Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Fusarium pallidoroseum
(fungal gummosis (of Leucaena))



Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena))


  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fusarium pallidoroseum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fusarium pallidoroseum

Preferred Common Name

  • fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)

Other Scientific Names

  • Fusarium semitectum Berk. & Rav.

International Common Names

  • English: crown rot: banana; seedling rot (of pigeon pea); storage rot: tropical crops
  • Spanish: podredumbre coronada del platano
  • French: pourriture couronnee du bananier

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kronenfaeule: Banane

EPPO code

  • FUSAST (Fusarium semitectum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Nectriaceae
  •                                 Genus: Fusarium
  •                                     Species: Fusarium pallidoroseum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


IndiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IranPresentAmani, 2011; Mirzaee et al., 2013
MalaysiaPresentNur et al., 2011
NepalPresentIPPC, 2005
Saudi ArabiaPresent
Sri LankaPresentEPPO, 2014


Burkina FasoPresentSomda et al., 2008
ZambiaPresentSchjøth and Sundheim, 2013

North America


Central America and Caribbean

Puerto RicoPresentErpelding and Prom, 2006; EPPO, 2014
Windward IslandsPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresentMunitz et al., 2013
BrazilPresentDhingra et al., 2003; Martins et al., 2009
-Espirito SantoPresentMoreira et al., 2013
-Rio de JaneiroPresent


ItalyPresentBelisario et al., 2010
SerbiaPresentPavlovic et al., 2008


AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
New ZealandPresent

Growth Stages

Top of page Post-harvest


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Amani M, 2011. Identification of fungal pathogens on banana (Musa acuminata L.) in Sistan & Bluchestan province. Plant Protection Journal, 3(2):Pe147-Pe159, En160.

Anitha K, Chakrabarty SK, Sunil N, Rao RDVJP, Varaprasad KS, Khetarpal RK, 2005. Fungi recorded on Jatropha curcas L. seed collected in India. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 33(2):303-304.

Anuja Khare, Srivastava M, Kumud Kumar, Vijay Kumar, 2003. In vitro studies on associative and antagonistic effects between seed-borne fungi and Alternaria tenuissima causing leaf blight in pigeonpea. Farm Science Journal, 12(2):153-154.

Azhar Hussain, Anwar SA, Sahi GM, Abbas Q, Imran, 2009. Seed borne fungal pathogens associated with pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) and their impact on seed germination. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 21(1):55-60.

Belisario A, Luongo L, Vitale S, Santori A, 2010. First report of Fusarium semitectum as the agent of twig cankers on Persian (English) walnut in Italy. Plant Disease, 94(6):791.

Bhaskar RB, Hasan N, Pandey KC, Melkania NP, 2003. Management of root-rot disease complex of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Forage Research, 29(2):84-87.

Chandel SS, Mohinder Kaur, 2003. Effect of fungicidal seed treatment on seed variability, seed mycoflora and plant health of marigold. Journal of Hill Research, 16(1):29-31.

Costa MLN, Dhingra OD, Silva JLda, 2005. Influence of internal seedborne Fusarium semitectum on cotton seedlings. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 30(2):183-186.

Dhingra OD, Lustosa DC, Maia CB, Mesquita JB, 2003. Seedborne fungal pathogens of jacaranda (Dalbergia nigra) tree. Seed Science and Technology, 31(2):341-349.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Erpelding JE, Prom LK, 2006. Seed mycoflora for grain mold from natural infection in sorghum germplasm grown at Isabela, Puerto Rico and their association with kernel weight and germination. Plant Pathology Journal (Faisalabad), 5(1):106-112.

Gurjar KL, Singh SD, Rawal P, 2004. Management of seed borne pathogens of okra with bio-agents. Plant Disease Research (Ludhiana), 19(1):44-46.

Haque SMA, Begum JA, Islam MF, Islam MS, Mia MAT, 2003. Influence of farmers' seed processing activities on seed borne fungi of T.Aman rice. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 19(1/2):59-62.

Henning AA, 2004. Seed pathology and treatment: general aspects. (Patologia e tratamento de sementes: noções gerais.) Documentos - Embrapa Soja, No.235:51 pp.

Henning AS, 2005. Seed pathology and treatment: an overview. (Patologia e tratamento de sementes: noções gerais.) Documentos - Embrapa Soja, No.264:52 pp.

Hoque MZ, Begum F, Patwary MMA, Fakir GA, 2005. Effect of location on seed health status of four categories of jute seeds in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 21(1/2):24-28.

Huynh Van Nghiep, Ashok Gaur, Sharma OK, 2006. Seed quality of rice hybrids and their parental lines produced in different agro-climatic zones of India. Seed Research, 34(1):82-85.

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. IPPC Official Pest Report. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Ishrat Niaz, Jalaluddin M, Kazmi SAR, 2005. Determination of suitable medium and optimum temperature required for the growth of seed borne fungi of sorghum. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 2(4):1013-1014.

