Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Haematonectria haematococca
(dry rot of potato)

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Datasheet

Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Haematonectria haematococca
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dry rot of potato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleStaining of Faba beans due to rot caused by F. solan
Caption
CopyrightG.R. Dixon
Staining of Faba beans due to rot caused by F. solanG.R. Dixon

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Haematonectria haematococca (Berk. & Broome) Samuels & Rossman

Preferred Common Name

  • dry rot of potato

Other Scientific Names

  • Fusarium eumartii C.W.Carp.
  • Fusarium martii App. & Wol.
  • Fusarium solani (Martius) Sacc.
  • Fusarium solani f.sp. eumartii C.W.Carp.
  • Fusarium solani var. eumartii (C.W.Carp.) Wollenw.
  • Fusarium solani var. martii (Appel & Wol.) Wol. & Re.
  • Fusarium solani var. striatum (Sherbakov) Wollenw.
  • Hypomyces haematococcus (Berk. & Broome) Wollenw.
  • Hypomyces solani Reink. & Berth.
  • Nectria haematococca Berk. & Broome

International Common Names

  • English: foot rot; foot rot of peas and beans; localized ring rot of ginger; root rot; rubber tree gummosis disease; stem canker; storage rot of yam; sudden death syndrome of soyabean; tuber rot
  • Spanish: marchitez; podredumbre seca de la papa; podredumbre seca en patata
  • French: fletrissement fusarien du concombre; necrose fusarienne du talon de la pomme de terre; pourriture fusarienne du concombre; pourriture fusarienne du planton de la pomme de te; pourriture racinaire; pourriture rose de l'oignon; pourriture sèche de la pomme de terre

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Fussfaeule; Fussfäule; Wurzelfaeule; Wurzelfäule

EPPO code

  • FUSASO (Fusarium solani)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Nectriaceae
  •                                 Genus: Haematonectria
  •                                     Species: Haematonectria haematococca

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 24 May 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
BeninPresent
CameroonPresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GhanaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
NigeriaPresent
South AfricaPresent
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AzerbaijanPresent
BahrainPresent
BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-BeijingPresent
-ChongqingPresent
-FujianPresent
-GansuPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HubeiPresent
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JilinPresent
-LiaoningPresent
-NingxiaPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent
-DelhiPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-ManipurPresent
-OdishaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-SikkimPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
-SarawakPresent
NepalPresent
OmanPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
South KoreaPresent
SyriaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TurkeyPresentOriginal citation: Özer and Bayraktar (2015)
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaPresent
FrancePresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
-SaskatchewanPresent
GuadeloupePresent
HondurasPresent
JamaicaPresent
MexicoPresentOriginal citation: Herrera-Parra et al. (2017)
Trinidad and TobagoPresent
United StatesPresent
-AlabamaPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-IndianaPresent
-IowaPresent
-KansasPresent
-KentuckyPresent
-MainePresent, Only undercover/indoors
-MinnesotaPresent
-MississippiPresent
-MissouriPresent
-MontanaPresent
-New YorkPresent
-OhioPresent
-OregonPresent
-TexasPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

American SamoaPresent
AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
New ZealandPresent
SamoaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BrazilPresent
-CearaPresent
-Espirito SantoPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresent
ColombiaPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / cortex with lesions
Roots / fungal growth on surface
Roots / rot of wood
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Stems / internal discoloration
Vegetative organs / dry rot
Vegetative organs / internal rotting or discoloration
Vegetative organs / mould growth
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aspergillus fischeri Antagonist
Aspergillus sydowii Antagonist
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen
Hypocrea rufa Mycoparasite
Hyponectria sceptri Pathogen
Nectria tuberculariformis Pathogen
Nectriella muelleri Pathogen
Penicillium citrinum Antagonist
Streptomyces anulatus Pathogen
Trichoderma hamatum Antagonist
Trichoderma harzianum Antagonist
Trichoderma longibrachiatum Antagonist

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants spores Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Roots hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood hyphae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Xylosandrus compactusInsect

References

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Guerra D, Anderson AJ, 1985. The effect of iron and boron amendments on infection of bean by Fusarium solani.. Phytopathology, 75(9):989-991; [2 tab.]; 10 ref.

Guo M, Pan YM, Gao ZM, 2012. First report of medical tree peony root rot caused by Fusarium solani in Tongling, China. Plant Disease, 96(6):909. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Gupta V, John D, Razdan VK, Gupta SK, 2012. First report of tuber rot disease of kala zeera caused by a member of the Fusarium solani species complex in India. Plant Disease, 96(7):1067. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

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Yan Min, Li Ping, Li FengMei, Zheng AiPing, Sun HuiQing, 2004. Screening and initial identification of Fusarium spp. in cucumber. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 17 (3), 345-347.

Yang L Y, Chen P, Guo L J, Zhou Y, Wang G F, Du Q J, Huang J S, 2017. First report of vine wilt disease caused by Fusarium solani on sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) in China. Plant Disease. 101 (9), 1675. DOI:10.1094/pdis-04-17-0473-pdn

Zhang X Y, Hu J, Zhou H Y, Hao J J, Xue Y F, Chen H, Wang B G, 2014. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani causing fusarium dry rot of carrot in China. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1273. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zheng L, Peng Y, Zhang J, Ma W J, Li S J, Zhu T H, 2015. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot of Juglans sigllata dode in China. Plant Disease. 99 (1), 159. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-14-0801-PDN

Zhu L W, Tang X M, Lin T Y, Zhou S S, Liu P, Ye Z F, Wang D S, Wu Z Y, 2017. First report of Fusarium root rot in Asian pear caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease. 101 (1), 252. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/pdis-07-16-0998-pdn

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