Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diaprepes abbreviatus
(citrus weevil)

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Datasheet

Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diaprepes abbreviatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • citrus weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult beetle of D. abbreviatus. Adults measure from 10 to 20 mm in length. Considerable variation exists within the species with respect to colour patterns on the elytra.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult beetle of D. abbreviatus. Adults measure from 10 to 20 mm in length. Considerable variation exists within the species with respect to colour patterns on the elytra.
CopyrightUSDA-ARS
Adult beetle of D. abbreviatus. Adults measure from 10 to 20 mm in length. Considerable variation exists within the species with respect to colour patterns on the elytra.
AdultAdult beetle of D. abbreviatus. Adults measure from 10 to 20 mm in length. Considerable variation exists within the species with respect to colour patterns on the elytra.USDA-ARS

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diaprepes abbreviatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • citrus weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Curculio abbreviatus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Diaprepes festivus (Fabricius, 1792)
  • Diaprepes irregularis (Panzer, 1798)
  • Diaprepes quadrilineatus (Olivier, 1807)
  • Exophthalmus abbreviatus

International Common Names

  • English: sugarcane rootstalk borer weevil; weevil, citrus; weevil, sugarcane rootstalk borer; weevil, West Indian; West Indian sugarcane root borer; West Indian weevil
  • Spanish: gorgojo barrenador de la caña; gorgojo de las hojas; vaquita
  • French: charançon des feuilles

Local Common Names

  • USA/Florida: apopka weevil

EPPO code

  • DPREAB (Diaprepes abbreviatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Diaprepes
  •                                 Species: Diaprepes abbreviatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Jul 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

NetherlandsAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentFAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
BarbadosPresentPierce (1915); Blackwelder (1947); Metcalfe (1959); FAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
British Virgin IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresentCABI (Undated a)
CubaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
DominicaPresentPierce (1915); Blackwelder (1947); FAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
Dominican RepublicPresentEPPO (2020)
GrenadaPresentFAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
GuadeloupePresentPierce (1915); Blackwelder (1947); FAO (1970); Mauleon and Mademba-Sy (1988); Jaffe et al. (1990); Etienne and Delvare (1991); EPPO (2020)
HaitiPresentMumford (1964); EPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresentFAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
MartiniquePresentMauleon and Mademba-Sy (1988); Sy and Mauleon (1989); Jaffe et al. (1990); Etienne and Delvare (1991); EPPO (2020)
MontserratPresentPierce (1915); Blackwelder (1947); FAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresentMartorell (1945); Armstrong and Padovani (1987); Virkki et al. (1991); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentFAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
Saint LuciaPresentBlackwelder (1947); FAO (1970); EPPO (2020)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentBlackwelder (1947); EPPO (2020)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentSirjusingh et al. (1992); EPPO (2020)
U.S. Virgin IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentSchroeder and Beavers (1985); Woodruff (1985); Schroeder (1996); Cherry et al. (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-LouisianaPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
-MississippiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); O'Neal et al. (1975)
-TexasPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)

South America

French GuianaPresentFAO (1970); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / external feeding
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aprostocetus gala Parasite Eggs
Aspergillus ochraceus Pathogen Florida Citrus
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen
Baryscapus fennahi Parasite
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen USA; Florida Citrus
Blattisocius keegani Predator
Brachyufens osborni Predator/parasite Eggs
Ceratogramma etiennei Parasite Eggs
Crematogaster ashmeadi Predator
Dorymyrmex flavus Predator Florida Citrus
Euborellia annulipes Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Euthyrhynchus floridanus Predator
Fidiobia citri Predator/parasite Eggs
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Parasite Florida
Hololepta quadridentata Predator Barbados sugarcane
Labidura riparia Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Adults/Larvae
Monomorium floricola Predator
Paecilomyces lilacinus Pathogen Larvae USA; Florida Citrus
Paratrechina bourbonica Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Pheidole dentata Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Pheidole floridana Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Phidippus regius Predator
Pyemotes tritici Parasite
Quadrastichus haitiensis Parasite Eggs
Solenopsis geminata Predator
Solenopsis invicta Predator USA; Florida Citrus
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite Florida; USA; Florida Citrus
Steinernema feltiae Parasite Larvae
Steinernema glaseri Parasite
Tetramorium simillimum Predator USA; Florida Citrus

References

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Abreu-Rodriguez E, Perez Escolar M, 1983. Oviposition preference of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on various ornamental foliage plants. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 67(2):117-120

Adair RC, 1995. A four-year field trial of entomopathogenic nematodes for control of Diaprepes abbreviatus in a flatwoods citrus grove. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 1994, 107:63-68.

