Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cadra cautella
(dried currant moth)

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Datasheet

Cadra cautella (dried currant moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cadra cautella
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dried currant moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleLarva
Caption
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
LarvaUSDA-ARS
TitleAdult
Caption
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
AdultUSDA-ARS
Ficus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
TitleFruit
CaptionFicus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
Copyright©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
FruitFicus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionFicus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
Copyright©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
Natural enemyFicus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.©U. Aksoy

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cadra cautella Walker

Preferred Common Name

  • dried currant moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Cadra defectella Walker
  • Ephestia cahiritella Zeller
  • Ephestia cautella Walker
  • Ephestia defectella
  • Etiella cautella
  • Pempelia cautella Walker

International Common Names

  • English: almond moth; fig moth; tropical warehouse moth
  • Spanish: palomilla de la almendra; polilla del almacen; polilla del cacao; tiña del almendro; tine del almendro
  • French: pyrale des amandes; teigne de l'amandier; teigne des amandes; teigne des entrepots; teigne des grains de cacao

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: traca do cacau
  • Germany: dattelmotte; Motte, Dattel-; Motte, Tropische Speicher-
  • Israel: ash hadvalim
  • Italy: Farfalla dei fichi secchi
  • Japan: Kona-madara-meiga
  • Netherlands: Cacaomot, tropische; oliezaad mot
  • Norway: daddelmoll
  • Turkey: kuru incir kurdu

EPPO code

  • EPHECA (Cadra cautella)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Pyralidae
  •                             Genus: Cadra
  •                                 Species: Cadra cautella

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentRoesler (1973)
BotswanaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
Cabo VerdePresentPereira et al. (2002)
EgyptPresentRoesler (1973); Champ and Dyte (1977)
EswatiniPresentCABI (Undated a)
EthiopiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
GambiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
GhanaPresentCABI (Undated a)
KenyaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
LesothoPresentCABI (Undated a)
LibyaPresentRoesler (1973)
MalawiPresentCABI (Undated a)
MaliPresentCABI (Undated a)
MoroccoPresentRoesler (1973)
MozambiquePresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
NigeriaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
SenegalPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
SomaliaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
South AfricaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
SudanPresentRoesler (1973)
TogoPresentCABI (Undated a)
TunisiaPresentRoesler (1973)
ZambiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentRoesler (1973)
BangladeshPresentRoesler (1973)
BhutanPresentRoesler (1973)
BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993)
ChinaPresentRoesler (1973)
IndiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
-HaryanaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-KeralaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-ManipurPresentThangjam et al. (2003); Arati Ningombam et al. (2018)
-West BengalPresentRoesler (1973)
IndonesiaPresentSemple (1986)
IranPresentRoesler (1973)
IraqPresentRoesler (1973)
IsraelPresentRoesler (1973); Champ and Dyte (1977)
JapanPresentRoesler (1973)
-KyushuPresentCABI (Undated a)
JordanPresentRoesler (1973)
LebanonPresentRoesler (1973)
MalaysiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); Semple (1986)
MyanmarPresentRoesler (1973)
NepalPresentRoesler (1973)
PakistanPresentRoesler (1973); Champ and Dyte (1977)
PhilippinesPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
Saudi ArabiaPresentRoesler (1973)
SingaporePresentChamp and Dyte (1977); AVA (2001); CABI (Undated)
South KoreaPresentCABI (Undated a)
Sri LankaPresentCABI (Undated a)
SyriaPresentRoesler (1973)
TaiwanPresentRoesler (1973)
ThailandPresentSemple (1986)
TurkeyPresentCABI (Undated a)
VietnamPresentCABI (Undated a)
YemenPresentCABI (Undated a)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentCABI (Undated a)
AustriaPresentRoesler (1973)
BelgiumPresentRoesler (1973)
BulgariaPresentRoesler (1973)
CroatiaPresentRoesler (1973)
CyprusPresentRoesler (1973); Champ and Dyte (1977)
CzechiaPresentCABI (Undated a)
CzechoslovakiaPresentRoesler (1973)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentRoesler (1973)
DenmarkPresentRoesler (1973)
FinlandPresentRoesler (1973)
FrancePresentRoesler (1973)
-CorsicaPresentRoesler (1973)
GermanyPresentRoesler (1973)
GreecePresentRoesler (1973)
-CretePresentRoesler (1973)
HungaryPresentRoesler (1973)
ItalyPresentRoesler (1973)
-SardiniaPresentRoesler (1973)
-SicilyPresentRoesler (1973)
MaltaPresentRoesler (1973)
NorwayPresentRoesler (1973)
PolandPresentRoesler (1973)
PortugalPresentRoesler (1973)
-MadeiraPresentRoesler (1973)
RomaniaPresentRoesler (1973)
RussiaPresentRoesler (1973)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentRoesler (1973)
SpainPresentRoesler (1973)
-Balearic IslandsPresentRoesler (1973)
-Canary IslandsPresentRoesler (1973)
SwedenPresentRoesler (1973)
SwitzerlandPresentRoesler (1973)
United KingdomPresentRoesler (1973)

