Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Haematonectria haematococca
(dry rot of potato)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Haematonectria haematococca
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dry rot of potato
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleStaining of Faba beans due to rot caused by F. solan
Caption
CopyrightG.R. Dixon
Staining of Faba beans due to rot caused by F. solanG.R. Dixon

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Haematonectria haematococca (Berk. & Broome) Samuels & Rossman

Preferred Common Name

  • dry rot of potato

Other Scientific Names

  • Fusarium eumartii C.W.Carp.
  • Fusarium martii App. & Wol.
  • Fusarium solani (Martius) Sacc.
  • Fusarium solani f.sp. eumartii C.W.Carp.
  • Fusarium solani var. eumartii (C.W.Carp.) Wollenw.
  • Fusarium solani var. martii (Appel & Wol.) Wol. & Re.
  • Fusarium solani var. striatum (Sherbakov) Wollenw.
  • Hypomyces haematococcus (Berk. & Broome) Wollenw.
  • Hypomyces solani Reink. & Berth.
  • Nectria haematococca Berk. & Broome

International Common Names

  • English: foot rot; foot rot of peas and beans; localized ring rot of ginger; root rot; rubber tree gummosis disease; stem canker; storage rot of yam; sudden death syndrome of soyabean; tuber rot
  • Spanish: marchitez; podredumbre seca de la papa; podredumbre seca en patata
  • French: fletrissement fusarien du concombre; necrose fusarienne du talon de la pomme de terre; pourriture fusarienne du concombre; pourriture fusarienne du planton de la pomme de te; pourriture racinaire; pourriture rose de l'oignon; pourriture sèche de la pomme de terre

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Fussfaeule; Fussfäule; Wurzelfaeule; Wurzelfäule

EPPO code

  • FUSASO (Fusarium solani)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Nectriaceae
  •                                 Genus: Haematonectria
  •                                     Species: Haematonectria haematococca

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresentCABI (Undated b)
EgyptPresentCABI (Undated b)
EthiopiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
GhanaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
LibyaPresentCABI (Undated b)
MalawiPresentCABI (Undated b)
MauritiusPresentCABI (Undated b)
MoroccoPresentCABI (Undated b)
NigeriaPresentCABI (Undated b)
South AfricaPresentCABI (Undated b)
TunisiaPresentTaieb and Triki (2016)
UgandaPresentTaligoola et al. (2004)
ZimbabwePresentCABI (Undated b)

Asia

BahrainPresentCABI (Undated b)
BangladeshPresentCABI (Undated b)
ChinaPresentZhu et al. (2017)
-AnhuiPresentGuo et al. (2012)
-BeijingPresentLi et al. (2016)
-ChongqingPresentLu et al. (2014)
-FujianPresentCABI (Undated b)
-GansuPresentCABI (Undated b)
-GuangdongPresentGai et al. (2012)
-GuizhouPresentWu YueKai et al. (2011)
-HainanPresentHuang et al. (2016)
-HebeiPresentWang et al. (2014)
-HubeiPresentSun et al. (2016)
-Inner MongoliaPresentZhang et al. (2014)
-JiangsuPresentRen HaiYing et al. (2003)
-JilinPresentLiu et al. (2016)
-LiaoningPresentLi et al. (2010)
-NingxiaPresentCao et al. (2013)
-ShandongPresentCABI (Undated b)
-SichuanPresentYan Min et al. (2004); Zheng et al. (2015)
-ZhejiangPresentCABI (Undated b)
IndiaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated); Greathead and Greathead (1992)
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI (Undated b)
-AssamPresentCABI (Undated b)
-BiharPresentCABI (Undated b)
-DelhiPresentShanmugam et al. (2016)
-HaryanaPresentMishra et al. (2013); Shikha Thakur and Harsh (2013)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentGupta et al. (2012)
-KarnatakaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-KeralaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MaharashtraPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ManipurPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OdishaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-PunjabPresentCABI (Undated b)
-RajasthanPresentCABI (Undated b)
-SikkimPresentKalita et al. (2012)
-Tamil NaduPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI (Undated b)
IndonesiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Lesser Sunda IslandsPresentRita et al. (2013)
IranPresentMirzaee et al. (2011); Fattahi et al. (2014); Abedi-Tizaki et al. (2016)
IraqPresentCABI (Undated b)
IsraelPresentCABI (Undated b)
JapanPresentSatou et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
MalaysiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIbrahim et al. (2015)
NepalPresentIPPC (2005)
PakistanPresentVeesar et al. (2015)
PhilippinesPresentYago and Chung (2011)
Saudi ArabiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
South KoreaPresentCABI (Undated b)
SyriaPresentCABI (Undated b)
TaiwanPresentCABI (Undated b)
TurkeyPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Özer and Bayraktar (2015)
UzbekistanPresentSheraliev and Bukharov (2001)

Europe

BulgariaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CzechiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
CzechoslovakiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresentCABI (Undated b)
DenmarkPresentCABI (Undated b)
EstoniaPresentLõiveke (2006)
FrancePresentCABI (Undated b)
GreecePresentCABI (Undated b)
HungaryPresentCABI (Undated b)
ItalyPresentBosso et al. (2012); Montecchio et al. (2015)
NetherlandsPresentCABI (Undated b)
PolandPresentOrlikowski and Ptaszek (2015)
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
SerbiaPresentPavlović et al. (2008)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCABI (Undated b)
SlovakiaPresentRohacik and Hudec (2005)
SloveniaPresentCABI (Undated b)
SpainPresentPastrana et al. (2014)
SwedenPresentCABI (Undated b)
United KingdomPresentCABI (Undated b)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-OntarioPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated); CABI (Undated)
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated b)
GuadeloupePresentCABI (Undated b)
HondurasPresentCABI (Undated b)
JamaicaPresentCABI (Undated b)
MexicoPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Herrera-Parra et al. (2017)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentRamdial and Rampersad (2010)
United StatesPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated); CABI (Undated)
-AlabamaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-ArkansasPresentCABI (Undated b)
-CaliforniaPresentKoike (2011)
-FloridaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated); CABI (Undated)
-GeorgiaPresentJi et al. (2012)
-IllinoisPresentCABI (Undated b)
-IndianaPresentPark and Juzwik (2012); CABI (Undated)
-IowaPresentPark and Juzwik (2012); CABI (Undated)
-KansasPresentCABI (Undated b)
-KentuckyPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MinnesotaPresentPark and Juzwik (2012)
-MississippiPresentCABI (Undated b)
-MissouriPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New YorkPresentPark and Juzwik (2012)
-OhioPresentPark and Juzwik (2012)
-OregonPresentRajmohan et al. (2011); Uppala et al. (2013)
-TexasPresentCABI (Undated b)
-WisconsinPresentPark and Juzwik (2012)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBrooks (2002)
AustraliaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-New South WalesPresentCABI (Undated b)
-QueenslandPresentCABI (Undated b)
New ZealandPresentCABI (Undated b)
SamoaPresentGerlach (1988)

