Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Eutetranychus orientalis
(Citrus brown mite)

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Datasheet

Eutetranychus orientalis (Citrus brown mite)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Eutetranychus orientalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Citrus brown mite
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •         Class: Arachnida
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Eutetranychus orientalis Klein

Preferred Common Name

  • Citrus brown mite

Other Scientific Names

  • Anychus latus
  • Anychus orientalis
  • Anychus ricini
  • Eutetranychus anneckei Meyer
  • Eutetranychus latus
  • Eutetranychus monodi Andre
  • Eutetranychus sudanicus Elbadry

International Common Names

  • English: oriental mite; oriental red mite; oriental spider mite
  • Spanish: acaro rojo oriental
  • French: tétranique rouge asiatique

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Orientalische spinnmilbe
  • Israel: haakarit haaduma hamizrachit
  • South Africa: lowveld citrus mite

EPPO code

  • EUTEAN (Eutetranychus anneckei)
  • EUTELA (Eutetranychus latus)
  • EUTEMO (Eutetranychus monodi)
  • EUTEOR (Eutetranychus orientalis)
  • EUTESU (Eutetranychus sudanicus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Chelicerata
  •                 Class: Arachnida
  •                     Subclass: Acari
  •                         Superorder: Acariformes
  •                             Suborder: Prostigmata
  •                                 Family: Tetranychidae
  •                                     Genus: Eutetranychus
  •                                         Species: Eutetranychus orientalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 May 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

Cabo VerdePresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EgyptPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EswatiniPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EthiopiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GambiaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
KenyaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
LibyaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MalawiPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MaliPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
MauritaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MoroccoPresentMazih (2015)
MozambiquePresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
NigeriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
SenegalPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
South AfricaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
SudanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
TunisiaPresentEPPO (2020)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BangladeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ChinaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-GuangdongPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-GuangxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-HainanPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-ShandongPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-SichuanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Hong KongPresentAPPPC (1987); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-AssamPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-DelhiPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-HaryanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Himachal PradeshPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-JharkhandPresentEPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-KeralaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-MaharashtraPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-MeghalayaPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-PunjabPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-RajasthanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Tamil NaduPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-West BengalPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
IndonesiaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-SumatraPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
IranPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
IraqPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
IsraelPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
JapanPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-HonshuPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
JordanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
KuwaitPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
LebanonPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
PakistanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
PhilippinesAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007); CABI (Undated)
Saudi ArabiaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
SyriaPresentEPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ThailandPresentWaterhouse (1993); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
TurkeyPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
YemenPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Europe

AustriaAbsentEPPO (2020)
BelgiumAbsentEPPO (2020)
CyprusPresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GreecePresentAnagnou-Veroniki et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaAbsentEPPO (2020)
SpainPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007);

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-New South WalesPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-Northern TerritoryPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-QueenslandPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
-Western AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acaropsellina sollers Predator Adults/Nymphs
Acaropsis aegyptiaca Predator Adults/Nymphs
Agistemus exsertus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Amblyseius alstoniae Predator Adults/Nymphs
Amblyseius herbicolus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Amblyseius maai Predator Adults/Nymphs
Amblyseius okinawanus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Amblyseius rubini Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs
Amblyseius swirskii Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs
Amblyseius taiwanicus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Chiapacheylus macrocorneus Parasite
Cunaxa capreolus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Euseius gossipi Predator Adults/Nymphs
Euseius ovalis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Euseius scutalis Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs
Hirsutella thompsonii Pathogen Adults/Larvae/Nymphs
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs
Metaseiulus occidentalis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Neoseiulus longispinosus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Oligota oviformis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Pronematus ubiquitus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scolothrips indicus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Scolothrips longicornis Predator Adults/Nymphs
Seiulus finlandicus Predator Adults/Nymphs
Stethorus loi Predator Adults/Nymphs Taiwan Averrhoa carambola
Stethorus pauperculus Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs
Typhlodromus pyri Predator Adults/Eggs/Larvae/Nymphs

References

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Anagnou-Veroniki M; Papaioannou-Souliotis P; Karanastasi E; Giannopolitis CN, 2008. New records of plant pests and weeds in Greece, 1990-2007. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal, 1(2):55-78. http://www.bpi.gr

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Baker EW, 1983. Pests not known to occur in the United States or of limited distribution. No. 41: oriental red mite. Washington, USA: USDA-APHIS, 81-43.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2007. Eutetranychus orientalis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No.June. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 688.

