Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cadra cautella
(dried currant moth)



Cadra cautella (dried currant moth)


  • Last modified
  • 06 February 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cadra cautella
  • Preferred Common Name
  • dried currant moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Ficus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
CaptionFicus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
Copyright©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.
FruitFicus carica (common fig) ; damage on fruit.©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionFicus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
Copyright©U. Aksoy
Ficus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.
Natural enemyFicus carica (common fig); larvae parasitizing Cadra cautella on fig. Parasitized C. cautella and its parasite, Bracon hebetor.©U. Aksoy


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cadra cautella Walker

Preferred Common Name

  • dried currant moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Cadra defectella Walker
  • Ephestia cahiritella Zeller
  • Ephestia cautella Walker
  • Ephestia defectella
  • Etiella cautella
  • Pempelia cautella Walker

International Common Names

  • English: almond moth; fig moth; tropical warehouse moth
  • Spanish: palomilla de la almendra; polilla del almacen; polilla del cacao; tiña del almendro; tine del almendro
  • French: pyrale des amandes; teigne de l'amandier; teigne des amandes; teigne des entrepots; teigne des grains de cacao

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: traca do cacau
  • Germany: dattelmotte; Motte, Dattel-; Motte, Tropische Speicher-
  • Israel: ash hadvalim
  • Italy: Farfalla dei fichi secchi
  • Japan: Kona-madara-meiga
  • Netherlands: Cacaomot, tropische; oliezaad mot
  • Norway: daddelmoll
  • Turkey: kuru incir kurdu

EPPO code

  • EPHECA (Cadra cautella)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Pyralidae
  •                             Genus: Cadra
  •                                 Species: Cadra cautella

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasivePlantedReferenceNotes


AfghanistanPresentRoesler, 1973
BangladeshPresentRoesler, 1973
BhutanPresentRoesler, 1973
Brunei DarussalamPresentWaterhouse, 1993
ChinaPresentRoesler, 1973
IndiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
-ManipurPresentThangjam et al., 2003; Arati Ningombam et al., 2018
-West BengalPresentRoesler, 1973
IndonesiaPresentSemple, 1986
IranPresentRoesler, 1973
IraqPresentRoesler, 1973
IsraelPresentRoesler, 1973; Champ and Dyte, 1977
JapanPresentRoesler, 1973
JordanPresent Natural Roesler, 1973
Korea, Republic ofPresent
LebanonPresent Natural Roesler, 1973
MalaysiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977; Semple, 1986
MyanmarPresentRoesler, 1973
NepalPresentRoesler, 1973
PakistanPresentRoesler, 1973; Champ and Dyte, 1977
PhilippinesPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
Saudi ArabiaPresentRoesler, 1973
SingaporePresentChamp and Dyte, 1977; AVA, 2001
Sri LankaPresent
SyriaPresent Natural Roesler, 1973
TaiwanPresentRoesler, 1973
ThailandPresentSemple, 1986
TurkeyPresent Natural


AlgeriaPresentRoesler, 1973
BotswanaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
Cape VerdePresentPereira et al., 2002
EgyptPresentRoesler, 1973; Champ and Dyte, 1977
EthiopiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
GambiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
KenyaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
LibyaPresent Natural Roesler, 1973
MoroccoPresentRoesler, 1973
MozambiquePresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
NigeriaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
SenegalPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
SomaliaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
South AfricaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
-Canary IslandsPresentRoesler, 1973
SudanPresentRoesler, 1973
TunisiaPresentRoesler, 1973
West AfricaPresent
ZambiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977

North America

-South CarolinaPresentArbogast and Chini, 2005

Central America and Caribbean

Dominican RepublicPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977

South America

ArgentinaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
ColombiaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977


AlbaniaPresent Natural
AustriaPresentRoesler, 1973
BelgiumPresentRoesler, 1973
BulgariaPresent Natural Roesler, 1973
CroatiaPresentRoesler, 1973
CyprusPresentRoesler, 1973; Champ and Dyte, 1977
Czech RepublicPresent
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentRoesler, 1973
DenmarkPresentRoesler, 1973
FinlandPresentRoesler, 1973
FrancePresentRoesler, 1973
-CorsicaPresentRoesler, 1973
GermanyPresentRoesler, 1973
GreecePresent Natural Roesler, 1973
-CretePresentRoesler, 1973
HungaryPresentRoesler, 1973
ItalyPresentRoesler, 1973
-SardiniaPresentRoesler, 1973
-SicilyPresentRoesler, 1973
MaltaPresentRoesler, 1973
NorwayPresentRoesler, 1973
PolandPresentRoesler, 1973
PortugalPresentRoesler, 1973
-MadeiraPresentRoesler, 1973
RomaniaPresentRoesler, 1973
Russian FederationPresentRoesler, 1973
SpainPresentRoesler, 1973
-Balearic IslandsPresentRoesler, 1973
SwedenPresentRoesler, 1973
SwitzerlandPresentRoesler, 1973
UKPresentRoesler, 1973
Yugoslavia (former)Present Natural Roesler, 1973
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentRoesler, 1973


AustraliaPresentChamp and Dyte, 1977
-New South WalesPresent
New ZealandPresent
TongaPresentAPPPC, 1987

Habitat List

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Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / webbing
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Amphibolus venator Predator Larvae/Pupae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis tolworthi Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blattisocius keegani Predator
Blattisocius tarsalis Predator Larvae/Pupae
Bracon brevicornis Parasite Larvae
Bracon hebetor Parasite Larvae Florida
Chelonus curvimaculatus Parasite Larvae
Cotesia plutellae Parasite Larvae
Hocheria sp. Parasite Larvae
Hockeria Parasite
Lyctocoris campestris Predator
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Orius albidipennis Predator
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Plochionus pallens Predator Larvae/Pupae
Pyemotes tritici Parasite
Tribolium castaneum Predator
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma exiguum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma ostriniae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma parkeri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma platneri Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pretiosum Parasite Eggs
Venturia canescens Parasite
Xylocoris flavipes Predator

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes
True seeds (inc. grain) adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Growing medium accompanying plants
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches


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Aitken AD, 1963. A key to the larvae of some species of Phycitinae (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) associated with stored products, and of some related species. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 54:175-188

Aitken AD, 1975. Insect travellers. Volume I. Coleoptera. Technical Bulletin, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 31, 191 pp

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Arati Ningombam, Sharma, S. K., Singh, Th. S., Narendra Prakash, 2018. First report of almond moth, Cadra cautella as a cause of premature fruit drop in tree bean, Parkia roxburghii G Don. Indian Journal of Entomology, 80(3), 1170-1171. doi: 10.5958/0974-8172.2018.00159.1

Arbogast RT, Chini SR, 2005. Abundance of Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) and Cadra cautella (Walker) infesting maize stored on South Carolina farms: seasonal and non-seasonal variation. Journal of Stored Products Research, 41(5):528-543.!&_cdi=5099&view=c&_acct=C000000593&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=3796239&md5=fe9b58d2902f55d6dba65b4e5b91d0fb

AVA, 2001. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore

Bell CH, 1975. Effects of temperature and humidity on development of four pyralid moth pests of stored products. Journal of Stored Products Research, 11(3/4):167-175

Burges HD, Haskins KPF, 1965. Life-cycle of the tropical warehouse moth, Cadra cautella (Wlk.), at controlled temperatures and humidities. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 55(4):775-789

Carter DJ, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe with special reference to the British Isles. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk

Champ BR, Dyte CE, 1977. FAO Global Survey of Pesticide Susceptibility of Stored Grain Pests. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 25(2):49-67

Goater B, 1986. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification. British pyralid moths. A guide to their identification., 175pp.; [8 col. pl., 12 fig., 22x16 cm]

Gorham JR, 1987. Insect and mite pests in food: An Illustrated Key, Vols I and II. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook Number 655

Hodges RJ, Benton FP, Hall DR, Serodio R dos S, 1984. Control of Ephestia cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) by synthetic sex pheromones in the laboratory and store. Journal of Stored Products Research, 20(4):191-197

Mafra-Neto A, Baker TC, 1996. Timed, metered sprays of pheromone disrupt mating of Cadra cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Agricultural Entomology, 13(2):149-168; 35 ref

Palm E, 1986. Nordeuropas Pyralider. Copenhagen, Denmark: Danmarks Dyreliv 3

Pereira AP, Carvalho MO, Rodrigues J, Mexia A, 2002. Survey and estimate of moth population density in a flour mill in Cape Verde Islands. Bulletin OILB/SROP [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Protection in Stored Products", Lisbon, Portugal, 3-5 September, 2001.], 25(3):53-63

Prevett PF, Benton FP, Hall DR, Hodges RJ, Serodio R dos Santos, 1989. Suppression of mating in Ephestia cautella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Phycitidae) using microencapsulated formulations of synthetic sex pheromone. Journal of Stored Products Research, 25(3):147-154

Roesler RU, 1973. Trifine Acrobasinae. In: Amsel HG, Gregor F, Reisser H, eds. Microlepidoptera Palaearctica 4. Vienna, Austria: Fromm

Semple RL, 1986. Problems realting to pest control and use of pesticides in grain storage: the current situaiton in ASEAN and future requirements. In: Pesticides and Humid Tropical Grain Storage Systems: Proceedings of an International Seminar, 27-30 May 1985 Manila, Philippines. ACIAR Proceedings No. 14:45-75

Thangjam R, Damayanti M, Sharma GJ, 2003. Cadra cautella Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Phycitinae) - a pest on Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. in Manipur. Current Science, 85(6):725-726

Throne JE, Hagstrum DW, Nawrot J, 1998. Computer model for simulating almond moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) population dynamics. Environmental Entomology, 27(2):344-354; 33 ref

Urban A, Schmidt H, 1993. Moth pests on sultanas controlled biologically. Plant Protection News, No. 31:8-9

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

Distribution Maps

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