South America

ArgentinaPresentPerez et al. (2011)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated b)
-CearaPresentMarinho et al. (2002); Melo et al. (2016)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentFischer et al. (2005)
-Rio Grande do NortePresentMarinho et al. (2002)
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-Sao PauloPresentCABI (Undated b)
ChilePresentCABI (Undated b)
ColombiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
VenezuelaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated); CABI (Undated)

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / cortex with lesions
Roots / fungal growth on surface
Roots / rot of wood
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Stems / internal discoloration
Vegetative organs / dry rot
Vegetative organs / internal rotting or discoloration
Vegetative organs / mould growth
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aspergillus fischeri Antagonist
Aspergillus sydowii Antagonist
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen
Hypocrea rufa Mycoparasite
Hyponectria sceptri Pathogen
Nectria tuberculariformis Pathogen
Nectriella muelleri Pathogen
Penicillium citrinum Antagonist
Streptomyces anulatus Pathogen
Trichoderma hamatum Antagonist
Trichoderma harzianum Antagonist
Trichoderma longibrachiatum Antagonist

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants spores Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Roots hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood hyphae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

Top of page
VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Xylosandrus compactusInsect

References

Top of page

Abedi-Tizaki M, Zafari D, Sadeghi J, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem rot of Dracaena in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 56(1):100-103. http://www.degruyter.com/dg/viewarticle.fullcontentlink:pdfeventlink/$002fj$002fjppr.2016.56.issue-1$002fjppr-2016-0013$002fjppr-2016-0013.pdf/jppr-2016-0013.pdf?format=INT&t:ac=j$002fjppr.2016.56.issue-1$002fjppr-2016-0013$002fjppr-2016-0013.xml

Abney TS, Richards TL, Roy KW, 1993. Fusarium solani from ascospores of Nectria haematococca causes sudden death syndrome of soybean. Mycologia, 85(5):801-806; 12 ref.

Achenbach LA, Patrick J, Gray L, 1996. Use of RAPD markers as a diagnostic tool for the identification of Fusarium solani isolates that cause soybean sudden death syndrome. Plant Disease, 80(11):1228-1232; 16 ref.

Achenbach LA, Patrick JA, Gray LE, 1997. Genetic homogeneity among isolates of Fusarium solani that cause soybean sudden death syndrome. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 95(3):474-478; 16 ref.

Adams MJ, Lapwood DH, 1983. Transmission of Fusarium solani var. coeruleum and F. sulphureum from seed potatoes to progeny tubers in the field. Annals of Applied Biology, 103(3):411-417; [7 tab.]; 10 ref.

Aist JR, Bayles CJ, 1991. Ultrastructural basis of mitosis in the fungus Nectria haematococca (sexual stage of Fusarium solani) I. Asters. Protoplasma, 161(2-3):111-122; 50 ref.

Aist JR, Bayles CJ, 1991. Ultrastructural basis of mitosis in the fungus Nectria haematococca (sexual stage of Fusarium solani) II. Spindles. Protoplasma, 161(2-3):123-136; 61 ref.

Anderson J, Pegg K, Thomas J, 2009. Passionfruit. In: Diseases of fruit crops in Australia [ed. by Cooke, T. \Parsley, D. \Hou]. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 197-206.

Anderson TR, Tenuta AU, 1998. First report of Fusarium solani f.sp. glycines causing sudden death syndrome of soybean in Canada. Plant Disease, 82(4):448; 2 ref.

Barclay M, Tett VA, Knowles CJ, 1998. Metabolism and enzymology of cyanide/metallocyanide biodegradation by Fusarium solani under neutral and acidic conditions. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 23(5):321-330; 32 ref.

Beigh GM, Dar GH, Bhat BA, Zargar MY, 1998. Biological control of Fusarium root rot in common bean with Rhizobium leguminosarum. Journal of Hill Research, 11(2):166-170; 17 ref.

Bell-Johnson B, Garvey G, Johnson J, Lightfoot D, Meksem K, 1998. Biotechnology approaches to improving resistance to SCN and SDS: methods for high throughput marker assisted selection. Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 25:115-117; 5 ref.

Biddle AJ, 1996. Cross pathogenicity of Fusarium solani and Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella isolates on peas, field and dwarf green beans. Aspects of Applied Biology, No. 47:179-183; 14 ref.

Booth C, 1971. The Genus Fusarium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Bosso L, Senatore M, Varlese R, Ruocco M, Garonna AP, Bonanomi G, Mazzoleni S, Cristinzio G, 2012. Severe outbreak of Fusarium solani on Quercus ilex vectored by Xylosandrus compactus. Journal of Plant Pathology, 94(4, Supplement):S4.99. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Bourbos VA, Skoudridakis MT, Darakis GA, Koulizakis M, 1997. Calcium cyanamide and soil solarization for the control of Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae in greenhouse cucumber. Crop Protection, 16(4):383-386; 25 ref.

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

Brummitt RK, 1992. Vascular Plant Families and Genera. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Garden.

Burke DW, Silbernagel MJ, Kraft JM, Koehler HH, 1995. Registration of 'Harold' pink bean. Crop Science, 35(3):943; 4 ref.

BÅng U, 1992. Influence of seed tuber infestation, chemical seed treatment and pre-harvest climate on incidence of gangrene and dry rot of potato (Solanum tuberosum). Potato Research, 35(1):3-15; 22 ref.

Cao XM, Cai J, Li SB, Zhang H, Lu ZQ, Hu XP, 2013. Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum associated with root rot of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in China. Plant Disease, 97(11):1514. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Carbone I, Kohn LM, 1999. A method for designing primer sets for speciation studies in filamentous ascomycetes. Mycologia, 91(3):553-556; 11 ref.

Carnegie SF, Cameron AM, 1990. Occurrence of Polyscytalum pustulans, Phoma foveata and Fusarium solani var. coeruleum in field soils in Scotland. Plant Pathology, 39(3):517-523; 23 ref.

Carnegie SF, Cameron AM, Lindsay DA, Sharp E, Nevison IM, 1998. The effect of treating seed potato tubers with benzimidazole, imidazole and phenylpyrrole fungicides on the control of rot and skin blemish diseases. Annals of Applied Biology, 133(3):343-363; 26 ref.

Chakrabarti SK, Bineeta Sen, 1991. Suppression of Fusarium wilt of muskmelon by organic soil amendments. Indian Phytopathology, 44(4):476-479; 10 ref.

Chao FX, Chi PK, 1991. An updated taxonomy of Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 12(2):66-73; 35 ref.

Chiang CC, Hadwiger LA, 1991. The Fusarium solani-induced expression of a pea gene family encoding high cysteine content proteins. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 4(4):324-331; 32 ref.