Armstrong AM, Padovani F, 1987. Distribution of adult Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the north and northwest sugarcane areas of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 71(4):411-413.

Beavers JB, 1982. Biology of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) reared on an artificial diet. Florida Entomologist, 65(2):263-269

Beavers JB, Hutchison DJ, 1985. Evaluation of selected Citrus spp. and relatives for susceptibility to root injury by Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 68(1):222-223.

Beavers JB, Lovestrand SA, Selhime AG, 1980. Establishment of the exotic parasite Tetrastichus haitiensis (Hym.: Eulophidae) and recovery of a new Trichogramma (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) from root weevil egg masses in Florida. Entomophaga, 25(1):91-94.

Beavers JB, McCoy CW, Kaplan DT, 1983. Natural enemies of subterranean Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae in Florida. Environmental Entomology, 12(3):840-843; [4 fig.]; 19 ref.

Beavers JB, Schroeder WJ, 1981. Effect of BAY SIR 8514 in Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 64(2):361-362.

Beavers JB, Schroeder WJ, Selhime AG, 1976. Effect of diflubenzuron on larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus. Florida Entomologist, 59(4):434.

Beavers JB, Selhime AG, 1975. Development of Diaprepes abbreviatus on potted Citrus seedlings. Florida Entomologist, 58(4):271-273.

Beavers JB, Selhime AG, 1975. Further attempts to establish the weevil egg parasite, Tetrastichus haitiensis in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 58(1):29-31.

Beavers JB, Selhime AG, 1978. Flight behaviour and dispersal of Diaprepes abbreviatus. Florida Entomologist, 61(2):89-91.

Beavers JB, Stanley JM, Agee HR, Lovestrand SA, 1979. Diaprepes abbreviatus response to light traps in field and cage tests. Florida Entomologist, 62(2):136-139

Beavers JB, Woodruff RE, 1971. A field key for separating larvae of four species of citrus weevils in Florida (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomology Circular, Florida Dept. of Ag and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, 112:1-2.

Blackwelder RE, 1947. Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 185:803.

Box HE, 1953. List of sugar-cane Insects. London, UK: Commonwealth Institute of Entomology.

Bullock RC, 1985. Potential for controlling citrus root weevil larvae and adults with chemicals. Florida Entomologist, 68(3):417-423.

Bullock RC, McCoy CW, Fojtir J, 1988. Foliar sprays to control adults of the citrus weevil complex in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 101:1-5.

Bullock RC, Miller RW, 1994. Suppression of Pachnaeus litus and Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) adult emergence with Steinernema carpocapsae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) soil drenches in field evaluations. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 107:90-92; 15 ref.

Cassani JR, 1986. Arthropods on Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius (Anacardiaceae), in South Florida. Florida Entomologist, 69(1):184-196

Cherry R, Hall DG, Wilson A, Baucum L, 2011. First report of damage by the sugarcane root weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Florida sugarcane. Florida Entomologist, 94(4):1063-1065. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/

CIE, 1980. Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.). Distribution Maps of Pests, No. 408 (Series A). London, UK: Commonwealth Institute of Entomology.

Cock MJW (ed.), 1985. A review of biological control of pests in the Commonwealth Caribbean and Bermuda up to 1982. Farnham Royal, United Kingdom; Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, xii + 218 pp.

Collins HL, Mangum CL, Hendricks DE, 1976. Evaluation of foliar sprays for control of adult Diaprepes abbreviatus L. on Florida citrus. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 11(4):340-346.

CPPC, 1970. The major pests and diseases of economic crops in the Caribbean region. Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago: Caribbean Plant Protection Commission.

Cruz C, Segarra A, 1991. Recent biological control experiences in Puerto Rico. Proceedings of the Caribbean Meetings in Biological Control. FWI.

