Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Frankliniella schultzei
(cotton thrips)

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Datasheet

Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Frankliniella schultzei
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cotton thrips
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); adult.
TitleAdult
CaptionFrankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); adult.
Copyright©Crown Copyright/The Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA).
Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); adult.
AdultFrankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); adult.©Crown Copyright/The Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA).

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom, 1910)

Preferred Common Name

  • cotton thrips

Other Scientific Names

  • Euthrips gossypii Shiraki, 1912
  • Frankliniella aeschyli Girault, 1927
  • Frankliniella africana Bagnall, 1926
  • Frankliniella anglicana Bagnall, 1926
  • Frankliniella clitoriae Moulton, 1940
  • Frankliniella dampfi Priesner, 1923
  • Frankliniella dampfi interocellularis Karny, 1925
  • Frankliniella dampfi nana Priesner, 1936
  • Frankliniella delicatula Bagnall, 1919
  • Frankliniella favoniana Priesner, 1938
  • Frankliniella insularis (Franklin) Morison, 1930
  • Frankliniella ipomoeae Moulton, 1948
  • Frankliniella kellyana Kelly & Mayne, 1934
  • Frankliniella lycopersici Andrewartha, 1937
  • Frankliniella paucispinosa Moulton, 1933
  • Frankliniella pembertoni Moulton, 1940
  • Frankliniella persetosa Karny, 1922
  • Frankliniella schultzei nigra Moulton, 1948
  • Frankliniella sulphurea Schmutz, 1913
  • Frankliniella tabacicola Karny, 1925
  • Frankliniella trybomi Karny, 1920
  • Parafrankliniella nigripes Girault, 1928
  • Physopus schultzei Trybom, 1910

International Common Names

  • English: cotton bud thrips; kromnek thrips; tomato thrips
  • Spanish: trips del tomate (Argentina)
  • Portuguese: tripes do tomateiro (Brasil)

Local Common Names

  • Netherlands: katoenknoppentrips

EPPO code

  • FRANSC (Frankliniella schultzei)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Thysanoptera
  •                         Family: Thripidae
  •                             Genus: Frankliniella
  •                                 Species: Frankliniella schultzei

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BangladeshPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
IndiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-ChhattisgarhPresentKaomud and Vikas, 2013
-GujaratPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-KarnatakaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-MaharashtraPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-OdishaPresentMohapatra et al., 2000
-RajasthanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Tamil NaduPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-West BengalPresentChakraborti and Majumder, 2007
IndonesiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-JavaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
IranPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
IraqPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Hamodi and Abdul-Rassoul, 2004
IsraelPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
MalaysiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
PakistanPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
PhilippinesPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
Saudi ArabiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Sri LankaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ThailandPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
YemenPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

Africa

AngolaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
BotswanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Burkina FasoPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
CameroonPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
Cape VerdeWidespreadNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ChadPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
CongoPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
EgyptPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Wahab et al., 2015
EthiopiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
GambiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
GhanaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
KenyaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
LibyaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
MadagascarPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
MauritiusPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
MoroccoPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
NamibiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
NigerPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
NigeriaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
SenegalPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
SomaliaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
South AfricaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
SudanPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
TanzaniaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
TogoPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
UgandaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ZambiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
ZimbabwePresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

North America

USARestricted distributionNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-ColoradoPresentMahaffey and Cranshaw, 2010
-FloridaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-HawaiiPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
British Virgin IslandsPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
CubaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Dominican RepublicPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
HaitiPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
JamaicaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
Puerto RicoPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

South America

ArgentinaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
BrazilPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; Zanuncio et al., 2016
-BahiaPresentHaji et al., 2004
-GoiasPresentNagata et al., 2007
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-ParanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; Monteiro and Souza, 2013
-PernambucoPresentHaji et al., 2004
-PiauiPresentFontes et al., 2011
-Rio de JaneiroPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Rio Grande do NortePresentCABI/EPPO, 1999; Costa et al., 2015
-Rio Grande do SulPresentCavalleri et al., 2010
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Sao PauloPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
ChilePresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ColombiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
GuyanaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ParaguayPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
PeruPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
SurinamePresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
UruguayPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
VenezuelaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

Europe

BelgiumPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
HungaryPresentSzénási et al., 2016
ItalyAbsent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1999
NetherlandsPresentVierbergen and Mantel, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1999
SpainPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
UKAbsent, formerly presentMound et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-England and WalesAbsent, formerly presentMound et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 1999

Oceania

AustraliaPresentKirk, 1987; Nakahara, 1997; Steiner and Goodwin, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-Australian Northern TerritoryWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-New South WalesWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-QueenslandWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-South AustraliaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-VictoriaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Western AustraliaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
French PolynesiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
GuamPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
KiribatiPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
New CaledoniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Papua New GuineaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Post-harvest

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / honeydew or sooty mould
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / lesions: on pods
Fruit / premature drop
Growing point / discoloration
Growing point / distortion
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / external feeding
Inflorescence / honeydew or sooty mould
Inflorescence / twisting and distortion
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / external feeding
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / seedling blight

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aduncothrips asiaticus Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae
Anguillulina aptini Parasite Adults/Pupae
Carayonocoris indicus Predator
Ceranisus menes Predator/parasite
Cycloneda sanguinea Predator
Eriopis connexa Predator
Franklinothrips vespiformis Predator Paraguay cotton
Orius maxidentex Predator
Orius minutus Predator

References

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Amin PW, 1985. Apparent resistance of groundnut cultivar Robut 33-1 to bud necrosis disease. Plant Disease, 69(8):718-719.