Chu EY, Endo T, Sten RLB, Albuquerque FCde, 1997. Evaluation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation on the incidence of Fusarium root rot of black pepper. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 22(2):205-208; 29 ref.

Clarkson JDS, 1978. Pathogenicity of Fusarium spp. associated with foot-rots of peas and beans. Plant Pathology, 27(3):110-117

Daniels CH, 1988. The expression of disease resistance response genes in Pisum sativum L. during race - specific resistance and heat shock. Dissertation Abstracts, B - Science & Engineering, 48(8):2200B.

Dar GH, Zargar MY, Beigh GM, 1997. Biocontrol of Fusarium root rot in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by using symbiotic Glomus mosseae and Rhizobium leguminosarum. Microbial Ecology, 34(1):74-80; 35 ref.

Dixon GR, 1981. Vegetable Crop Diseases. London, UK: Macmillan Press, 404 pp.

Ehteshamul-Haque S, Zaki MJ, Vahidy AA, Abdul Ghaffar, 1998. Effect of organic amendments on the efficacy of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the control of root rot disease of sunflower. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 30(1):45-50; 20 ref.

Ellil AHAA, Awad NGH, El-Haleem STA, 1998. Biocontrol of vegetable root rot disease by Trichoderma harzianum and T. viride role of sugars, protein and amino acids in host resistance. African Journal of Mycology and Biotechnology, 6(2):25-41; 39 ref.

Enkerli J, Bhatt G, Covert SF, 1997. Nht1, a transposable element cloned from a dispensable chromosome in Nectria haematococca. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 10(6):742-749; 61 ref.

Fattahi B, Rahanandeh H, Chavoshi S, Zamanizadeh HR, Bayat H, Moshayedi M, 2014. Report primary of Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium solani agents of Dianthus caryophyllus wilting in Markazi province in Iran. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 4(1):143-148. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/IJB-V4No1-p143-148.pdf

Fischer IH, Rezende JAM, Naldi Filho N, Silva JRda, 2005. Occurrence of Nectria haematococca in passion fruit in the State Rio de Janeiro and resistance of Passiflora mucronata to the pathogen. (Ocorrência de Nectria haematococca em maracujazais no estado do Rio de Janeiro e resistência de Passiflora mucronata ao patógeno.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 30(6):671. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/fb/v30n6/a21v30n6.pdf

Furuya H, Owada M, Ui T, 1979. A suppressive soil for common bean root rot in Kitami District, Hokkaido. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 45(5):608-617

Gai Y, Pan R, Xu D, Deng M, Chen W, Liu W, 2012. First report of Nectria haematococca causing stem rot of soybean in China. Plant Disease, 96(3):457. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Gerlach W, Nirenberg H, 1982. The genus Fusarium -- a pictorial atlas. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt fur Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin-Dahlem, No.209:406 pp.

Gerlach WWP, 1988. Plant diseases of Western Samoa. Apia, Western Samoa: Samoan German Crop Protection Project, 215 pp.

Greathead DJ, Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Gretenkort MA, Helsper JPFG, 1993. Disease assessment of pea lines with resistance to foot rot pathogens: protocols for in vitro selection. Plant Pathology, 42(5):676-685; 22 ref.

Guerra D, Anderson AJ, 1985. The effect of iron and boron amendments on infection of bean by Fusarium solani.. Phytopathology, 75(9):989-991; [2 tab.]; 10 ref.

Guo M, Pan YM, Gao ZM, 2012. First report of medical tree peony root rot caused by Fusarium solani in Tongling, China. Plant Disease, 96(6):909. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Gupta V, John D, Razdan VK, Gupta SK, 2012. First report of tuber rot disease of kala zeera caused by a member of the Fusarium solani species complex in India. Plant Disease, 96(7):1067. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Hadwiger LA, Chang MingMei, Parsons MA, 1995. Fusarium solani DNase is a signal for increasing expression of nonhost disease resistance response genes, hypersensitivity, and pisatin production. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 8(6):871-879; 32 ref.

Hadwiger LA, Ogawa T, Kuyama H, 1994. Chitosan polymer sizes effective in inducing phytoalexin accumulation and fungal suppression are verified with synthesized oligomers. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 7(4):531-533; 18 ref.

Hamed HA, Saad MM, Ali TH, 1998. Partial characterisation of chitin glycanohyrolase from some streptomycetes and its application against soil-borne fungal plant pathogen. African Journal of Mycology and Biotechnology, 6(1):57-66.

Hanson LE, Schwager SJ, Loria R, 1996. Sensitivity to thiabendazole in Fusarium species associated with dry rot of potato. Phytopathology, 86(4):378-384; 35 ref.

Hawthorne BT, Ball RD, Rees-George J, 1994. Genetic analysis of variation of pathogenicity in Nectria haematococca (Fusarium solani) on Cucurbita sp. Mycological Research, 98(10):1183-1191; 40 ref.

Hnetkovsky N, Chang SJC, Doubler TW, Gibson PT, Lightfoot DA, 1996. Genetic mapping of loci underlying field resistance to soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS). Crop Science, 36(2):393-400; 45 ref.

Hoper H, Allabouvette C, 1996. Importance of physical and chemical soil properties in the suppressiveness of soils to plant diseases, European Journal of Soil Biology, 32(1):41-580.

Huang GX, Zhou XM, Liu XB, Cai JM, Li BX, 2016. First report of rubber tree gummosis disease caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease, 100(8):1788. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Hynes RK, Hill J, Reddy MS, Lazarovits G, 1994. Phytoalexin production by wounded white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cotyledons and hypocotyls in response to inoculation with rhizobacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 40(7):548-554; 45 ref.

Ibrahim NF, Mohd MH, Nor NMIM, Zakaria L, 2015. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani associated with pineapple rot in Peninsular Malaysia. Plant Disease, 99(11):1650. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. IPPC Official Pest Report. Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Jensen CG, Aist JR, Bayles CJ, Bollard SM, Jensen LCW, 1991. Ultrastructural basis of mitosis in the fungus Nectria haematococca (sexual stage of Fusarium solani) III. Intermicrotuble bridges. Protoplasma, 161(2-3):137-149; 43 ref.

Ji P, Yin J, Jackson KL, 2012. First report of root rot caused by Fusarium solani on Benincasa hispida in the United States. Plant Disease, 96(2):294. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Jin H, Hartman GL, Nickell CD, Widholm JM, 1996. Characterization and purification of a phytotoxin produced by Fusarium solani, the causal agent of soybean sudden death syndrome. Phytopathology, 86(3):277-282; 27 ref.

Kaewruang W, Sivasithamparam K, Hardy GE, 1989. Use of soil solarization to control root rots in gerberas (Gerbera jamesonii). Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8(1):38-47; 47 ref.

Kalita H, Borah TR, Gopi R, Helim R, Das B, 2012. A new record of patchouli wilt from Sikkim, Himalayas. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 42(2):254-255.

