Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Eretmocerus mundus

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Datasheet

Eretmocerus mundus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Eretmocerus mundus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
First instar larva nesting in the egg chorion. m-mouth, g-gut.
TitleLine artwork of first instar larva
CaptionFirst instar larva nesting in the egg chorion. m-mouth, g-gut.
CopyrightDan Gerling
First instar larva nesting in the egg chorion. m-mouth, g-gut.
Line artwork of first instar larvaFirst instar larva nesting in the egg chorion. m-mouth, g-gut.Dan Gerling
Second instar larva of E. mundus lying within a capsule, as seen in its host nymph. c-capsule, L-larva.
TitleLine artwork of second instar larva
CaptionSecond instar larva of E. mundus lying within a capsule, as seen in its host nymph. c-capsule, L-larva.
CopyrightDan Gerling
Second instar larva of E. mundus lying within a capsule, as seen in its host nymph. c-capsule, L-larva.
Line artwork of second instar larvaSecond instar larva of E. mundus lying within a capsule, as seen in its host nymph. c-capsule, L-larva.Dan Gerling
Third instar larva. m-mouth, g-gut.
TitleLine artwork of third instar larva
CaptionThird instar larva. m-mouth, g-gut.
CopyrightDan Gerling
Third instar larva. m-mouth, g-gut.
Line artwork of third instar larvaThird instar larva. m-mouth, g-gut.Dan Gerling
Pupa of E. mundus within the empty host puparium. H-whitefly host, P-pupa.
TitleLine artwork of pupa
CaptionPupa of E. mundus within the empty host puparium. H-whitefly host, P-pupa.
CopyrightDan Gerling
Pupa of E. mundus within the empty host puparium. H-whitefly host, P-pupa.
Line artwork of pupaPupa of E. mundus within the empty host puparium. H-whitefly host, P-pupa.Dan Gerling
Antenna of an E. mundus female.
TitleLine artwork of antenna
CaptionAntenna of an E. mundus female.
CopyrightDan Gerling
Antenna of an E. mundus female.
Line artwork of antennaAntenna of an E. mundus female.Dan Gerling
Whole mount of a fourth instar nymphs of Bemisia tabaci showing a second instar E. mundus larva within the capsule that the host formed around it.
TitleHost and E. mundus larva
CaptionWhole mount of a fourth instar nymphs of Bemisia tabaci showing a second instar E. mundus larva within the capsule that the host formed around it.
CopyrightDan Gerling
Whole mount of a fourth instar nymphs of Bemisia tabaci showing a second instar E. mundus larva within the capsule that the host formed around it.
Host and E. mundus larvaWhole mount of a fourth instar nymphs of Bemisia tabaci showing a second instar E. mundus larva within the capsule that the host formed around it.Dan Gerling
A cross section showing the first instar larva of E. mundus during penetration into the host.
TitleE.mundus entering host
CaptionA cross section showing the first instar larva of E. mundus during penetration into the host.
CopyrightDan Gerling
A cross section showing the first instar larva of E. mundus during penetration into the host.
E.mundus entering hostA cross section showing the first instar larva of E. mundus during penetration into the host.Dan Gerling
A cross section showing the third instar larva of E. mundus.
TitleThird instar larva
CaptionA cross section showing the third instar larva of E. mundus.
CopyrightDan Gerling
A cross section showing the third instar larva of E. mundus.
Third instar larvaA cross section showing the third instar larva of E. mundus.Dan Gerling

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Eretmocerus mundus Mercet

Other Scientific Names

  • Eretmocerus masii Silvestri

Local Common Names

  • Israel: meshotan naeh

EPPO code

  • ERETMA (Eretmocerus masii)
  • ERETMU (Eretmocerus mundus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Aphelinidae
  •                             Genus: Eretmocerus
  •                                 Species: Eretmocerus mundus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Natural enemy of

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References

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Avidov Z, 1956. Bionomics of the tobacco whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Gennad.) in Israel. Ktavim, 7:25-41.

Azab AK; Megahed MM; El-Mirsawi HD, 1969. Parasitism of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) in U.A.R. (Hemiptera - Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Egypt, 439-441.

Cebrian R; Carnero A; Perez-Padron F, 1994. Pest status of Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleurodidae) in the Canary Islands. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 17:47-51.

Foltyn S; Gerling D, 1985. The parasitoids of the aleyrodid Bemisia tabaci in Israel: development, host preference and discrimination of the aphelinid wasp Eretmocerus mundus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 38(3):255-260

Fried R, 1997. Reproductive biology of Eretmocerus mundus. MSc Thesis, Tel Aviv University.

Gameel OI, 1969. Studies of whitefly parasites Encarsia lutea Masi and Eretmocerus mundus Merce. Hymenoptera Aphelinidae. Reviews of Zoology and Botany in Africa, 79:65-77.

Gerling D, 1972. Notes on three species of Eretmocerus Haldeman occurring in Israel with a description of a new species. Entomologische Berichten, 32(8):156-161

Gerling D, 1985. Parasitoids attacking Bemisia tabaci (Hom.: Aleyrodidae) in eastern Africa. Entomophaga, 30(2):163-165

Gerling D; Fried R, 1997. Density-related sterility in Eretmocerus mundus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 84(1):33-39; 22 ref.

Gerling D; Gershon M; Orion T; Namies N, 1998. Population dynamics of whiteflies on wild hosts in Israel. In: Hennebery TJ, Toscano NC, Perring TM, Faust RM, eds. Silverleaf Whitefly, National Research Action and Technology Transfer Plan, 1997-2001: First Annual Review of the Second 5-year Plan. United States Department of Agriculture, 9.