Chang DC; Leu TS, 1986. Seasonal population changes of spider mites on carambola and their chemical control. Plant Protection Bulletin, Taiwan, 28(3):263-272

Deshpande RR; Shaw SS; Shrivastav RC; Mandloi KC, 1988. Relative toxicity of pesticides against red spider mite Eutetranychus orientalis (Klein) on Citrus. Pesticides, 22(3):45-46

Dhooria MS; Butani DK, 1984. Citrus mite, Eutetranychus orientalis (Klein) and its control. Pesticides, 18(10):35-38

El-Halawany ME; Ibrahim GA; Abdel-Samad MA, 1990. Mites inhabiting fig varieties. Agricultural Research Review, 68(1):39-48

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gerson U; Kenneth R; Muttath TI, 1979. Hirsutella thompsonii, a fungal pathogen of mites. II. Host-pathogen interactions. Annals of Applied Biology, 91(1):29-40

Jeppson LR; Keifer HH; Baker EW, 1975. Mites Injurious to Economic Plants. Berkeley, USA: University of California Press.

Mazih A, 2015. Status of citrus IPM in the southern Mediterranean basin Morocco, North Africa. Acta Horticulturae [XII International Citrus Congress - International Society of Citriculture, Valencia, Spain.], No.1065:1097-1103. http://www.actahort.org/books/1065/1065_138.htm

McMurtry JA, 1985. Citrus. In: Helle W, Sabelis MW, eds. Spider Mites, their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. World Crop Pests 1(B). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 339-347.

Pillai KS; Palaniswani MS, 1991. Integrated approach for the management of spider mite complex on cassava. Journal of Root Crops, 17:44-49.

PRITCHARD AE; BAKER EW, 1955. Mem. Pacif. Coast ent. Soc, 2. San Francisco, Cal., 7 + 472 pp.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Sharaf NS, 1989. Monitoring spider mite populations on lemon for effective control with flubenzimine and omethoate. Dirasat, 16(7):53-64.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith-Meyer MKP, 1981. Mite pests of crops in southern Africa. Science Bulletin, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Republic of South Africa, (No. 397):65-67.

Smith-Meyer MKP, 1987. African Tetranychidae (Acari: Prostigmata) - with reference to the world fauna. Entomology Memoir, Department of Agriculture and Water Supply, Republic of South Africa, (No. 69):77-78, 80-82.

Tanigoshi LK; Bahdousheh M; Babcock JM; Sawaqed R, 1990. Euseius scutalis (Athias-Henriot) a predator of Eutetranychus orientalis (Klein) (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) in Jordan: Toxicity of some acaricides to E. orientalis. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 8(2):120-114

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Distribution References

Anagnou-Veroniki M, Papaioannou-Souliotis P, Karanastasi E, Giannopolitis C N, 2008. New records of plant pests and weeds in Greece, 1990-2007. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal. 1 (2), 55-78. http://www.bpi.gr

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

CABI, EPPO, 2007. Eutetranychus orientalis. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 688.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Mazih A, 2015. Status of citrus IPM in the southern Mediterranean basin Morocco, North Africa. Acta Horticulturae. 1097-1103. http://www.actahort.org/books/1065/1065_138.htm

NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013. Pest status of harmful organisms in the Netherlands., Wageningen, Netherlands:

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Distribution Maps

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