Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Euphorbia pulcherrima
(poinsettia)

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Datasheet

Euphorbia pulcherrima (poinsettia)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Euphorbia pulcherrima
  • Preferred Common Name
  • poinsettia
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Ornamental
  • Poisonous to mammals
  • Traditional/folklore
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch

Preferred Common Name

  • poinsettia

Other Scientific Names

  • Poinsetia pulcherrima
  • Poinsettia pulcherima
  • Poinsettia pulcherrima (Willd. ex Klotzsch) Graham
  • Poinssetia pulcherrima

International Common Names

  • English: Christmas flower; common poinsettia
  • Spanish: Flor de noche buena
  • French: Euphorbe superbe

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: papagaio; rabo-de-arara
  • Germany: Weihnachtsstern
  • Netherlands: Prachtwolfsmilk

EPPO code

  • EPHPU (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Euphorbiales
  •                         Family: Euphorbiaceae
  •                             Genus: Euphorbia
  •                                 Species: Euphorbia pulcherrima

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly); Bemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Bradysia coprophila (gnat, house plant); Bradysia paupera (sciarid fly); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. poinsettiae (stem streaks, leaf spots and blotches); Dickeya paradisiaca (rhizome rot); Duponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid); Eotetranychus lewisi (Lewis spider mite); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Hercinothrips femoralis (banded greenhouse thrips); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Saissetia oleae (olive scale); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Sphaceloma poinsettiae; Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. poinsettiicola (bacterial leaf spot of poinsettia)

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Aleurodicus dugesii; Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Cercospora malayensis; Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); clover phyllody phytoplasma (phyllody of clover); Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Dickeya dadantii (bacterial wilt and soft rot of ornamentals and potato); Dickeya zeae (bacterial stalk rot of maize); Erinnyis ello (cassava hornworm (USA)); Globisporangium debaryanum (damping-off); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Opogona sacchari (banana moth); Phyllactinia poinsettiae; Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Poinsettia mosaic virus; Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Puccinia substriata var. penicillariae (rust: eggplant); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Sophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Wild host of:

Phenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)

Associated with (not a host):

Burkholderia cepacia (sour skin of onion); Paecilomyces lilacinus (biocontrol: nematodes)

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore