Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fusarium oxysporum
(basal rot)

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Datasheet

Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • basal rot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Both tomato plants being compared by plant pathologists were exposed to the same Fusarium wilt pathogen, but the healthy one was protected by a benign, saprophytic strain.
TitleHealthy and infected comparison
CaptionBoth tomato plants being compared by plant pathologists were exposed to the same Fusarium wilt pathogen, but the healthy one was protected by a benign, saprophytic strain.
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
Both tomato plants being compared by plant pathologists were exposed to the same Fusarium wilt pathogen, but the healthy one was protected by a benign, saprophytic strain.
Healthy and infected comparisonBoth tomato plants being compared by plant pathologists were exposed to the same Fusarium wilt pathogen, but the healthy one was protected by a benign, saprophytic strain.USDA-ARS
Plant pathologist examining a culture of the beneficial strain of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum.
TitleCulture examination
CaptionPlant pathologist examining a culture of the beneficial strain of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum.
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
Plant pathologist examining a culture of the beneficial strain of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum.
Culture examinationPlant pathologist examining a culture of the beneficial strain of the fungus Fusarium oxysporum.USDA-ARS
Plant pathologist observes growth of the plant-pathogenic strain of the Fusarium oxysporum that causes fusarium wilt.
TitleCulture examination
CaptionPlant pathologist observes growth of the plant-pathogenic strain of the Fusarium oxysporum that causes fusarium wilt.
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
Plant pathologist observes growth of the plant-pathogenic strain of the Fusarium oxysporum that causes fusarium wilt.
Culture examinationPlant pathologist observes growth of the plant-pathogenic strain of the Fusarium oxysporum that causes fusarium wilt.USDA-ARS

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fusarium oxysporum Schlechtendahl

Preferred Common Name

  • basal rot

Other Scientific Names

  • Fusarium oxysporum var. orthocerus

International Common Names

  • English: corm rot; foot rot; root rot; seedling wilt; sugarcane pokkah boeng; wilt
  • Spanish: fusariosis vascular; marchitez fusariosis; podredumbre fusariana
  • French: pourriture des tubercules

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Basalfäule; Fussfäule; Stengelgrundfäule; Welke; Zwiebelfäule

EPPO code

  • FUSAOX (Fusarium oxysporum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Nectriaceae
  •                                 Genus: Fusarium
  •                                     Species: Fusarium oxysporum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BahrainPresent
BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresentZheng et al., 2012
-FujianPresent
-GansuPresentWang et al., 2009
-GuangxiPresentZhu et al., 2013; Bao et al., 2016
-HainanPresentZhang et al., 2013
-HebeiPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JilinPresentWang et al., 2016
-LiaoningPresentSu and Fu, 2013
-NingxiaPresentCao et al., 2013
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-YunnanPresentLi et al., 2014
-ZhejiangPresent
IndiaPresent
-GujaratPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresentThakur et al., 2015
-Indian PunjabPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-MaharashtraPresent
-OdishaPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-SikkimPresentGopi et al., 2016
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresentNishat Asif, 2012
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent
IranPresentAmani, 2011; Abedi-Tizaki and Zafari, 2014
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
JordanPresent
Korea, Republic ofPresentChoi et al., 2015
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIbrahim et al., 2015
NepalPresent
PakistanPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporeWidespreadLim, 1988; Sanderson et al., 1996
Sri LankaPresent
SyriaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TurkeyPresentBaysal-Gurel and Cinar, 2015

Africa

Congo Democratic RepublicPresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GhanaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MaliPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
MoroccoPresent
NigeriaPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresentGreathead and Greathead, 1992
TanzaniaPresent
TunisiaPresentHannachi et al., 2014
ZambiaPresentSchjøth and Sundheim, 2013

North America

CanadaPresent
-AlbertaPresent
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresent
-OntarioPresent
-Prince Edward IslandPresent
MexicoPresent
USAPresent
-AlabamaPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresentGordon et al., 2016
-ColoradoPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-DelawarePresent
-FloridaPresent
-HawaiiPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MarylandPresent
-MassachusettsPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MississippiPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OklahomaPresent
-OregonPresentRajmohan et al., 2011
-South CarolinaPresentWilliamson et al., 2012
-South DakotaPresent
-TennesseePresentShrestha et al., 2016
-TexasPresent
-WashingtonPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Central America and Caribbean

