Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Frankliniella intonsa
(thrips, flower)



Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower)


  • Last modified
  • 13 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Frankliniella intonsa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • thrips, flower
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom, 1895)

Preferred Common Name

  • thrips, flower

Other Scientific Names

  • Frankliniella breviceps Bagnall, 1911
  • Frankliniella brevistylis Karny, 1912
  • Frankliniella formosae Moulton, 1928
  • Frankliniella formosae f. tricolor Moulton, 1928
  • Frankliniella intonsa f. norashensis Yakhontov & Jurbanov, 1957
  • Frankliniella intonsa var. maritima Priesner, 1925
  • Frankliniella intonsa var. rufula Kéler, 1936
  • Frankliniella vicina Karny, 1922
  • Physopus brevistylis Karny, 1908
  • Physopus vulgatissimus Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. adusta Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. albicornis Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. fulvicornis Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. nigropilosa Uzel, 1895
  • Thrips intonsa Trybom, 1895

International Common Names

  • English: flower thrips; Taiwan flower thrips (Taiwan)

Local Common Names

  • Japan: ameiro-azamiuma; hirazuhana-azamiuma

EPPO code

  • FRANIT (Frankliniella intonsa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Thysanoptera
  •                         Family: Thripidae
  •                             Genus: Frankliniella
  •                                 Species: Frankliniella intonsa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


BangladeshPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
ChinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-AnhuiPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-FujianPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-GuangdongPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-GuangxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-GuizhouPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-HainanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Hong KongPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-HubeiPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-HunanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-JiangsuPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-JiangxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-ShanghaiPresentZhang et al., 2009
-SichuanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-YunnanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-ZhejiangPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Georgia (Republic of)PresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
IranPresentGhotbi and Baniameri, 2006
IraqPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
IsraelPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
JapanWidespreadWang, 1992a; CABI/EPPO, 1999
-HokkaidoWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
-HonshuWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 1999
Korea, Republic ofPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
MongoliaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
PakistanPresentNakahara, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 1999
PhilippinesPresentNakahara, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 1999
QatarPresentMirab-balou et al., 2014
TaiwanPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
ThailandPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
TurkeyPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999


AlgeriaPresentRazi et al., 2017

North America

CanadaRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999
-British ColumbiaPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999
GreenlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
USARestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 1999
-WashingtonPresentNakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999


AlbaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
AustriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
BelgiumPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
BulgariaPresentDonchev, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999
CroatiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Czech RepublicPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Czechoslovakia (former)Present
DenmarkPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
EstoniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
FinlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Former USSRPresent
FrancePresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
GermanyPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
GreecePresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
HungaryPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
ItalyPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
LatviaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
LiechtensteinPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
NetherlandsPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
NorwayPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
PolandPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
PortugalPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
RomaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Russian FederationPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Central RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-Western SiberiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
SpainPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
SwedenPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
SwitzerlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
UKPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
-England and WalesPresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
UkrainePresentCABI/EPPO, 1999
Yugoslavia (former)Present


New ZealandAbsent, invalid recordCABI/EPPO, 1999

Habitat List

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Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / malformed skin
Fruit / premature drop
Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / distortion (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Ceranisus menes Parasite
Misumenops tricuspidatus Predator
Orius sauteri Predator


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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Bagnall RS, 1911. Notes on some new and rare Thysanoptera (Terebrantia), with a preliminary list of the known British species. Journal of Economic Biology, 6(1):1-11.

Bene G del, Landi S, 1991. Biological pest control in glasshouse ornamental crops in Tuscany. Bulletin SROP, 14(5):13-21.

Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF, 1989. An introduction to the study of insects. Sixth edition. Philadelphia, USA: Saunders College Publishing.

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

Buxton JH, Easterbrook MA, 1988. Thrips as a probable cause of severe fruit distortion in late-season strawberries. Plant Pathology, 37(2):278-280.

