Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa
(cucurbit beetle)

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Datasheet

Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diabrotica speciosa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucurbit beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleAdult on soyabean
Caption
Copyright©AgrEvo
Adult on soyabean©AgrEvo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824)

Preferred Common Name

  • cucurbit beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Diabrotica amabilis Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica hexaspilota Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica simoni Jacoby 1889
  • Diabrotica simulans Baly 1886
  • Diabrotica vigens Erichson 1847
  • Galeruca speciosa Germar 1824

International Common Names

  • English: Chrysanthemum beetle; San Antonio beetle
  • Spanish: vaquita de San Antonio
  • Portuguese: larva-alfineta; vaquinha-da-folhagem; vaquinha-das-cucurbitaceas; vaquinha-patriota; vaquinha-verde-amarela

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: patriota; vaquinha; vaquinha da folhagem; vaquinha das cucurbitaceas; vaquinha patriota

EPPO code

  • DIABSC (Diabrotica speciosa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Diabrotica
  •                                 Species: Diabrotica speciosa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

Costa RicaPresentUSDA (1957)
PanamaPresentUSDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962)

South America

ArgentinaPresent, WidespreadBaly (1886); Christensen (1943); USDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BoliviaPresent, WidespreadUSDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BrazilPresent, WidespreadBaly (1886); Christensen (1943); USDA (1957); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-BahiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-CearaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Distrito FederalPresentEPPO (2020)
-GoiasPresentChandler (1984); Icuma et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2014); CABI (Undated)
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentRoel and Zatarin (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Minas GeraisPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-ParaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-ParanaPresentDomiciano and Santos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-PernambucoPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-PiauiPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do NortePresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentHeineck-Leonel and Salles (1997); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Santa CatarinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Sao PauloPresentPereira et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresentUSDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EcuadorPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
French GuianaPresentKrysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
ParaguayPresentChristensen (1943); USDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresent, WidespreadBaly (1886); USDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
UruguayPresentChristensen (1943); USDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentBaly (1886); USDA (1957); Bechyne and Bechyne (1962); Krysan (1986); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Stems / dead heart
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Celatoria bosqi Parasite Adults
Centistes gasseni Parasite Adults
Polybia ignobilis Predator

References

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Araujo Marques M, 1941. Contributio ao estudo dos crisomeledeos do gunero Diabrotica. Bol. Escola Nac. Agron., 2:61-143.

Baly JS, 1886. The Colombian species of the genus Diabrotica, with descriptions of those hitherto uncharacterized. Part I. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 19:213-229.

Bechyne J; Bechyne B, 1962. Liste der bisher in Rio Grande do Sul gefundenen Galeruciden. Pesquisas (Zool.), 6:1-63.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Diabrotica speciosa. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 646. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chandler L, 1984. Crop life table studies of the pests of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Goiania, Goias. Revista Ceres, 31(176):284-298

Christensen JR, 1943. Estudio sobre el g'nero Diabrotica Chev. en la Argentina. Rev. Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria, 10:464-516.

Defago MT, 1991. Caracterizacion del tercer estadio larval de Diabrotica speciosa. Rev. Peruana de Ent., 33:102-104.

Domiciano NL; Santos B, 1997. Pests of oilseed rape: preliminary bases for management in Parana. Informe da Pesquisa - Instituto Agrono^circumflex~mico do Parana^acute~, No. 120:16 pp.; 16 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fisher JR; Bergman MK, 1986. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Gassen DN, 1984. Insetos associados a cultura do trigo no Brasil. Circular Tecnica, 3. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMRAPA-CPNT.

Gassen DN, 1989. Insetos subterraneos prejudiciais as culturas no sul do Brasil. EMBRAPA-CNPT. Documentos, 13. Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil: EMBRAPA-CNPT.

Gon¦alves PAS, 1997. Survey of insects associated with sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas, using water traps, in Ituporanga, Santa Catarina. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):199-203; 13 ref.

