Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Diabrotica balteata
(banded cucumber beetle)

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Datasheet

Diabrotica balteata (banded cucumber beetle)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Diabrotica balteata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • banded cucumber beetle
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
The beetle is 5-6 mm long.
TitleAdult
CaptionThe beetle is 5-6 mm long.
CopyrightD.W. Tallamy
The beetle is 5-6 mm long.
AdultThe beetle is 5-6 mm long.D.W. Tallamy

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Diabrotica balteata Leconte

Preferred Common Name

  • banded cucumber beetle

Other Scientific Names

  • Diabrotica sallei Baly

International Common Names

  • English: beetle, banded cucumber; beetle, belted cucumber; belted cucumber beetle; corn rootworm
  • Spanish: catarinita doradilla; gusano alfilerillo; mayatito con bandas verdes; tortuguilla; tortuguilla de franjas verdes del pepino
  • French: chrysomélide rayée du conconbre

EPPO code

  • DIABBA (Diabrotica balteata)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Chrysomelidae
  •                             Genus: Diabrotica
  •                                 Species: Diabrotica balteata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

BelizePresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
CubaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
El SalvadorPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
GuatemalaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); MELHUS et al. (1954); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
HondurasPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
NicaraguaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
PanamaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Davis (1931); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Creighton and Fassuliotis (1985); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)

South America

ColombiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentCABI and EPPO (2006); Krysan (1986); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / internal feeding
Growing point / external feeding
Inflorescence / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Roots / stubby roots
Vegetative organs / external feeding
Vegetative organs / internal feeding
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acinetobacter anitratus Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Acinetobacter lwoffi Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Burkholderia cepacia Antagonist South Carolina squashes; sweet potatoes
Celatoria diabroticae Parasite Adults
Enterobacter aerogenes Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Enterobacter cloacae Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes; sweet potatoes
Enterobacter gergoviae Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Enterobacter sakazakii Pathogen USA; South Carolina sweet potatoes
Escherichia vulneris Pathogen USA; South Carolina sweet potatoes
Filipjevimermis leipsandra Parasite
Hafnia alvei Pathogen USA; South Carolina mustard; squashes
Heterorhabditis heliothidis Parasite Larvae
Klebsiella pneumonea Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Labidura riparia Predator
Micrococcus lentus Pathogen USA; South Carolina sweet potatoes
Micrococcus varians Pathogen USA; South Carolina wheat
Pantoea agglomerans Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes; sweet potatoes
Phorocera assimilis Parasite
Proteus mirabilis Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Salmonella arizonae Pathogen USA; South Carolina sweet potatoes; wheat
Serratia liquefaciens Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Serratia marcescens Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes; sweet potatoes
Serratia plymuthica Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes
Staphylococcus epidermidis Pathogen USA; South Carolina sweet potatoes
Staphylococcus lentus Pathogen USA; South Carolina squashes; sweet potatoes

References

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Booth RG; Cox ML; Madge RB, 1990. IIE guides to insects of importance to man. 3. Coleoptera. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

CABI/EPPO, 2006. Diabrotica balteata. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 681. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chuman T; Guss PL; Doolittle RE; McLaughlin JR; Krysan JL; Schalk JM; Tumlinson JH, 1987. Identification of female-produced sex pheromone from banded cucumber beetle, Diabrotica balteata LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 13(7):1601-1616.

Creighton CS; Fassuliotis G, 1985. Heterorhabditis sp. (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae): a nematode parasite isolated from the banded cucumber beetle Diabrotica balteata. Journal of Nematology, 17(2):150-153.

Davis AC, 1931. Diabrotica balteata Lec. Journal of Economic Entomology, 24(2):560.

Dukes PD; Hamilton MG; Jones A; Schalk JM, 1987. 'Sumor' - a multiple-use sweet potato. HortScience, 22:170-171.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gergerich RC; Scott HA; Fulton JP, 1986. Evaluations of Diabrotica beetles as vectors of plant viruses. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 227-249.

Jacoby M, 1887. Biologia Centrali-Americana, Insecta, Coleoptera, Galerucidae, 6(1):497-584.

Jones A; Dukes PD; Schalk JM, 1987. 'Southern Delite' sweet potato. HortScience, 22:329-330.

Jones A; Dukes PD; Schalk JM; Hamilton MG; Mullen MA; Baumgardner RA; Paterson DR; Boswell TE, 1983. 'Resisto' sweet potato. HortScience, 18(2):251-252.

Jones A; Dukes PO; Schalk JM; Hamilton MG; Mullen MA; Baumgardner RA; Paterson DR; Boswell TE, 1985. 'Regal' sweet potato. HortScience, 20:781-782.

Jones A; Schalk JM; Dukes PD, 1987. Control of soil insect injury by resistance in sweet potato. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 112(2):195-197.

Krysan J, 1986. Introduction: Biology, distribution, and identification of pest Diabrotica. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 1-24.

Krysan JL; Branson TF, 1983. Biology, ecology and distribution of Diabrotica. In: Gordon DT, Knoke JK, Nault LR, Ritter RM, eds. Proceedings of the International Maize Virus Disease Colloquium and Workshop, 2-6 August 1982. Wooster, USA: The Ohio State University, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, 144-150.

Lawson FA, 1991. Chrysomelidae. In: Stehr FW, ed. Immature Insects Vol. 2. Dubuque, Iowa, USA: Kendall/Hunt, 568-585.

LeConte JL, 1865. On the species of Galeruca and allied genera inhabiting North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, 17:204-222.

Marsh HO, 1910. Biologic notes on species of Diabrotica in southern Texas. Bulletin of the Bureau Entomology USDA, 82:76-84.

Melhus IE; Painter RH; Smith FO, 1954. A search for resistance to the injury caused by species of Diabrotica in the corns of Guatemala. Iowa State Collection of the Journal of Science, 29:75-94.

Metcalf CL; Flint WP; Metcalf RL, 1962. Destructive and useful insects. 4th ed. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill.

Metcalf RL; Metcalf RA; Rhodes AM, 1980. Cucurbitacins as kairomones for diabroticite beetles. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 77:3769-3772.

Metcalf RL; Rhodes AM; Metcalf RA; Ferguson J; Metcalf ER; Lu PY, 1982. Cucurbitacin contents and diabroticite (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) feeding upon Cucurbita spp. Environmental Entomology, 11(4):931-937.

Moreno AM, 1959. Poblaciones de algunos insectos que astacán al maiz, Apodaca, N.L. Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. Escuela de Agricutura y Ganaderia, Mexico (unpublished thesis).

Pena JE; Waddill V, 1982. Pests of cassava in south Florida. Florida Entomologist, 65(1):143-149.

Pitre HN Jr; Kantack EJ, 1962. Biology of the banded cucumber beetle, Diabrotica balteata, in Louisiana. Journal of Economic Entomology, 55:904-906.

Saba F, 1970. Host plant spectrum and temperature limitations of Diabrotica balteata. Canadian Entomologist, 102:684-691.

Schalk JM, 1986. Rearing and handling of Diabrotica balteata. In: Krysan JL, Miller TA, eds. Methods for the Study of Pest Diabrotica. New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 49-56.

Schalk JM; Jones A, 1985. Major insect pests. In: Bouwkamp JL, ed. Sweet Potato Products: A Natural Resource for the Tropics. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, 59-78.

Schalk JM; Jones A; Dukes PD, 1986. Factors associated with resistance in recently developed sweet potato cultivars and germplasm to the banded cucumber beetle, Diabrotica balteata LeConte. Journal of Agricultural Entomology, 3(4):329-334.

Smith RF; Lawrence JF, 1967. Clarification of the status of the type specimens of Diabroticites (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae). University of California Publications in Entomology, Vol. 45. Berkeley and Los Angeles, USA: University of California Press.

Tallamy DW; Gorski PM; Pesek JD, 1997. Intra- and interspecific genetic variation in the gustatory perception of cucurbitacins by diabroticite rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environmental Entomology, 26(6):1364-1372; 49 ref.

Wilcox JA, 1965. A synopsis of the North American Galerucinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Bulletin of the New York State Museum Survey, 400:1-226.

Distribution Maps

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