Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diaphania indica
(cucumber moth)

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Datasheet

Diaphania indica (cucumber moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diaphania indica
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Diaphania indica larva.
TitleLarva
CaptionDiaphania indica larva.
CopyrightPeter A.C. Ooi/CABI BioScience
Diaphania indica larva.
LarvaDiaphania indica larva.Peter A.C. Ooi/CABI BioScience

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diaphania indica (Saunders, 1851)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Botys hyalinalis Boisduval, 1833
  • Eudioptis capensis Zeller, 1852
  • Eudioptis indica
  • Glyphodes indica Saunders
  • Hedylepta indica Saunders
  • Margaronia indica Saunders
  • Palpita indica Saunders
  • Phacellura indica Saunders
  • Phakellura curcubitalis Guenée, 1862
  • Phakellura gazorialis Guenée, 1854
  • Phakellura indica
  • Phakellura zygaenalis Guenée, 1854

International Common Names

  • English: cotton caterpillar (Japan); cucurbit caterpillar; melon moth; pumpkin caterpillar
  • French: pyrale du cotonnier (japan)

Local Common Names

  • Japan: wata-herikuro-nomeiga

EPPO code

  • DPHNIN (Diaphania indica)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Diaphania
  •                                 Species: Diaphania indica

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
BeninPresentEPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
Central African RepublicPresentEPPO (2020)
ComorosPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
Congo, Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresentEPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
EthiopiaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
GabonPresentEPPO (2020)
GambiaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentNHM (Undated)
MadagascarPresentBetbeder-Matibet (1990); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
MalawiPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
MaliPresentEPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
MauritaniaPresentEPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentClarke (1986); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
MozambiquePresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
NigerPresentEPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentBetbeder-Matibet (1990); EPPO (2020)
Saint HelenaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentEPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
SeychellesPresentEPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
Sierra LeonePresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
SomaliaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)

Asia

BruneiPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
CambodiaPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentClarke (1986); Ke et al. (1986); Ke et al. (1988); EPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresentEPPO (2020)
-GuizhouPresentEPPO (2020)
-HainanPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-HubeiPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-ShanghaiPresentEPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
Hong KongPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentVamsree et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentJhala et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentKrishnamoorthy et al. (2004); EPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-OdishaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentPeter and David (1989); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
-West BengalPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-JavaPresentClarke (1986); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (Undated)
-Maluku IslandsPresentClarke (1986); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
-SulawesiPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
-SumatraPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentNamvar and Alipanah (2002); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
LaosPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentEPPO (2020)
MaldivesPresentEPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
MyanmarPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
PhilippinesPresentEPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentEPPO (2020)
SingaporePresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentClarke (1986); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
TaiwanPresentClarke (1986); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (Undated)
VietnamPresentWaterhouse (1993); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Europe

DenmarkAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
PortugalPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-MadeiraPresentEPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Clavijo-A and Munroe (1991)

North America

CubaPresentEPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresentEPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoAbsent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentEPPO (2020)
AustraliaPresentEPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
-Northern TerritoryPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
-QueenslandPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentNHM (Undated); EPPO (2020)
Christmas IslandPresentEPPO (2020)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
FijiPresentClarke (1986); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
French PolynesiaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Marquesas IslandsPresentClarke (1986)
GuamPresentSchreiner (1991); EPPO (2020)
KiribatiPresentEPPO (2020)
Marshall IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentEPPO (2020)
PalauPresentEPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
SamoaPresentZhang (1994)
Solomon IslandsPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020); NHM (Undated)
TongaPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
VanuatuPresentZhang (1994); EPPO (2020)

South America

French GuianaPresentEPPO (2020)
ParaguayPresentEPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles Larvae
Apanteles machaeralis Parasite Larvae
Apanteles taragamae Parasite Larvae
Argyrophylax proclinata Parasite Larvae Papua New Guinea cucumbers
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae Guam
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Brachymeria excarinata Parasite
Brachymeria lasus Parasite
Chelonus Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Elasmus brevicornis Parasite Larvae
Eurytoma braconidis Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Goniozus sensorius Parasite
Phanerotoma hendecasisella Parasite Larvae
Tetrastichus israeli Parasite
Trathala flavoorbitalis Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs China; Zhejiang Cucurbitaceae

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Ba-Angood SAS, 1979. Bionomics of the melon worm Palpita (Diaphania) indica (Saund) (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) in PDR of Yemen. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 88(3):332-336

Betbeder-Matibet M, 1990. Insect pests of food crops in Africa and the Indian Ocean region. Montpellier, France; Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement, Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales, 122 pp.

Clarke JFG, 1986. Pyralidae and Microlepidoptera of the Marquesas Archipelago. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, No. 416:iii + 485pp.