Hamerschmidt I, 1985. Uso do tajuj e purungo como atraentes de vaquinha em olericultura. Hort. Bras. 3:45.

Heineck-Leonel MA; Salles LAB, 1997. Incidence of parasitoids and pathogens in adults of Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in Pelotas, RS. Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 26(1):81-85; 7 ref.

Icuma IM; Oliveira MAS; Junqueira NTV; Alves RT; Andrade GAde, 2001. Insect pests of sweet passion fruit in Distrito Federal. (Pragas da Cultura do maracujá-doce no Distrito Federal.) Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, No.47:3 pp.

Krysan JL, 1986. Introduction: biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer.

Magalhaes BP; Yokoyama M; Zimmermann FJP, 1988. Sampling methods and population fluctuations of Empoasca krpmeri Ross & Moore, 1957 (Homoptera: Cicadellidae), Cerotoma arcuata (Olivier, 1791) and Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in beans, in Goias. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 17(1):81-95

Pereira MFA; Delfini LG; Antoniacomi MR; Calafiori MH, 1997. Damage caused by the leaf beetle, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with integrated management. Ecossistema, 22:17-20; 8 ref.

Roel AR; Zatarin M, 1989. Efficiency of water pumpkin (Lagenaria vulgaris-Cucurbitacea) baits treated with insecticides on attractiveness to Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 18(2):213-219

USDA, 1957. Cooperative Economic Insect Report, 7(2):5-6.

Distribution References

Baly J S, 1886. The Colombian species of the genus Diabrotica, with descriptions of those hitherto uncharacterized. Part I. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 213-229.

Bechyne J, Bechyne B, 1962. (Liste der bisher in Rio Grande do Sul gefundenen Galeruciden). In: Pesquisas (Zool.), 6 1-63.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Diabrotica speciosa. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 646.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chandler L, 1984. Crop life table studies of the pests of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Goiânia, Goiás. Revista Ceres. 31 (176), 284-298.

Christensen J R, 1943. A study of the genus Diabrotica Chev. in Argentina. (Estudio sobre el g'nero Diabrotica Chev. en la Argentina.). Rev. Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria. 464-516.

Domiciano N L, Santos B, 1997. Pests of oilseed rape: preliminary bases for management in Parana. (Pragas da canola: bases preliminares para manejo no Paraná.). In: Informe da Pesquisa - Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, Londrina, Brazil: Instituto Agronômico do Paraná (IAPAR). 16 pp.

EPPO, 2014. EPPO Global database (available online). Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Heineck-Leonel M A, Salles L A B, 1997. Incidence of parasitoids and pathogens in adults of Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae) in Pelotas, RS. (Incidência de parasitóides e patògenos em adultos de Diabrotica speciosa (Germ.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) na Região de Pelotas, RS.). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil. 26 (1), 81-85. DOI:10.1590/S0301-80591997000100011

Icuma I M, Oliveira M A S, Junqueira N T V, Alves R T, Andrade G A de, 2001. Comunicado Técnico - Embrapa Cerrados, Planaltina, Brazil: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária Embrapa Cerrados. 3 pp.

Krysan J, 1986. Introduction: Biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica, [ed. by Krysan JL, Miller TA]. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag. 1-24.

Pereira M F A, Delfini L G, Antoniacomi M R, Calafiori M H, 1997. Damage caused by the leaf beetle, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), with integrated management. (Danos causados por vaquinha, Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824), em feijoeiro, Phaseolus vulgaris L., em manejo integrado.). Ecossistema. 17-20.

Roel A R, Zatarin M, 1989. Efficiency of water pumpkin (Lagenaria vulgaris-Cucurbitacea) baits treated with insecticides on attractiveness to Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). (Eficiência de iscas à base de abóbora d'água, Lagenaria vulgaris (Cucurbitacea) tratadas com insecticides, na atratividade a Diabrotica speciosa (Germar, 1824) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).). Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil. 18 (2), 213-219.

USDA, 1957. Cooperative Economic Insect Report., 7 (2) 5-6.

Distribution Maps

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