Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Elettaria cardamomum
(cardamom)

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Datasheet

Elettaria cardamomum (cardamom)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Elettaria cardamomum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cardamom
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Essential oils
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cardamom plant with fruits, Karnataka, India.
TitlePlant with fruits
CaptionCardamom plant with fruits, Karnataka, India.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Cardamom plant with fruits, Karnataka, India.
Plant with fruitsCardamom plant with fruits, Karnataka, India.David J. Greathead
Plant parts of cardamom (E. cardamomum). Line drawing, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, fruiting clump; (B) leaf; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) fruits; (F) seed with aril.
TitleLine drawing of plants parts
CaptionPlant parts of cardamom (E. cardamomum). Line drawing, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, fruiting clump; (B) leaf; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) fruits; (F) seed with aril.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
Plant parts of cardamom (E. cardamomum). Line drawing, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, fruiting clump; (B) leaf; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) fruits; (F) seed with aril.
Line drawing of plants partsPlant parts of cardamom (E. cardamomum). Line drawing, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, fruiting clump; (B) leaf; (C) part of inflorescence; (D) flower; (E) fruits; (F) seed with aril.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

Preferred Common Name

  • cardamom

Other Scientific Names

  • Alpinia cardamomum (L.) Roxb. (1819)
  • Amomum cardamomum L. (1753)
  • Amomum repens Sonnerat (1782)

International Common Names

  • English: cardamon; small cardamom; true cardamom
  • Spanish: cardamomo
  • French: cardamome; cardamomier

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: krako sbat
  • Germany: Kardamom
  • Indonesia: kapol; kapolaga; kapulaga sabrang; sabrang
  • Italy: cardamomo minore
  • Laos: hma:k hnè:ngx
  • Malaysia: biah pelaga
  • Myanmar: bala; pala; panlat
  • Netherlands: kardamom
  • Sweden: kardemumma
  • Thailand: krawan-thet

EPPO code

  • ETACA (Elettaria cardamomum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Zingiberales
  •                         Family: Zingiberaceae
  •                             Genus: Elettaria
  •                                 Species: Elettaria cardamomum

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical