Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Caliroa cerasi
(pear and cherry slugworm)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Caliroa cerasi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pear and cherry slugworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); adult sawfly at rest.
TitleAdult
CaptionCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); adult sawfly at rest.
Copyright©Whitney Cranshaw/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); adult sawfly at rest.
AdultCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); adult sawfly at rest.©Whitney Cranshaw/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); early instar larva near hatched egg.
TitleLarva
CaptionCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); early instar larva near hatched egg.
Copyright©Whitney Cranshaw/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); early instar larva near hatched egg.
LarvaCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); early instar larva near hatched egg.©Whitney Cranshaw/Colorado State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); larvae on a peach leaf, showing typical damage. USA.
TitleLarvae
CaptionCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); larvae on a peach leaf, showing typical damage. USA.
Copyright©Jerry A. Payne/USDA Agricultural Research Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); larvae on a peach leaf, showing typical damage. USA.
LarvaeCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); larvae on a peach leaf, showing typical damage. USA.©Jerry A. Payne/USDA Agricultural Research Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); mature larva.
TitleLarva
CaptionCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); mature larva.
Copyright©Gyorgy Csoka/Hungary Forest Research Institute/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Caliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); mature larva.
LarvaCaliroa cerasi (pear and cherry slugworm); mature larva.©Gyorgy Csoka/Hungary Forest Research Institute/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Caliroa cerasi Linnaeus, 1758

Preferred Common Name

  • pear and cherry slugworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Caliroa adumbrata
  • Caliroa lacinata MacGillivray, 1909
  • Caliroa laudata MacGillivray, 1909
  • Caliroa limacina Retzius, 1873
  • Eriocampa adumbrata
  • Eriocampa cerasi
  • Eriocampa limacina
  • Eriocampoides adumbrata
  • Eriocampoides cerasi
  • Eriocampoides limacina Retzius
  • Monostegia antipoda Kirby, 1881
  • Selandria adumbrata
  • Selandria cerasi
  • Tenthredo (Allantus) adumbrata Klug, 1814
  • Tenthredo adumbrata
  • Tenthredo cerasi

International Common Names

  • English: cherry sawfly; cherry slug; pear sawfly; pear, slug; pear, slug sawfly; pearslug
  • Spanish: babosita de los frutales; babosita del peral; gusano limaco
  • French: nemate ou petite livree; tenthrède du poirier; tenthrède limace; tenthrède-limace des rosacées (Canada)

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: frugttraebladhvesp
  • Finland: kirsikkaetanainen
  • Germany: Blattwespe, Schneckemfoermige (Larve) Kirsch-; Blattwespe, Schwarze Kirsch-; Schwarze Kirschblattwespe
  • Israel: zirat ale haagas
  • Italy: limacina del pero; tentredine del ciliegio
  • Netherlands: Bastaardrups, slakvormige; Slakrups; Vruchtboombladwesp
  • Norway: frukttrebladveps
  • Sweden: fruktbladstekel

EPPO code

  • ERICLI (Eriocampoides limacina)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Tenthredinidae
  •                             Genus: Caliroa
  •                                 Species: Caliroa cerasi

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresentSmith (1971)
IsraelPresentAVIDOV and HARPAZ (1969)
JapanPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-HokkaidoPresentHirashima (1989)
TurkeyPresentBenson (1968)