CABI/EPPO, 1999. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests. Map No. 597. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chang DC, Chen CC, 1993. Population fluctuation of major insect pests on kidney bean and the proper time of control. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 38:11-22; [En captions and tables]; 13 ref.

Donchev K, 1972. A contribution to the Thysanoptera of Bulgaria. II. Rasteniev"dni Nauki, 9(3):131-136.

Fang MinNan, 1996. The occurrence and combined control of Frankliniella intonsa and Liriomyza bryoniae in pea plant. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 52:43-57; 24 ref.

Fang MN, 1993. Population density and control of Frankliniella intonsa on pea. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 41:21-32; [En captions and tables]; 22 ref.

Ghotbi T, Baniameri V, 2006. Identification and determination of transmission ability of thrips species as vectors of two tospovirus, tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) on ornamental plants in Iran. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Integrated control in protected crops under Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting of the International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, West Palearctic Regional Section (IOBC/WPRS) Working Group, Murcia, Spain, 14-18 May 2006.], 29(4):297.

Gremo F, Bogetti C, Scarpelli F, 1997. I tripidi dannosi alla fragola. Informatore Agrario, 53:17,85-89.

Hachiya K, 1990. Occurrence of thrips on adzuki bean. Bulletin of Hokkaido Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Stations, No. 61:1-6.

Hood JD, 1914. On the proper generic names for certain Thysanoptera of economic importance. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 16(1):34-44.

Kakizaki K, 1996. Seasonal occurrence and damage of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) on field garden pea in central Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 47:107-110.

Karny H, 1908. Fber die verSnderlichkeit systematisch wichtiger Merkmale, nebst Bemerkungen zu den Gattungen Thrips und Euthrips. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 27(9-20):273-280.

Karny H, 1912. Revision der von Serville aufgestellten Thysanopteren-Genera. Zoologische Annalen 4:321-344.

Karny H, 1922. Thysanoptera from Siam and Indo-China. Journal of the Siam Society, 16(2):91-153.

Kéler S, 1936. Tripsy (przylzence) Polski. Prace Wydzialu Chorób Roslin, 15:81-150.

Kourmadas AL, Zestas T, Argyriou LC, 1982. Timing of spraying for control of thrips in nectarine trees. Annales de l'Institut Phytopathologique Benaki, 13(2):120-129.

Lo ZY, Chang WN, Zhou CM, 1980. Population dynamics of flower bugs in cotton fields and the effect of insecticidal applications on them. Contributions of the Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1:209-214.

Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA (eds. ), 1995. Virus and virus-like diseases of bulb and flower crops. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons.

Löser F, Wetzel T, 1983. Usefulness of the Berlese apparatus for examining leaf samples for the presence of aphids. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 37(6):131-132.

Mantel WP, Vierbergen G, 1996. Additional species to the Dutch list of Thysanoptera and new intercepted Thysanoptera on imported plant material. In: Jenser G, ¦dám L, eds. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Thysanoptera. Folia Entomologia Hungarica, 57(suppl.): 91-96.

Mirab-balou M, Yang SL, Tong XL, 2014. First record of nine species of thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) in Qatar. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 32(3):278-282.

Miyazaki M, Kudo I, 1988. Bibliography and host plant catalogue of Thysanoptera of Japan. Miscellaneous Publication of the National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, No. 3.

Moulton D, 1928. The Thysanoptera of Japan: new species, notes, and a list of all known Japanese species. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 11(4):287-337.

Moulton D, 1948. The genus Frankliniella Karny, with keys for the determination of species (Thysanoptera). Revista de Entomologia, 19:55-114.

Mound LA, Teulon DAJ, 1995. Thysanoptera as phytophagous opportunists. In: Parker BL, Skinner M, Lewis T, eds. Thrips biology and management. Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Thysanoptera. London, USA; Plenum Publishing Co. Ltd, 3-17.

Murai T, 1988. Studies on the ecology and control of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom). Bulletin of the Shimane Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 23:1-73

Murai T, Ishii T, 1982. Simple rearing method for flower thrips (Thysanoptera; Thripidae) on pollen. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 26(3):149-154.

