Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa
(cucurbit beetle)

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Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diabrotica speciosa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucurbit beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult on soyabean
Caption
CopyrightAgrEvo
Adult on soyabeanAgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucurbit beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Diabrotica amabilis Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica hexaspilota Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica simoni Jacoby 1889
  • Diabrotica simulans Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica vigens Erichson 1847
  • Galeruca speciosa Germar 1824

International Common Names

  • English: Chrysanthemum beetle; San Antonio beetle
  • Spanish: vaquita de San Antonio
  • Portuguese: larva-alfineta; vaquinha-da-folhagem; vaquinha-das-cucurbitaceas; vaquinha-patriota; vaquinha-verde-amarela

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: patriota; vaquinha; vaquinha da folhagem; vaquinha das cucurbitaceas; vaquinha patriota

EPPO code

  • DIABSC (Diabrotica speciosa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Diabrotica
  •                                 Species: Diabrotica speciosa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Central America and Caribbean

Costa RicaPresentUSDA, 1957
PanamaPresentUSDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962

South America

ArgentinaWidespreadBaly, 1886; Christensen, 1943; USDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
BoliviaWidespreadUSDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
BrazilWidespreadBaly, 1886; Christensen, 1943; USDA, 1957; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-BahiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-CearaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-GoiasPresentChandler, 1984; Icuma et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentRoel and Zatarin, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-ParaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-ParanaPresentDomiciano and Santos, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-PernambucoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-PiauiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Rio de JaneiroPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do NortePresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do SulPresentHeineck-Leonel and Salles, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Santa CatarinaPresentGoncalves, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
-Sao PauloPresentPereira et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaPresentUSDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
EcuadorPresentCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
French GuianaPresentKrysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
ParaguayPresentChristensen, 1943; USDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
PeruWidespreadBaly, 1886; USDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
UruguayPresentChristensen, 1943; USDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014
VenezuelaPresentBaly, 1886; USDA, 1957; Bechyne and Bechyne, 1962; Krysan, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / dead heart
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Celatoria bosqi Parasite Adults
Centistes gasseni Parasite Adults
Polybia ignobilis Predator

References

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Araujo Marques M, 1941. Contributio ao estudo dos crisomeledeos do gunero Diabrotica. Bol. Escola Nac. Agron., 2:61-143.

Baly JS, 1886. The Colombian species of the genus Diabrotica, with descriptions of those hitherto uncharacterized. Part I. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 19:213-229.

Bechyne J; Bechyne B, 1962. Liste der bisher in Rio Grande do Sul gefundenen Galeruciden. Pesquisas (Zool.), 6:1-63.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Diabrotica speciosa. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 646. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chandler L, 1984. Crop life table studies of the pests of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Goiania, Goias. Revista Ceres, 31(176):284-298

Christensen JR, 1943. Estudio sobre el g'nero Diabrotica Chev. en la Argentina. Rev. Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria, 10:464-516.

Defago MT, 1991. Caracterizacion del tercer estadio larval de Diabrotica speciosa. Rev. Peruana de Ent., 33:102-104.

Domiciano NL; Santos B, 1997. Pests of oilseed rape: preliminary bases for management in Parana. Informe da Pesquisa - Instituto Agrono^circumflex~mico do Parana^acute~, No. 120:16 pp.; 16 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fisher JR; Bergman MK, 1986. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Gassen DN, 1984. Insetos associados a cultura do trigo no Brasil. Circular Tecnica, 3. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMRAPA-CPNT.

Gassen DN, 1989. Insetos subterraneos prejudiciais as culturas no sul do Brasil. EMBRAPA-CNPT. Documentos, 13. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMBRAPA-CNPT.

Gon¦alves PAS, 1997. Survey of insects associated with sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, using water traps, in Ituporanga, Santa Catarina. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):199-203; 13 ref.

Hamerschmidt I, 1985. Uso do tajuj e purungo como atraentes de vaquinha em olericultura. Hort. Bras. 3:45.

Heineck-Leonel MA; Salles LAB, 1997. Incidence of parasitoids and pathogens in adults of Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in Pelotas, RS. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):81-85; 7 ref.

Icuma IM; Oliveira MAS; Junqueira NTV; Alves RT; Andrade GAde, 2001. Insect pests of sweet passion fruit in Distrito Federal. (Pragas da Cultura do maracujá-doce no Distrito Federal.) Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, No.47:3 pp.

Krysan JL, 1986. Introduction: biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Magalhaes BP; Yokoyama M; Zimmermann FJP, 1988. Sampling methods and population fluctuations of Empoasca krpmeri Ross & Moore, 1957 (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), Cerotoma arcuata (Olivier, 1791) and Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in beans, in Goias. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 17(1):81-95

Pereira MFA; Delfini LG; Antoniacomi MR; Calafiori MH, 1997. Damage caused by the leaf beetle, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with integrated management. Ecossistema, 22:17-20; 8 ref.

Roel AR; Zatarin M, 1989. Efficiency of water pumpkin (Lagenaria vulgaris-Cucurbitacea) baits treated with insecticides on attractiveness to Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 18(2):213-219

USDA, 1957. Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 7(2):5-6.

Distribution Maps

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