Delvare G, 1988. Ceratogramma etiennei n.sp., a parasite, in Guadeloupe, of Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae; Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Revue Francaise d'Entomologie, 10(1):1-4

Downing AS, Erickson CG, Kraus MJ, 1991. Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes against citrus root weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Florida citrus. Florida Entomologist, 74(4):584-586.

Duncan LW, McCoy CW, 1996. Vertical distribution in soil, persistence, and efficacy against citrus root weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of two species of entomogenous nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae; Heterorhabditidae). Environmental Entomology, 25(1):174-178; 14 ref.

Duncan LW, McCoy CW, Terranova AC, 1996. Estimating sample size and persistence of entomogenous nematodes in sandy soils and their efficacy against the larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus in Florida. Journal of Nematology, 28(1):56-67; 37 ref.

Edwards GB Jr, 1981. The regal jumping spider, Phidippus regius (Aranep: Salticidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, No. 223:3 pp.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Etienne J, Delvare G, 1991. The parasites of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera Curculionidae) of the french Antilles. Bulletin de la Societé Entomologique de France, 96(3):295-299.

Fennah RG, 1946. On the formation of species and genera in the insect fauna of the Lesser Antillean Archipelago. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series A, 21(10-12):73-80.

Fennah RG, 1947. The Insect Pests of Food-Crops in the Lesser Antilles. St. George's, Granada: Department of Agriculture for the Winward Islands; and St. John's, Antigua: Department of Agriculture for the Leeward Islands.

Figueroa W, Roman J, 1990. Biocontrol of the sugarcane rootstalk borer, Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), with entomophilic nematodes. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 74(4):395-404

Figueroa W, Roman J, 1990. Parasitism of entomophilic nematodes on the sugarcane rootstalk borer, Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), larvae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 74(2):197-202

Futch S, McCoy CW, 1994. Citrus Root Weevils. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, SP 157, February 1994.

Hall DG, 1995. A revision to the bibliography of the sugarcane rootstalk borer weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 78(2):364-377

Hamlen RA, Schroeder WJ, Beavers JB, 1979. Toxicity and persistence of surface applied and soil incorporated insecticides against Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 72(1):131-134

Jackson GC, 1963. Diaprepes abbreviatus Linnaeus on Phoenix dactylifera L. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 47(4):290.

Jaffe K, Mauleon H, Kermarrec A, 1990. Predatory ants of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in citrus groves in Martinique and Guadeloupe, F.W.I. Florida Entomologist, 73(4):684-687.

Jones IF, Schroeder WJ, 1983. Study of first-instar Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) activity for control purposes. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(3):567-569

Jones IF, Schroeder WJ, 1984. Capture of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in frass extract-baited traps in citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 77(2):334-336

Knapp JL, 1985. The citrus root weevils in Florida: an Extension Service perspective. Florida Entomologist, 68(3):368-370

Lovestrand SA, Beavers JB, 1980. Effect of diflubenzuron on four species of weevils attacking citrus in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 63(1):112-115

Mansour F, Ross JW, Edwards GB, Whitcomb WH, Richman DB, 1982. Spiders of Florida citrus groves. Florida Entomologist, 65(4):514-522

Martin WR Jr, Miller RW, 1994. Commercialization of entomopathogenic nematodes in Florida. Pest management in the subtropics: biological control - a Florida perspective [edited by Rosen, D.; Bennett, F. D.; Capinera, J. L. (Editors)] Andover, UK; Intercept Limited, 207-218

Martorell LF, 1945. A survey of the forest insects of Puerto Rico. Part II. Journal of Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 29:457-461.

Martorell LF, 1976. Annotated food plant catalog of the insects of Puerto Rico. Dept. Entomol., University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico Agricultural Experiment Station.

Mauleon H, Mademba-Sy F, 1988. A pest of citrus in the French Antilles: Diaprepes abbreviatus L. Fruits (Paris), 43(4):229-234

Mead FW, 1976. A predatory stink bug, Euthyrhynchus floridanus (Linnpus) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, No. 174.