Europe

AustriaPresentListon (1995)
BelgiumPresentListon (1995)
BulgariaPresentBorovinova and Sredkov (2006)
DenmarkPresentListon (1995)
FinlandPresentListon (1995)
FrancePresentChevin (1984); Liston (1995)
GermanyPresentHoop (1983); Liston (1995)
HungaryPresentZombori (1982); Liston (1995)
IrelandPresentListon (1995); CABI (Undated)
ItalyPresentFornaciari and Vergnani (2006)
LithuaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Zayanchkauskas and Rilishkene (1979)
LuxembourgPresentListon (1995)
NetherlandsPresentListon (1995)
PolandPresentMiczulski (1964)
RomaniaPresentListon (1995)
RussiaPresent, LocalizedNativeChepurnaya and Myalova (1981)
-Russian Far EastPresentStorozhenko and Kuznetzov (1995)
SwitzerlandPresentListon (1995)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-British ColumbiaPresentSmith (1971)
-OntarioPresentSmith (1971)
-QuebecPresentSmith (1971)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-CaliforniaPresentSmith (1971)
-ColoradoPresentSmith (1971)
-ConnecticutPresentSmith (1971)
-DelawarePresentSmith (1971)
-GeorgiaPresentSmith (1971)
-IdahoPresentSmith (1971)
-IllinoisPresentSmith (1971)
-IowaPresentSmith (1971)
-MainePresentSmith (1971)
-MassachusettsPresentSmith (1971)
-MichiganPresentSmith (1971)
-MinnesotaPresentSmith (1971)
-MontanaPresentSmith (1971)
-NebraskaPresentSmith (1971)
-New HampshirePresentSmith (1971)
-New JerseyPresentSmith (1971)
-New MexicoPresentSmith (1971)
-New YorkPresentSmith (1971)
-OregonPresentSmith (1971)
-PennsylvaniaPresentSmith (1971)
-Rhode IslandPresentSmith (1971)
-South DakotaPresentSmith (1971)
-UtahPresentSmith (1971)
-VirginiaPresentSmith (1971)
-WashingtonPresentSmith (1971)
-WisconsinPresentRaffa and Lintereur (1988)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentSmith (1971)
-New South WalesPresentHely et al. (1982)
-TasmaniaPresentSmith (1971)
New ZealandPresentSmith (1971); Penman (1984); Valentine and Walker (1991)

South America

ArgentinaPresentSmith (1971)
ChilePresentSmith (1971)
UruguayPresentSmith (1971)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / premature drop
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anthocoris nemorum Predator Eggs/Larvae
Blastocrithidia caliroae Pathogen Larvae
Euryproctus sinister Parasite
Lathrolestes luteolator Parasite Larvae New Zealand fruit trees
Mesoleius caninae Parasite New Zealand fruit trees
Rhinotorus congruens Parasite Larvae
Synomelis Parasite Larvae
Vibrissina turrita Parasite Larvae

References

Top of page

Agriculture Canada, 1983. Pear Slug. Insect Identification Sheet, 66, unpaginated. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada.

Avidov Z; Harpaz I, 1969. Plant pests of Israel. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Universities Press.

Bashkatova TV; Prokof'ev MA; Ogneva LI; Shamanskaya LD, 1983. Tested in orchards in Siberia. Zashchita Rasteni, No. 8:30.

Benson RB, 1952. Hymenoptera 2, Symphyta, Section (b). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, 6, 2(b):51-137.

Benson RB, 1968. Hymenoptera from Turkey Symphyta. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology Series, 22:109-207.

Borovinova M; Sredkov I, 2006. Comparison of integrated and conventional plant protection of cherry orchards. Notulae Botanicae, Horti Agrobotanici, Cluj-Napoca, 34:93-99.

Burks BD, 1979. Family Eulophidae. In: Krombein KV, Hurd PD Jr, Smith DR, Burks BD, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, Vol. I. Symphyta and Apocrita (Parasitica). Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press, 967-1022.

Cameron PJ; Hill RL; Bain J; Thomas WP, 1989. A review of biological control of invertebrate pests and weeds in New Zealand 1874 to 1987. CAB Institute of Biological Control, Technical Communication No. 10. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Carl KP, 1972. On the biology, ecology and population dynamics of Caliroa cerasi (L.) (Hym., Tenthredinidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 71(1):58-83

Carl KP, 1976. The natural enemies of the pear-slug, Caliroa cerasi (L.) (Hym., Tenthredinidae), in Europe. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 80(2):138-161

Chepurnaya VI; Myalova LA, 1981. Pests and diseases of cherry. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 7:53-55.