Kendra DF, Christian D, Hadwiger LA, 1989. Chitosan oligomers from Fusarium solani/pea interactions, chitinase/-glucanase digestion of sporelings and from fungal wall chitin actively inhibit fungal growth and enhance disease resistance. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 35(3):215-230; 31 ref.

Khan MS, Nasir MA, Bokhari SAA, 1998. In vitro evaluation of certain neem-based products and systemic fungicides against different plant pathogens responsible for wilt and anthracnose of guava. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology, 10(2):72-74; 14 ref.

Koike ST, 2011. Fusarium crown and root rot of tarragon in California caused by Fusarium solani. Plant Disease, 95(6):768. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Kolattukudy PE, Rogers LM, Li D, Hwang CS, Flaishman MA, 1995. Surface signaling in pathogenesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 92(10):4080-4087; 72 ref.

Kováciková E, 1980. In vitro on the relationship among Fusarium species from pea. Ochrana Rostlin, 16:25-31.

Kraft JM, 1992. Registration of 90-2079, 90-2131, and 90-2322 pea germplasms. Crop Science, 32(4):1076; 5 ref.

Kraft JM, 1996. Fusarium root rot of peas. Brighton Crop Protection Conference: Pests & Diseases - 1996. Volume 2. Proceedings of an International Conference, Brighton, UK, 18-21 November, 1996., 503-509; 17 ref.

Kuhn PJ, Smith DA, 1979. Isolation from Fusarium solani f.sp. phaseoli of an enzymic system responsible for kievitone and phaseollidin detoxification. Physiological Plant Pathology, 14(2):179-190

Kumar BSD, Balamani Bezbaruah, 1996. Antibiosis and plant growth promotion by a Pseudomonas strain isolated from soil under tea cultivation. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 36(1):45-48; 23 ref.

Lairini K, Ruiz-Rubio M, 1998. Detoxification of -tomatine by Fusarium solani. Mycological Research, 102(11):1375-1380; 21 ref.

Lakshmi BS, Prasad MS, Balasubramanian KA, 1997. Effect of gypsum on control of betelvine decline and pectic enzyme activity of Fusarium solani. Annals of Agricultural Research, 18(2):200-204; 11 ref.

Lange J, Xie ZhiPing, Broughton WJ, Vögeli-Lange R, Boller T, 1999. A gene encoding a receptor-like protein kinase in the roots of common bean is differentially regulated in response to pathogens, symbionts and nodulation factors. Plant Science (Limerick), 142(2):133-145; 50 ref.

Langerfeld E, 1978. Fusarium coeruleum (Lib.) Sacc. as the causal agent of storage rots on potato tubers. With special reference to the host-parasite relationship. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt fur Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin-Dahlem, No. 184:81 pp.

Langerfeld E, 1983. Storage rots of potato. Information on integrated plant protection. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 35(11):173; 3 ref.

Langerfeld E, 1990. Thiabendazole resistance in Fusarium coeruleum.. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 42(5):79; 4 ref.

Langerfeld E, Dixon GR, 1988. Nectria haematococca Berk. & Broome. In: Smith IM, Dunez J, Lelliott RA, Phillips DH, Archer SA (eds). European Handbook of Plant Diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Lees AK, Bradshaw JE, Stewart HE, 1998. Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium spp. and to Phytophthora infestans in crosses between Neotuberosum and Tuberosum potatoes estimated by seedling tests. Potato Research, 41(3):267-275; 18 ref.

Li BJ, Guo MY, Chai AL, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing fusarium root rot on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in China. Plant Disease, 100(2):526-527. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li BJ, Liu Y, Shi YX, Xie XW, Guo YL, 2010. First report of crown rot of grafted cucumber caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease, 94(11):1377. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li DaoXin, Rogers L, Kolattukudy PE, 1997. Cloning and expression of cDNA encoding a mitogen-activated protein kinase from a phytopathogenic filamentous fungus. Gene, 195(2):161-166; 26 ref.

Li DX, Chung KR, Smith DA, Schardl CL, 1995. The Fusarium solani gene encoding kievitone hydratase, a secreted enzyme that catalyzes detoxification of a bean phytoalexin. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 8(3):388-397; 51 ref.

Li ShuXian, Hartman GL, Gray LE, 1998. Chlamydospore formation, production, and nuclear status in Fusarium solani f.sp. glycines soybean sudden death syndrome-causing isolates. Mycologia, 90(3):414-421; 31 ref.

Li, S. J., Cui, Y. T., Fang, X. M., He, Q. Q., Zhu, T. H., Qiao, T. M., Han, S., 2018. First report of Nectria haematococca as the causal agent of canker rot in Phellodendron amurense in China., 102(5), 1033. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-10-17-1542-PDN

Lima MF, Lopes CA, 1998. Virulence variability among isolates of Fusarium solani on potato. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 23(2):121-126; 19 ref.

Liu XC, Lu BH, Wang X, Gao J, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem and root rot on Foeniculum vulgare in Jilin province of China. Plant Disease, 100(1):210. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lõiveke H, 2006. Incidence of Fusarium spp. on several field crops in Estonia and their toxicity towards Bacillus stearothermophilus. Agronomy Research [International Conference on Development of Environmentally Friendly Plant Protection, Pühajärve, Estonia, 5-7th September 2006.], 4(Special Issue):273-280. http://www.emu.ee/~agronomy/

Lu XM, Li JL, Dong JY, Sui AP, Sheng ML, Yang XY, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot on Coptis chinensis in Southwestern China. Plant Disease, 98(9):1273-1274. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lynch SC, Zambino PJ, Mayorquin JS, Wang DH, Eskalen A, 2013. Identification of new fungal pathogens of coast live oak in California. Plant Disease, 97(8):1025-1036. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Marinho REM, Sales Júnior R, Maracajá PB, Silva GFda, Costa FMda, Silva Ede C, 2002. Identification of the mycoflora associated to melon root system in the States of Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará. (Identificação da micoflora associada a raízes de meloeiro nos estados do Rio Grande do Norte e Ceará.) Caatinga, 15(1/2):25-28.

Mazurczyk W, Kuzniewicz M, 1987. Relationship between the glycoalkaloid level and potato tuber infection by Fusarium during storage. Biuletyn Instytutu Ziemniaka, No. 35:77-85; 18 ref.

Melo MP, Beserra JEA Jr, Matos KS, Lima CS, Pereira OL, 2016. First report of a new lineage in the Fusarium solani species complex causing root rot on sunn hemp in Brazil. Plant Disease, 100(8):1784-1785. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Mirzaee MR, Jahani M, Mahmoudi H, Ghos K, 2011. First report of jujube dieback caused by Fusarium solani. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.75. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Mishra RK, Jaiswal RK, Pradeep Kumar, Gupta RP, 2013. Occurrence of rot of garlic caused by Fusarium solani during storage. Indian Phytopathology, 66(1):114. http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IPPJ

Mohr U, Lange J, Boller T, Wiemken A, Vögeli-Lange R, 1998. Plant defence genes are induced in the pathogenic interaction between bean roots and Fusarium solani, but not in the symbiotic interaction with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae. New Phytologist, 138(4):589-598; 47 ref.