Medina-Gaud S, Covas FG, Abreu E, Ingles R, 1987. The insects of Nispero (Manilkara zapota (L.) P. van Rogen) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 71(1):129-132

Metcalf JR, 1959. The control of sugarcane rootborer in Barbados. Department of Science and Agriculture, Barbados, W.I.

Metcalfe JR, 1959. The control of sugarcane rootborer in Barbados. Barbados: Department of Science and Agriculture.

Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería Servicio Fitosanitario del Estado (Costa Rica), 2009. Listado de Plagas (insectos y ácaros) en cultivos de importancia económica en Costa Rica (C). http://www.protecnet.go.cr/laboratorios/plagcul/cultivoc.htm

Mumford BC, 1964. List of intercepted plant pests, 1963. USA: USDA-ARS, Plant Quarantine Division.

Norman PA, Selhime AG, Sutton RA, 1974. Feeding damage to five citrus rootstocks by larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 57(3):296

O'Brien CW, Wibmer GJ, 1982. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of North America, Central America and the West Indies (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Memoirs, American Entomological Institute, 34:1-382.

O'Neal J, Mangum CL, Harris TM, 1975. Evaluation of insecticidal dips for effectiveness against Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae infesting nursery stock. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(5):650-652

Pierce WD, 1915. Some sugar-cane root-boring weevils of the West Indies. Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(3):255-264.

Quintela ED, McCoy CW, 1997. Effects of imidacloprid on development, mobility, and survival of first instars of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(4):988-995; 21 ref.

Quintela ED, McCoy CW, 1997. Pathogenicity enhancement of Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana to first instars of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) with sublethal doses of imidacloprid. Environmental Entomology, 26(5):1173-1182; 26 ref.

Richman DB, Buren WF, Whitcomb WH, 1983. Predatory arthropods attacking the eggs of Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Puerto Rico and Florida. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 18(3):335-342

Richman DB, Mead FW, 1982. Stages in the life cycle of a predatory stink bug, Euthyrhynchus floridanus (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services, No. 242.

Richman DB, Whitcomb WH, Buren WF, 1983. Predation on neonate larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Florida and Puerto Rico citrus groves. Florida Entomologist, 66(2):215-222

Roman J, Beavers JB, 1983. A survey of Puerto Rican soils for entomogenous nematodes which attack Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.) (Coleoptera:Curculionidae). Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 67(3):311-316

Roman J, Figueroa W, 1985. Control of the larva of the sugarcane rootstalk borer, Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.), with the entomogenous nematode Neoaplectana carpocapsp Weiser. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 69(2):153-158

Schauff ME, 1987. Taxonomy and identification of the egg parasites (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae, Trichogrammatidae, Mymaridae, and Eulophidae) of citrus weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89(1):31-42

Schroeder WJ, 1981. Attraction, mating, and oviposition behavior in field populations of Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus. Environmental Entomology, 10(6):898-900

Schroeder WJ, 1987. Laboratory bioassays and field trials of entomogenous nematodes for control of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in citrus. Environmental Entomology, 16(4):987-989

Schroeder WJ, 1988. Entomogenous Nematodes for Root Weevil Control in Citrus. In: Goren R, Mendel K, eds. Proceedings of the Sixth International Citrus Congress, Tel Aviv, Israel, March 6-11, 1988. Philadelphia/Rehovot: Balaban Publishers, D-6992 Waikersheim: Margraf Scientific Books, 1223-1226.

Schroeder WJ, 1992. Entomopathogenic nematodes for control of root weevils of citrus. Florida Entomologist, 75(4):563-567

Schroeder WJ, 1994. Entomopathogenic nematodes for the control of root weevils in citrus. Pest management in the subtropics: biological control - a Florida perspective [edited by Rosen, D.; Bennett, F. D.; Capinera, J. L. (Editors)] Andover, UK; Intercept Limited, 289-295

Schroeder WJ, 1996. Diflubenzuron residue: reduction of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) neonates. Florida Entomologist, 79(3):462-463; 6 ref.

