Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Erwinia rhapontici
(rhubarb crown rot)

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Datasheet

Erwinia rhapontici (rhubarb crown rot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Erwinia rhapontici
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rhubarb crown rot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Bacteria
  •   Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •     Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •       Order: Enterobacteriales
  •         Family: Enterobacteriaceae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948

Preferred Common Name

  • rhubarb crown rot

Other Scientific Names

  • Aplanobacter rhapontici (Millard) Elliott 1930
  • Bacillus rhapontici (Millard) White 1936
  • Bacterium rhapontici Millard 1924
  • Erwinia carotovora var. rhapontici (Millard) Dye 1969
  • Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel & Kulkarni 1951
  • Phytomonas rhapontici Millard 1924
  • Pseudobacterium rhapontici (Millard) Krasil'nikov 1949
  • Xanthomonas rhapontici (Millard) Savulescu 1947

International Common Names

  • English: cereal pink grain; crown rot: rhubarb; pink grain: cereals; pink seed: wheat; wheat pink seed
  • Spanish: enfermedad de los granos rosados del trigo
  • French: maladie des graines roses du ble

Local Common Names

  • Canada: pink seed of dry pea
  • Germany: Wurzelhalsfaeule: Rhubarber
  • Netherlands: witsnot

EPPO code

  • ERWIRH (Erwinia rhapontici)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Bacteria
  •     Phylum: Proteobacteria
  •         Class: Gammaproteobacteria
  •             Order: Enterobacteriales
  •                 Family: Enterobacteriaceae
  •                     Genus: Erwinia
  •                         Species: Erwinia rhapontici

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
IsraelPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-HokkaidoPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-HonshuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-KyushuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-ShikokuPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
MalaysiaPresentBradbury (1986)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986)
South KoreaPresentChoi et al. (1990)

Europe

BelgiumPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
CzechoslovakiaPresentKokošková (1992)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-SardiniaPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
LithuaniaPresentSnieškienė (1995)
NetherlandsPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986)
NorwayPresentBradbury (1986)
PolandPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentUK, CAB International (1981)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentUK, CAB International (1981); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentGreathead and Greathead (1992)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1981); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentUSDA (2000)
-IdahoPresentUK, CAB International (1981)
-KentuckyPresentUSDA (2000)
-North DakotaPresentUK, CAB International (1981); USDA (2000)
-OklahomaPresentUK, CAB International (1981); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
-South DakotaPresentUSDA (2000)

Oceania

AustraliaAbsent, Intercepted onlyBradbury (1986)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / ooze
Growing point / dieback
Growing point / rot
Leaves / rot
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Seeds / discolorations
Seeds / rot
Stems / dead heart
Stems / dieback
Stems / ooze
Stems / wilt
Vegetative organs / internal rotting or discoloration
Vegetative organs / soft rot
Whole plant / dead heart
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback
Whole plant / unusual odour

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Growing medium accompanying plants Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Roots Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Wood

References

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Bradbury JF, 1977. Erwinia rhapontici. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, No. 555. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Bradbury JF, 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Bürki H-M, 1997. Management Committee Meeting of COST 816 Amaranthus sp. Working Group, Nitra, 29 June and 1 July 1997. WWW at http://www.unifr.ch/plantbio/cost816/Pages/nitra/mcmeet.html.

Carta C, 1993. Su una grave alterazione del ciclamino (Cyclamen persicum Mill.) causata da Erwinia rhapontici (Millard) Burkholder. Premier colloque Italo-Frantais de phytopathologie sur maladies nouvelles ou d'introduction récente en France, en Italie et dans le Bassin méditerranéen Alghero (Sassari), Italy, 14-18 aprile 1993.

Choi SH; Kim YT; Lee KH; Kim CU, 1990. The shoot and stem rot of mulberry caused by Erwinia rhapontici. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology, 6(1):106-112

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Huang HC, 1991. A new bacterial disease of dry peas found in southern Alberta. Lethbridge Research Centre - Weekly Letter Number 2978 - Released 27 March 1991. WWW at http://res2.agr.ca/lethbridge/wletter/2978hh.htm.

IMI, 1996. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Erwinia rhapontici. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Kokoskova B, 1992. The appearance of Erwinia rhapontici on hyacinth in Czechoslovakia. Ochrana Rostlin, 28(2):146-148

Snieskiene V, 1995. Bacterial diseases found in Lithuania in 1983-1994 in flowers grown on closed ground. Biologija, No. 3/4:148-149; 11 ref.

USDA, 2000. Widely Prevalent Bacteria List "2000" List of widely prevalent plant pathogenic bacteria: by bacteria http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/ss/permits/pests/sorted_bacteria.htm.

Distribution Maps

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