Mondal SN, Kageyama K, Hyakumachi M, 1996. Chlamydospore formation in Fusarium solani f.sp. phaseoli in root extracts of crop plants and their virulence to kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 28(4/5):539-543; 15 ref.

Montecchio L, Faccoli M, Short DPG, Fanchin G, Geiser DM, Kasson MT, 2015. First report of Fusarium solani phylogenetic species 25 associated with early stages of thousand cankers disease on Juglans nigra and Juglans regia in Italy. Plant Disease, 99(8):1183. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Naiki T, 1986. Quantitative comparison of nuclear DNA content among formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani.. Research Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, No.51:29-33; 21 ref.

Nakajima T, Mitsueda T, Charchar MJd'A, 1996. First occurrence of sudden death syndrome of soybean in Brazil. JARQ, Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 30(1):31-34; 10 ref.

Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, Cook RJ, ed. , 1981. Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. Pennsylvania State University Press. University Park, Pa. USA, xi + 457 pp.

Njiti VN, Doubler TW, Suttner RJ, Gray LE, Gibson PT, Lightfoot DA, 1998. Resistance to soybean sudden death syndrome and root colonization by Fusarium solani f.sp. glycine in near-isogenic lines. Crop Science, 38(2):472-477; 35 ref.

Njiti VN, Shenaut MA, Suttner RJ, Schmidt ME, Gibson PT, 1998. Relationship between soybean sudden death syndrome disease measures and yield components in F-derived lines. Crop Science, 38(3):673-678; 32 ref.

Nogawa M, Nakatani A, Gonda K, Shimosaka M, Okazaki M, 1996. Replication of double-stranded RNA in mycovirus from the plant pathogenic fungus, Fusarium solani. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 137(1):45-49; 10 ref.

Ocamb CM, Juzwik J, 1995. Fusarium species associated with rhizosphere soil and diseased roots of eastern white pine seedlings and associated nursery soil. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 17(4):325-330; 23 ref.

Orlikowski LB, Ptaszek M, 2015. Phytophthora shoot rot - new disease of Mandevilla sanderi in Poland. (Fytoftoroza - nowa choroba Mandevilla sanderi w Polsce.) Progress in Plant Protection, 55(3):263-266. http://www.progress.plantprotection.pl/download.php?ma_id=1529

Oyarzun PJ, Dijst G, Zoon FC, Maas PWT, 1997. Comparison of soil receptivity to Thielaviopsis basicola, Aphanomyces euteiches, and Fusarium solani f.sp. pisi causing root rot in pea. Phytopathology, 87(5):534-541; 28 ref.

Oyarzun PJ, Gerlagh M, Zadoks JC, 1998. Factors associated with soil receptivity to some fungal root rot pathogens of peas. Applied Soil Ecology, 10(1/2):151-169; 69 ref.

Oyarzun PJ, Postma J, Luttikholt AJG, Hoogland AE, 1994. Biological control of foot and root rot in pea caused by Fusarium solani with nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum isolates. Canadian Journal of Botany, 72(6):843-852; 40 ref.

Park JH, Juzwik J, 2012. Fusarium canker of bitternut hickory caused by Fusarium solani in the north-central and northeastern United States. Plant Disease, 96(3):455. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Park SeurKee, Lee Hyo Yeon, Kim KiChung, 1995. Antagonistic effect of chitinolytic bacteria on soil borne plant pathogens. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 11(1):47-52.

Pastrana AM, Capote N, Santos Bde los, Romero F, Basallote-Ureba MJ, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing crown and root rot on strawberry crops in southwestern Spain. Plant Disease, 98(1):161. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Pastucha A, 1998. Fungi infecting soybean roots (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) cultivated in the region of Lublin. Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin, 49:81-93; 30 ref.

Pavlovic S, Stojsin V, Stojanovic S, Starovic M, 2008. Mycopopulation in five important cultivated medicinal plants in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (5th CMAPSEEC), Brno, Czech Republic, 2-5 September, 2008. Brno, Czech Republic: Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno, 101.

Percival GC, Karim MS, Dixon GR, 1998. Influence of light-enhanced glycoalkaloids on resistance of potato tubers to Fusarium sulphureum and Fusarium solani var. coeruleum. Plant Pathology, 47(5):665-670; 24 ref.

Perez BA, Farinon OM, Berretta MF, 2011. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot of olive in southeastern Argentina. Plant Disease, 95(11):1476. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Platt HW, 1992. Cultivar response to Fusarium storage rot as affected by two methods of seed origin propagation; clonal selection and in vitro culture. American Potato Journal, 69(3):179-186; 5 ref.

Povolny P, 1995. Influence of exposure to light and cultivation system on resistance to Phoma foveata and Fusarium solani var. coeruleum in potato tubers - a pilot study. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 25(2):47-50; 11 ref.

Prabhu RR, Doubler TW, Chang SJC, Lightfoot DA, 1997. Development and utility of sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARS) from RAPD markers linked to SDS and SCN QTLs. Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 24:128-131; 10 ref.

Rajmohan N, Gianfagna TJ, Meca G, Moretti A, Zhang N, 2011. Molecular identification and mycotoxin production of Lilium longiflorum-associated fusaria isolated from two geographic locations in the United States. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 131(4):631-642. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265

Ramdial HA, Rampersad SN, 2010. First report of Fusarium solani causing fruit rot of sweet pepper in Trinidad. Plant Disease, 94(11):1375. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Rampersad SN, 2009. First report of Fusarium solani fruit rot of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) in Trinidad. Plant Disease, 93(5):547. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Rebell G, 1981. Fusarium infections in human and veterinary medicine. In: Nelson PE, Tousson TA (eds). Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. USA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Ren HaiYing, Chen ZhiYi, Xu ZhiGang, Lu JiYuan, Xu YongChang, 2003. Studies on species and virulence of Fusarium pathogen to broad bean in the Changshu area. Plant Protection, 29(4):30-32.

Ren YZ, Tan H, Li ZJ, Du J, Li H, 2008. First report of lavender wilt caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Pathology, 57(2):377. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01751.x

Rita WS, Suprapta DN, Sudana IM, Swantara IMD, 2013. First report on Fusarium solani, a pathogenic fungus causing stem rot disease on dragon fruits (Hylocereus sp.) in Bali. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 3(17):93-99. http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JBAH/article/view/8952/9129

Rohacik T, Hudec K, 2005. Influence of agro-environmental factors on Fusarium infestation and population structure in wheat kernels. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 12(1):39-45. http://www.aaem.pl/pdf/1239.htm

Roy KW, 1997. Fusarium solani on soybean roots: nomenclature of the causal agent of sudden death syndrome and identity and relevance of F. solani form B. Plant Disease, 81(3):259-266; 56 ref.

