Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Henosepilachna elaterii
(melon (ladybird) beetle)



Henosepilachna elaterii (melon (ladybird) beetle)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Henosepilachna elaterii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • melon (ladybird) beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Copyright©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin
Adult©Georg Goergen/IITA Insect Museum, Cotonou, Benin


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi)

Preferred Common Name

  • melon (ladybird) beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Epilachna chrysomelina auct. nec. (Fabricius)
  • Epilachna elaterii (Rossi)
  • Henosepilachna chrysomelina var. elaterii Rossi

International Common Names

  • English: African melon ladybird; melon, ladybird; twelve-spotted melon beetle
  • Spanish: vacanita de los melonares
  • French: coccinelle du melon

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kaefer, Gefleckter Gurken-; Kaefer, Gefleckter Melonen-
  • Israel: parat hashteimesrei
  • Italy: Epilacna delle cocomeraie
  • Turkey: karpuz telli bocegi

EPPO code

  • EPILCH (Epilachna elaterii)
  • HENSEL (Henosepilachna elaterii)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Coccinellidae
  •                             Genus: Henosepilachna
  •                                 Species: Henosepilachna elaterii

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AlgeriaPresentEPPO (2020)
BeninPresentEPPO (2020)
BotswanaPresentEPPO (2020)
Burkina FasoPresent, LocalizedCABI (Undated)Original citation: Fürsch, 1964
CameroonPresentEPPO (2020)
ChadPresent, LocalizedNHM (1952)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
Congo, Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresentEPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GambiaPresentEPPO (2020)
GhanaPresentEPPO (2020)
GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentEPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
MalawiPresentEPPO (2020)
MaliPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
MauritaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
MozambiquePresentEPPO (2020)
NigerPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Fürsch, 1964
NigeriaPresentNHM (1952); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Sierra LeonePresentEPPO (2020)
SomaliaPresentEPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentEPPO (2020)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentBohlen (1973); EPPO (2020)
TogoPresentEPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresentEPPO (2020)


AfghanistanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
AzerbaijanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
OmanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
TajikistanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
TurkmenistanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
UzbekistanPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)


BulgariaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
CyprusPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentUK, CAB International (1992)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-CorsicaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-CretePresentEPPO (2020)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-SardiniaPresentEPPO (2020)
-SicilyPresentEPPO (2020)
MaltaPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Russia (Europe)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SpainPresentUK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
-Balearic IslandsPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Fürsch, 1964

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Nosema henosepilachnae Pathogen


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Ali MA; El-Spady AA, 1986. Studies on food consumption and host selection of the melon ladybird beetle Epilachna chrysomelina (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Agricultural Research Review, 61(1):149-164

Balachowsky AS, ed. , 1962. Entomologie Appliqu'e a l'Agriculture, Tome 1 Col'optSres premier volume. Paris, France: Masson et Cie.

Bashir NHH; Abdalhadi MA, 1986. Screening of some insecticides against cucumber insect pests in the Sudan Gezira. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 'ZANCO', 4(Supplement):39-45

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey.

El-Abdin AMZ; Siragelnour BG, 1991. Biological aspects, food preference and chemical control of the cucurbit beetle, Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi)(Coleoptera; Coccinellidae). Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 9(2):103-110

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Fnrsch H, 1964. Die Arten der Verwandtschaftsgruppe Henosepilachna elaterii (Rossi) (= E. chrysomelina auct.) (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Reichenbachia, 3:181-208.

IIE, 1992. Epilachna elaterii (Rossi) species group Coleoptera: Coccinellidae. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A, Map No. 409. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Kapur AP, 1951. The biology and external morphology of the larvae of Epilachninae (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 41:161-208 + 1 plate.

Tilavov T, 1985. The melon ladybird. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 4:38-39

Tilavov TT, 1980. The cucurbit lady beetle. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 1:56

Distribution References

Bohlen E, 1973. Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. In: Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. 142pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

NHM, 1952. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

UK, CAB International, 1992. Epilachna elaterii. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 409.

Distribution Maps

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