
Heterorhabditis megidis Parasite
Iridovirus Pathogen
Itoplectis conquisator Parasite
Itoplectis maculator Parasite
Itoplectis naranyae Parasite
Lixophaga diatraeae Parasite
Mattesia dispora Pathogen
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen
Meteorus pulchricornis Parasite
Montina confusa Predator
Nemoraea pellucida Parasite
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Pales pavida Parasite
Paratheresia claripalpis Parasite
Photorhabdus luminescens Pathogen
Phryxe caudata Parasite
Pimpla aquilonia Parasite
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Pimpla disparis Parasite
Pimpla nipponicus Parasite
Podisus maculiventris Predator
Podisus placidus Predator
Podisus sagitta Predator
Proteus mirabilis Pathogen
Pseudogonia rufifrons Parasite
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pathogen
Pseudoperichaeta laevis Parasite
Pseudoperichaeta nigrolineata Parasite
Psychophagus omnivorus Parasite
Sclerodermus guani Parasite
Sericesthis iridescent virus Pathogen
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema glaseri Parasite
Steinernema intermedium Parasite
Steinernema kraussei Parasite
Steinernema rarum Parasite
Stiretrus anchorago Predator
Stomatomyia trinitatis Parasite
Sturmia bella Parasite
Sturmiopsis parasitica Parasite
Sycanus indagator Predator
Tetrastichus atriclavus Parasite
Tetrastichus israeli Parasite
Tolypocladium cylindrosporum Pathogen
Tolypocladium niveum Pathogen
Trichogramma daumalae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma japonicum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma maidis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pallidum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pretiosum Parasite Eggs
Trichospilus diatraeae Parasite
Vairimorpha heterosporum Pathogen
Venturia canescens Parasite
Xenorhabdus nematophilus Pathogen
Xenorhabdus nematophilus poinari Pathogen
Xenorhabdus nematophilus var. dutki Pathogen
Xenorhabdus poinarii Pathogen
Zenillia libatrix Parasite

Distribution Maps

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