Roy KW, 1997. Sporulation of Fusarium solani f.sp. glycines, causal agent of sudden death syndrome, on soybeans in the Midwestern and Southern United States. Plant Disease, 81(6):566-569; 43 ref.

Ruan Y, Kotraiah V, Straney DC, 1995. Flavonoids stimulate spore germination in Fusarium solani pathogenic in legumes in a manner sensitive to inhibitors of cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 8(6):929-938; 51 ref.

Rupe JC, Robbins RT, Gbur EEJr, 1997. Effect of crop rotation on soil population densities of Fusarium solani and Heterodera glycines and on the development of sudden death syndrome of soybean. Crop Protection, 16(6):575-580; 26 ref.

Rush CM, Kraft JM, 1986. Effects of inoculum density and placement on Fusarium root rot of peas. Phytopathology, 76(12):1325-1329; 27 ref.

Satou M, Ito Y, Chikuo Y, Matsushita Y, Yamamoto K, 2012. Root rot of China doll (Radermacheria sinica) by 3 causal fungi. Annual Report of the Kansai Plant Protection Society, No.54:17-20.

Scherm H, Yang XB, 1996. Development of sudden death syndrome of soybean in relation to soil temperature and soil water matric potential. Phytopathology, 86(6):642-649; 47 ref.

Scherm H, Yang XB, 1999. Risk assessment for sudden death syndrome of soybean in the north-central United States. Agricultural Systems, 59(3):301-310; 38 ref.

Schmidt ME, Klein J, Suttner RJ, Myers O, 1999b. Registration of 'LS90 -1920' soybean. Crop Science, 39(1):295.

Schmidt ME, Suttner RJ, Klein JH, Gibson PT, Lightfoot DA, Myers OJr, 1999. Registration of LS-G96 soybean germplasm resistant to soybean sudden death syndrome and soybean cyst nematode race 3. Crop Science, 39(2):598; 10 ref.

Schüler K, Hoekstra R, 1997. Potato gene banks in Germany and the EU. Kartoffelbau, 48(3):122-123.

Shanmugam V, Veena KH, Jain S, Tripathi M, Aggarwal R, Singh AK, 2016. First report of seedling blight caused by Fusarium solani on cucumber from India. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(3):680. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3742/2383

Sharma P, Rai PK, Siddiqui SA, Chauhan JS, 2011. First report of Fusarium wilt in the broomrape parasite growing on Brassica spp. in India. Plant Disease, 95(1):75. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Sheraliev ASh, Bukharov KV, 2001. Fusarium species infecting agricultural and weed plants in Uzbekistan. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 35(2):44-47.

Shikha Thakur, Harsh NSK, 2013. A new record of leaf spot disease caused by Fusarium solani on Chlorophytum tuberosum. Indian Forester, 139(5):469-470. http://www.indianforester.co.in

Silbernagel MJ, Mills LJ, 1990. Genetic and cultural control of Fusarium root rot in bush snap beans. Plant Disease, 74(1):61-66; 27 ref.

Skipp RA, Christensen MJ, 1990. Selection for persistence in red clover: influence of root disease and stem nematode. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 33(2):319-333; 50 ref.

Smith DA, Harrer JM, Cleveland TE, 1981. Simultaneous detoxification of phytoalexins by Fusarium solani f.sp. phaseoli. Phytopathology, 71(11):1212-1215

Snijder AJ, Wastie RL, Glidewell SM, Goodman BA, 1996. Free radicals and other paramagnetic ions in interactions between fungal pathogens and potato tubers. Biochemical Society Transactions, 24(2):442-446; 13 ref.

Snyder WC, Hansen HN, 1941. The species concept in Fusarium with reference to section Martiella. American Journal of Botany, 28:738-742.

Sood SG, 1996. Production of chlamydospores by Fusaria in onion (Allium cepa) bulb extract. Mycologia, 88(6):1010-1013; 23 ref.

Strauss J, Lambuschagne N, 1995. Pathogenicity of Fusarium solani isolates on citrus roots and evaluation of different inoculum types. Applied Plant Science, 9(2):48-52.

Sun ZX, Hsiang T, Li JK, Zhou Y, Deng JX, Wang F, 2016. First report of fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium solani on walnut in central China. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(3):681. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3763/2403

Sushil Sharma, Gaur RK, 2014. Occurrence of root rot in Aegle marmelos - a new host record. Indian Forester, 140(2):203-204. http://www.indianforester.co.in

Taieb SKH, Triki MA, 2016. First report of Nectria haematococca associated with dieback of olive trees in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(1):172. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3477

Taligoola HK, Ismail MA, Chebon SK, 2004. Mycobiota associated with rice grains marketed in Uganda. Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(3):271-278. http://www.jbs.ansijournals.com

Tan CS, Tu JC, 1995. Tillage effects on root rot severity, growth and yield of beans. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 75(1):183-186.

Tivoli B, Corbière R, Lemarchand E, 1990. Relation between pH of soils and their level of conduciveness to Fusarium solani var. coeruleum and Fusarium roseum var. sambucinum responsible for the dry rot of potato tubers. Agronomie, 10(2):63-68; 14 ref.

Tu JC, 1991. Effect of soil flooding on the survival of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pisi and Fusarium solani f.sp. pisi.. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 56(2b):431-438; 23 ref.

Tu JC, 1991. Response of cultivars and breeding lines to the disease complex of Fusarium wilt and root rot of green peas in southwestern Ontario. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 71(1):9-12; 6 ref.

Uppala S, Wu BM, Temple TN, 2013. First report of Fusarium solani on Utah sweetvetch in the United States. Plant Disease, 97(3):423. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Veesar MA, Ujjan AA, Kazi YF, Ujan JA, Saleem Shahzad, 2015. New host record of Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht., in Pakistan causing wilt of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.), and in vitro control. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 12(3):423-429. http://www.ijbbku.com

Vögeli-Lange R, Mohr U, Wiemken A, Düggelin M, Guggenheim R, Boller T, 1995. Developmental regulation of susceptibility and tolerance to Fusarium root rot in beans. Botanica Acta, 108(4):387-395; 17 ref.

Wang RY, Gao B, Li XH, Ma J, Chen SL, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing fusarium root rot and stem canker on storage roots of sweet potato in China. Plant Disease, 98(1):160-161. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wastie RL, Bradshaw JE, 1995. Comparison of resistance to Fusarium spp. of glasshouse and field-grown tuber progenies of potato. Potato Research, 38(4):345-351; 5 ref.

Wollenweber HW, Reinking AO, 1935. Die Fusarien, ihre Beschreibung, Schadwirkung und Bekampfung. Berlin, Germany: Paul Parey.

Wu YueKai, Ou GuoTeng, Yu JinYong, 2011. First report of Nectria haematococca causing root rot disease of physic nut (Jatropha curcas) in China. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 6(1):39-42. http://www.springerlink.com/content/t721252 m473w1206/fulltext.html

Yago JI, Chung KR, 2011. First report of twig blight disease of citrus caused by Haematonectria haematococca in the Philippines. Plant Disease, 95(12):1590-1591. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Yan Min, Li Ping, Li FengMei, Zheng AiPing, Sun HuiQing, 2004. Screening and initial identification of Fusarium spp. in cucumber. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 17(3):345-347.

Zakaria MA, Lockwood JL, 1980. Reduction in Fusarium populations in soil by oilseed meal amendments. Phytopathology, 70(3):240-243

Zambonelli A, Branzanti B, Rocca E, Pisi A, 1995. Effect of ectomycorrhizal fungi against infections of Fusarium solani on pine seedlings in vitro. Informatore Fitopatologico, 45(5):58-61; 18 ref.

Zhang JiuXu, Howell CR, 1995. Effects of Bacillus subtilis and Gliocladium virens seed inoculants on cotton diseases caused by Fusarium species. 1995 Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, TX, USA, January 4-7, 1995: Volume 1., 208.

Zhang XY, Hu J, Zhou HY, Hao JJ, Xue YF, Chen H, Wang BG, 2014. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani causing fusarium dry rot of carrot in China. Plant Disease, 98(9):1273. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zheng L, Peng Y, Zhang J, Ma WJ, Li SJ, Zhu TH, 2015. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot of Juglans sigllata dode in China. Plant Disease, 99(1):159. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zhu LW, Tang XM, Lin TY, Zhou SS, Liu P, Ye ZF, Wang DS, Wu ZY, 2017. First report of Fusarium root rot in Asian pear caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease, 101(1):252. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Özer G, Bayraktar H, 2015. Determination of fungal pathogens associated with Cuminum cyminum in Turkey. Plant Protection Science, 51(2):74-79. http://www.cazv.cz

Distribution References

Abedi-Tizaki M, Zafari D, Sadeghi J, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem rot of Dracaena in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 56 (1), 100-103. http://www.degruyter.com/dg/viewarticle.fullcontentlink:pdfeventlink/$002fj$002fjppr.2016.56.issue-1$002fjppr-2016-0013$002fjppr-2016-0013.pdf/jppr-2016-0013.pdf?format=INT&t:ac=j$002fjppr.2016.56.issue-1$002fjppr-2016-0013$002fjppr-2016-0013.xml

Bosso L, Senatore M, Varlese R, Ruocco M, Garonna A P, Bonanomi G, Mazzoleni S, Cristinzio G, 2012. Severe outbreak of Fusarium solani on Quercus ilex vectored by Xylosandrus compactus. Journal of Plant Pathology. 94 (4, Supplement), S4.99. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. In: Land Grant Technical Report No. 44, Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cao X M, Cai J, Li S B, Zhang H, Lu Z Q, Hu X P, 2013. Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum associated with root rot of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in China. Plant Disease. 97 (11), 1514. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1111-PDN

Fattahi B, Rahanandeh H, Chavoshi S, Zamanizadeh H R, Bayat H, Moshayedi M, 2014. Report primary of Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium solani agents of Dianthus caryophyllus wilting in Markazi province in Iran. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB). 4 (1), 143-148. http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/IJB-V4No1-p143-148.pdf

Fischer I H, Rezende J A M, Naldi Filho N, Silva J R da, 2005. Occurrence of Nectria haematococca in passion fruit in the State Rio de Janeiro and resistance of Passiflora mucronata to the pathogen. (Ocorrência de Nectria haematococca em maracujazais no estado do Rio de Janeiro e resistência de Passiflora mucronata ao patógeno.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 30 (6), 671. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/fb/v30n6/a21v30n6.pdf DOI:10.1590/S0100-41582005000600021

Gai Y, Pan R, Xu D, Deng M, Chen W, Liu W, 2012. First report of Nectria haematococca causing stem rot of soybean in China. Plant Disease. 96 (3), 457. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-11-0626

Gerlach W W P, 1988. Plant diseases of Western Samoa. Apia, Western Samoa: Samoan German Crop Protection Project. vii + 215 pp.

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

Guo M, Pan Y M, Gao Z M, 2012. First report of medical tree peony root rot caused by Fusarium solani in Tongling, China. Plant Disease. 96 (6), 909. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-12-0142-PDN

Gupta V, John D, Razdan V K, Gupta S K, 2012. First report of tuber rot disease of kala zeera caused by a member of the Fusarium solani species complex in India. Plant Disease. 96 (7), 1067. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-12-0148-PDN

Huang G X, Zhou X M, Liu X B, Cai J M, Li B X, 2016. First report of rubber tree gummosis disease caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease. 100 (8), 1788. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-15-1147-PDN

Ibrahim N F, Mohd M H, Nor N M I M, Zakaria L, 2015. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani associated with pineapple rot in Peninsular Malaysia. Plant Disease. 99 (11), 1650. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

IPPC, 2005. Disease of Crops. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. https://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp

Ji P, Yin J, Jackson K L, 2012. First report of root rot caused by Fusarium solani on Benincasa hispida in the United States. Plant Disease. 96 (2), 294. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-11-0494

Kalita H, Borah T R, Gopi R, Helim R, Das B, 2012. A new record of patchouli wilt from Sikkim, Himalayas. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology. 42 (2), 254-255.

Koike S T, 2011. Fusarium crown and root rot of tarragon in California caused by Fusarium solani. Plant Disease. 95 (6), 768. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-11-0058

Li B J, Guo M Y, Chai A L, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing fusarium root rot on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in China. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 526-527. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-15-0588-PDN

Li B J, Liu Y, Shi Y X, Xie X W, Guo Y L, 2010. First report of crown rot of grafted cucumber caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease. 94 (11), 1377. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-10-0217

Liu X C, Lu B H, Wang X, Gao J, 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem and root rot on Foeniculum vulgare in Jilin province of China. Plant Disease. 100 (1), 210. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-15-0114-PDN

Lõiveke H, 2006. Incidence of Fusarium spp. on several field crops in Estonia and their toxicity towards Bacillus stearothermophilus. Agronomy Research. 4 (Special Issue), 273-280.

Lu X M, Li J L, Dong J Y, Sui A P, Sheng M L, Yang X Y, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot on Coptis chinensis in Southwestern China. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1273-1274. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0164-PDN

Marinho R E M, Sales Júnior R, Maracajá P B, Silva G F da, Costa F M da, Silva E de C, 2002. Identification of the mycoflora associated to melon root system in the States of Rio Grande do Norte and Ceará. (Identificação da micoflora associada a raízes de meloeiro nos estados do Rio Grande do Norte e Ceará.). Caatinga. 15 (1/2), 25-28.