Clavijo A JA; Munroe E, 1991. Misidentification of Diaphania hyalinata (L.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Pyraustinae) in the British Lepidoptera fauna. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 4(1):9-10

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Jhala RC; Patel YC; Dabhi MV; Patel HM, 2005. Pumpkin caterpillar, Margaronia indica (Saunders) in cucurbits in Gujarat. Insect Environment, 11(1):18-19.

Ke LD; Li ZQ; Xu LX; Zheng QF, 1986. A brief report of a study on Diaphania indica. Zhejiang Agricultural Science, 3:139-142

Ke LD; Li ZQ; Xu LX; Zheng QF, 1988. Host plant preference and seasonal fluctuation of Diaphania indica Saunders. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 31(4):379-386

Krishnamoorthy A; Rama N; Mani M, 2004. Record of Dolichogenidea stantoni (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of pumpkin caterpillar, Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Biological Control, 18(2):205-206.

Krishnaprasad NK; Rai PS, 1978. Effect of different host plants on the duration of life stages of pumpkin leaf caterpillar, Margaronia indica Saunders (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Current Research, 7(4):68

Namvar P; Alipanah H, 2002. Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Pyralidae: Pyraustinae), as a first report for Lepidoptera fauna of Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 70(1):Pe92-Pe93, 22-23.

Pandey PN, 1977. Host preference and selection of Diaphania indica Saunders (Lep., Pyralidae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 24(1/3):159-173

Patel RC; Kulkarny HL, 1956. Bionomics of the pumpkin caterpillar -Margaronia indica Saund. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 54:118-127.

Peter C; David BV, 1989. Residual toxicity of some insecticides to the larvae of Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 23(2):172-176

Peter C; David BV, 1991. Head capsule width measurement for instar determination in Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Insect Science, 4(2):153-154

Peter C; David BV, 1991. Natural enemies of the pumpkin caterpillar Diaphania indica (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Tamil Nadu. Entomophaga, 36(3):391-394

Peter C; David BV, 1991. Population dynamics of the pumpkin caterpillar, Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Tropical Pest Management, 37(1):75-79

Peter C; David BV, 1992. Studies on the thermal requirement for development of Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Insect Science, 5(2):172-174

Saunders WW, 1851. XVIII: On insects injurious to the cotton plant. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, New Series, 1:163-166.

Schreiner IH, 1991. Damage threshold for Diaphania indica Saunders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on cucumbers in Guam. Tropical Pest Management, 37(1):17-20; 7 ref.

Vamsree K; Rajasekhar P; Rao VRS; Rao VS, 2005. Seasonal incidence of pumpkin caterpillar Diaphania indica (Saunders) on cucumber in Krishna-Godavari zone. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment, 2(1):127-129.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Zhang BC(Compiler), 1994. Index of economically important Lepidoptera. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 599 pp.

Distribution References

Anon, 1994. Index of economically important Lepidoptera. [ed. by Zhang B C]. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. 599 pp.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Betbeder-Matibet M, 1990. Insect pests of food crops in Africa and the Indian Ocean region. Montpellier, France: Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement, Institut de Recherches Agronomiques Tropicales. 122 pp.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Clarke J F G, 1986. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. iii + 485pp.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Jhala R C, Patel Y C, Dabhi M V, Patel H M, 2005. Pumpkin caterpillar, Margaronia indica (Saunders) in cucurbits in Gujarat. Insect Environment. 11 (1), 18-19.

Ke L D, Li Z Q, Xu L X, Zheng Q F, 1986. A brief report of a study on Diaphania indica. Zhejiang Agricultural Science. 139-142.

Ke L D, Li Z Q, Xu L X, Zheng Q F, 1988. Host plant preference and seasonal fluctuation of Diaphania indica Saunders. Acta Entomologica Sinica. 31 (4), 379-386.

Krishnamoorthy A, Rama N, Mani M, 2004. Record of Dolichogenidea stantoni (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a larval parasitoid of pumpkin caterpillar, Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Biological Control. 18 (2), 205-206.

Namvar P, Alipanah H, 2002. Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Pyralidae: Pyraustinae), as a first report for Lepidoptera fauna of Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology. 70 (1), Pe92-Pe93, 22-23.

NHM, Undated. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

Peter C, David B V, 1989. Residual toxicity of some insecticides to the larvae of Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 23 (2), 172-176.

Schreiner I H, 1991. Damage threshold for Diaphania indica Saunders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on cucumbers in Guam. Tropical Pest Management. 37 (1), 17-20.

Vamsree K, Rajasekhar P, Rao V R S, Rao V S, 2005. Seasonal incidence of pumpkin caterpillar Diaphania indica (Saunders) on cucumber in Krishna-Godavari zone. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment. 2 (1), 127-129.

Waterhouse D F, 1993. The major arthropod pests and weeds of agriculture in Southeast Asia. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR. v + 141 pp.

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