North America

CubaPresentCABI (Undated a)
Dominican RepublicPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
GrenadaPresentCABI (Undated a)
JamaicaPresentCABI (Undated a)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-FloridaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-GeorgiaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-IllinoisPresentCABI (Undated a)
-IowaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-NebraskaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-OklahomaPresentCABI (Undated a)
-South CarolinaPresentArbogast and Chini (2005)
-TexasPresentCABI (Undated a)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
-New South WalesPresentCABI (Undated a)
New ZealandPresentCABI (Undated a)
TongaPresentAPPPC (1987)

South America

ArgentinaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
BrazilPresentCABI (Undated a)
ColombiaPresentChamp and Dyte (1977); CABI (Undated)
EcuadorPresentCABI (Undated a)
PeruPresentCABI (Undated a)
VenezuelaPresentCABI (Undated a)

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / webbing
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Amphibolus venator Predator Larvae/Pupae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis tolworthi Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blattisocius keegani Predator
Blattisocius tarsalis Predator Larvae/Pupae
Bracon brevicornis Parasite Larvae
Bracon hebetor Parasite Larvae Florida
Chelonus curvimaculatus Parasite Larvae
Cotesia plutellae Parasite Larvae
Hocheria sp. Parasite Larvae
Hockeria Parasite
Lyctocoris campestris Predator
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Orius albidipennis Predator
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Plochionus pallens Predator Larvae/Pupae
Pyemotes tritici Parasite
Tribolium castaneum Predator
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma exiguum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma ostriniae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma parkeri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma platneri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pretiosum Parasite Eggs
Venturia canescens Parasite
Xylocoris flavipes Predator

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehiclesTransported in national and international grain Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes
True seeds (inc. grain) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Growing medium accompanying plants
Leaves
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
Wood

References

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Aitken AD, 1963. A key to the larvae of some species of Phycitinae (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) associated with stored products, and of some related species. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 54:175-188

Aitken AD, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 31, 191 pp

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Arati Ningombam, Sharma, S. K., Singh, Th. S., Narendra Prakash, 2018. First report of almond moth, Cadra cautella as a cause of premature fruit drop in tree bean, Parkia roxburghii G Don. Indian Journal of Entomology, 80(3), 1170-1171. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&type=home doi: 10.5958/0974-8172.2018.00159.1

Arbogast RT, Chini SR, 2005. Abundance of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) and Cadra cautella (Walker) infesting maize stored on South Carolina farms: seasonal and non-seasonal variation. Journal of Stored Products Research, 41(5):528-543. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8Y-4F923T4-1&_user=3796239&_handle=V-WA-A-W-E-MsSAYZA-UUA-U-AAWBZCEBUA-AAWAWVUAUA-WAYYEEBVZ-E-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=5&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235099%232005%23999589994%23597429!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=fe9b58d2902f55d6dba65b4e5b91d0fb

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore

Bell CH, 1975. Effects of temperature and humidity on development of four pyralid moth pests of stored products. Journal of Stored Products Research, 11(3/4):167-175

Burges HD, Haskins KPF, 1965. Life-cycle of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella (Wlk.), at controlled temperatures and humidities. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 55(4):775-789

Carter DJ, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe with special reference to the British Isles. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk

Champ BR, Dyte CE, 1977. FAO Global Survey of Pesticide Susceptibility of Stored Grain Pests. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 25(2):49-67

Goater B, 1986. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification., 175pp.; [8 col. pl., 12 fig., 22x16 cm]

