Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fusarium

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Datasheet

Fusarium

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fusarium
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Sordariomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy wheat head (a) stands in contrast to one inoculated with Fusarium graminearum (b); note that the infected head is showing severe symptoms of Fusarium head blight disease.
TitleHealthy and infected sample
CaptionGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy wheat head (a) stands in contrast to one inoculated with Fusarium graminearum (b); note that the infected head is showing severe symptoms of Fusarium head blight disease.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the the USDA-ARS/original image by Keith Weller
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy wheat head (a) stands in contrast to one inoculated with Fusarium graminearum (b); note that the infected head is showing severe symptoms of Fusarium head blight disease.
Healthy and infected sampleGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy wheat head (a) stands in contrast to one inoculated with Fusarium graminearum (b); note that the infected head is showing severe symptoms of Fusarium head blight disease.Public Domain - Released by the the USDA-ARS/original image by Keith Weller
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy resistant barley (b) and susceptible barley showing symptoms of Fusarium head blight (a).
TitleResistant and susceptible strains
CaptionGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy resistant barley (b) and susceptible barley showing symptoms of Fusarium head blight (a).
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by USDA-ARS/original image by Brian Steffenson/University of Minnesota
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy resistant barley (b) and susceptible barley showing symptoms of Fusarium head blight (a).
Resistant and susceptible strainsGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); healthy resistant barley (b) and susceptible barley showing symptoms of Fusarium head blight (a).Public Domain - Released by USDA-ARS/original image by Brian Steffenson/University of Minnesota
Gibberella stalk rot (Gibberella zeae); symptoms, showing evidence of scab (Fusarium graminearum) on a head of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum).
TitleSymptoms
CaptionGibberella stalk rot (Gibberella zeae); symptoms, showing evidence of scab (Fusarium graminearum) on a head of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum).
Copyright©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Gibberella stalk rot (Gibberella zeae); symptoms, showing evidence of scab (Fusarium graminearum) on a head of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum).
SymptomsGibberella stalk rot (Gibberella zeae); symptoms, showing evidence of scab (Fusarium graminearum) on a head of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum).©Howard F. Schwartz/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); close-up through a fluorescence microscope of a thin cross-section of a barley seed infected with Fusarium graminearum. The seed’s epicarp tissue layer is infected with the Fusarium (seen as fluorescent green). The fungus stops at the testa layer (yellow-orange). It can take 2 weeks or longer before the fungus penetrates into the underlying starchy endosperm of the seed (stained blue). Finding out how to make the epicarp resistant to Fusarium could be the key to making barley resistant.
TitleFluorescence microscopy
CaptionGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); close-up through a fluorescence microscope of a thin cross-section of a barley seed infected with Fusarium graminearum. The seed’s epicarp tissue layer is infected with the Fusarium (seen as fluorescent green). The fungus stops at the testa layer (yellow-orange). It can take 2 weeks or longer before the fungus penetrates into the underlying starchy endosperm of the seed (stained blue). Finding out how to make the epicarp resistant to Fusarium could be the key to making barley resistant.
CopyrightPublic Domain - Released by the the USDA-ARS/original image by Ron Skadsen
Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); close-up through a fluorescence microscope of a thin cross-section of a barley seed infected with Fusarium graminearum. The seed’s epicarp tissue layer is infected with the Fusarium (seen as fluorescent green). The fungus stops at the testa layer (yellow-orange). It can take 2 weeks or longer before the fungus penetrates into the underlying starchy endosperm of the seed (stained blue). Finding out how to make the epicarp resistant to Fusarium could be the key to making barley resistant.
Fluorescence microscopyGibberella zeae (headblight of maize); close-up through a fluorescence microscope of a thin cross-section of a barley seed infected with Fusarium graminearum. The seed’s epicarp tissue layer is infected with the Fusarium (seen as fluorescent green). The fungus stops at the testa layer (yellow-orange). It can take 2 weeks or longer before the fungus penetrates into the underlying starchy endosperm of the seed (stained blue). Finding out how to make the epicarp resistant to Fusarium could be the key to making barley resistant.Public Domain - Released by the the USDA-ARS/original image by Ron Skadsen
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana); symptoms.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana); symptoms.
Copyright©Michael Rutherford
Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana); symptoms.
SymptomsFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana); symptoms.©Michael Rutherford

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fusarium

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Sordariomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
  •                         Order: Hypocreales
  •                             Family: Nectriaceae
  •                                 Genus: Fusarium

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

IndiaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)

North America

United StatesPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)

South America

BrazilPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus subtilis Antagonist
Gliocladium virens Antagonist
Pseudomonas fluorescens Antagonist

Distribution Maps

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