Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Fumaria officinalis
(common fumitory)



Fumaria officinalis (common fumitory)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fumaria officinalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common fumitory
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page
TitleFlowering plant
Flowering plantAgrEvo


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fumaria officinalis L. (1753)

Preferred Common Name

  • common fumitory

International Common Names

  • Spanish: conejitos; gitanillas; hierba de la culebra
  • French: fumeterre officinal
  • Portuguese: erva-moleirinha

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Gemeiner Erdrauch
  • Italy: fumaria comune
  • Netherlands: gewone duivekervel
  • Sweden: jordrök

EPPO code

  • FUMOF (Fumaria officinalis)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Papaverales
  •                         Family: Papaveraceae
  •                             Genus: Fumaria
  •                                 Species: Fumaria officinalis

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


IranPresentHolm et al., 1979
IraqPresentHolm et al., 1979
IsraelPresentHolm et al., 1979
JordanPresentHolm et al., 1979
LebanonPresentHolm et al., 1979
PakistanPresentSubhan and Khan, 1991
TurkeyPresentHolm et al., 1979
Turkey-in-AsiaPresentSell, 1964


AlgeriaWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
EgyptPresentHolm et al., 1979
MauritiusPresentHolm et al., 1979
MoroccoPresentHolm et al., 1979
South AfricaPresentHolm et al., 1979
SudanPresentHolm et al., 1979

North America

CanadaPresentHolm et al., 1979
USAPresentHolm et al., 1979

South America

ArgentinaWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
ChilePresentHolm et al., 1979
UruguayPresentHolm et al., 1979


AlbaniaPresentSell, 1964
AustriaWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
BelgiumPresentHolm et al., 1979
BulgariaPresentSell, 1964
Czechoslovakia (former)WidespreadHolm et al., 1979
DenmarkPresentHolm et al., 1979
FinlandWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
Former USSRPresentHolm et al., 1979
FrancePresentHolm et al., 1979
GermanyPresentHolm et al., 1979
GreecePresentHolm et al., 1979
HungaryPresentHolm et al., 1979
IcelandPresentHolm et al., 1979
IrelandPresentSell, 1964
ItalyPresentHolm et al., 1979
JerseyPresentSell, 1964
NetherlandsPresentHolm et al., 1979
NorwayWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
PolandPresentHolm et al., 1979
PortugalPresentHolm et al., 1979
RomaniaPresentNaoy and Sarpe, 1987
Russian FederationPresentUl'yanova et al., 1987
SpainWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
-Balearic IslandsPresentSell, 1964
SwedenWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
SwitzerlandPresentSell, 1964
Yugoslavia (former)PresentHolm et al., 1979


AustraliaWidespreadHolm et al., 1979
New ZealandWidespreadHolm et al., 1979

Habitat List

Top of page


Top of page

Ellenberg H, 1974. Zeigerwerte der GefSsspflanzen Mitteleuropas. Scripta Geobotanica, 9. Göttingen, Germany: Göltze.

Ericsson O, 1997. Control by chemical and biological means. Borss, Sweden: LTs förlag.

Erviö LR, 1981. The emergence of weeds in fields. Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 20:292-303.

Fernandez-Quintanilla C; Navarrete L; Sanchez Giron V; Hernanz JL, 1984. The influence of direct drilling on the weed flora of cereal crops in central Spain. In: Comptes-rendus du 7Fme Colloque International sur l'écologie, la biologie et la Systématique des Mauvaises Herbes. Paris, France: COLUMA/EWRS, 1:431-436.

Gummesson G, 1979. Changes in weed species composition in field trials. In: Weeds and Weed Control. Proceedings of the 20th Swedish Weed Conference, Uppsala, Sweden. Uppsala, Sweden: Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet Reports, 173-178.

Hanf M, 1982. AckerunkrSuter Europas mit ihren Keimlingen und Samen. Ludwigshafen, Germany: BASF Aktiengesellschaf.

Holm L; Doll J; Holm E; Pancho J; Herberger J, 1997. World Weeds. Natural Histories and Distribution. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp.

Hskansson S, 1992. Germination of weed seeds in different seasons. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on the Biology of Weeds. Dijon, France: European Weed Research Society, 45-54.

Hskansson S, 1995. Weeds in agricultural crops. 1. Life-forms and occurrence under Swedish conditions. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 25:143-154.

Hskansson S, 1995. Weeds in agricultural crops. 2. Life-forms and occurrence in a European perspective. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 25:155-161.

Hultén E, 1950. Atlas of the Distribution of Vascular Plants in North-West Europe. Stockholm, Sweden: Esselte AB.

Hübl E; Holzner W, 1982. Iran. In: Holzner W, Numata M, eds. Biology and Ecology of Weeds. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk Publishers, 257-266.

Jeffery LS; Nalewaja JD, 1973. Changes in fumitory achenes during low temperature after-ripening. Weed Science, 21(4):310-313.

Korsmo E, 1930. UnkrSuter im Ackerbau der Neuzeit. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Julius Springer.

Naoy C; Sarpe N, 1987. Weed control with herbicides in winter wheat crops. Contributii ale Cercetarii Stiintifice la Dezvoltarea Agriculturii, 123-133.

Odum S, 1965. Germination of ancient seeds: Floristical observations and experiments with archeologically dated soil samples. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv, 24(2):1-70.

Ryberg M, 1960. A morphological study of the Fumariaceae and the taxonomic significance of the characters examined. Acta Horti Bergiani, 19:121-248.

Salisbury E, 1964. Weeds and Aliens. 2nd Edition. London, UK: Collins.

Sell PD, 1964. Fumaria L. In Tutin TG. Heywood VH, Burges NA, Moore DM, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA, eds. Flora Europaea, Volume 1. Lycopodiaceae to Platanaceae. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 255-258.

Stuanes A, 1972. Long-term changes in the weed flora. Norsk Landbruk, 4:3-8

Subhan F; Khan M, 1991. Effects of Dicuran MA-60 on weed control and wheat yield in irrigated farmer's fields of Peshawar Valley. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 7(1):69-74.

Ul'yanova TN; Uvanov IA; Mal'kova EA, 1987. Field weeds in the southern regions of the Karelian ASSR. Nauchno-Tekhnicheskii Byulleten' Vsesoyuznogo Ordena Lenina i Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituta Rastenievodstva Imeni N. I. Vavilova, No. 176:58-64.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map