Amin PW, Palmer JM, 1985. Identification of groundnut Thysanoptera. Tropical Pest Management, 31(4):286-291, 340, 344

Andrewartha HV, 1937. A species of Thysanoptera of economic importance in South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 61:163-165.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Bacci L, Picanço MC, Moura MF, Semeão AA, Fernandes FL, Morais EGF, 2008. Sampling plan for thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on cucumber. Neotropical Entomology, 37(5):582-590. http://www.scielo.br/ne

Bagnall RS, 1919. Brief descriptions of new Thysanoptera. X. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)4:253-377.

Bagnall RS, 1926. Brief descriptions of new Thysanoptera XVII. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 9, 18:98-114.

Bagnall RS, 1926b. On some new British Thysanoptera. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 62:279-285.

Barbosa LR, Auad AM, Freitas Sde, 2000. Predatory capacity of Chrysoperla externa (Hagen) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) fed Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in hydroponic lettuce plants. (Capacidade predatória de Chrysoperla externa alimentada com Frankliniella schultzei em plantas de alface de cultivo hidropônico.) Revista de Agricultura (Piracicaba), 75(3):349-358.

Batuman O, Rojas MR, Almanzar A, Gilbertson RL, 2014. First report of Tomato chlorotic spot virus in processing tomatoes in the Dominican Republic. Plant Disease, 98(2):286. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Bhatti BS, 1990. Catalogue of insects of the order Terebrantia from the Indian Subregion. Zoology, Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology, 2(4):205-352

Borbón CMde, Gracia O, Píccolo R, 2006. Relationships between tospovirus incidence and thrips populations on tomato in Mendoza, Argentina. Journal of Phytopathology, 154(2):93-99. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jph

Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF, 1989. An introduction to the study of insects. Sixth edition. Philadelphia, USA: Saunders College Publishing.

Branco MC, 1996. Controle quimico de tripes (Frankliniella schultzei) em tomate, 1989. Horticultura Brasileira, 14(1):62.

Breuil Sde, Rossa FRla, Giudici A, Wulff A, Bejerman N, Giolitti F, Lenardon S, 2015. Phylogenetic analysis of Groundnut ringspot virus isolates from peanut and identification of potential thrips vectors in peanut crop in Argentina. AgriScientia, 32(1):78-82. http://www.agriscientia.unc.edu.ar/volumenes/pdf/v32n01a07.pdf

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Bueno VHP, 2005. Biological control of thrips: serious pests of protected crops. (Controle biológico de tripes: pragas sérias em cultivos protegidos.) Informe Agropecuario, 26(225):31-39.

CABI/EPPO, 1999. Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom). CABI/EPPO Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 598. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Castresana J, Puhl L, 2010. Effect of natural essential oils in monitoring tomato thrips (Frankliniella schultzei Trybom) in Gerbera jamesonii (H. Bolus) (Asteraceae). (Efecto de aceites esenciales naturales en el monitoreo de trips del tomate (Frankliniella schultzei Trybom) en Gerbera jamesonii (H. Bolus) (Asteraceae).) Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Horticolas, 4(1):91-96. http://www.soccolhort.com/html/ingles/publications.html

Cavalleri A, Mendonça Júnior Mde S, Rodrigues ENL, 2010. Thrips species (Thysanoptera, Terebrantia) inhabiting irrigated rice and surrounding habitats in Cachoeirinha, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 54(3):501-504. HTTP://www.scielo.br/rbent

Chakraborti S, Majumder A, 2007. Meteorological determinants of the incidence of insect pests and their damage on cashew (Annacardium occidentale) in coastal region of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 77(4):264-266.

Costa AV, Pinheiro PF, Rondelli VM, Queiroz VTde, Tuler AC, Brito KB, Stinguel P, Pratissoli D, 2013. Cymbopogon citratus (Poaceae) essential oil on Frankliniella schultzei (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bioscience Journal, 29(6):1840-1847. http://www.seer.ufu.br/index.php/biosciencejournal/article/view/22052/13422

Costa EM, Lima MGAde, Sales Junior R, Cavalleri A, Araujo EL, 2015. Thrips collected in watermelon crops in the semiarid of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Ciência Rural, 45(4):575-577. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782015000400575&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Coutts BA, Jones RAC, 2005. Suppressing spread of Tomato spotted wilt virus by drenching infected source or healthy recipient plants with neonicotinoid insecticides to control thrips vectors. Annals of Applied Biology, 146(1):95-103.

Coutts BA, Thomas-Carroll ML, Jones RAC, 2004. Patterns of spread of Tomato spotted wilt virus in field crops of lettuce and pepper: spatial dynamics and validation of control measures. Annals of Applied Biology, 145(2):231-245.

Fernandes FL, Fernandes MEde S, Lopes EN, Venzon M, Diniz JFda S, Dias LAdos S, 2015. Biological control of phytophagous arthropods in the physic nut tree Jatropha curcas L. in Brazil. Acta Scientiarum - Agronomy, 37(1):29-36. http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciAgron/article/view/17562/pdf_49

Fontes LS, Pinent SMJ, Lima ÉFB, Sucupira IG, 2011. First register of occurrence of Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom, 1910) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in the state of Piauí, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 71(4):1023-1024. http://www.bjb.com.br

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Girault A, 1928. Some New Hexapods Stolen from Authority. Brisbane, Australia: A. Girault.

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Nagata T, Resende RO, Inoue-Nagata AK, Âvila ACde, 2007. The fluctuation of transmission specificity and efficiency of Tomato spotted wilt virus by Frankliniella schultzei. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 32(5):439. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/fb/v32n5/v32n5a12.pdf

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