Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Epicoccum nigrum
(red blotch of grains)

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Datasheet

Epicoccum nigrum (red blotch of grains)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 23 February 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Epicoccum nigrum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • red blotch of grains
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Epicoccum nigrum Link

Preferred Common Name

  • red blotch of grains

Other Scientific Names

  • Epicoccum neglectum Desm.
  • Epicoccum purpurascens Ehrenb.

International Common Names

  • English: black dot disease; brown blotch of rice; leaf spot of cereals; reddish rice

EPPO code

  • EPCCPU (Epicoccum purpurascens)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
  •                         Order: Pleosporales
  •                             Family: Pleosporaceae
  •                                 Genus: Epicoccum
  •                                     Species: Epicoccum nigrum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MoroccoPresent
South AfricaPresent

Asia

AzerbaijanPresent
BangladeshPresent
ChinaPresent
-ChongqingPresent2015
IndiaPresent
-HaryanaPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-PunjabPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IranPresent
JapanPresent
PakistanPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
GermanyPresent
HungaryPresent
IcelandPresent
ItalyPresent
MoldovaPresent
PolandPresent
RussiaPresent
SpainPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-AlbertaPresent
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
United StatesPresent
-MississippiPresent
-New YorkPresent
-OklahomaPresent

Oceania

New ZealandPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent

Growth Stages

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Post-harvest

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen
Pantoea agglomerans Antagonist

References

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Lorenzini M, Zapparoli G, 2015. Occurrence and infection of Cladosporium, Fusarium, Epicoccum and Aureobasidium in withered rotten grapes during post-harvest dehydration. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 108(5):1171-1180. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10482-015-0570-8

Martyniyuk TD, 2003. Causal agents of corn (Zea mays) fungal leaves diseases in Primorsky Region. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 37(3):80-85

Munitz MS, Garrido CE, Gonzalez HHL, Resnik SL, Salas PM, Montti MIT, 2013. Mycoflora and potential mycotoxin production of freshly harvested blueberry in Concordia, Entre Ríos Province, Argentina. International Journal of Fruit Science, 13(3):312-325. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wsfr20

Stefansson TS, Hallsson JH, 2011. Analysis of the species diversity of leaf pathogens in Icelandic barley fields. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences, No.24:13-22. http://www.ias.is/

Tinivella F, Dani E, Minuto G, Minuto A, 2014. First report of Sydowia polyspora on Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) in Italy. Plant Disease, 98(2):281. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Distribution References

Aghayeva D N, Rigling D, Meyer J B, Mustafabeyli E, 2018. Diversity of fungi occurring in the bark of Castanea sativa in Azerbaijan. Acta Horticulturae. 79-86. DOI:10.17660/actahortic.2018.1220.12

Alidadi A, Javan-Nikkhah M, Kowsari M, Karami S, Rastaghi M E, 2018. Some species of fungi associated with declined Persian oak trees in Ilam province with emphasis on new records to mycobiota of Iran. Rostaniha. 19 (2), 75-91. http://rostaniha.areo.ir/article_118635_5e3e343cea2514dda782cafcc13603ec.pdf

Bethencourt Díaz L M, Prendes Ayala C, Lorenzo Bethencourt C D, 2001. Preliminary study of fungi on aerial parts of proteas grown in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Acta Horticulturae. 275-279.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Colavolpe B, Ezquiaga J, Maiale S, Ruiz O, 2018. First report of Epicoccum nigrum causing disease in Lotus corniculatus in Argentina. New Disease Reports. 6. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2018.038.006

Król E D, Abramczyk B A, Zalewska E D, Zimowska B, 2017. Fungi inhabiting fruit tree shoots with special reference to the Diaporthe (Phomopsis) genus. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Hortorum Cultus. 16 (4), 113-126. DOI:10.24326/asphc.2017.4.12

Mahadevakumar S, Jayaramaiah K M, Janardhana G R, 2014. First report of leaf spot disease caused by Epicoccum nigrum on Lablab purpureus in India. Plant Disease. 98 (2), 284. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-13-0798-PDN

Martyniyuk T D, 2003. Causal agents of corn (Zea mays) fungal leaves diseases in Primorsky Region. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya. 37 (3), 80-85.

Munitz M S, Garrido C E, Gonzalez H H L, Resnik S L, Salas P M, Montti M I T, 2013. Mycoflora and potential mycotoxin production of freshly harvested blueberry in Concordia, Entre Ríos Province, Argentina. International Journal of Fruit Science. 13 (3), 312-325. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wsfr20 DOI:10.1080/15538362.2013.748374

Samira Serghat, Karima Mradmi, Touhami A O, Allal Douira, 2005. Rice leaf pathogenic fungi on wheat, oat, Echinochloa phyllopogon and Phragmites australis. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 44 (1), 44-49.

Stefansson T S, Hallsson J H, 2011. Analysis of the species diversity of leaf pathogens in Icelandic barley fields. Icelandic Agricultural Sciences. 13-22. http://www.ias.is/

Ünal F, Tülek S, Bingöl M Ü, Öztürk Ö, Eğerci Y, Kurbetli İ, Canpolat S, Sarpkaya K, Ünlü A, Dolar F S, 2020. Identification and pathogenicity studies of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) fungi on turfgrass areas in Turkey. Bitki Koruma Bülteni. 60 (1), 63-69. DOI:10.16955/bitkorb.574000

Vannini A, Contarini M, Faccoli M, Valle M dalla, Rodriguez C M, Mazzetto T, Guarneri D, Vettraino A M, Speranza S, 2017. First report of the ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus compactus and associated fungi in the Mediterranean maquis in Italy, and new host-pest associations. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 47 (1), 100-103. DOI:10.1111/epp.12358

Varga Z, Krautzer B, Graiss W, 2006. Comparative seed pathological investigations on cultivated grass species. In: 4th International Plant Protection Symposium at Debrecen University and 11th Trans-Tisza Plant Protection Forum, 18-19 October, 2006, Debrecen, Hungary. [ed. by Kövics G J, Dávid I]. Debrecen, Hungary: Debreceni Egyetem, Agrártudományi Centrum, Mezögazdaságtudományi Kar. 233-239.

Waipara N W, Smith L A, Gianotti A F, Wilkie J P, Winks C J, McKenzie E H C, 2005. A survey of fungal plant pathogens associated with weed infestations of barberry (Berberis spp.) in New Zealand and their biocontrol potential. Australasian Plant Pathology. 34 (3), 369-376. DOI:10.1071/AP05049

Wu D, Zhang D H, Timko M P, Li M Y, Liang G L, 2017. First report of Epicoccum nigrum causing brown leaf spot of loquat in southwestern China. Plant Disease. 101 (8), 1553. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1840-PDN

Zimowska B, 2015. Fungi threatening the cultivation of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) in south-eastern Poland. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Hortorum Cultus. 14 (4), 65-78. http://www.acta.media.pl/pl/full/7/2015/000070201500014000040006500078.pdf

Distribution Maps

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