Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diprion pini
(common pine sawfly)

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Datasheet

Diprion pini (common pine sawfly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diprion pini
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common pine sawfly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult male of D. pini.
TitleMale
CaptionAdult male of D. pini.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Adult male of D. pini.
MaleAdult male of D. pini.Annette Herz
Adult female of D. pini.
TitleFemale
CaptionAdult female of D. pini.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Adult female of D. pini.
FemaleAdult female of D. pini.Annette Herz
Full grown larva of D. pini.
TitleLarva
CaptionFull grown larva of D. pini.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Full grown larva of D. pini.
LarvaFull grown larva of D. pini.Annette Herz
Eonymph of D. pini inside the cocoon. On the abdomen, an egg of the parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus is visible.
TitleEonymph
CaptionEonymph of D. pini inside the cocoon. On the abdomen, an egg of the parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus is visible.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Eonymph of D. pini inside the cocoon. On the abdomen, an egg of the parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus is visible.
EonymphEonymph of D. pini inside the cocoon. On the abdomen, an egg of the parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus is visible.Annette Herz
Colony of D. pini larvae and frass damage on pine twigs.
TitleLarval colony
CaptionColony of D. pini larvae and frass damage on pine twigs.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Colony of D. pini larvae and frass damage on pine twigs.
Larval colonyColony of D. pini larvae and frass damage on pine twigs.Annette Herz
Extreme close-up of male antenna of D. pini.
TitleMale antenna
CaptionExtreme close-up of male antenna of D. pini.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Extreme close-up of male antenna of D. pini.
Male antennaExtreme close-up of male antenna of D. pini.Annette Herz
Female of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionFemale of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Female of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
Natural enemyFemale of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Pleolophus basizonus, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.Annette Herz
Female of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Monodontomerus dentipes, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionFemale of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Monodontomerus dentipes, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Female of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Monodontomerus dentipes, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.
Natural enemyFemale of the Hymenopterous parasitoid Monodontomerus dentipes, ovipositing in a D. pini cocoon.Annette Herz
Dipteran parasitoid (Drino gilva) of D.pini larvae.
TitleNatural enemy
CaptionDipteran parasitoid (Drino gilva) of D.pini larvae.
CopyrightAnnette Herz
Dipteran parasitoid (Drino gilva) of D.pini larvae.
Natural enemyDipteran parasitoid (Drino gilva) of D.pini larvae. Annette Herz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diprion pini (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • common pine sawfly

Other Scientific Names

  • Diprion dorsatum
  • Diprion eques
  • Lophyrus pini
  • Lopyrus pini
  • Pteronus pini
  • Tenthredo pini

International Common Names

  • English: pine sawfly; pine, sawfly
  • Spanish: falsa oruga del pino; lofiro del pino
  • French: lophyre du pin

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: fyrrehveps, alm.
  • Finland: maentypistiaeinen, tavallinen
  • Germany: Blattwespe, Kiefern-; Gemeine Kiefern-Buschhornblattwespe,; Hornblattwespe, Gemeine Kiefernbusch-
  • Italy: Tentredine del pino
  • Netherlands: Dennebladwesp; Dennenbastardrups
  • Norway: furubarveps, vanlig
  • Sweden: tallstekel, vanlig

EPPO code

  • DIPRPI (Diprion pini)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hymenoptera
  •                         Family: Diprionidae
  •                             Genus: Diprion
  •                                 Species: Diprion pini

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / frass visible
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / frass visible