Gerling D; Kravchenko V, 1996. Pest management of Bemisia out of doors. In: Gerling D, Mayer RT, eds. Bemisia: 1995 Taxonomy, Biology, Damage, Control and Management. Andover, UK: Intercept, 667-680.

Gerling D; Tremblay E; Orion T, 1991. Initial stages of the vital capsule formation in the Eretmocerus-Bemisia tabaci association. Redia, 74(3, Appendix):411-415

Gonzalez-Zamora JE; Gallardo JM; Garcia MM, 1997. Toxicity of different pesticides on pupae of Eretmocerus mundus Mercet (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) parasitizing Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). In: Albajes R, Carnero A, eds. Integrated control in protected crops, Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting at Tenerife, Canary Islands, 3-6 November 1997. Bulletin OILB SROP, 20:114-120.

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Greenberg SM; Jones WA; Warfield WC, 1998. Host instar suitability of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) for the parasitoid Eretmocerus mundus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) In: Hennebery TJ, Toscano NC, Perring TM, Faust RM, eds. Silverleaf Whitefly, National Research Action and Technology Transfer Plan, 1997-2001: First Annual Review of the Second 5-year Plan. United States Department of Agriculture, 63.

Hayat M, 1972. The species of Eretmocerus Haldeman, 1850 (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from India. Entomophaga, 17:99-106.

Jones WA; Greenberg SM, 1998. Suitability of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) instars for the parasitoid Eretmocerus mundus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Environmental Entomology, 27(6):1569-1573; 19 ref.

Kapadia MN; Puri SN, 1989. Seasonal incidence of natural enemies of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) on cotton [in India]. Indian Journal of Ecology, 16(2):164-168

Kapadia MN; Puri SN; Butler JGD; Henneberry TJ, 1992. Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Genn. and parasitoid population in insecticide treated cotton. Journal of Applied Zoological Research, 3:7-10.

Kaygysyz H, 1976. Identification, biology, distribution, damage, host range and control of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) in Mediterranean region of Turkey. Araptyrma Eserleri Serisi, 45.

Khan AG; Inayatullah C; Goraya AA; Shah SA; Mohammad S, 1981. Studies on potential biological control agents of whiteflies in Pakistan. Rawalpindi, Pakistan: Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control.

Maignet P; Onillon JC, 1997. Initial data on the biotic potential of Encarsia hispida De Santis (Hymenopt.: Aphelinidae), endoparasitoid of biotype 'B' of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and of Trialeurodes vaporariorum West. (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). In: Albajes R, Carnero A, eds. Integrated control in protected crops, Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting at Tenerife, Canary Islands, 3-6 November 1997. Bulletin OILB SROP, 20:21-125.

Manzaroli G; Tommasini MG; Mosti M; Dradi D, 1997. Biological control of whitefly on poinsettia in Italy. In: Albajes R, Carnero A, eds. Integrated control in protected crops, Mediterranean climate. Proceedings of the meeting at Tenerife, Canary Islands, 3-6 November 1997. Bulletin OILB SROP, 20:130-142.

Mercet RG, 1931. Nota sobre afelinidi (Haym. Chalc.) 4 nota. Eos, (7):395-410.

Nikolskaya MN; Yasnosh VA, 1966. Aphelinidae of the European part of the USSR and Caucasus (Chalcidoidea, Aphelinidae). Akademii Nauk SSSR Zoologicheskogo Instituta Opredeliteli po Faune SSSR, 91:1-295 (in Russian).

Pruthi HS; Samuel CK, 1941. Entomological investigations on the leaf-curl disease of tobacco in Northern India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 61:696-698.

Puri SN, 1991. Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) problem in Marathwada: some contributions in development of integrated management strategy. Parbhani: Department of Entomology, Marathwada Agricultural University.

Rodriguez-Rodrigez MD; Moreno R; Tellez MM; Rodriguez-Rodrigez MP; Fernandez-Fernandez R, 1994. Eretmocerus mundus (Mercet), Encarsia lutea (Masi) and Encarsia transvena (Timberlake) (Hym., Aphelinidae), parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in protected vegetable crops in Almeria. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 20(3):695-702

Rose M; Zolnerowich G; Hunter MS, 1996. Sustematics, Eretmocerus and biological control. In: Gerling D, Mayer RT, eds. Bemisia: 1995 Taxonomy, Biology, Damage, Control and Management. Andover, UK: Intercept, 477-497.

Sharaf N; Batta Y, 1985. Effect of some factors on the relationship between the whitefly Bemisia tabaci Genn. (Homopt., Aleyrodidea) and the parasitoid Eretmocerus mundus Mercet (Hymenopt., Aphelinidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 99(3):267-276

Silvestri F, 1934. Compendio di Entomologia Applicata.

Stam PA; Elmosa H, 1990. The role of predators and parasites in controlling populations of Earias insulana, Heliothis armigera and Bemisia tabaci on cotton in the Syrian Arab Republic. Entomophaga, 35(3):315-327

Ulusoy MR; Uygun N; Kersting U; Karaca I; Satar S, 1996. Present status of citrus whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Turkey and their control. Zeitschrift fu^umlaut~r Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 103(4):397-402; 26 ref.

Viggiani G, 1965. Richerche sugli Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea I. La species italiane del genere Anthemus How. (Hym. Encyrtidae) e note descrittiva sull'Eretmocerus masii Silv. (Hym. Aphelinidae). Bolletino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria Filippo Silvestri Portici, 23:249-264.

Zolnerowich G; Rose M, 1998. Eretmocerus Haldeman (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) imported and released in the United States for control of Bemisia (tabaci complex) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 100(2):310-323; 15 ref.

Distribution Maps

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