Melo M P, Beserra J E A Jr, Matos K S, Lima C S, Pereira O L, 2016. First report of a new lineage in the Fusarium solani species complex causing root rot on sunn hemp in Brazil. Plant Disease. 100 (8), 1784-1785. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-15-0947-PDN

Mirzaee M R, Jahani M, Mahmoudi H, Ghos K, 2011. First report of jujube dieback caused by Fusarium solani. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (4, Supplement), S4.75. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Mishra R K, Jaiswal R K, Pradeep Kumar, Gupta R P, 2013. Occurrence of rot of garlic caused by Fusarium solani during storage. Indian Phytopathology. 66 (1), 114. http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IPPJ

Montecchio L, Faccoli M, Short D P G, Fanchin G, Geiser D M, Kasson M T, 2015. First report of Fusarium solani phylogenetic species 25 associated with early stages of thousand cankers disease on Juglans nigra and Juglans regia in Italy. Plant Disease. 99 (8), 1183. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-15-0103-PDN

Orlikowski L B, Ptaszek M, 2015. Phytophthora shoot rot - new disease of Mandevilla sanderi in Poland. (Fytoftoroza - nowa choroba Mandevilla sanderi w Polsce.). Progress in Plant Protection. 55 (3), 263-266. http://www.progress.plantprotection.pl/download.php?ma_id=1529

Park J H, Juzwik J, 2012. Fusarium canker of bitternut hickory caused by Fusarium solani in the north-central and northeastern United States. Plant Disease. 96 (3), 455. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-11-0766

Pastrana A M, Capote N, Santos B de los, Romero F, Basallote-Ureba M J, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing crown and root rot on strawberry crops in southwestern Spain. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 161. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0682-PDN

Pavlović S, Stojšin V, Stojanović S, Starović M, 2008. Mycopopulation in five important cultivated medicinal plants in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (5th CMAPSEEC), Brno, Czech Republic, 2-5 September, 2008. Brno, Czech Republic: Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno. 101.

Perez B A, Farinon O M, Berretta M F, 2011. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot of olive in southeastern Argentina. Plant Disease. 95 (11), 1476. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-11-0095

Rajmohan N, Gianfagna T J, Meca G, Moretti A, Zhang N, 2011. Molecular identification and mycotoxin production of Lilium longiflorum-associated fusaria isolated from two geographic locations in the United States. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 131 (4), 631-642. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265 DOI:10.1007/s10658-011-9838-7

Ramdial H A, Rampersad S N, 2010. First report of Fusarium solani causing fruit rot of sweet pepper in Trinidad. Plant Disease. 94 (11), 1375. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-10-0433

Ren HaiYing, Chen ZhiYi, Xu ZhiGang, Lu JiYuan, Xu YongChang, 2003. Studies on species and virulence of Fusarium pathogen to broad bean in the Changshu area. Plant Protection. 29 (4), 30-32.

Rita W S, Suprapta D N, Sudana I M, Swantara I M D, 2013. First report on Fusarium solani, a pathogenic fungus causing stem rot disease on dragon fruits (Hylocereus sp.) in Bali. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 3 (17), 93-99. http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JBAH/article/view/8952/9129

Rohacik T, Hudec K, 2005. Influence of agro-environmental factors on Fusarium infestation and population structure in wheat kernels. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine. 12 (1), 39-45. http://www.aaem.pl/pdf/1239.htm

Satou M, Ito Y, Chikuo Y, Matsushita Y, Yamamoto K, 2012. Root rot of China doll (Radermacheria sinica) by 3 causal fungi. Annual Report of the Kansai Plant Protection Society. 17-20.

Shanmugam V, Veena K H, Jain S, Tripathi M, Aggarwal R, Singh A K, 2016. First report of seedling blight caused by Fusarium solani on cucumber from India. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (3), 680. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3742/2383

Sheraliev A Sh, Bukharov K V, 2001. Fusarium species infecting agricultural and weed plants in Uzbekistan. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya. 35 (2), 44-47.

Shikha Thakur, Harsh N S K, 2013. A new record of leaf spot disease caused by Fusarium solani on Chlorophytum tuberosum. Indian Forester. 139 (5), 469-470. http://www.indianforester.co.in

Sun Z X, Hsiang T, Li J K, Zhou Y, Deng J X, Wang F, 2016. First report of fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium solani on walnut in central China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (3), 681. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3763/2403

Taieb S K H, Triki M A, 2016. First report of Nectria haematococca associated with dieback of olive trees in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (1), 172. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3477

Taligoola H K, Ismail M A, Chebon S K, 2004. Mycobiota associated with rice grains marketed in Uganda. Journal of Biological Sciences. 4 (3), 271-278.

Uppala S, Wu B M, Temple T N, 2013. First report of Fusarium solani on Utah sweetvetch in the United States. Plant Disease. 97 (3), 423. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-12-0789-PDN

Veesar M A, Ujjan A A, Kazi Y F, Ujan J A, Saleem Shahzad, 2015. New host record of Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht., in Pakistan causing wilt of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.), and in vitro control. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology. 12 (3), 423-429. http://www.ijbbku.com

Wang R Y, Gao B, Li X H, Ma J, Chen S L, 2014. First report of Fusarium solani causing fusarium root rot and stem canker on storage roots of sweet potato in China. Plant Disease. 98 (1), 160-161. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-13-0651-PDN

Wu YueKai, Ou GuoTeng, Yu JinYong, 2011. First report of Nectria haematococca causing root rot disease of physic nut (Jatropha curcas) in China. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 6 (1), 39-42. http://www.springerlink.com/content/t721252 m473w1206/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s13314-011-0014-x

Yago J I, Chung K R, 2011. First report of twig blight disease of citrus caused by Haematonectria haematococca in the Philippines. Plant Disease. 95 (12), 1590-1591. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-10-0903

Yan Min, Li Ping, Li FengMei, Zheng AiPing, Sun HuiQing, 2004. Screening and initial identification of Fusarium spp. in cucumber. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 17 (3), 345-347.

Zhang X Y, Hu J, Zhou H Y, Hao J J, Xue Y F, Chen H, Wang B G, 2014. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani causing fusarium dry rot of carrot in China. Plant Disease. 98 (9), 1273. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zheng L, Peng Y, Zhang J, Ma W J, Li S J, Zhu T H, 2015. First report of Fusarium solani causing root rot of Juglans sigllata dode in China. Plant Disease. 99 (1), 159. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-14-0801-PDN

Zhu L W, Tang X M, Lin T Y, Zhou S S, Liu P, Ye Z F, Wang D S, Wu Z Y, 2017. First report of Fusarium root rot in Asian pear caused by Fusarium solani in China. Plant Disease. 101 (1), 252. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/pdis-07-16-0998-pdn

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map