Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Frankliniella intonsa
(thrips, flower)

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Datasheet

Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Frankliniella intonsa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • thrips, flower
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom, 1895)

Preferred Common Name

  • thrips, flower

Other Scientific Names

  • Frankliniella breviceps Bagnall, 1911
  • Frankliniella brevistylis Karny, 1912
  • Frankliniella formosae Moulton, 1928
  • Frankliniella formosae f. tricolor Moulton, 1928
  • Frankliniella intonsa f. norashensis Yakhontov & Jurbanov, 1957
  • Frankliniella intonsa var. maritima Priesner, 1925
  • Frankliniella intonsa var. rufula Kéler, 1936
  • Frankliniella vicina Karny, 1922
  • Physopus brevistylis Karny, 1908
  • Physopus vulgatissimus Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. adusta Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. albicornis Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. fulvicornis Uzel, 1895
  • Physopus vulgatissimus var. nigropilosa Uzel, 1895
  • Thrips intonsa Trybom, 1895

International Common Names

  • English: flower thrips; Taiwan flower thrips (Taiwan)

Local Common Names

  • Japan: ameiro-azamiuma; hirazuhana-azamiuma

EPPO code

  • FRANIT (Frankliniella intonsa)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Thysanoptera
  •                         Family: Thripidae
  •                             Genus: Frankliniella
  •                                 Species: Frankliniella intonsa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Feb 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent

Asia

BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-BeijingPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuangxiPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HainanPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-ShanghaiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
GeorgiaPresent
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-AssamPresent
-ManipurPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-JavaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent, Widespread
-HokkaidoPresent, Widespread
-HonshuPresent, Widespread
MalaysiaPresent
MongoliaPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
QatarPresent
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
ThailandPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AlbaniaPresent
AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
LatviaPresent
LiechtensteinPresent
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent
-Western SiberiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-EnglandPresent

North America

CanadaPresent, Localized
-British ColumbiaPresent
GreenlandPresent
PanamaPresent
United StatesPresent, Localized
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

New ZealandPresentIntroduced2002

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / malformed skin
Fruit / premature drop
Inflorescence / discoloration (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / distortion (non-graminaceous plants)
Inflorescence / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Ceranisus menes Parasite
Misumenops tricuspidatus Predator
Orius sauteri Predator

References

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Alim, M. A., Song JangHoon, Seo HoJin, Choi JangJeon, 2018. Monitoring thrips species with yellow sticky traps in astringent persimmon orchards in Korea. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 53(1), 75-84. doi: 10.1007/s13355-017-0530-z

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Atakan, E., 2011. Population densities and distributions of the western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and its predatory bug, Orius niger (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), in strawberry. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 13(5), 638-644. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_13_NO_5/2.pdf

Atakan, E., Uygur, S., 2005. Winter and spring abundance of Frankliniella spp. and Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysan., Thripidae) on weed host plants in Turkey. Journal of Applied Entomology, 129(1), 17-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2005.00918.x

Atakan, E., Özgür, A. F., 2001. Determining the favorable sampling time for Frankliniella intonsa on cotton. [PROCEEDINGS OF THE 7TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THYSANOPTERA], 225-227. https://www.ento.csiro.au/thysanoptera/Symposium/Section7/35-Atakan-Ozgur.pdf

Bagnall RS, 1911. Notes on some new and rare Thysanoptera (Terebrantia), with a preliminary list of the known British species. Journal of Economic Biology, 6(1):1-11

Bene G del, Landi S, 1991. Biological pest control in glasshouse ornamental crops in Tuscany. Bulletin SROP, 14(5):13-21

Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF, 1989. An introduction to the study of insects. Sixth edition. Philadelphia, USA: Saunders College Publishing

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp

Buxton JH, Easterbrook MA, 1988. Thrips as a probable cause of severe fruit distortion in late-season strawberries. Plant Pathology, 37(2):278-280

CABI/EPPO, 1999. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests. Map No. 597. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Chang DC, Chen CC, 1993. Population fluctuation of major insect pests on kidney bean and the proper time of control. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 38:11-22; [En captions and tables]; 13 ref

Chiu, H. T., Shen, S. M., Wu, M. Y., 1991. Occurrence and damage of thrips in Citrus orchards in southern Taiwan. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 11(4), 310-316.

