Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fagopyrum esculentum
(buckwheat)

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Datasheet

Fagopyrum esculentum (buckwheat)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Fagopyrum esculentum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • buckwheat
  • Taxonomic Tree

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
F. esculentum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower; 3, unwinged fruit; 4, winged fruit; 5, top view winged fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleF. esculentum - line drawing
CaptionF. esculentum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower; 3, unwinged fruit; 4, winged fruit; 5, top view winged fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
F. esculentum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower; 3, unwinged fruit; 4, winged fruit; 5, top view winged fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
F. esculentum - line drawingF. esculentum: 1, flowering branch; 2, flower; 3, unwinged fruit; 4, winged fruit; 5, top view winged fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

Preferred Common Name

  • buckwheat

Other Scientific Names

  • Fagopyrum sagittatum Gilib. (1792, nom. illeg.)
  • Fagopyrum vulgare Hill (1756, nom. illeg.)
  • Polygonum fagopyrum L. (1753)

International Common Names

  • English: silverhull buckwheat
  • Spanish: grano sarraceno; grano turco
  • French: blé noir; bouquette; sarrasin; sarrazin
  • Arabic: hhintah sawdâ'; qamhh el baqar
  • Portuguese: trigo sarraceno

Local Common Names

  • Austria: Echter Buchweizen
  • Czech Republic: pohanka obecn
  • Denmark: Almindelig boghvede
  • Estonia: harilik tatar
  • Germany: Buchweizen; Schwartz-korn
  • Japan: soba
  • Laos: khauz sam hlièmx
  • Latvia: Sejamasis grikis
  • Norway: Bokhvete
  • Sweden: Bovete
  • Thailand: phakbung-som
  • Vietnam: majch ba gosc; majch hoa

Taxonomic Tree

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Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

South AfricaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 300 MT (F)
ZimbabwePresentIntroduced1919

Asia

BhutanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 8,105 MT (F)
ChinaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 325,000 MT (F)
-ShaanxiPresent
-YunnanPresent
IndiaPresent
JapanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 26,300 MT (F)
KazakhstanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 16,570 MT
KyrgyzstanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 100 MT
North KoreaPresentIntroduced1974
PakistanPresent
South KoreaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 2,545 MT
TaiwanPresentIntroduced1923
TajikistanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (F)
UzbekistanPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (M)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentIntroduced1983
AustriaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (F)
BelarusPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 18,016 MT
BelgiumPresentIntroduced1855
BulgariaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (M)
CroatiaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 140 MT (F)
CzechiaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
DenmarkPresentIntroducedFirst reported: Pre 1540
EstoniaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 200 MT
FrancePresentBuckwheat production (2008) 117,148 MT (F)
-CorsicaAbsent, Formerly present1910
GreecePresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (M)
HungaryPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 400 MT (F)
IcelandPresentIntroduced1944
IrelandPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 0 MT (M)
ItalyPresent
LatviaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 7,100 MT
LithuaniaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 20,900 MT
MoldovaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 483 MT
NorwayPresentIntroduced1700
PolandPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 68,726 MT
RussiaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 924,110 MT
SlovakiaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 87 MT
SloveniaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 733 MT
Svalbard and Jan MayenPresentIntroduced1897
SwedenPresentIntroduced1600
UkrainePresentBuckwheat production (2008) 240,600 MT
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1597

North America

CanadaPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 2,300 MT (F)
United StatesPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 83,000 MT (F)
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1925
-MainePresent
-WashingtonPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1955

South America

BrazilPresentBuckwheat production (2008) 52,000 MT (F)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

References

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Asad Ullah, Abdur Rashid, 2013. A checklist of the weeds growing in the maize crop at Mankial valley Hindukush range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 19(4), 481-492. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-19-4-2013/11.%20PJWSR-54-2013-19-4-481-492.pdf

Distribution References

Asad Ullah, Abdur Rashid, 2013. A checklist of the weeds growing in the maize crop at Mankial valley Hindukush range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 19 (4), 481-492. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-19-4-2013/11.%20PJWSR-54-2013-19-4-481-492.pdf

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Econopouly B, Derie M L, Jones S S, Toit L J du, 2017. Downy mildew of buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum, in the United States caused by Peronospora cf. ducometii. Plant Disease. 101 (2), 391-392. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-16-1362-PDN

Gopi R, Chandan Kapoor, Kalita H, Das S K, Avasthe R K, 2015. A new report of downy mildew on buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) caused by Perenospora sp. in Sikkim. Journal of Mycopathological Research. 53 (2), 295-297. http://www.imskolkata.org/

Lahoz E, Caiazzo R, Carella A, Cozzolino E, 2007. First report of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) in Italy. Plant Disease. 91 (11), 1519. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1519C

Lu W J, Wang L H, Wang Y Q, Li C H, 2015. First report of powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe polygoni on buckwheat in Yunnan, China. Plant Disease. 99 (9), 1282. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Wang Y, Lian Q G, Zhu M Q, 2017. First report of leaf spot on buckwheat caused by Didymella rhei in China. Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (2), 537. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3907/2551

Zhang X Y, Zhang X M, Jiang H H, Hao J J, 2016. First report of Rhizoctonia solani AG-5 causing stem canker on buckwheat in Maine. Plant Disease. 100 (6), 1241. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-15-1060-PDN

Distribution Maps

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