Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa
(cucurbit beetle)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diabrotica speciosa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucurbit beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult on soyabean
Caption
Copyright©AgrEvo
Adult on soyabean©AgrEvo

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucurbit beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Diabrotica amabilis Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica hexaspilota Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica simoni Jacoby 1889
  • Diabrotica simulans Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica vigens Erichson 1847
  • Galeruca speciosa Germar 1824

International Common Names

  • English: Chrysanthemum beetle; San Antonio beetle
  • Spanish: vaquita de San Antonio
  • Portuguese: larva-alfineta; vaquinha-da-folhagem; vaquinha-das-cucurbitaceas; vaquinha-patriota; vaquinha-verde-amarela

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: patriota; vaquinha; vaquinha da folhagem; vaquinha das cucurbitaceas; vaquinha patriota

EPPO code

  • DIABSC (Diabrotica speciosa)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Diabrotica
  •                                 Species: Diabrotica speciosa

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

Costa RicaPresent
PanamaPresent

South America

ArgentinaPresent, Widespread
BoliviaPresent, Widespread
BrazilPresent, Widespread
-BahiaPresent
-CearaPresent
-Distrito FederalPresent
-GoiasPresent
-Mato Grosso do SulPresent
-Minas GeraisPresent
-ParaPresent
-ParanaPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-PiauiPresent
-Rio de JaneiroPresent
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
-Santa CatarinaPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ColombiaPresent
EcuadorPresent
French GuianaPresent
ParaguayPresent
PeruPresent, Widespread
UruguayPresent
VenezuelaPresent

Growth Stages

Top of page
Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / dead heart
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Celatoria bosqi Parasite Adults
Centistes gasseni Parasite Adults
Polybia ignobilis Predator

References

Top of page

Araujo Marques M, 1941. Contributio ao estudo dos crisomeledeos do gunero Diabrotica. Bol. Escola Nac. Agron., 2:61-143.

Baly JS, 1886. The Colombian species of the genus Diabrotica, with descriptions of those hitherto uncharacterized. Part I. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 19:213-229.

Bechyne J; Bechyne B, 1962. Liste der bisher in Rio Grande do Sul gefundenen Galeruciden. Pesquisas (Zool.), 6:1-63.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Diabrotica speciosa. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 646. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cabrera, N., Rocca, M., 2012. First records of Chrysomelidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) on blueberries in Argentina: new associations between native chrysomelids and an exotic crop. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 71(43832), 45-55. https://www.biotaxa.org/RSEA/article/view/28468

Chandler L, 1984. Crop life table studies of the pests of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Goiania, Goias. Revista Ceres, 31(176):284-298

Christensen JR, 1943. Estudio sobre el g'nero Diabrotica Chev. en la Argentina. Rev. Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria, 10:464-516.

Defago MT, 1991. Caracterizacion del tercer estadio larval de Diabrotica speciosa. Rev. Peruana de Ent., 33:102-104.

Domiciano NL; Santos B, 1997. Pests of oilseed rape: preliminary bases for management in Parana. Informe da Pesquisa - Instituto Agrono^circumflex~mico do Parana^acute~, No. 120:16 pp.; 16 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fisher JR; Bergman MK, 1986. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Gassen DN, 1984. Insetos associados a cultura do trigo no Brasil. Circular Tecnica, 3. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMRAPA-CPNT.

Gassen DN, 1989. Insetos subterraneos prejudiciais as culturas no sul do Brasil. EMBRAPA-CNPT. Documentos, 13. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMBRAPA-CNPT.

Gon¦alves PAS, 1997. Survey of insects associated with sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, using water traps, in Ituporanga, Santa Catarina. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):199-203; 13 ref.

Hamerschmidt I, 1985. Uso do tajuj e purungo como atraentes de vaquinha em olericultura. Hort. Bras. 3:45.

Heineck-Leonel MA; Salles LAB, 1997. Incidence of parasitoids and pathogens in adults of Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in Pelotas, RS. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):81-85; 7 ref.

Icuma IM; Oliveira MAS; Junqueira NTV; Alves RT; Andrade GAde, 2001. Insect pests of sweet passion fruit in Distrito Federal. (Pragas da Cultura do maracujá-doce no Distrito Federal.) Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, No.47:3 pp.

Krysan JL, 1986. Introduction: biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Magalhaes BP; Yokoyama M; Zimmermann FJP, 1988. Sampling methods and population fluctuations of Empoasca krpmeri Ross & Moore, 1957 (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), Cerotoma arcuata (Olivier, 1791) and Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in beans, in Goias. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 17(1):81-95

Pereira MFA; Delfini LG; Antoniacomi MR; Calafiori MH, 1997. Damage caused by the leaf beetle, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with integrated management. Ecossistema, 22:17-20; 8 ref.