Deligeorgidis, P. N., Athanassiou, C. G., Kavallieratos, N. G., 2002. Seasonal abundance, spatial distribution and sampling indices of thrip populations on cotton; a 4-year survey from central Greece. Journal of Applied Entomology, 126(7/8), 343-348. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0418.2002.00634.x

Deng, T. C., Chou, C. M., Chen, C. T., Tsai, C. H., Lin, F. C., 2014. First report of Maize chlorotic mottle virus on sweet corn in Taiwan. Plant Disease, 98(12), 1748. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-06-14-0568-PDN

Donchev K, 1972. A contribution to the Thysanoptera of Bulgaria. II. Rasteniev"dni Nauki, 9(3):131-136

Fang MinNan, 1996. The occurrence and combined control of Frankliniella intonsa and Liriomyza bryoniae in pea plant. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 52:43-57; 24 ref

Fang MN, 1993. Population density and control of Frankliniella intonsa on pea. Bulletin of Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, No. 41:21-32; [En captions and tables]; 22 ref

Ghotbi T, Baniameri V, 2006. Identification and determination of transmission ability of thrips species as vectors of two tospovirus, tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV) on ornamental plants in Iran. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Integrated control in protected crops under Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting of the International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, West Palearctic Regional Section (IOBC/WPRS) Working Group, Murcia, Spain, 14-18 May 2006.], 29(4):297

Gill, G., 2002. Action on new plant pests. In: Biosecurity 36. Ministry for Agriculture and Forestry publication . Wellington, New Zealand: Biosecurity New Zealand.14.

Gremo F, Bogetti C, Scarpelli F, 1997. I tripidi dannosi alla fragola. Informatore Agrario, 53:17,85-89

Gyulai G., Bayar K., Törjék O., Kiss E., Kiss J., Szabó Z., Heszky L., 2001. Molecular polymorphism among populations of Frankliniella intonsa. [Thrips and Tospoviruses: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Thysanoptera, July 2-7, 2001], 373-375. https://www.ento.csiro.au/thysanoptera/Symposium/Section10/57-Gyulai-et-al.pdf

Hachiya K, 1990. Occurrence of thrips on adzuki bean. Bulletin of Hokkaido Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Stations, No. 61:1-6

Hood JD, 1914. On the proper generic names for certain Thysanoptera of economic importance. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 16(1):34-44

Imura, O., 2003. Herbivorous arthropod community of an alien weed Solanum carolinense L. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 38(3), 293-300. doi: 10.1303/aez.2003.293

Jović, J., Mitrović, M., Cvrković, T., Krstić, O., Toševski, I., 2012. Occurrence and molecular identification of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), in Serbia. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Current Trends in Plant Protection, Belgrade, Serbia, 25-28th September, 2012, [ed. by Marisavljević, D.]. Belgrade, Serbia: Institute for Plant Protection and Environment. 520-525.

Kakizaki K, 1996. Seasonal occurrence and damage of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) on field garden pea in central Hokkaido. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, 47:107-110

Karny H, 1908. Fber die verSnderlichkeit systematisch wichtiger Merkmale, nebst Bemerkungen zu den Gattungen Thrips und Euthrips. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 27(9-20):273-280

Karny H, 1912. Revision der von Serville aufgestellten Thysanopteren-Genera. Zoologische Annalen 4:321-344

Karny H, 1922. Thysanoptera from Siam and Indo-China. Journal of the Siam Society, 16(2):91-153

Kéler S, 1936. Tripsy (przylzence) Polski. Prace Wydzialu Chorób Roslin, 15:81-150

Kourmadas AL, Zestas T, Argyriou LC, 1982. Timing of spraying for control of thrips in nectarine trees. Annales de l'Institut Phytopathologique Benaki, 13(2):120-129

Li, X., Geng, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., Li, W., Huang, J., Lin, W., Bei, Y., Lu, Y., 2019. Species-specific aggregation pheromones contribute to coexistence in two closely related thrips species. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 109, 119-126. doi: 10.1017/S0007485318000366

Lo ZY, Chang WN, Zhou CM, 1980. Population dynamics of flower bugs in cotton fields and the effect of insecticidal applications on them. Contributions of the Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1:209-214

Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA (eds. ), 1995. Virus and virus-like diseases of bulb and flower crops. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons

Löser F, Wetzel T, 1983. Usefulness of the Berlese apparatus for examining leaf samples for the presence of aphids. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 37(6):131-132

Mantel WP, Vierbergen G, 1996. Additional species to the Dutch list of Thysanoptera and new intercepted Thysanoptera on imported plant material. In: Jenser G, ¦dám L, eds. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Thysanoptera. Folia Entomologia Hungarica, 57(suppl.): 91-96

