Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Euphorbia
(spurges)

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Datasheet

Euphorbia (spurges)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 23 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Euphorbia
  • Preferred Common Name
  • spurges
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
HabitEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.
HabitEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit. Mangrove Nature Park, Boynton Beach, Florida, USA. September 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, showing spines. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, showing spines. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, showing spines. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, showing spines. Honolua, Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 2009.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); mature habit. Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); mature habit. Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); mature habit. Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2007.
HabitEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); mature habit. Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Old Kaumalapau Hwy, Lanai, Hawaii, usa. April 2007.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Old Kaumalapau Hwy, Lanai, Hawaii, usa. April 2007.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Old Kaumalapau Hwy, Lanai, Hawaii, usa. April 2007.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit. Old Kaumalapau Hwy, Lanai, Hawaii, usa. April 2007.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit, showing leaves, flowers and fruit. Radar Hill Field, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleLeaves, flowers and fruit
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit, showing leaves, flowers and fruit. Radar Hill Field, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit, showing leaves, flowers and fruit. Radar Hill Field, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Leaves, flowers and fruitEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); habit, showing leaves, flowers and fruit. Radar Hill Field, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Kourou, French Guiana. October 2006.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Kourou, French Guiana. October 2006.
Copyright©Arria Belli/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Kourou, French Guiana. October 2006.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Kourou, French Guiana. October 2006.©Arria Belli/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers, fruits and leaves. Commodore Avenue,  Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
TitleFlowers, fruits and leaves
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers, fruits and leaves. Commodore Avenue, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers, fruits and leaves. Commodore Avenue,  Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.
Flowers, fruits and leavesEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers, fruits and leaves. Commodore Avenue, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. June 2008.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
Copyright©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February 2005.
TitleFlowers and fruits
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February 2005.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February 2005.
Flowers and fruitsEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. February 2005.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle del Berrugo in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle del Berrugo in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
Copyright©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle del Berrugo in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle del Berrugo in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits Nr Ave Maria, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March 2015.
TitleFlowers and fruits
CaptionEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits Nr Ave Maria, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March 2015.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits Nr Ave Maria, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March 2015.
Flowers and fruitsEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge); close-up of flowers and fruits Nr Ave Maria, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. March 2015.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
TitleHabit
CaptionEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
Copyright©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Euphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.
HabitEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge); habit, as an ornamental. Calle La Calera in Playa Blanca, Yaiza, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. March 2011.©Frank Vincentz/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Euphorbia L.

Preferred Common Name

  • spurges

International Common Names

  • Spanish: lechetreznas
  • French: euphorbes
  • Portuguese: maleiteira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Wolfsmilch
  • Italy: euforbia
  • Netherlands: wolfsmelk
  • Sweden: toerel

EPPO code

  • EPHSS (Euphorbia sp.)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Euphorbiales
  •                         Family: Euphorbiaceae
  •                             Genus: Euphorbia