Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Chilo auricilius
(gold-fringed rice borer)



Chilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chilo auricilius
  • Preferred Common Name
  • gold-fringed rice borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Chilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); adult male (museum set specimen)
CaptionChilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); adult male (museum set specimen)
Copyright©David Agassiz
Chilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); adult male (museum set specimen)
AdultChilo auricilius (gold-fringed rice borer); adult male (museum set specimen)©David Agassiz


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chilo auricilius Dudgeon, 1905

Preferred Common Name

  • gold-fringed rice borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Argyria auricilia
  • Chilo auricilia
  • Chilo popescugorji Bleszynski, 1963
  • Chilotraea auricilia Dudgeon
  • Diatraea auricilia (Dudgeon) Fletcher, 1928
  • Diatraea auricola
  • Proceras auricilia
  • Proceras auricilius Dudgeon

International Common Names

  • English: gold fringed moth; gold-fringed borer; gold-fringed moth; gold-fringed rice stem borer; rice stalk borer; sugarcane stalk borer
  • Spanish: polilla dorada; taladrador del tallo
  • French: pyrale dorée

EPPO code

  • DIATAU (Chilo auricilius)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Chilo
  •                                 Species: Chilo auricilius

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


BangladeshPresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
BhutanPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
CambodiaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresentEPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentEPPO (2020)
-TianjinPresentLiu (2001)
Hong KongPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-AssamPresentEPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentEPPO (2020)
-DelhiPresentEPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentEPPO (2020)
-HaryanaPresentShashi Pal and Maan Singh (2001)
-Himachal PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentEPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentEPPO (2020)
-Madhya PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentEPPO (2020)
-OdishaPresentEPPO (2020)
-PunjabPresentEPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentEPPO (2020)
-SikkimPresentEPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentEPPO (2020)
-TripuraPresentEPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-UttarakhandPresentRashid Mumtaz and Khan (2006)
-West BengalPresentEPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1972)
-JavaPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
-SulawesiPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
-SumatraPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
LaosAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentEPPO (2020)
-SarawakPresentEPPO (2020)
MyanmarPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentEPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)
VietnamPresentUK, CAB International (1972); EPPO (2020)


Papua New GuineaPresentEPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dead heart
Growing point / dwarfing; stunting
Growing point / internal feeding; boring
Growing point / odour
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / external feeding
Stems / dead heart
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / odour
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Whole plant / dead heart

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Argiope catenulata Predator Adults
Bacillus subtilis Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria brongniartii Pathogen
Carcelia corvinoides Parasite Larvae
Chlaenius bioculatus Predator Larvae
Cotesia flavipes Parasite Larvae Indonesia; Indonesia; Sumatra sugarcane
Cotesia ruficrus Parasite Larvae India; Uttar Pradesh sugarcane
Granulosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Lydella striatalis Parasite Larvae Indonesia
Lysinibacillus sphaericus Pathogen Larvae India; Uttar Pradesh sugarcane
Parallorhogas pyralophagus Parasite Larvae India sugarcane
Paratheresia claripalpis Parasite Larvae Uttar Pradesh
Pycnobracon mutator Parasite Larvae
Stenobracon deesae Parasite Larvae
Sturmiopsis inferens Parasite Larvae Indonesia; Indonesia; Sumatra sugarcane
Sturmiopsis parasitica Parasite Larvae
Telenomus Parasite Eggs
Tetrastichus howardi Parasite Pupae
Trathala flavoorbitalis Parasite Pupae
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs China; Guangdong; Indonesia; Indian Punjab sugarcane
Trichogramma japonicum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma minutum Parasite Eggs


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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Ashok V, Tandan BK, 1996. Pathogenicity of three entomogenous fungi against insect pests of sugarcane. Journal of Biological Control. 10: 87-91

Barrion AT, Catindig JLA, Litsinger JA, 1990. Chilo auricilius Dudgeon (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), the correct name for the dark-headed stem borer (SB) found in the Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(4):29

Bhardwaj SC, Gupta JN, Jain BK, Yadav SR, 1981. Comparative incidence of stalk borer, Chilo auricilius Ddgn. in autumn and spring planted and ratoon crops of sugarcane. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(3):135-140

Bleszynski S, 1970. A revision of the world species of Chilo Zincken (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology, 25:101-195

Brar KS, Maninder Shenhmar, Bakhetia DRC, Doomra S, Sharma DK, Duhra MS, Singla ML, 1996. Bioefficacy of Trichogramma chilonis Ishii (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) for the control of Chilo auricilius Dudgeon on sugarcane in Punjab. Plant Protection Bulletin (Faridabad), 48(1/4):9-10; 9 ref

Campion DG, Hall DR, Prevett PF, 1987. Use of pheromones in crop and stored products pest management: control and monitoring. Insect Science and its Application, 8(4-6):737-741