Joyjit Barua, Hossain MM, Ismail Hossain, Rahman AAMS, Sahel MAT, 2007. Control of mycoflora of farmer's stored seeds of mungbean. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6(1):115-121.

Kishore GK, Pande S, Harish S, 2007. Evaluation of essential oils and their components for broad-spectrum antifungal activity and control of late leaf spot and crown rot diseases in peanut. Plant Disease, 91(4):375-379. HTTP://

Krishna Murthy, Niranjana SR, Shetty HS, 2003. Effects of chemical fungicides and biological agent on seed quality improvement in pulses. Seed Research, 31(1):121-124.

Martins TD, Menten JOM, Sanguino Â, 2009. Fungi associated with the seeds (Caryopses) of sugarcane: detection methods, incidence and relation between fungical incidence and seed production conditions. (Fungos associados às sementes (Cariopses) de cana-de-açúcar: métodos para detecção, incidência e relação entre incidência fúngica e ambiente de produção das sementes.) Summa Phytopathologica, 35(3):173-178.

Mirzaee MR, Heydari A, Zare R, Naraghi L, Sabzali F, Hasheminasab M, 2013. Fungi associated with boll and lint rot of cotton in Southern Khorasan province of Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 46(11):1285-1294.

Moreira SI, Dutra Dda C, Rodrigues AC, Oliveira JRde, Dhingra OD, Pereira OL, 2013. Fungi and bacteria associated with post-harvest rot of ginger rhizomes in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Tropical Plant Pathology, 38(3):218-226.

Munitz MS, Garrido CE, Gonzalez HHL, Resnik SL, Salas PM, Montti MIT, 2013. Mycoflora and potential mycotoxin production of freshly harvested blueberry in Concordia, Entre Ríos Province, Argentina. International Journal of Fruit Science, 13(3):312-325.

Nasreen Sultana, Ghaffar A, 2009. Seed borne fungi associated with bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria Mol.) Standl. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41(1):435-442.

Nur Ain Izzati MZ, Azmi AR, Siti Nordahliawate MS, Johari Norazlina, 2011. Contribution to the knowledge of diversity of Fusarium associated with maize in Malaysia. Plant Protection Science, 47(1):20-24.

Pavlovic S, Stojsin V, Stojanovic S, Starovic M, 2008. Mycopopulation in five important cultivated medicinal plants in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (5th CMAPSEEC), Brno, Czech Republic, 2-5 September, 2008. Brno, Czech Republic: Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno, 101.

Pradeep AG, Lokesh S, Rai VR, 2003. Efficacy of some essential oils on seed mycoflora and seedling quality of some crop species saved by farmers. Advances in Plant Sciences, 16(1):53-58.

Prom LK, 2004. The effects of Fusarium thapsinum, Curvularia lunata and their combination on sorghum germination and seed mycoflora. Journal of New Seeds, 6(1):39-49.

Rahman MME, Fakir GA, 2007. Study on seed health status of sunflower in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology, 23(1/2):51-56.

Sahu RK, Agarwal VK, 2004. Mycoflora associated with the seeds of Leucaena leucocephala. Indian Forester, 130(9):1040-1044.

Schjøth JE, Sundheim L, 2013. Epidemic significance of planting time and hybrid on Fusarium infection of maize in two agroecological zones of Zambia. Acta Agriculturæ Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 63(2):153-161.

Sharfun-Nahar, Muhammad Mushtaq, Hashmi MH, 2005. Seed-borne mycoflora of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 37(2):451-457.

Shazia Rasheed, Shahnaz Dawar, Abdul Ghaffar, 2004. Location of fungi in groundnut seed. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 36(3):663-668.

Somda I, Sanou J, Sanon P, 2008. Seed-borne infection of farmer-saved maize seeds by pathogenic fungi and their transmission to seedlings. Plant Pathology Journal (Faisalabad), 7(1):98-103.

Tagne A, Mathur SB, 2003. Fungi associated with seeds of Coffea arabica. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, No.135:44-46.

Tini Pillai, Raut BT, Paulkar PK, Agarkar GD, Thakare AR, 2003. Assessment of different methods for detection of mycoflora of sesamum. Annals of Plant Physiology, 17(2):153-156.

Uzma Sitara, Shahida Akhter, 2007. Efficacy of fungicides, Sodium hypochlorite and neem seed powder to control seed borne pathogens of maize. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39(1):285-292.

Wani TA, Misgar FA, 2007. Water management and effect of fungicides on Fusarium wilt of chilli (Capsicum annum) in Pulwama District of Kashmir Valley. Environment and Ecology, 25(4):868-870.

Zhang Y, Han JG, Bolkan H, Shi QH, 2006. The mycoflora of perennial ryegrass seed and their effects on the germination and seedling vigour. Seed Science and Technology, 34(2):429-441.

Distribution Maps

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