Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fragaria ananassa
(strawberry)

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Datasheet

Fragaria ananassa (strawberry)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fragaria ananassa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • strawberry
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Fragaria ananassa (strawberry); plant with ripening fruit.
TitleFruits
CaptionFragaria ananassa (strawberry); plant with ripening fruit.
Copyright©M. Pritts
Fragaria ananassa (strawberry); plant with ripening fruit.
FruitsFragaria ananassa (strawberry); plant with ripening fruit.©M. Pritts
Fragaria ananassa (strawberry); grown as a field crop, note flowers, and straw used to protect developing fruits.
TitleField crop
CaptionFragaria ananassa (strawberry); grown as a field crop, note flowers, and straw used to protect developing fruits.
Copyright©AgrEvo
Fragaria ananassa (strawberry); grown as a field crop, note flowers, and straw used to protect developing fruits.
Field cropFragaria ananassa (strawberry); grown as a field crop, note flowers, and straw used to protect developing fruits.©AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fragaria ananassa Duchesne

Preferred Common Name

  • strawberry

Other Scientific Names

  • Fragaria grandiflora Ehrh.
  • Fragaria magna
  • Fragaria vesca var. hortensis (Duchesne) Ser.
  • Fragaria x ananassa

International Common Names

  • English: garden strawberry
  • Spanish: fresa; freson; frutilla
  • French: fraisier; fraisier a gros fruits
  • Portuguese: morango

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Ananas- Erdbeere; Garten- Erdbeere
  • Italy: fragola coltivata
  • Netherlands: Aardbei
  • Sweden: jordgubbe

EPPO code

  • FRAAN (Fragaria x ananassa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Rosales
  •                         Family: Rosaceae
  •                             Genus: Fragaria
  •                                 Species: Fragaria ananassa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed); Anthonomus bisignifer (strawberry weevil); Anthonomus signatus (strawberry bud weevil); Aphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode); Aphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode); Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Beet pseudoyellows virus; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense; Candidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma); Cercospora fragariae; Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (strawberry aphid); Chamomilla recutita (common chamomile); Chenopodium album (fat hen); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Colletotrichum fragariae (anthracnose of strawberry); Cornu aspersum (common garden snail); Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge); Diplocarpon earlianum (strawberry leaf scorch); Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Ditylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode); Drosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila); Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Epichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Frankliniella tritici (eastern flower thrips); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Homona coffearia (tea tortrix); Longidorus (longidorids); Longidorus elongatus (needle nematode); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Lygus rugulipennis (bishop bug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Meloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Otiorhynchus ovatus (strawberry root weevil); Otiorhynchus rugosostriatus (rough strawberry root weevil); Pantomorus cervinus (Fuller's rose beetle); Phytophthora fragariae (strawberry red stele root rot); Podosphaera aphanis (powdery mildew of strawberry); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish); Raspberry ringspot virus (ringspot of raspberry); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Sitobion fragariae (blackberry cereal aphid); Solanum carolinense (horsenettle); Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Strawberry crinkle virus (crinkle disease of strawberry); Strawberry latent ringspot virus (latent ring spot of strawberry); Strawberry lethal decline phytoplasma; Strawberry mild yellow edge virus (strawberry virus 2); Strawberry mottle virus (strawberry mottle disease); Strawberry necrotic shock virus (Strawberry necrotic shock virus); Strawberry pallidosis associated virus; Strawberry witches' broom phytoplasma (witches' broom of strawberry); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus kanzawai (kanzawa spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Aleyrodes lonicerae; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Aphis forbesi (strawberry aphid); Astylus atromaculatus (astylus beetle); Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Botrytis caroliniana; Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Cacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix); Caliothrips fasciatus; Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Chaetomium globosum (antagonist of Venturia); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cirsium vulgare (spear thistle); Cladosporium macrocarpum; Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Colletotrichum boninense; Colletotrichum siamense; Conotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Duponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid); Elymus repens (quackgrass); Erwinia pyrifoliae; Euphoria lurida; Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Frankliniella williamsi (corn thrips); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium proliferatum; Geotrichum candidum; Gnomonia comari (stem-end rot); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Grapevine yellows phytoplasmas; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Hypera postica (lucerne weevil); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Noctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth); Otiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil); Pangaeus bilineatus (burrowing bug); Pantoea ananatis (fruitlet rot of pineapple); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Pestalotiopsis clavispora; Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper); Phlyctinus callosus (vine calandra); Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora fragariaefolia; Phytophthora nicotianae (black shank); Phytoplasma fragariae; Pilidium concavum; Pratylenchus loosi (root lesion nematode); Pratylenchus thornei; Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Saturnia pavonia (small emperor moth); Scutellonema brachyurus; Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Senna obtusifolia (sicklepod); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant); Spergula arvensis (corn spurry); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Stelidota geminata; Stellaria media (common chickweed); Strawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry); Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion); Thrips imaginis (plague thrips); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Tipula paludosa (European crane fly); Tobacco necrosis virus (augusta disease of tulip); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Urtica urens (annual nettle)

Wild host of:

Exomala orientalis (oriental beetle)

Associated with (not a host):

Longidorus attenuatus (needle nematode); Longidorus euonymus; Serratia plymuthica

Host of (source - data mining):

Aegopsis bolboceridus; Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly); Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Frankliniella intonsa (thrips, flower); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Haplothrips aculeatus (grass thrips); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Oribius destructor (grey weevil); Oribius inimicus (grey weevil); Otiorhynchus ligustici (alfalfa snout beetle); Thrips major (rubus, thrips)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical