Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Estigmene acraea
(salt marsh caterpillar)



Estigmene acraea (salt marsh caterpillar)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Estigmene acraea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • salt marsh caterpillar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Estigmene acraea Drury

Preferred Common Name

  • salt marsh caterpillar

Other Scientific Names

  • Diacrisia acraea

International Common Names

  • Spanish: gusano pachón; gusano peludo; gusano peludo del algodonero (mexico)
  • French: chenille des marais salants

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Arctiidae
  •                             Genus: Estigmene
  •                                 Species: Estigmene acraea

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

Costa RicaPresentSchotman (1989)
El SalvadorPresentSchotman (1989)
GuatemalaPresentSchotman (1989)
HondurasPresentSchotman (1989)
MexicoPresentSchotman (1989)
NicaraguaPresentSchotman (1989)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated)
-ArizonaPresentCABI (Undated)
-NebraskaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)

South America

ColombiaPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis
Brachymeria ovata Parasite
Carcelia reclinata Parasite
Iridovirus Pathogen
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Trichogramma semifumatum Parasite Eggs
Zelus exsanguis Predator

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Schotman C Y L, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. In: RLAC-PROVEG, 80 pp.

Distribution Maps

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