Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Eucalyptus grandis
(saligna gum)

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Datasheet

Eucalyptus grandis (saligna gum)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Eucalyptus grandis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • saligna gum
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Mature E. grandis near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.|Tree near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
TitleTree habit
CaptionMature E. grandis near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.|Tree near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Mature E. grandis near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.|Tree near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
Tree habitMature E. grandis near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.|Tree near Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation at 40-years of age in Sri Lanka.
Title40 year plantation
CaptionPlantation at 40-years of age in Sri Lanka.
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation at 40-years of age in Sri Lanka.
40 year plantationPlantation at 40-years of age in Sri Lanka.©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Effluent irrigated plantation near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.
Title6 year plantation
CaptionEffluent irrigated plantation near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Effluent irrigated plantation near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.
6 year plantationEffluent irrigated plantation near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone in Brazil. Plants raised as rooted cuttings
TitleHybrid plantation in Brazil
CaptionPlantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone in Brazil. Plants raised as rooted cuttings
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone in Brazil. Plants raised as rooted cuttings
Hybrid plantation in BrazilPlantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone in Brazil. Plants raised as rooted cuttings©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone (propogated by tissue culture) at three months of age in Dongmen Forest farm, Guangxi Province, China.
Title3 month plantation
CaptionPlantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone (propogated by tissue culture) at three months of age in Dongmen Forest farm, Guangxi Province, China.
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Plantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone (propogated by tissue culture) at three months of age in Dongmen Forest farm, Guangxi Province, China.
3 month plantationPlantation of Eucalyptus grandis x urophylla hybrid clone (propogated by tissue culture) at three months of age in Dongmen Forest farm, Guangxi Province, China.©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Tree near Gympie, Queensland, Australia.
TitleBole
CaptionTree near Gympie, Queensland, Australia.
Copyright©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products
Tree near Gympie, Queensland, Australia.
BoleTree near Gympie, Queensland, Australia.©CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden

Preferred Common Name

  • saligna gum

Local Common Names

  • Australia: flooded gum; rose gum
  • Brazil: eucalipto

EPPO code

  • EUCGD (Eucalyptus grandis)

Trade name

  • Rose gum (Queensland)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Myrtales
  •                         Family: Myrtaceae
  •                             Genus: Eucalyptus
  •                                 Species: Eucalyptus grandis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Austropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust); Colletotrichum boninense; Ctenarytaina spatulata; Leptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid); Pantoea ananatis (fruitlet rot of pineapple); Paropsis atomaria (Eucalyptus tortoise beetle); Paropsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle); Phoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer); Phoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer); Phylacteophaga froggatti (leafblister sawfly); Teratosphaeria pseudoeucalypti (Teratosphaeria leaf disease); Thaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)

Minor host of:

Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Botryosphaeria parva; Chrysoporthe austroafricana; Digitaria insularis (sourgrass); Hypomeces squamosus (green weevil); Neofusicoccum australe; Teratosphaeria zuluensis; Valsa sordida (valsa canker of poplar)

Wild host of:

Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Mundulla yellows (Mundulla Yellows dieback)

Associated with (not a host):

Aureobasidium pullulans (blue stain of wood)

Host of (source - data mining):

Atta sexdens (leaf cutting ant); Atta sexdens rubropilosa; Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Bradysia coprophila (gnat, house plant); Calonectria quinqueseptata (leaf spot of Hevea spp.); Calonectria theae (leaf spot: tea); Costalimaita ferruginea; Drosophila flavohirta; Eupseudosoma involuta; Hygrochroa sericea; Macrotermes natalensis; Pezizella oenotherae (black lesion root rot: strawberry); Pyrrhopyge pelota; Thyrinteina arnobia; Trachymela tincticollis; Uraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Honey/honey flora

Materials

  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Boats

Charcoal

Containers

  • Cases

Furniture

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Wall panelling

Veneers

Wood-based materials

  • Particleboard
  • Plywood