Chevin H, 1984. Recherches sur les biocénoses céréalieres: inventaire des hyménoptFres symphytes. La Défense des Végetaux, 227:156-162.

Fornaciari M; Vergnani S, 2006. Organic and integrated pear production: towards a common strategy? (Pericoltura biologica e integrata: verso una strategia comune?.) Rivista di Frutticoltura e di Ortofloricoltura, 68(2):60-63.

Forsius R, 1919. Kleinere BeitrSge zur Kenntnis der Tenthredinoiden-Eier I. Meddelanden af Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, 45:169-184.

Hely PC; Pasfield G; Gellatley JG, 1982. Insect Pests of Fruit and Vegetables in NSW. Sydney, New South Wales, Australia: Department of Agriculture, New South Wales, viii + 312 pp.

Hirashima Y, 1989. A Check List of Japanese Insects. Fukuoka, Japan: Kyushu University, Faculty of Agriculture, Entomological Laboratory.

Hoop M, 1983. Die Nahrungspflanzen der Pflanzenwespen (Symphyta, Hymenoptera) Schleswig-Holsteins. Faunstisch-+koloische Mitteilungen, Supplement 4:1-52.

Klausnitzer B, 1978. Plant pests. Vol. 9. Hymenoptera. Pflanzenschadlinge. Band 9. Hautflugler. Leipzig, German Democratic Republic: Neumann Verlag, 212 pp.

Liston AD, 1995. Compendium of European sawflies. Gottfrieding, Germany: Chalastos Forestry.

Lorenz K; Kraus M, 1957. Die Larvalsystematik der Blattwespen (Tenthredinoidea und Megalodontoidea). Adhandlungen zur Larvalsystematik der Insekten, 1:1-339.

Luhman JC, 1990. A taxonomic revision of Nearctic Endasys Foerster 1868 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Gelinae). University of California Publications in Entomology, No. 109:185 pp.

Marsh PW, 1979. Family Braconidae. In: Krombein KV, Hurd PD, Smith DR, Burks BD, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, 1. Washington, D.C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press, 144-313.

Miczulski B, 1964. Bonkowki (Hymenoptera) w biocenozie upraw rzepaku Cz I. Ro liniarki (Symphyta). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, Series B, 35-36:189-201.

Miles HW, 1935. Biological studies of certain species of Caliroa Costa and Endelomyia Ashmead (Hymenoptera Symphyta). Annals of Applied Biology, 22:116-133.

Ministry of Agriculture; Fisheries and Food, 1972. Pear and cherry slugworm. Advisory Leaflet, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 3(No. 84):3 pp.

O'Connor JP; Liston AD; Speight MCD, 1997. A review of the Irish sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) including a checklist of species. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 20(1):2-99; 8 pp. of ref.

Okutani T, 1965. The Japanese sawflies of the genus Caliroa, with a description of its larval character. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 9(1):29-33.

Penman DR, 1984. Deciduous tree fruit pests. In: Scott RR, ed. New Zealand Pests and Beneficial Insects. Canterbury, New Zealand: Lincoln University College of Agriculture, 33-50.

Raffa KF; Lintereur GL, 1988. New host records and developmental notes on the pear slug Caliroa cerasi (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), feeding on Cotoneaster and Chpnomeles species. Great Lakes Entomologist, 21(2):75-79.

Smirle MJ; Wei ShuGe, 1996. Effects of neem oil on feeding behaviour and development of the pear sawfly, Caliroa cerasi. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 80(2):403-407; 14 ref.

Smith DR, 1967. A review of the subfamily Heterarthrinae in North America (Hymenoptera:Tenthredinidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 69(3): 277-284.

Smith DR, 1971. Nearctic sawflies III. Heterarthrinae: adults and larvae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, No. 1420.

Smith DR, 1973a. Sawflies of the subfamily Heterarthrinae in South America (Hymenoptera:Tenthredinidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 75(3): 337-345.

