Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diabrotica undecimpunctata
(spotted cucumber beetle)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Diabrotica undecimpunctata (spotted cucumber beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diabrotica undecimpunctata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • spotted cucumber beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
D. undecimpunctata howardi, 'Southern Corn Rootworm'; larval entrance hole in sorghum root.
TitleRoot damage
CaptionD. undecimpunctata howardi, 'Southern Corn Rootworm'; larval entrance hole in sorghum root.
Copyright©ICRISAT
D. undecimpunctata howardi, 'Southern Corn Rootworm'; larval entrance hole in sorghum root.
Root damageD. undecimpunctata howardi, 'Southern Corn Rootworm'; larval entrance hole in sorghum root.©ICRISAT

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diabrotica undecimpunctata Mannerheim

Preferred Common Name

  • spotted cucumber beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Chrysomela duodecimpunctata Fabricus
  • Crioceris sexpunctata Fabricius
  • Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fabricus
  • Diabrotica soror LeConte
  • Diabrotica undecimpunctata subsp. howardi Barber

International Common Names

  • English: 12-spotted cucumber beetle; southern corn rootworm; western spotted cucumber beetle
  • Spanish: diabrotica del cacahuate; doradilla del cacahuate; tartuguilla manchada
  • French: chrysomèle maculée du concombre

EPPO code

  • DIABUH (Diabrotica undecimpunctata subsp. howardi)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Diabrotica
  •                                 Species: Diabrotica undecimpunctata

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Europe

SloveniaAbsentEPPO (2020)

North America

BermudaAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
CanadaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-New BrunswickPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-Nova ScotiaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-SaskatchewanPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
El SalvadorPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
GuatemalaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
NicaraguaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-ColoradoPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-ConnecticutPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-HawaiiAbsent, Intercepted onlyAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-IowaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-KansasPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-KentuckyPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MainePresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-MissouriPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-NebraskaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-NevadaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-New JerseyPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-OhioPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-OklahomaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-Rhode IslandPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-South DakotaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-TennesseePresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-VermontPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-West VirginiaPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)
-WyomingPresentAnon (1999); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

GuamPresentMoore and Bamba (2014); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / malformed skin
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Celatoria diabroticae Parasite Adults
Celatoria setosa Parasite Adults
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Phidippus audax Predator

Pathway Vectors

Top of page
VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Land vehicles Yes

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx adults Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves adults Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Fruits (inc. pods)
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Anon, 1999. EPPO data sheets on quarantine pests: Diabrotica undecimpunctata. Bulletin OEPP, 29(4):477-482; 19 ref.

Arant FS, 1929. Biology and control of the southern corn rootworm. Bulletin of the Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, no. 230.

Arnett RH, 1985. American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. New York, USA: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Beirne BP, 1971. Pest insects of annual crop plants in Canada. I. Lepidoptera. II. Diptera. III. Coleoptera. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 78:124 pp.

Boetel MA; Fuller BW; Chandler LD; Hovland DG; Evenson PD, 1998. Fecundity and egg viability of northern and western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) beetles surviving labelled and reduced soil insecticide applications. Journal of Economic Entomology, 91(1):274-279; 18 ref.

Brandenburg RL; Barbour JD; Herbert DA Jr, 1992. Pheromone trapping as an indicator of southern corn rootworm damage in peanut. Peanut Science, 19(1):37-40.

Brust GE; Barbercheck ME, 1992. Effect of dietary cucurbitacin C on southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) egg survival. Environmental Entomology, 21(6):1466-1471.

Brust GE; House GJ, 1990. Influence of soil texture, soil moisture, organic cover, and weeds on oviposition preference of southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environmental Entomology, 19(4):966-971.

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 1998a. Diabrotica undecimpunctata. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests No. 580. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Campbell JM; Sarazin MJ; Lyons DB, 1989. Canadian beetles (Coleoptera) injurious to crops, ornamentals, stored products, and buildings. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Agricultural Canada, 491 pp.

Coudriet DL; Kishaba AN; Carroll JE, 1979. Transmission of muskmelon necrotic spot virus in muskmelons by cucumber beetles. Journal of Economic Entomology, 72(4):560-561.

Deheer CJ; Tallamy DW, 1991. Affinity of spotted cucumber beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) larvae to cucurbitacins. Environmental Entomology, 20(4):1173-1175.

Elsey KD, 1988. Cucumber beetle seasonality in coastal South Carolina. Environmental Entomology, 17(3):496-502.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Felsot AS; Mitchell JK; Kenimer AL, 1990. Assessment of management practices for reducing pesticide runoff from sloping cropland in Illinois. Journal of Environmental Quality, 19(3):539-545

Fischer DC; Kogan M; Paxton J, 1990. Effect of glyceollin, a soybean phytoalexin, on feeding by three phytophagous beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae and Chrysomelidae): dose versus response. Environmental Entomology, 19(5):1278-1282.