Matsuura, S., Kubota, K., Okuda, M., 2007. First report of Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus on chrysanthemum in Japan. Plant Disease, 91(4), 468. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-91-4-0468C

Mirab-balou M, Yang SL, Tong XL, 2014. First record of nine species of thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) in Qatar. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 32(3):278-282. http://www.asplantprotection.org/ASPP_Journal-32-3_2014.html

Miyazaki M, Kudo I, 1988. Bibliography and host plant catalogue of Thysanoptera of Japan. Miscellaneous Publication of the National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, No. 3

Morison, G. D., 1943. Notes on Thysanoptera found on flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) in the British Isles. Annals of Applied Biology, 30(3), 251-259. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1943.tb06196.x

Moulton D, 1928. The Thysanoptera of Japan: new species, notes, and a list of all known Japanese species. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses, 11(4):287-337

Moulton D, 1948. The genus Frankliniella Karny, with keys for the determination of species (Thysanoptera). Revista de Entomologia, 19:55-114

Mound LA, Teulon DAJ, 1995. Thysanoptera as phytophagous opportunists. In: Parker BL, Skinner M, Lewis T, eds. Thrips biology and management. Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Thysanoptera. London, USA; Plenum Publishing Co. Ltd, 3-17

Murai T, 1988. Studies on the ecology and control of flower thrips, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom). Bulletin of the Shimane Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 23:1-73

Murai T, Ishii T, 1982. Simple rearing method for flower thrips (Thysanoptera; Thripidae) on pollen. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 26(3):149-154

Nakahara S, 1997. Annotated list of the Frankliniella species of the world (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Contributions on Entomology, International, 2:353-389

Nakata T, 1994. Prey species of Orius sauteri (Poppius) (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in a potato field in Hokkaido, Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 29(4):614-616

Okajima, S., Hirose, Y., Kajita, H., Takagi, M., Napompeth, B., Buranapanichpan, S., 1992. Thrips on Vegetables in Southeast Asia. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 27(2), 300-303. doi: 10.1303/aez.27.300

Palmer JM, Mound LA, du Heaume GJ, 1989. Thysanoptera. CIE Guides to Insects of Importance to Man, Vol. 2. Wallingford, UK: CAB International/British Museum of Natural History

Pizzol, J., Nammour, D., Voisin, S., Ziegler, M., Desneux, N., Poncet, C., Reynaud, P., 2012. Survey of thrips species in horticultural greenhouses in Southern France. Acta Horticulturae, (No.952), 801-808. http://www.actahort.org/books/952/952_101.htm

Pobozniak, M., 2005. Thrips Species on White Cabbage. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, 8(4), http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume8/issue4/art-60.html

Pobozniak, M., 2011. The occurrence of thrips (Thysanoptera) on food legumes (Fabaceae). Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 118(5), 185-193. http://www.jpdp-online.com

Pobożniak, M., Leśniak, M., Chuda, A., Adamus, A., 2016. Field assessment of the susceptibility of onion cultivars to thrips attack - preliminary results. Polish Journal of Entomology, 85(1), 121-133. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pjen

Priesner H, 1925. Neue Thysanopteren. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1925:13-28

Razi, S., Bernard, E. C., Laamari, M., 2017. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in Biskra (Algeria): first record of the species Frankliniella intonsa and Thrips flavus. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection, 12(2), 197-205. http://www.iresa.agrinet.tn/tjpp/SiteWeb/CurrentIssue/TJPP12-2.pdf

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Rotrekl J, 1985. Skodlivost trasnenek (Thysanoptera: Terebrantia) na semenne vojtesce. Sbornik UVTIZ, Orchrana Roslin, 21(4):255-260

Rozhina, V. I., Vierbergen, G., 2018. Thrips (Thysanoptera) in the meadows of Kaliningrad Province. Entomological Review, 98(2), 197-203. doi: 10.1134/S0013873818020094

Sartiami, D., Mound, L. A., 2013. Identification of the terebrantian thrips (Insecta, Thysanoptera) associated with cultivated plants in Java, Indonesia. ZooKeys, (No.306), 1-21. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/5455/identification-of-the-terebrantian-thrips-insecta-thysanoptera-associated-with-cultivated-plants-in-java-indonesia

Sauer A, 1997. Populationsdynamik von Thysanopteren und Befallsunterschiede bei Rosen im Gewachshaus. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 11:1-6,337-340

Singh, K. N., Varatharajan, R., 2014. Thysanoptera (Insecta) fauna of the Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur, Northeast India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 111(1), 19-28. doi: 10.17087/bnhs/2014/v111i1/56522

Šmatas, R., Tamošiūnas, K., Danytė, V., 2013. Diversity and sex ratio of thrips (Thysanoptera) species in winter wheat in Lithuania. Žemdirbystė (Agriculture), 100(3), 289-292. http://www.zemdirbyste-agriculture.lt/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/100_3_str37.pdf

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Tang CC, 1976. Preliminary survey of thrips infesting green asparagus in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 25:37-43

Tang, C. C., 1976. Ecological studies on green asparagus thrip, Frankliniella intonsa Trybom in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 25(4), 299-309.