Smith DR, 1973b. Sawflies of Chile: a new genus and species and key to genera of Tenthredinidae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 75(4):402-408.

Smith DR, 1979. Suborder Symphyta. In: Krombein KV, Hurd PD, Smith DR, Burks BD, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, 1. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Smith DR; Barrows EM, 1987. Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) in urban environments in the Washington, D.C. area. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89(1):147-156

Storozhenko S Yu; Kuznetzov VN, 1995. Pest Insects of the Russian Far East. Vladivostok, Russia, Dal'nauka.

Valentine EW; Walker AK, 1991. Annotated catalogue of New Zealand Hymenoptera. Auckland, New Zealand; DSIR Plant Protection, 84 pp.

Zajanckauskas P; Ryliskiene M, 1979. Bioecology of the cherry slug (Caliroa limacina Retz.) in orchards of the Lithuanian SSR. Acta Entomologica Lituanica, 4:127-140

Zombori L, 1982. Tenthredinoidea II. Fuana Hungarica, 153.

Distribution References

AVIDOV Z, HARPAZ I, 1969. Plant pests of Israel. Plant pests of Israel. x+549 pp.

Benson RB, 1968. Hymenoptera from Turkey Symphyta. In: Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology Series, 22 109-207.

Borovinova M, Sredkov I, 2006. Comparison of integrated and conventional plant protection of cherry orchards. Notulae Botanicae, Horti Agrobotanici, Cluj-Napoca. 93-99.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chepurnaya V I, Myalova L A, 1981. Pests and diseases of cherry. Zashchita Rastenii. 53-55.

Chevin H, 1984. (Recherches sur les biocénoses céréalieres: inventaire des hyménoptFres symphytes). In: La Défense des Végetaux, 227 156-162.

Fornaciari M, Vergnani S, 2006. Organic and integrated pear production: towards a common strategy? (Pericoltura biologica e integrata: verso una strategia comune?). Rivista di Frutticoltura e di Ortofloricoltura. 68 (2), 60-63.

Hely P C, Pasfield G, Gellatley J G, 1982. Insect pests of fruit and vegetables in NSW. Sydney, New South Wales, Department of Agriculture, New South Wales. viii + 312 pp.

Hirashima Y, 1989. A Check List of Japanese Insects., Fukuoka, Japan: Kyushu University, Faculty of Agriculture, Entomological Laboratory.

Hoop M, 1983. (Die Nahrungspflanzen der Pflanzenwespen (Symphyta, Hymenoptera) Schleswig-Holsteins). In: Faunstisch-+koloische Mitteilungen, 4 1-52.

Liston AD, 1995. Compendium of European sawflies., Gottfrieding, Germany: Chalastos Forestry.

Miczulski B, 1964. (Bonkowki (Hymenoptera) w biocenozie upraw rzepaku Cz I. Ro liniarki (Symphyta)). In: Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, Series B, 35-36 189-201.

Penman DR, 1984. Deciduous tree fruit pests. In: New Zealand Pests and Beneficial Insects, [ed. by Scott RR]. Canterbury, New Zealand: Lincoln University College of Agriculture. 33-50.

Raffa K F, Lintereur G L, 1988. New host records and developmental notes on the pear slug Caliroa cerasi (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae), feeding on Cotoneaster and Chaenomeles species. Great Lakes Entomologist. 21 (2), 75-79.

Smith DR, 1971. Nearctic sawflies III. Heterarthrinae: adults and larvae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). In: Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture.

Storozhenko SYu, Kuznetzov VN, 1995. Pest Insects of the Russian Far East., Vladivostok, Russia: Dal'nauka.

Valentine E W, Walker A K, 1991. Annotated catalogue of New Zealand Hymenoptera. Auckland, New Zealand: DSIR Plant Protection. 84 pp.

Zombori L, 1982. Tenthredinoidea II. In: Fuana Hungarica, 153.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map