Schroeder WJ, Beavers JB, 1985. Semiochemicals and Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) behavior: implications for survey. Florida Entomologist, 68(3):399-402

Schroeder WJ, Beavers JB, Sutton RA, Selhime AG, 1976. Ovicidal effect of Thompson-Hayward TH 6040 in Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus in Florida. Journal of Economic Entomology, 69(6):780-782

Schroeder WJ, Green DS, 1983. Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): oil sprays as a regulatory treatment, effect on egg attachment. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(6):1395-1396

Schroeder WJ, Hamlen RA, Beavers JB, 1979. Survival of Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae on selected native and ornamental Florida plants. Florida Entomologist, 62(4):309-312

Schroeder WJ, Jones IF, 1983. Capture of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in traps: effects of location in a citrus tree and wick materials for release of the attractant. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(6):1312-1314

Schroeder WJ, Jones IF, 1984. A new trap for capturing Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 67(2):312-314

Schroeder WJ, Sutton RA, 1977. Citrus root damage and the spatial distribution of eggs of Diaprepes abbreviatus. Florida Entomologist, 60(2):114

Schroeder WJ, Sutton RA, 1978. Diaprepes abbreviatus: suppression of reproductive potential on citrus with an insect growth regulator plus spray oil. Journal of Economic Entomology, 71(1):69-70

Schroeder WJ, Sutton RA, Beavers JB, 1980. Diaprepes abbreviatus: fate of diflubenzuron and effect on nontarget pests and beneficial species after application to citrus for weevil control. Journal of Economic Entomology, 73(5):637-638

Schroeder WJ, Sutton RA, Selhime AG, 1977. Spray oil effects on Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus in Florida. Journal of Economic Entomology, 70(5):623-624

Shapiro JP, Bowman KD, Smith HS, 1997. Resistance of citrus rootstocks and Glycosmis pentaphylla against larval Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in live root or diet-incorporation assays. Florida Entomologist, 80(4):471-477; 12 ref.

Shapiro JP, Gottwald TR, 1995. Resistance of eight cultivars of Citrus rootstock to a larval root weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(1):148-154

Shapiro JP, Hall DG, Niedz RP, 1997. Mortality of the larval root weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in simulated flooding. Florida Entomologist, 80(2):277-285; 12 ref.

Simanton WA, Bullock RC, 1973. Evaluation of dip treatments to destroy Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus nursery trees. Florida Entomologist, 56(4):305-310

Simpson SE, Nigg HN, Coile NC, Adair RA, 1996. Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): host plant associations. Environmental Entomology, 25(2):333-349; 58 ref.

Sirjusingh C, Kermarrec A, Mauleon H, Lavis C, Etienne J, 1992. Biological control of weevils and whitegrubs on bananas and sugarcane in the Caribbean. Florida Entomologist, 75(4):548-562

Sy FM, Mauleon H, 1989. Influence of rootstock on the tolerance of citrus to the weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.). Fruits (Paris), 44(9):491-495

Tedders WL, Ward BW, 1994. A new technique for monitoring pecan weevil emergence (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal Entomol. Science, 29:18-30.

Tryon EH Jr, 1986. The striped earwig, and ant predators of sugarcane rootstock borer, in Florida citrus. Florida Entomologist, 69(2):336-343

van Emden FI, 1952. On the taxonomy of Rhynchophora larvae: Adelognatha and Alophinae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122(3):651-795.

Vaurie P, 1961. A review of the Jamaican species of the genus Exophthalmus (Coleoptera:Curculionidae:Otiorhynchinae). American Museum Novitates, 2062:1-44.

Virkki N, Mazzella C, Denton A, 1991. Silver staining of the coleopteran Xy(p) sex bivalent. Cytobios, 67(268):45-63.

Whitcomb WH, Gowan TD, Buren WF, 1982. Predators of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) larvae. Florida Entomologist, 65(1):150-158

Wibmer GJ, O'Brien CW, 1986. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of South America (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 39:1-563.

Wolcott GN, 1936. The life history of "Diaprepes abbreviatus," at Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 20:883-914.

Wolcott GN, 1948. The insects of Puerto Rico: Coleoptera. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 32:225-416.

Wong TTY, Beavers JB, Sutton RA, Norman PA, 1975. Field tests of insecticides for control of adult Diaprepes abbreviatus on citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(1):119-121

Wong TTY, Sutton RA, Beavers JB, Norman PA, 1975. Diaprepes abbreviatus: control on citrus foliage with carbaryl. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(5):725-726

Woodruff RE, 1964. A Puerto Rican weevil new to the United States (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomology Circular No. 30. Florida Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry.

Woodruff RE, 1968. The present status of a West Indian weevil (Diaprepes abbreviata (L.)) in Florida (Coleoptera:Curculionidae). Entomology Circular No. 77.Florida, USA: Florida Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry.

Woodruff RE, 1979. Florida citrus weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Entomology Circular, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, No. 202.

Woodruff RE, 1985. Citrus weevils in Florida and the West Indies: preliminary report on systematics, biology and distribution (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 68(3):370-379

Wutscher HK, Schroeder WJ, 1987. Rubidium uptake as an indicator of citrus root damage. HortScience, 22(1):136-137.

Wyniger R, 1962. Pests of crops in warm climates and their control. Basel, Switzerland: Verlag für Recht und Gesellscahft Ag, 179.

Distribution References

Armstrong A M, Padovani F, 1987. Distribution of adult Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the north and northwest sugarcane areas of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico. 71 (4), 411-413.

Blackwelder R E, 1947. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 803.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cherry R, Hall D G, Wilson A, Baucum L, 2011. First report of damage by the sugarcane root weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to Florida sugarcane. Florida Entomologist. 94 (4), 1063-1065. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/ DOI:10.1653/024.094.0448

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Etienne J, Delvare G, 1991. The parasites of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera Curculionidae) of the french Antilles. (Les parasites de Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera Curculionidae) aux Antilles françaises.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France. 96 (3), 295-299.

FAO, 1970. The major pests and diseases of economic crops in the Caribbean region., Port of Spain, Trinidad: Caribbean Plant Protection Commission.

Jaffe K, Mauleon H, Kermarrec A, 1990. Predatory ants of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in citrus groves in Martinique and Guadeloupe, F.W.I. Florida Entomologist. 73 (4), 684-687. DOI:10.2307/3495288

Martorell L F, 1945. A survey of the forest insects of Puerto Rico. Part II. Journal of Agriculture of Puerto Rico. 457-461.

Mauleon H, Mademba-Sy F, 1988. A pest of citrus in the French Antilles: Diaprepes abbreviatus L. (Un ravageur des agrumes aux Antilles françaises: Diaprepes abbreviatus L.). Fruits (Paris). 43 (4), 229-234.

Metcalfe JR, 1959. The control of sugarcane rootborer in Barbados., Barbados: Department of Science and Agriculture.

Mumford BC, 1964. List of intercepted plant pests, 1963., USA: USDA-ARS, Plant Quarantine Division.

O'Neal J, Mangum C L, Harris T M, 1975. Evaluation of insecticidal dips for effectiveness against Diaprepes abbreviatus larvae infesting nursery stock. Journal of Economic Entomology. 68 (5), 650-652. DOI:10.1093/jee/68.5.650

Pierce W D, 1915. Some sugar-cane root-boring weevils of the West Indies. Journal of Agricultural Research. 4 (3), 255-264.

Schroeder W J, 1996. Diflubenzuron residue: reduction of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) neonates. Florida Entomologist. 79 (3), 462-463. DOI:10.2307/3495598

Schroeder W J, Beavers J B, 1985. Semiochemicals and Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) behavior: implications for survey. In: Florida Entomologist, 68 (3) 399-402. DOI:10.2307/3495125

Sirjusingh C, Kermarrec A, Mauléon H, Lavis C, Etienne J, 1992. Biological control of weevils and whitegrubs on bananas and sugarcane in the Caribbean. In: Florida Entomologist, 75 (4) 548-562. DOI:10.2307/3496137

Sy F M, Mauleon H, 1989. Influence of rootstock on the tolerance of citrus to the weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.). (Influence du porte-greffe sur la tolérance des agrumes vis-à-vis du charançon Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.).). Fruits (Paris). 44 (9), 491-495.

Virkki N, Mazzella C, Denton A, 1991. Silver staining of the coleopteran Xyp sex bivalent. Cytobios. 67 (268), 45-63.

Woodruff R E, 1985. Citrus weevils in Florida and the West Indies: preliminary report on systematics, biology and distribution (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). In: Florida Entomologist, 68 (3) 370-379. DOI:10.2307/3495121

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