Roberto, S. R., Genta, W., Ventura, M. U., 2001. Diabrotica speciosa (Ger.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): new pest in table grape orchards. Neotropical Entomology, 30(4), 721-722. doi: 10.1590/S1519-566X2001000400030

Roel AR; Zatarin M, 1989. Efficiency of water pumpkin (Lagenaria vulgaris-Cucurbitacea) baits treated with insecticides on attractiveness to Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 18(2):213-219

USDA, 1957. Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 7(2):5-6.

Walsh, G. C., 2003. Host range and reproductive traits of Diabrotica speciosa (Germar) and Diabrotica viridula (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), two species of South American pest rootworms, with notes on other species of Diabroticina. Environmental Entomology, 32(2), 276-285. doi: 10.1603/0046-225X-32.2.276

Yábar, E., Gianoli, E., Echegaray, E. R., 2002. Insect pests and natural enemies in two varieties of quinua (Chenopodium quinoa) at Cusco, Peru. Journal of Applied Entomology, 126(6), 275-280. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0418.2002.00664.x

Distribution References

Baly J S, 1886. The Colombian species of the genus Diabrotica, with descriptions of those hitherto uncharacterized. Part I. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 213-229.

Bechyne J, Bechyne B, 1962. (Liste der bisher in Rio Grande do Sul gefundenen Galeruciden). In: Pesquisas (Zool.), 6 1-63.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Diabrotica speciosa. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 646. DOI:10.1079/DMPP/20066600646

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chandler L, 1984. Crop life table studies of the pests of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Goiânia, Goiás. Revista Ceres. 31 (176), 284-298.

Christensen J R, 1943. A study of the genus Diabrotica Chev. in Argentina. (Estudio sobre el g'nero Diabrotica Chev. en la Argentina.). Rev. Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria. 464-516.

Domiciano N L, Santos B, 1997. Pests of oilseed rape: preliminary bases for management in Parana. (Pragas da canola: bases preliminares para manejo no Paraná.). In: Informe da Pesquisa - Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, Londrina, Brazil: Instituto Agronômico do Paraná (IAPAR). 16 pp.

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Heineck-Leonel M A, Salles L A B, 1997. Incidence of parasitoids and pathogens in adults of Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in Pelotas, RS. (Incidência de parasitóides e patògenos em adultos de Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) na Região de Pelotas, RS.). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil. 26 (1), 81-85. DOI:10.1590/S0301-80591997000100011

Icuma I M, Oliveira M A S, Junqueira N T V, Alves R T, Andrade G A de, 2001. Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, Planaltina, Brazil: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Embrapa Cerrados. 3 pp.

Krysan J, 1986. Introduction: Biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica, [ed. by Krysan JL, Miller TA]. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag. 1-24.

Lin M T, Hill J H, Kitajima E W, Costa C L, 1984. Two new serotypes of cowpea severe mosaic virus. Phytopathology. 74 (5), 581-585. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-74-581

Pereira M F A, Delfini L G, Antoniacomi M R, Calafiori M H, 1997. Damage caused by the leaf beetle, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with integrated management. (Danos causados por vaquinha, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), em feijoeiro, Phaseolus vulgaris L., em manejo integrado.). Ecossistema. 17-20.

Ribeiro S G, Kitajima E W, Oliveira C R B, Koenig R, 1996. A strain of eggplant mosaic virus isolated from naturally infected tobacco plants in Brazil. Plant Disease. 80 (4), 446-449. DOI:10.1094/PD-80-0446

Ricalde M P, Nava D E, Loeck A E, Coutinho E F, Bisognin A, Garcia F R M, 2015. Insects related to olive culture in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Ciência Rural. 45 (12), 2125-2130. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782015001202125&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en DOI:10.1590/0103-8478cr20141477

Roberto S R, Genta W, Ventura M U, 2001. Diabrotica speciosa (Ger.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): new pest in table grape orchards. Neotropical Entomology. 30 (4), 721-722. DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2001000400030

Roel A R, Zatarin M, 1989. Efficiency of water pumpkin (Lagenaria vulgaris-Cucurbitacea) baits treated with insecticides on attractiveness to Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). (Eficiência de iscas à base de abóbora d'água, Lagenaria vulgaris (Cucurbitacea) tratadas com insecticides, na atratividade a Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil. 18 (2), 213-219.

USDA, 1957. Cooperative Economic Insect Report., 7 (2) 5-6.

Walsh G C, 2003. Host range and reproductive traits of Diabrotica speciosa (Germar) and Diabrotica viridula (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), two species of South American pest rootworms, with notes on other species of Diabroticina. Environmental Entomology. 32 (2), 276-285. DOI:10.1603/0046-225X-32.2.276

Yábar E, Gianoli E, Echegaray E R, 2002. Insect pests and natural enemies in two varieties of quinua (Chenopodium quinoa) at Cusco, Peru. Journal of Applied Entomology. 126 (6), 275-280. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0418.2002.00664.x

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: