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Datasheet

Eleusine coracana (finger millet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 23 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Eleusine coracana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • finger millet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Cereal
  • Emergency (famine) food
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ripe heads of finger millet, India.
TitleRipe heads
CaptionRipe heads of finger millet, India.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Ripe heads of finger millet, India.
Ripe headsRipe heads of finger millet, India.David J. Greathead
Field crop of E. coracana, India.
TitleField crop
CaptionField crop of E. coracana, India.
CopyrightDavid J. Greathead
Field crop of E. coracana, India.
Field cropField crop of E. coracana, India.David J. Greathead
E. coracana: 1, stem part with leaves; 2, inflorescence; 3, part of inflorescence branch; 4, spikelet; 5, floret without lemma and palea; 6, fruit within lemma and palea; 7, fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing
CaptionE. coracana: 1, stem part with leaves; 2, inflorescence; 3, part of inflorescence branch; 4, spikelet; 5, floret without lemma and palea; 6, fruit within lemma and palea; 7, fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
E. coracana: 1, stem part with leaves; 2, inflorescence; 3, part of inflorescence branch; 4, spikelet; 5, floret without lemma and palea; 6, fruit within lemma and palea; 7, fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawingE. coracana: 1, stem part with leaves; 2, inflorescence; 3, part of inflorescence branch; 4, spikelet; 5, floret without lemma and palea; 6, fruit within lemma and palea; 7, fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner (1788)

Preferred Common Name

  • finger millet

Other Scientific Names

  • Cynosurus coracan L. (1759)
  • Eleusine coracana subsp. coracana (L.) Gaertner sensu Hilu & de Wet (1976)
  • Eleusine indica f. coracana (L.) Gaertner Hook. f. ex Backer (1927)

International Common Names

  • English: African fingermillet; african millet; goosegrass; Indian millet; koracan; millet (African); millet (finger); millet (Indian)
  • Spanish: mijo dactiliforme
  • French: eleusine

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: chëng krahs; si:ng so:ng
  • Germany: Krummaehrige Eleusine; Ragihirse
  • Indonesia: jaba; jampang carulang; suket lulangan
  • Italy: Panico indiano
  • Laos: phak kh'way
  • Malaysia: ragi; rumput sambau
  • Thailand: khao-pang-samngam
  • Vietnam: cor kee; cor maafn traafu voi; maafn traafu

EPPO code

  • ELECO (Eleusine coracana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Eleusine
  •                                 Species: Eleusine coracana

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed); Amsacta transiens; Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Chilo partellus (spotted stem borer); Finger millet mosaic virus; Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Locusta migratoria (migratory locust); Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Nomadacris septemfasciata (red locust); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Pyricularia setariae (blast of millet); Quelea quelea (weaver bird); Sclerophthora macrospora (downy mildew); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Striga asiatica (witch weed); Striga densiflora (witchweed); Striga hermonthica (witchweed)

Minor host of:

Acanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur); Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Amsacta moorei (tiger moth); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Atherigona miliaceae; Atherigona soccata (sorghum stem fly); Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer); Cicadulina mbila (maize leafhopper); Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Hoplolaimus pararobustus (lance nematode); Magnaporthe oryzae (rice blast disease); Maize chlorotic mottle virus; Maize lethal necrosis disease; Meloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode); Metopolophium dirhodum (rose-grass aphid); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Rhopalosiphum maidis (green corn aphid); Rice black-streaked dwarf virus; Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Sitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode)

Wild host of:

Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Brevennia rehi (rice mealybug); Pelopidas mathias (rice skipper); Sarocladium oryzae (rice sheath rot); Spodoptera exempta (black armyworm); Spodoptera mauritia acronyctoides (armyworm); Sugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)

Associated with (not a host):

Listronotus bonariensis (Argentine stem weevil); Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)

Host of (source - data mining):

Pseudocochliobolus pallescens (leaf spot of maize)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Cereal
  • Emergency (famine) food
  • Flour/starch