Chaudhary JP, Sharma SK, 1986. The stalk borer, Chilo auricilius Dudgeon. In: David H, Easwaramoorthy S, Jayanthi R, eds. Sugarcane Entomology in India. Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India: Sugarcane Breeding Institute, ICAR, 135-150

CIE, 1972. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 300. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Dubey RC, Biswats BC, Ballal AS, Kedare PL, 1988. Influence of meteorological factors on sugarcane stalk borer, Chilo auricilius Dudgeon at Shahjahanpur (Uttar Pradesh). Plant Protection Bulletin (Faridabad), 40(3-4):27-30

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Grist DH, Lever RJAW, 1969. Pests of Rice. London, UK: Longman

Huang RH, Huang PQ, Xiong CJ, 1985. Studies on the occurrence of Chilo auricilis Dudgeon in Yibing Prefecture, Shichuan. Insect Knowledge, 22(3):104-106

Jena BC, Patnaik NCP, 1996. Research note on the extent of weight loss in sugarcane varieties due to stalk borer. Cooperative Sugar, 27(10):749-750; 8 ref

Kanwar RS, Neerav Srivastava, 1999. Susceptibility of different cane varieties to stalk borer (Chilo auricilius Dudgeon). Indian Sugar, 49(1):35-39; 2 ref

Kumar K, Gupta SC, Mishra UK, Dwivedi GP, Sharma NN, 1987. Sugarcane pests in Bihar: retrospect and prospect - a review. Agricultural Reviews, 8(2):59-66

Liu ZC, Liu JF, Wang CX, Yang WH, Grey G, 1996. The role of biological control in integrated control of sugarcane insect pests. Biological pest control in systems of integrated pest management. Proceedings of the International Symposium on 'The use of Biological Control Agents under Integrated Pest Management' 1996, 226-230

Liu, R., 2001. Rise of Taiwan rice borer in Shantou as the dominant population of rice stem borer. Plant Protection Technology and Extension, 21, 16.

Madan YP, Agarwal RA, 1982. Some observations on pupal and adult stages of stalk borer, Chilo auricilius Dudg. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, 19(1):26-30

Madan YP, Sharma SK, Bhardwaj SC, Chaudhary JP, 1981. Varietal resistance in sugarcane against moth borers. In: Proc. Natn. Symp. Stalk borer, Karnal, 132-146

Manager Singh, Singh RA, Singh GP, 1997. Effect of seasons of planting on the incidence of major insect pests in early and mid late varieties of sugarcane. Cooperative Sugar, 28(7):533-540; 6 ref

Maninder Shenhmar, Varma GC, 1997. Comparative efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner formulations against Chilo auricilius Dudgeon. Journal of Insect Science, 10(2):184-185; 5 ref

Meng XB, Chen Q, Lu SC, Chen YN, Liu ZT, Ma XQ, 1997. Techniques for forecasting the occurrence of Taiwan rice stem borer. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 24:133-136

Nesbitt BF, Beevor PS, Cork A, Hall DR, David H, Nandagopal V, 1986. The female sex pheromone of sugarcane stalk borer, Chilo auricilius: identification of four components and field tests. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 12(6):1377-1388

Nesbitt BF, Beevor PS, Hall DR, Lester R, Dyck VA, 1975. Identification of the female sex pheromones of the moth, Chilo suppressalis. Journal of Insect Physiology, 21(12):1883-1886

Rao YRVJ, Rao YS, 1980. Bionomics of the crambid borer, Chilo auricilius Dudgeon infesting rice. Journal of Entomological Research, 4(1):68-72

Rashid Mumtaz, Khan MA, 2006. Toxicity of non-edible seed oils against sugarcane stalk borer Chilo auricilius Dudgeon. Environment and Ecology, 24S(Special 2):243-248

Reissig WH, Heinrichs EA, Litsinger JA, Moody K, Fiedler L, Mew TW, Barrion AT, 1986. Illustrated guide to integrated pest management in rice in tropical Asia. Laguna, Philippines; International Rice Research Institute, xi + 411pp

Samoedi D, 1989. The impacts of mass liberation of Diatrpophaga striatalis Towns. on population and intensity of infestation of sugar cane moth-borer, Chilo auricilius Dudg. in central Java. Gula Indonesia, 15(3-4):46-48

Shashi Pal, Maan Singh, 2001. Studies on the incidence and intensity of stalk borer (Chilo auricilius Ddgn) in Haryana. Indian Sugar, 51(3):165-169

Varma A, Nigam H, 1989. Field releases and recoveries of an exotic parasite Allorhogas pyralophagus Marsh against sugarcane stalk borer, Chilo auricilius Ddgn. Indian Journal of Entomology, 51(2):136-138

Varma GC, Rataul HS, Shenhmar M, Singh SP, Jalali SK, 1991. Role of inundative releases of egg parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis Ishii in the control of Chilo auricilius Dudgeon on sugarcane. Journal of Insect Science, 4(2):165-166

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp

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