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acrotomus lucidulus Parasite
Agrothereutes adustus Parasite Pupae
Apodemus flavicollis Predator Pupae
Apodemus sylvaticus Predator Pupae
Aptesis pugnax Parasite Pupae
Aptesis subguttata Parasite Pupae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Larvae
Blondelia inclusa Parasite Larvae
Clethrionomys glareolus Predator
Closterocerus ruforum Parasite Eggs Russia Pinus
Cubocephalus sericans Parasite
Dahlbominus fuscipennis Parasite Pupae
Delomerista laevis Parasite
Diplostichus janitrix Parasite Larvae
Dipriocampe diprioni Parasite Eggs
Drino gilva Parasite Larvae
Drino inconspicua Parasite Larvae
Endasys rubricator Parasite
Enterobacter aerogenes Pathogen
Enterobacter cloacae Pathogen
Exenterus adspersus Parasite Larvae
Exenterus amictorius Parasite Larvae
Exenterus oriolus Parasite Larvae
Formica cinerea Predator Larvae/Pupae
Formica polyctena Predator Larvae/Pupae
Lamachus eques Parasite
Lamachus lophyrorum Parasite
Lamachus ophthalmicus Parasite Larvae
Lamachus pini Parasite Larvae
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen
Monodontomerus dentipes Parasite Pupae
Neochrysocharis formosa Parasite Eggs
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Olesicampe argentata Parasite
Olesicampe macellator Parasite Larvae
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen Larvae
Pleolophus basizonus Parasite Pupae
Proteus vulgaris Pathogen
Rhorus substitutor Parasite Larvae
Synomelix scutulata Parasite
Verticillium falcatum Pathogen
Zemiophorus scutulatus Parasite

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves eggs; larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Anderbrant O, 1993. Pheromone biology of sawflies. Sawfly life history adaptations to woody plants [edited by Wagner, M. R.; Raffa, K. F.] San Diego, USA; Academic Press, Inc., 119-154

Anderbrant O, 1998. Monitoring pine sawflies with pheromone traps. Methodology of forest insect and disease survey in Central Europe. Proceedings, First Workshop of the IUFRO WP 7.03.10, Ustron^acute~-Jaszowiec, Poland, 21-24 April, 1998., 75-79; 18 ref.

Annila E; Långström B; Varama M; Hiukka R; Niemelä P, 1999. Susceptibility of defoliated Scots pine to spontaneous and induced attack by Tomicus piniperda and Tomicus minor. Silva Fennica, 33(2):93-106; 55 ref.

Auger MA; Geri C, 1993. Effect of the foliage of different pine species on the development and oviposition of the pine sawfly, Diprion pini L. (Hym., Diprionidae). 1. Foliage edibility for D. pini. Journal of Applied Entomology, 116(5):494-504

Barre F; Milsant F; Palasse C; Prigent V; Goussard F; GTri C, 2002. Preference and performance of the sawfly Diprion pini on host and non-host plants of the genus Pinus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 102(3):229-237; 30 ref.

Bergstrom G; Wassgren AB; Anderbrant O; Fagerhag J; Edlund H; Hedenstrom E; Hogberg HE; Geri C; Auger MA; Varama M; Hansson BS; Lofqvist J, 1995. Sex pheromone of the pine sawfly Diprion pini (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae): chemical identification, synthesis and biological activity. Experientia, 51(4):370-380

Cunningham JT, 1998. A world survey of virus control of insect pests: North America. In: Hunter Fujita FR, Entwistle PF, Evans HF, Crook NE, eds. Insect Viruses and Pest Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley, 313-331.

Dippel C; Hilker M, 1998. Effects of physical and chemical signals on host foraging behavior of Drino inconspicua (Diptera: Tachinidae), a generalist parasitoid. Environmental Entomology, 27(3):682-687; 29 ref.

Dusaussoy G; Geri C, 1971. Etude des populations residuelles de Diprion pini apres la gradation de 1963 -1964. Ann. Sci. Forest., 28:297-322.

Ehnstrom B; Bejer-Petersen B; Loyttyniemi K; Tvermyr S, 1974. Insect pests in forests of the nordic countries 1967-1971. Annales Entomologici Fennici, 40(1):37-47

Eichhorn O, 1976. Permanent culture of Diprion pini L. (Hym.: Diprionidae) in the laboratory with reference to photoperiod. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 49(3):38-41

Eichhorn O, 1977. Studies on the autecology of populations of the common pine sawfly Diprion pini (L.) (Hym.: Diprionidae). II. On knowledge of the larval parasites and their synchronisation with the host. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 83(1):15-36