Forschler BT; Young SY, 1993. Southern corn rootworm adults (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) may act as a nonhost disseminator of nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 61(3):313-314.

French JC, 1978. The southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi. Peanut Farmer, 14:36-38.

Guss PL; Tumlinson JH; Sonnet PE; McLaughlin JR, 1983. Identification of a female-produced sex pheromone from the southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 9(9):1363-1375.

Hays SB; Morgan LW, 1965. Observations on the biology of the southern corn rootworm and insecticidal tests for its control in Georgia. Journal of Economic Entomology, 58:637-642.

Hirsh IS; Barbercheck ME, 1996. Effects of host plant and cucurbitacin on growth of larval Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 81(1):47-51; 24 ref.

Hoffmann MP; Robinson RW; Kyle MM; Kirkwyland JJ, 1996. Defoliation and infestation of Cucurbita pepo genotypes by diabroticite beetles. HortScience, 31(3):439-442; 19 ref.

Howard RJ; Garland JA; Seaman WL, 1994. Diseases and pests of vegetable crops in Canada: an illustrated compendium. Diseases and pests of vegetable crops in Canada: an illustrated compendium., xxii + 554 pp.; [also available in Fr].

Jensen SG, 1985. Laboratory transmission of maize chlorotic mottle virus by three species of corn rootworms. Plant Disease, 69(10):864-868

Kaya HK; Burlando TM; Choo HY; Thurston GS, 1995. Integration of entomopathogenic nematodes with Bacillus thuringiensis or pesticidal soap for control of insect pests. Biological Control, 5(3):432-441; 35 ref.

Krysan JL, 1976. Moisture relationships of the egg of the southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 20(2):154-162

Krysan JL; Miller TA(Editors), 1986. Methods for the study of pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 260pp.

Kuhlmann U; van der Burgt WACM, 1998. Possibilities for biological control of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte, in Central Europe. Biocontrol News and Information, 19(2): 59N-68N.

Metcalf RL; Lampman RL, 1991. Evolution of diabroticite rootworm beetle (Chrysomelidae) receptors for Cucurbita volatiles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 88(5):1869-1872.

Metcalf RL; Metcalf RA, 1992. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control., Ed. 5:1104 pp.; ref.

Moore A; Bamba J, 2014. Spotted Cucumber Beetle (Southern Corn Rootworm) Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Guam New Invasive Species Alert No. 2014-02, No. 2014-02., Guam: University of Guam. http://guaminsects.net/anr/sites/default/files/spotted%20cucumber%20beetle.pdf

Nault LR; Styer WE; Coffey ME; Gordon DT; Negi LS; Niblett CL, 1978. Transmission of maize chlorotic mottle virus by chrysomelid beetles. Phytopathology, 68(7):1071-1074

Pair SD, 1997. Evaluation of systemically treated squash trap plants and attracticidal baits for early-season control of striped and spotted cucumber beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and squash bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in cucurbit crops. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(5):1307-1314; 21 ref.

Schalk JM; Jones A; Dukes PD; Burnham KP, 1992. Responses of soil insects to mixed and contiguous plantings of resistant and susceptible sweetpotato cultivars. HortScience, 27(10):1089-1091.

Shands WA; Landis BJ, 1964. Potato Insects: their Biology and Biological and Cultural Control. Washington, USA: USDA.

Shaw JT; Ruesink WG; Briggs SP; Luckmann WH, 1984. Monitoring populations of corn rootworm beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with a trap baited with cucurbitacins. Journal of Economic Entomology, 77(6):1495-1499.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Sutter GR; Fisher JR; Elliott NC; Branson TF, 1990. Effect of insecticide treatments on root lodging and yields of maize in controlled infestations of western corn rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(6):2414-2420

Tallamy DW; Whittington DP; Defurio F; Fontaine DA; Gorski PM; Gothro PW, 1998. Sequestered cucurbitacins and pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae (Moniliales: Moniliaceae) on spotted cucumber beetle eggs and larvae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environmental Entomology, 27(2):366-372; 2 pp. of ref.

Tubbs PK, 1991. Diabrotica undecimpunctata Mannerheim, 1843 (Insects, Coleoptera): proposed conservation of the specific name, and of the subspecific name howardi Barber, 1947. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 48(3):219-221.

Zehnder G; Kloepper J; Yao C; Wei G, 1997. Induction of systemic resistance in cucumber against cucumber beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90:391-396.

Distribution References

Anon, 1999. EPPO data sheets on quarantine pests: Diabrotica undecimpunctata. Bulletin OEPP. 29 (4), 477-482. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.1999.tb01422.x

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Moore A, Bamba J, 2014. Spotted Cucumber Beetle (Southern Corn Rootworm) Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In: Guam New Invasive Species Alert No. 2014-02, Guam: University of Guam. http://guaminsects.net/anr/sites/default/files/spotted%20cucumber%20beetle.pdf

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map