BahamasPresent
CubaPresentBernal et al., 2012
French West IndiesPresentSchotman, 1989
Saint LuciaPresentSchotman, 1989

South America

ArgentinaPresent
BoliviaPresent
BrazilPresent
-Espirito SantoPresentMoreira et al., 2013
-Minas GeraisPresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
ColombiaPresentSchotman, 1989; Garcia et al., 2011
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
Czech RepublicPresent
Czechoslovakia (former)Present
DenmarkPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresentVakalounakis et al., 2015
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresentBertetti et al., 2012a; Garibaldi et al., 2011a; Garibaldi et al., 2011b; Polizzi et al., 2011; Bertetti et al., 2013; Ortu et al., 2015Liguria, Piedmont
-SicilyPresentPolizzi et al., 2010; Polizzi et al., 2011
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
RomaniaPresent
Russian FederationPresent
SerbiaPresentPavlovic et al., 2008
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
UKPresent
UkrainePresent
Yugoslavia (former)Unconfirmed record
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)Present

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBrooks, 2002
AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
-South AustraliaPresent
-VictoriaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresent

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / necrosis
Stems / wilt
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acremoniella atra Pathogen
Aspergillus fischeri Antagonist
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen
Burkholderia gladioli pv. gladioli Antagonist Japan
Clonostachys rosea Antagonist
Glomus fasciculatum Antagonist
Glomus mosseae Antagonist
Hypocrea rufa Mycoparasite tomatoes
Neurospora sitophila Pathogen
Penicillium aurantiogriseum Antagonist
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist
Pseudomonas putida Pathogen
Trichoderma harzianum Antagonist
Trichothecium roseum Antagonist
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Pathogen

References

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Abedi-Tizaki M, Zafari DM, 2014. First report of Fusarium wilt of licorice by Fusarium oxysporum in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 96(2):437. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/

Agrios GN, 1988. Plant Pathology. London, UK: Academic Press, Inc. (London) Ltd., 803 pp.

Amani M, 2011. Identification of fungal pathogens on banana (Musa acuminata L.) in Sistan & Bluchestan province. Plant Protection Journal, 3(2):Pe147-Pe159, En160. http://www.ppjiau.com/fa/index.php

Bao YX, Sun HJ, Li YF, Duan ZZ, McCord PH, Cui YP, Zhang MQ, 2016. First report of Fusarium oxysporum isolate gx3 causing sugarcane Pokkah Boeng in Guangxi of China. Plant Disease, 100(8):1785. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Baysal-Gurel F, Cinar A, 2015. First report of Fusarium root rot caused by Fusarium oxysporum infecting pigmented grapefruit trees in Turkey. Plant Disease, 99(4):553. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Bernal Areces B, DeronceléCaigñet R, Díaz Pérez T, 2012. Pests and diseases that affect white basil (Ocimum basilicum) growing under protected conditions. (Registro de plagas de albahaca blanca (Ocimum basilicum) bajo condiciones de cultivo protegido.) Fitosanidad, 16(2):87-89. http://www.inisav.cu/fitosanidad/2012/16(2)12.pdf

Bertetti D, Martini P, Repetto L, Odasso M, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2012. First report of a vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum on Iceland poppy (Papaver nudicaule L.) cultivated in Italy. (Presenza di una tracheomicosi causata da Fusarium oxysporum su Papaver nudicaule L. coltivato in Italia.) Protezione delle Colture, No.4:68-70. http://www.agrinnova.org/comunicazione.php

Bertetti D, Pensa P, Martini P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2013. Occurrence of wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum on two new ornamental species grown in Liguria: Papaver nudicauli and Echeveria agavoides. (Presenza di tracheomicosi causate da Fusarium oxysporum su due nuove specie ornamentali allevate in Liguria: Papaver nudicauli en Echeveria agavoides.) Protezione delle Colture, No.2:51.

Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2011. First report of a vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum on Cereus peruvianus monstruosus cultivated in Italy. (Presenza in Italia di Fusarium oxysporum su Cereus peruvianus monstruosus.) Protezione delle Colture, No.4:84-86. http://www.agrinnova.org/comunicazione.php

Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2011. First report of a vascular wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum on jade plant (Crassula ovata) cultivated in Italy. (Presenza di una tracheomicosi causata da Fusarium oxysporum su Crassula ovata coltivata in Italia.) Protezione delle Colture, No.3:44-47. http://www.agrinnova.org/comunicazione.php

Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2012. Fusarium oxysporum, new pathogen of Crassula ovata and Cereus peruvianus monstruosus grown in Italy. (Fusarium oxysporum, nuovo parassita di Crassula ovata e Cereus peruvianus monstruosus coltivati in Italia.) Protezione delle Colture, No.2:31-32. http://www.agrinnova.org/comunicazione.php

Brooks F, 2002. List of Plant Diseases in American Samoa 2002. Land Grant Technical Report No. 44. Pago Pago, American Samoa: American Samoa Community College Land Grant Program.