Tekșam, İ., Tunç, İ., 2009. An analysis of Thysanoptera associated with citrus flowers in Antalya, Turkey: composition, distribution, abundance and pest status of species. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 44(3), 455-464. doi: 10.1303/aez.2009.455

Teulon, D. A. J., Nielsen, M. C., 2005. Distribution of western (glasshouse strain) and Intonsa flower thrips in New Zealand. New Zealand Plant Protection, Volume 58, 2005. Proceedings of a conference, Wellington, New Zealand, 9-11 August 2005, 208-212.

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Wang, C. L., Lin, F. C., Chiu, Y. C., Shih, H. T., 2010. Species of Frankliniella Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from the Asian-Pacific area. Zoological Studies, 49(6), 824-838.

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Yakhontov VV, Jurbanov GG, 1957. Norashen thrips - new form of thrips Frankliniella intonsa Tryb. Dokladi Akademia Nauk Azerbaijan, 13(12):1279-1283

Yusup, C. A., Sartiami, D., 2015. Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), a new potential pest, on strawberry in Alamendah Village–Rancabali District, Bandung Regency, West Java. Indonesian Journal of Entomology, 12(1), 1-10. doi: 10.5994/jei.12.1.1

Zhang LuMin, Chen Jie, Liu LiXing, Liu ZhiCheng, 2009. Composition and diversity of arthropod community in Chinese rose-growing field. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 25(1):76-80

Distribution References

Alim M A, Song JangHoon, Seo HoJin, Choi JangJeon, 2018. Monitoring thrips species with yellow sticky traps in astringent persimmon orchards in Korea. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 53 (1), 75-84. DOI:10.1007/s13355-017-0530-z

Atakan E, 2011. Population densities and distributions of the western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and its predatory bug, Orius niger (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), in strawberry. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 13 (5), 638-644. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_13_NO_5/2.pdf

Atakan E, Özgür A F, 2001. Determining the favorable sampling time for Frankliniella intonsa on cotton. [PROCEEDINGS OF THE 7TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THYSANOPTERA], 225-227. https://www.ento.csiro.au/thysanoptera/Symposium/Section7/35-Atakan-Ozgur.pdf

Atakan E, Uygur S, 2005. Winter and spring abundance of Frankliniella spp. and Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysan., Thripidae) on weed host plants in Turkey. Journal of Applied Entomology. 129 (1), 17-26. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0418.2005.00918.x

Barba Alvarado A A, Jaén Sanjur J N, Galipienso L, González L E, Rubio L, Herrera Vasquez J A, 2020. Molecular identification, occurrence and distribution of Thrips palmi, Frankliniella intonsa and Frankliniella cephalica (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on cucurbit crops in Panama. Journal of Plant Protection Research. 60 (1), 68-76. DOI:10.24425/jppr.2020.132208

CABI, EPPO, 1999. Frankliniella intonsa. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 597. DOI:10.1079/DMPP20066600597

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Calha I M, Gomes L, Figueiredo E, Mateus C, 2015. Management of field margin aimed at benefiting natural control of thrips in strawberry plants. In: XV Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología, SEMh 2015, "La Malherbología y la Transferencia Tecnológica" Sevilla, España, 19 al 22 de octubre de 2015 [XV Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología, SEMh 2015, "La Malherbología y la Transferencia Tecnológica" Sevilla, España, 19 al 22 de octubre de 2015.], [ed. by Alarcón Roldán R, Contreras Gallardo J M, Dorado Gómez J, González Redondo P, López Martínez N, Osca Lluch J M, Pérez Ruiz M, Urbano Fuentes-Guerra J M]. Seville, Spain: Sociedad Española de Malherbología. 283-290.

Chinthangkhomba H, Varatharajan R, 2016. Flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Insecta) of Manipur. Indian Journal of Entomology. 78 (1), 56-60. DOI:10.5958/0974-8172.2016.00011.0

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