Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Henosepilachna elaterii
(melon (ladybird) beetle)

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Datasheet

Henosepilachna elaterii (melon (ladybird) beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Henosepilachna elaterii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • melon (ladybird) beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult
Caption
Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi)

Preferred Common Name

  • melon (ladybird) beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Epilachna chrysomelina auct. nec. (Fabricius)
  • Epilachna elaterii (Rossi)
  • Henosepilachna chrysomelina var. elaterii Rossi

International Common Names

  • English: African melon ladybird; melon, ladybird; twelve-spotted melon beetle
  • Spanish: vacanita de los melonares
  • French: coccinelle du melon

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kaefer, Gefleckter Gurken-; Kaefer, Gefleckter Melonen-
  • Israel: parat hashteimesrei
  • Italy: Epilacna delle cocomeraie
  • Turkey: karpuz telli bocegi

EPPO code

  • EPILCH (Epilachna elaterii)
  • HENSEL (Henosepilachna elaterii)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Coccinellidae
  •                             Genus: Henosepilachna
  •                                 Species: Henosepilachna elaterii

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
BeninPresent
BotswanaPresent
Burkina FasoPresent, LocalizedOriginal citation: Fürsch, 1964
CameroonPresent
ChadPresent, Localized
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Congo, Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
GambiaPresent
GhanaPresent
GuineaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MaliPresent
MauritaniaPresent
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresent
NigerPresentOriginal citation: Fürsch, 1964
NigeriaPresent
SenegalPresent
Sierra LeonePresent
SomaliaPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
AzerbaijanPresent
IndiaPresent, Localized
-RajasthanPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent
JordanPresent
LebanonPresent
OmanPresent
PakistanPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SyriaPresent
TajikistanPresent
TurkeyPresent
TurkmenistanPresent
UzbekistanPresent
YemenPresent

Europe

BulgariaPresent
CyprusPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
FrancePresent
-CorsicaPresent
GreecePresent
-CretePresent
ItalyPresent
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
MaltaPresent
PortugalPresent
RussiaPresent, Localized
-Russia (Europe)Present, Localized
SerbiaPresent
SpainPresent
-Balearic IslandsPresentOriginal citation: Fürsch, 1964

Growth Stages

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Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Nosema henosepilachnae Pathogen

References

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Ali MA; El-Spady AA, 1986. Studies on food consumption and host selection of the melon ladybird beetle Epilachna chrysomelina (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Agricultural Research Review, 61(1):149-164

Balachowsky AS, ed. , 1962. Entomologie Appliqu'e a l'Agriculture, Tome 1 Col'optSres premier volume. Paris, France: Masson et Cie.

Bashir NHH; Abdalhadi MA, 1986. Screening of some insecticides against cucumber insect pests in the Sudan Gezira. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 'ZANCO', 4(Supplement):39-45

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey.

El-Abdin AMZ; Siragelnour BG, 1991. Biological aspects, food preference and chemical control of the cucurbit beetle, Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi)(Coleoptera; Coccinellidae). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 9(2):103-110

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fnrsch H, 1964. Die Arten der Verwandtschaftsgruppe Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi) (= E. chrysomelina auct.) (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Reichenbachia, 3:181-208.

Frempong, E., Buahin, G. K. A., 1977. Studies on the insect pests of egg plant, Solanum melongena L., in Ghana. Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Serie A, 39(3), 627-641.

IIE, 1992. Epilachna elaterii (Rossi) species group Coleoptera: Coccinellidae. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A, Map No. 409. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Kapur AP, 1951. The biology and external morphology of the larvae of Epilachninae (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 41:161-208 + 1 plate.

SAtti, A. A., Bashir, N. H. H., Khidir, E. I. E., Nasr, O. E., 2003. Effect of Neem Seed Kernel and ""Handal"" Extracts on Muskmelon Pest Complex . University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 11(1), 40-58. http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/2091

Tilavov T, 1985. The melon ladybird. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 4:38-39

Tilavov TT, 1980. The cucurbit lady beetle. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 1:56

Distribution References

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. In: Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. 142pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Frempong E, Buahin G K A, 1977. Studies on the insect pests of egg plant, Solanum melongena L., in Ghana. Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, Serie A. 39 (3), 627-641.

Kacar G, 2015. Survey of coccinellid species and their preys in olive groves in Turkey. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control. 25 (1), 157-161. http://www.esbcp.org/index.asp

NHM, 1952. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

SAtti A A, Bashir N H H, Khidir E I E, Nasr O E, 2003. Effect of Neem Seed Kernel and ""Handal"" Extracts on Muskmelon Pest Complex . University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 11 (1), 40-58. http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/2091

UK, CAB International, 1992. Epilachna elaterii. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 409. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20046600409

Distribution Maps

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