Cao XM, Cai J, Li SB, Zhang H, Lu ZQ, Hu XP, 2013. Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum associated with root rot of Glycyrrhiza uralensis in China. Plant Disease, 97(11):1514. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Choi InYoung, Kim JuHee, Lee WangHyu, Park JiHyun, Shin HyeonDong, 2015. First report on fusarium wilt of zucchini caused by Fusarium oxysporum, in Korea. Mycobiology, 43(2):174-178. http://mycobiology.or.kr/search.php?where=aview&id=10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.174&code=0184MB&vmode=FULL

Elmer WH, Marra RE, 2012. First report of crown rot of bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) caused by Fusarium oxysporum in the United States. Plant Disease, 96(10):1577. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Garcia Bayona L, Grajales A, Cardenas ME, Sierra R, Cepero de Garcia MC, Bernal A, Jimenez P, Restrepo S, 2011. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing potato dry rot in Solanum tuberosum in Colombia. New Disease Reports, 24:Article 14. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=024014

Garibaldi A, Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, 2011. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing wilt on jade plant (Crassula ovata) in Italy. Plant Disease, 95(9):1191. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Garibaldi A, Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, 2013. First report of crown and stem rot of crested molded wax agave (Echeveria agavoides) caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Italy. Plant Disease, 97(2):288-289. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Garibaldi A, Bertetti D, Rapetti S, Gullino ML, 2011. First report of a new Fusarium oxysporum causing carnation wilt in Colombia. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.74. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Garibaldi A, Gilardi G, Poli A, Gullino ML, 2011. First report of Fusarium wilt of chicory (Cichorium intybus) caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Italy. Plant Disease, 95(4):496. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Gilardi G, Amatulli MT, Scarpa D, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2011. New phytopathogenic disease problems caused by soil pathogens on Cichorium spp. (Nuovi problemi fitopatologici causati da patogeni tellurici su Cichorium spp.) Protezione delle Colture, No.2:80-92. http://www.ag4roinnova.org

Gopi R, Avasthe RK, Kalita H, Ashish Yadav, Chandan Kapoor, Chanda Poudyal, 2016. A new record of Fusarium oxysporum causing stem lodging, inflorescence and capsule rot in large cardamom. Indian Phytopathology, 69(3):316-317. http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IPPJ/article/view/60171/25000

Gordon TR, Kirkpatrick SC, Henry PM, Kong M, Broome JC, 2016. First report of a wilt disease of blackberry caused by Fusarium oxysporum in California. Plant Disease, 100(5):1018. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Greathead DJ, Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Hannachi I, Rezgui S, Cherif M, 2014. First report of mature citrus trees being affected by fusarium wilt in Tunisia. Plant Disease, 98(4):566. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Ibrahim NF, Mohd MH, Nor NMIM, Zakaria L, 2015. First report of Fusarium oxysporum and F. solani associated with pineapple rot in Peninsular Malaysia. Plant Disease, 99(11):1650. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li BX, Shi T, Liu XB, Lin CH, Huang GX, 2014. First report of rubber tree stem rot caused y Fusarium oxysporum in China. Plant Disease, 98(7):1008. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li Y, Chi LD, Mao LG, Yan DD, Wu ZF, Ma TT, Guo MX, Wang QX, Ouyang CB, Cao AC, 2014. First report of ginger rhizome rot caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Plant Disease, 98(2):282. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lim G, 1988. Plant diseases in Singapore. Singapore Journal of Primary Industries, 16(2, Supplement):12-29

Malathrakis NE, Goumas DE, 1999. Fungal and bacterial diseases. In: Integrated pest and disease management in greenhouse crops [ed. by Albajes, R. \Ladovica Gullino, M. \Lenteren, J. C. van \Elad, Y.]. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 36.