Gorham JR, 1987. Insect and mite pests in food: An Illustrated Key, Vols I and II. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook Number 655

Hodges RJ, Benton FP, Hall DR, Serodio R dos S, 1984. Control of Ephestia cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) by synthetic sex pheromones in the laboratory and store. Journal of Stored Products Research, 20(4):191-197

Mafra-Neto A, Baker TC, 1996. Timed, metered sprays of pheromone disrupt mating of Cadra cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Agricultural Entomology, 13(2):149-168; 35 ref

Palm E, 1986. Nordeuropas Pyralider. Copenhagen, Denmark: Danmarks Dyreliv 3

Pereira AP, Carvalho MO, Rodrigues J, Mexia A, 2002. Survey and estimate of moth population density in a flour mill in Cape Verde Islands. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Protection in Stored Products", Lisbon, Portugal, 3-5 September, 2001.], 25(3):53-63

Prevett PF, Benton FP, Hall DR, Hodges RJ, Serodio R dos Santos, 1989. Suppression of mating in Ephestia cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) using microencapsulated formulations of synthetic sex pheromone. Journal of Stored Products Research, 25(3):147-154

Roesler RU, 1973. Trifine Acrobasinae. In: Amsel HG, Gregor F, Reisser H, eds. Microlepidoptera Palaearctica 4. Vienna, Austria: Fromm

Semple RL, 1986. Problems realting to pest control and use of pesticides in grain storage: the current situaiton in ASEAN and future requirements. In: Pesticides and Humid Tropical Grain Storage Systems: Proceedings of an International Seminar, 27-30 May 1985 Manila, Philippines. ACIAR Proceedings No. 14:45-75

Thangjam R, Damayanti M, Sharma GJ, 2003. Cadra cautella Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Phycitinae) - a pest on Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. in Manipur. Current Science, 85(6):725-726

Throne JE, Hagstrum DW, Nawrot J, 1998. Computer model for simulating almond moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) population dynamics. Environmental Entomology, 27(2):344-354; 33 ref

Urban A, Schmidt H, 1993. Moth pests on sultanas controlled biologically. Plant Protection News, No. 31:8-9

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135., Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Arati Ningombam, Sharma S K, Singh Th S, Narendra Prakash, 2018. First report of almond moth, Cadra cautella as a cause of premature fruit drop in tree bean, Parkia roxburghii G Don. Indian Journal of Entomology. 80 (3), 1170-1171. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ije&type=home DOI:10.5958/0974-8172.2018.00159.1

Arbogast R T, Chini S R, 2005. Abundance of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) and Cadra cautella (Walker) infesting maize stored on South Carolina farms: seasonal and non-seasonal variation. Journal of Stored Products Research. 41 (5), 528-543. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8Y-4F923T4-1&_user=3796239&_handle=V-WA-A-W-E-MsSAYZA-UUA-U-AAWBZCEBUA-AAWAWVUAUA-WAYYEEBVZ-E-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2005&_rdoc=5&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235099%232005%23999589994%23597429!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=fe9b58d2902f55d6dba65b4e5b91d0fb DOI:10.1016/j.jspr.2004.10.001

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services., Singapore, Plant Health Centre Agri-food & Veterinary Authority.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Champ B R, Dyte C E, 1977. FAO Global Survey of Pesticide Susceptibility of Stored Grain Pests. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 25 (2), 49-67.

Pereira A P, Carvalho M O, Rodrigues J, Mexia A, 2002. Survey and estimate of moth population density in a flour mill in Cape Verde Islands. Bulletin OILB/SROP. 25 (3), 53-63.

Roesler RU, 1973. Trifine Acrobasinae. In: Microlepidoptera Palaearctica, [ed. by Amsel HG, Gregor F, Reisser H]. Vienna, Austria: Fromm. 4.

Semple RL, 1986. Problems realting to pest control and use of pesticides in grain storage: the current situaiton in ASEAN and future requirements. In: Pesticides and Humid Tropical Grain Storage Systems [Proceedings of an International Seminar, 27-30 May 1985 Manila, Philippines. ACIAR Proceedings], 14 45-75.

Thangjam R, Damayanti M, Sharma G J, 2003. Cadra cautella Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Phycitinae) - a pest on Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. in Manipur. Current Science. 85 (6), 725-726.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

Distribution Maps

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