Eichhorn O, 1977. Studies on the autecology of the common pine sawfly Diprion pini (L.). (Hym.: Diprionidae). III. Laboratory cultures. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 84(3):264-282

Eichhorn O, 1980. Autecological studies on populations of the common sawfly Diprion pini (L.) (Hym.: Diprionidae). V. Investigations on the tachinid larval parasites, particularly Drino gilva Htg. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 89(5):455-470

Eichhorn O, 1981. Autecological studies on populations of the common pine sawfly Diprion pini (L.) (Hym., Diprionidae). VI. Contribution to the knowledge of cocoon parasites and Exenterus species. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 92(3):252-285

Eichhorn O, 1982. Studies on the ecology of the common pine sawfly, Diprion pini (L.) (Hym., Diprionidae). VII. Factors influencing population dynamics. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 94(3):271-300

Eichhorn O, 1991. Voltinismus und Schlnpfwellenfolge mitteleuropSischer +kotypen der Kiefernbuschhornblattwespe Diprion pini L. (Hym., Diprionidae), ihre Mechanismen und ihre Bedeutung fnr den Massenwechsel. J. appl. Ent., 112:437-453.

Eichhorn O, 1995. Entwicklungs- und Parasitierungsverlauf der Gemeinen Kiefernbuschhornblattwespe, Diprion pini (L.) (Hym., Diprionidae) im Gradationsgebiet bei Speyer wShrend der Latenzphase 1979-1984. Waldhygiene, 20:193-207.

Eichhorn O; Pschorn-Walcher H, 1976. Studies on the biology and ecology of the egg-parasites (Hym.: Chalcidoidea) of the pine sawfly Diprion pini (L.) (Hym.: Diprionidae) in central Europe. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 80(4):355-381

Eisner T; Johnessee JS; Carrel J; Hendry LB; Meinwald J, 1974. Defensive use by an insect of a plant resin. Science, USA, 184(4140):996-999

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Escherich E, 1942. Die Forstinsekten Mitteleuropas. Vol. V. Hymenoptera (Hautflügler) und Diptera (Zweiflügler). Berlin: Paul Parey.

Feemers M, 1997. _berwachungs- und Prognoseverfahren fnr Kieferneule, Kiefernspanner, Nonne und Gemeine Kiefernbuschhhornblattwespe. LWF aktuell (Bayerische Landesanstalt fnr Wald und Forstwirtschaft), 10:10(13.

Geri C, 1988. The pine sawfly in central france. In: Berryman AA. ed. Dynamics of Forest Insect Populations. Patterns, Causes, Implications. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 377-405.

Geri C; Allais JP; Auger MA, 1993. Effects of plant chemistry and phenology on sawfly behavior and development. Sawfly life history adaptations to woody plants [edited by Wagner, M. R.; Raffa, K. F.] San Diego, USA; Academic Press, Inc., 173-210

Geri C; Allais JP; Beaudoin L; Goussard F, 1995. Influence of consanguinity on the sex ratio and diapause of Diprion pini L. (Hym., Diprionidae) populations II. Effect of inbreeding on diapause. Journal of Applied Entomology, 119(1):35-43

Geri C; Auger MA; Goussard F, 1994. Incidence de la consommation des aiguilles de clones de Pin sylvestre defavorables a Diprion pini L. (Hym., Diprionidae) sur le developpement de Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff. (Lep., Thaumetopoeidae) et de Graellsia isabellae Graells (Lep., Attacidae). J. Appl. Ent., 117:248-256.

Geri C; Goussard F; Allais JP; Buratti L, 1988. The influence of feeding on the development and diapause of Diprion pini L. (Hym., Diprionidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 106(5):451-464

Geri C; Goussard F; Reveillon M, 1986. Reflections on the use of entomophagous insects against Diprion pini (Hym. Diprionidae). Entomophaga, 31(1):27-38

Gninenko YuI, 2001. Reduction of losses from needle- and leaf-eating insects. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, No.12:23-24.