Moreira SI, Dutra Dda C, Rodrigues AC, Oliveira JRde, Dhingra OD, Pereira OL, 2013. Fungi and bacteria associated with post-harvest rot of ginger rhizomes in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Tropical Plant Pathology, 38(3):218-226. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1982-56762013000300006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Nishat Asif, 2012. Foliar blight of Acorus calamus: a new record from Bahraich (U.P.). Vegetos, 25(1):125-126. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:vetos&volume=25&issue=1&article=024

Ortu G, Bertetti D, Martini P, Pensa P, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2015. New Fusarium wilts on ornamental and aromatic plants. (Nuove fusariosi di piante aromatiche e ornamentali.) Protezione delle Colture, No.4:23-29.

Pavlovic S, Stojsin V, Stojanovic S, Starovic M, 2008. Mycopopulation in five important cultivated medicinal plants in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, (5th CMAPSEEC), Brno, Czech Republic, 2-5 September, 2008. Brno, Czech Republic: Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno, 101.

Polizzi G, Aiello D, Guarnaccia V, Vitale A, Perrone G, Epifani F, 2010. First report of Fusarium wilt on Eremophila spp. caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Italy. Plant Disease, 94(12):1509. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Polizzi G, Aiello D, Guarnaccia V, Vitale A, Perrone G, Stea G, 2011. First report of Fusarium wilt on Philotheca myoporoides caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Italy. Plant Disease, 95(7):877. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Rajmohan N, Gianfagna TJ, Meca G, Moretti A, Zhang N, 2011. Molecular identification and mycotoxin production of Lilium longiflorum-associated fusaria isolated from two geographic locations in the United States. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 131(4):631-642. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=100265

Sanderson FR, King FongYok, Anuar S, Pheng YikChoi, Ho OngKeng, 1996. A fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) of angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) in Singapore. Gardens' Bulletin (Singapore), 48(1/2):89-127; 46 ref.

Schjøth JE, Sundheim L, 2013. Epidemic significance of planting time and hybrid on Fusarium infection of maize in two agroecological zones of Zambia. Acta Agriculturæ Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 63(2):153-161. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/sagb20

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Shiraishi A, Leslie JF, Zhong SB, Uchida JY, 2012. AFLP, pathogenicity, and VCG analyses of Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium pseudocircinatum from Acacia koa. Plant Disease, 96(8):1111-1117. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Shrestha U, Ownley BH, Butler DM, 2016. First report of stem and root rot of cowpea caused by Fusarium oxysporum in Tennessee. Plant Disease, 100(3):649. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Su D, Fu JF, 2013. First report of root rot on Pulsatilla koreana caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Plant Disease, 97(3):425. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Thakur H, Kumar S, Shanmugam V, 2015. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing leaf blight on Rheum australe. Journal of Plant Pathology, 97(1):212. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3283

Vakalounakis DJ, Kavroulakis N, Lamprou K, 2015. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing root and crown rot on Barbados aloe in Greece. Plant Disease, 99(11):1649. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wang Y, Gao J, Yang LN, Wang XM, Wang CW, 2016. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing stem rot on Philodendron oxycardium in China. Plant Disease, 100(3):650. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Wang Yan, Chen XiuRong, Li YingDong, 2009. Survey and pathogen identification of rhubarb diseases in Gansu province. China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica, 34(8):953-956. http://www.cjcmm.com.cn

Williamson M, Fernández-Ortuño D, Schnabel G, 2012. First report of fusarium wilt of strawberry caused by Fusarium oxysporum in South Carolina. Plant Disease, 96(6):911. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Yang HG, Li LL, Zhou YY, Zhao M, 2011. First report of brown patch of Polygonatum odoratum caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Journal of Plant Pathology, 93(4, Supplement):S4.78. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/issue/view/118

Zhang M, Zu YQ, Yang Y, Wang Y, Li DX, Lu SH, 2013. First report of Fusarium oxysporum causing soft fruit rot disease of gray jujube (Zizyphus jujuba) in China. Plant Disease, 97(11):1509. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Zheng Lu, Liu Jia, Liu TianBo, Zhu ZhiXian, Jiang DaoHong, Huang JunBin, Hsiang T, 2012. Fusarium wilt of Coleus forskohlii caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 34(2):310-314. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcjp20

Zhu Li, Chen GuoQing, Zhao XiaoLong, Deng ChongLing, Hyde KD, Li HongYe, 2013. Fusarium spp. are responsible for shoot canker of kumquat in China. Journal of Phytopathology, 161(1):59-62. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0434

Distribution Maps

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