Nakahara S, 1997. Annotated list of the Frankliniella species of the world (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Contributions on Entomology, International, 2:353-389.

Nakata T, 1994. Prey species of Orius sauteri (Poppius) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in a potato field in Hokkaido, Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 29(4):614-616.

Palmer JM, Mound LA, du Heaume GJ, 1989. Thysanoptera. CIE Guides to Insects of Importance to Man, Vol. 2. Wallingford, UK: CAB International/British Museum of Natural History.

Priesner H, 1925. Neue Thysanopteren. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1925:13-28.

Razi, S., Bernard, E. C., Laamari, M., 2017. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in Biskra (Algeria): first record of the species Frankliniella intonsa and Thrips flavus., 12(2), 197-205.

Reyes CP, 1994. Thysanoptera (Hexapoda) of the Philippine Islands. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 42(2):107-507.

Rotrekl J, 1985. Skodlivost trasnenek (Thysanoptera: Terebrantia) na semenne vojtesce. Sbornik UVTIZ, Orchrana Roslin, 21(4):255-260.

Sauer A, 1997. Populationsdynamik von Thysanopteren und Befallsunterschiede bei Rosen im Gewachshaus. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 11:1-6,337-340.

Song JH, Han HR, Kang SH, 1997. Color preference of Thrips palmi in vinylhouse cucumber. RDA Journal of Crop Protection, 39(2):53-56.

Speyer ER, Parr WJ, 1941. The external structure of some thysanopterous larvae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 91:559-635.

Tang CC, 1975. Studies on the population dynamics and control of asparagus thrips. Research Report of asparagus cultivation. Publication of the Dependance of Agriculture and Forestry of the Taiwan Provincial Government, ROC, 60-62.

Tang CC, 1976. Preliminary survey of thrips infesting green asparagus in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 25:37-43.

Toyota K, 1972. White swellings caused on tomato and okra (Hiscus esculentus) by the thrips Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom). Proceedings of the Association for Plant Protection of Kyushu, 18:23-27.

Trybom F, 1895. Iakttagleser om vissa Blssfotingars (Physapoders) upptrSdande I grSsens blomstSllningar jSmte nsgra drag ur slSktet Phloeothrips utvecklingshistoria. 60. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 16:157-194.

Uzel H, 1895. Monographie der Ordnung Thysanoptera. Germany: Königratz, Bhömen.

Vierbergen B, 1992. Interceptions of species of the genus Frankliniella in the Netherlands. Proceedings of the Section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society, No. 3:175-180.

Vierbergen G, 1988. Entomologie. Inventarisatie van insekten en mijten. Frankliniella intonsa Trybom in de Nederlandse kassen. Verslagen en Mededelingen van de Plantenziektenkundige Dienst, 166:82.

Vierbergen G, 1995. The genus Frankliniella in the Netherlands, with a key to the species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Entomologische Berichten, 55(12):185-192; 24 ref.

Wang CL, 1982a. Insect pests and their injury on rose. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 31(1):97-101.

Wang CL, 1982b. Chemical control of insects on chrysanthemum cutflower. Journal of Agricultural Research of China 31(4):339-346.

Wang CL, 1990. Thrips on vegetable crops. Chinese Journal of Entomology (special publication), 4:70-94.

Wijkamp I, 1995. Virus-vector relationship in the transmission of tospoviruses. Den Haag, Netherlands: CIP-Data Koninklijke Bibliotheek.

Yakhontov VV, Jurbanov GG, 1957. Norashen thrips - new form of thrips Frankliniella intonsa Tryb. Dokladi Akademia Nauk Azerbaijan, 13(12):1279-1283.

Zhang LuMin, Chen Jie, Liu LiXing, Liu ZhiCheng, 2009. Composition and diversity of arthropod community in Chinese rose-growing field. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 25(1):76-80.

Distribution Maps

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