Hanski I, 1987. Pine sawfly population dynamics: patterns, processes, problems. Oikos, 50(3):327-335

Hanski I, 1990. Small mammal predation and the population dynamics of Neodiprion sertifer. In: Watt AD, Leather SR, Hunter MD, Kidd NAC, eds. Population Dynamics of Forest Insects. Andover, UK: Intercept Ltd, 253-263.

Hanski I; Otronen M, 1985. Food quality induced variance in larval performance: comparison between rare and common pine-feeding sawflies (Diprionidae). Oikos, 44(1):165-174

Hanski I; Parviainen P, 1985. Cocoon predation by small mammals, and pine sawfly population dynamics. Oikos, 45(1):125-136

Herz A, 1997. Zur EffektivitSt und Struktur der Parasitoidengemeinschaft von Diprion pini (L.) (Hym.: Diprionidae) bei latenten Dichten des Wirtes. PhD thesis. Ludwig Maximilians UniversitSt Mnnchen.

Herz A; Heitland W, 1995. Erste Ergebnisse zur Rolle verschiedener Parasitoidengilden von Diprion pini (L.) (Hymenoptera, Diprionidae) zu Zeiten der Latenz. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fnr Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 10:59-62.

Herz A; Heitland W, 1999. Larval parasitism of a forest pest, the common pine sawfly Diprion pini (L.) (Hym., Diprionidae), during an endemic density phase. Journal of Applied Entomology, 123(3):129-137; 40 ref.

Herz A; Heitland W, 2002. Comparison of the fat allocation patterns in female pine sawflies (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae). European Journal of Entomology, 99(1):117-120; 22 ref.

Herz A; Heitland W, 2003. Impact of cocoon predation and parasitism on endemic populations of the common pine sawfly, Diprion pini (L.) (Hymenoptera, Diprionidae) in different forest types. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 5(1):35-41; 42 ref.

Herz A; Heitland W; Anderbrant O; Ediund H; Hedenstr÷m E, 2000. First use of pheromones to detect phenology patterns and density relationships of pine sawflies in German forests. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 2(2):123-129; 30 ref.

Hilker M; BlSske V; Kobs C; Dippel C, 2000. Kairomonal effects of sawfly sex pheromones on egg parasitoids. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 26(11):2591-2601; 29 ref.

Hilker M; Kobs C; Varama M; Schrank K, 2002. Insect egg deposition induces Pinus sylvestris to attract egg parasitoids. Journal of Experimental Biology, 205(4):455-461; many ref.

Hilker M; Weitzel C, 1991. Oviposition deterrence by chemical signals of conspecific larvae in Diprion pini (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) and Phyllodecta vulgatissima (Coloeptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomologia Generalis, 15:293-301.

Jurc M, 2001. Harmful entomofauna (Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera) on Austrian pine (Pinus nigra Arn.) in Slovenia. In: Proceedings of the 5th Slovenian Conference on Plant Protection, Catez ob Savi, Slovenia, 276-283.

Kangas E, 1963. _ber das schSdliche Auftreten der Diprion-Arten (Hym., Diprionidae) in finnischen KiefernbestSnden in diesem Jahrhundert. Zeitschrift fnr angewandte Entomologie, 51:188-194.

Kiziroglu I; Turan L; Erdogan A; Adizel O; Pamukoglu N, 2002. Eradication of insect pests by several species of songbirds in a mixed pine/oak forest near Ankara, Turkey. Anzeiger fnr SchSdlingskunde, 75:99-102.

Klimetzek D, 1990. Population dynamics of Pine-feeding insects: a historical study. In: Watt AD, Leather SR, Hunter MD, Kidd NAC, eds. Population Dynamics of Forest Insects. Andover, UK: Intercept Ltd, 3-10.

Kouki J; LyytikSinen-Saarenmaa P; Henttonen H; NiemelS P, 1998. Cocoon predation on diprionid sawflies: the effect of forest fertility. Oecologia, 116(4):482-488; 33 ref.

LyytikSinen-Saarenmaa P; Tomppo E, 2002. Impact of sawfly defoliation on growth of Scots pine Pinus sylvestris (Pinaceae) and associated economic losses. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 92(2):137-140; 15 ref.

Långstrom B; Annila E; Hellqvist C; Varama M; NiemelS P, 2001. Tree mortality, needle biomass recovery and growth losses in Scots pine following defoliation by Diprion pini (L.) and subsequent attack by Tomicus piniperda (L.). Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 16(4):342-353; 46 ref.

Majunke C; Apel KH; Heydeck P; Veldmann G, 1992. Die Waldschutzsituation in Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern und Sachsen-Anhalt. Allgemeine Forstzeitschrift, 47:347(350.

Michels FP, 1981. Untersuchungen zur biologischen Schadlingsbekampfung der gemeinen Kiefernbuschhornblattwespe, Diprion pini L. (Hym.: Diprionidae) mit Kernpolyeder-Viren. Mitteilungen Biologische Bundesanstalt fuer Land- und Forstwirtschaft, 203:186.

Obrtel R; Zejda J; Holisova V, 1978. Impact of small rodent predation on an overcrowded population of Diprion pini during winter. Folia Zoologica, 27(2):97-110

Pollini A, 1979. Diprionidae injurious to pines. Informatore Fitopatologico, 29(9):19-21

Prop N, 1960. Protection against birds and parasites in some species of tenthredinid larvae. Arch. Neerl. de Zool., 13:380-447.

Pschorn-Walcher H, 1982. Suborder Symphyta, sawflies. In: Schwenke W, ed. Die Forstschaedlinge Europas. 4. Hautflügler und Zweiflügler. Hamburg, Germany: Paul Parey, 66-129.

Ryvkin BW, 1957. Die Kiefernblattwespen Wei¯ru¯lands und ihre Parasiten. BeitrSge zur Entomologie, 7:457-482.

Schwenke W, 1962. Neue Erkenntnisse nber Entstehung und Begegnung von Massenvermehrungen an Kiefern-und Fichtennadeln fressender Schadinsekten. Zeitschrift fnr angewandte Entomologie, 50:137-142.

Schwenke W, 1964. Erfolgreiche Versuche zur biologischen BekSmpfung der ForstschSdlinge Diprion pini L. (Hymen, Tenthr.) und Panolis flammmea Schiff. (Lepid., Noct.) vermittels Chalcididen (Hymen.). Z. ang. Ent., 53:179-186.

Schwenke W, 1964. Grundznge der Populationsdynamik und BekSmpfung der Gemeinen Kiefernbuschhorn-Blattwespe, Diprion pini L. Z. ang. Ent., 54:101-107.

Schwerdtfeger F, 1981. Die Waldkrankheiten. Vol.4. Hamburg/Berlin: Paul Parey.

Sharov AA, 1993. Biology and population dynamics of the common pine sawfly, Diprion pini L., in Russia. Sawfly life history adaptations to woody plants [edited by Wagner, M. R.; Raffa, K. F.] San Diego, USA; Academic Press, Inc., 409-429

Simandl J, 1986. Occurrence of sawflies (Hymenoptera, Diprionidae) on Scots pine in southern Bohemia. Sbornik Jihoceskeho Muzea v Ceskych Budejovicich, Prirodni Vedy, 26(3):97-100

Simandl J, 1989. Seasonal changes in the synusia of pine sawflies (Hym., Diprionidae) during their latency. Journal of Applied Entomology, 108(3):217-226

Tozlu G, 2001. Studies on the pest species belonging to the families Elateridae, Buprestidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae (Coleoptera) and Diprionidae (Hymenoptera) in Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests of Sarikamis (Kars), Turkey. Tnrkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 25(3):193-204; many ref.

Urban S, 1965. Die Begrenzungsfaktoren der _bervermehrung der Kiefernbusch-hornblattwespe (Diprion pini L.) in den Jahren 1960 und 1961. Archiv fnr Forstwesen, 14:1223-1234.

Viitasaari M, 2002. Sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). A review of the suborder, the western Palaearctic taxa of Xyeloidea and Pamphiloidea. Tremex Press Ltd.: Helsinki, Finland, 1-516.

Distribution Maps

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