Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Dendrolimus pini
(pine-tree lappet)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 10 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Pest
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Dendrolimus pini
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pine-tree lappet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); adult male, at rest, on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
TitleAdult male
CaptionDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); adult male, at rest, on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
Copyright©Hannes Lemme/Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); adult male, at rest, on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
Adult maleDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); adult male, at rest, on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)©Hannes Lemme/Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
TitleLarva
CaptionDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
Copyright©Dr. Guido Bohne/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
LarvaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).©Dr. Guido Bohne/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); close view of larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
TitleLarva
CaptionDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); close view of larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
Copyright©Dr. Guido Bohne/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); close view of larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
LarvaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); close view of larva at rest on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).©Dr. Guido Bohne/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 2.0
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larval cocoons (arrowed), on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
TitleLarval cocoons
CaptionDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larval cocoons (arrowed), on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
Copyright©Hannes Lemme/Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larval cocoons (arrowed), on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).
Larval cocoonsDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); larval cocoons (arrowed), on Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine).©Hannes Lemme/Bavarian State Research Center for Agriculture/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Dendrolimus pini Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • pine-tree lappet

Other Scientific Names

  • Bombyx pini Linnaeus
  • Dendrolimus segregatus Butler
  • Gastropacha pini Linnaeus
  • Lasiocampa pini Linnaeus
  • Phalaena pini Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: pine lappet; pine lappet, moth; pine, moth
  • Spanish: lasiocampa del pino
  • French: bombyce du pin; bombyx du pin; lasiocampe du pin

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: fyrrespinder
  • Finland: maentykehraeaejae
  • Germany: Kiefernglucke; Spinner, Kiefern-; Spinner, Ostasiatischer Kiefen-
  • Italy: Bombice del pino
  • Netherlands: Dennenspinner, grove
  • Norway: furuspinder
  • Sweden: tallspinnare

EPPO code

  • DENDPI (Dendrolimus pini)
  • DENDSE (Dendrolimus segregatus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Lasiocampidae
  •                             Genus: Dendrolimus
  •                                 Species: Dendrolimus pini

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 22 Dec 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

MoroccoPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
TurkeyPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelarusPresent
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
CroatiaPresent, Localized
CzechiaPresent
CzechoslovakiaPresent
Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsPresent
DenmarkPresent
FinlandPresent
FrancePresent, Few occurrences
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
-SicilyPresent
LithuaniaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent
-Western SiberiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
United KingdomPresent, Localized
-ScotlandPresent, Localized

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Araneus diadematus Predator
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blepharipa pratensis Parasite Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Campylochaeta inepta Parasite Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Larvae
Cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (CPV) Pathogen Larvae
cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses Pathogen Larvae
Drino inconspicua Parasite Larvae
Eupelmus urozonus Parasite
Exorista fasciata Parasite Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Larvae
Exorista segregata Parasite Larvae
Formica cinerea Predator
Glyptapanteles inclusus Parasite Larvae
Glytapanteles inclusus Parasite Larvae
Gregopimpla bernuthii Parasite
Huebneria affinis Parasite Larvae
Iseropus stercorator Parasite
Masicera silvatica Parasite Larvae
Masicera sphingivora Parasite Larvae
Nowickia ferox Parasite
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen
Nyctalus noctula Predator
Ooencyrtus pityocampae Parasite
Orgilus laevigator Parasite Larvae
Pachyneuron muscarum Parasite
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Parasetigena silvestris Parasite
Tachina lurida Parasite Larvae
Telenomus bombycis Parasite
Telenomus tetratomus Parasite
Therion circumflexum Parasite
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma telengai Parasite Eggs
Zygobothria atropivora Parasite

References

Top of page

Csóka, G., 1991. The effects of damage stress by the pine moth (Dendrolimus pini L.) on the growth of a stand of young pines. (Der Einfluss der Schadenerregung des Kiefernspinners (Dendrolimus pini L.) auf das Wachstum eines Kiefern-Jungbestandes). Anzeiger für Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz, 64(8), 148-150.

Dautbašić, M., Mujezinović, O., Topalović, J., Tahirović, A., 2014. Health status of forest even - aged stands on area of Eastern Bosnia. Radovi Šumarskog Fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu, 44(2), 53-64. http://sfsa.unsa.ba/dokumenti/2015/radovi/HEALTH_STATUS_OF_FOREST_EVEN_AGED_STANDS_ON_AREA_OF_EASTERN_BOSNIA.pdf

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Grodner, J., Zander, R., 2010. Sex propheromone of the pine tree lappet moth Dendrolimus pini and its use in attractant-based monitoring system. Pestycydy, (No.1/4), 43-49.

Kondur, Y., Oner, N., Sİmsek, Z., 2006. Harmful insects and relationships between certain tree properties in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) of Ilgaz Mountain, Cankiri, Turkey. Journal of Biological Sciences, 6(6), 1065-1070. http://www.ansinet.org/jbs

Kula, E., 2007. Caterpillars of the crown fauna in stands of substitute tree species. Folia Oecologica, 34(1), 30-41. http://sav.savzv.sk/savnew

Lindelöw, Å., Björkman, C., 2001. Insects on lodgepole pine in Sweden - current knowledge and potential risks. Forest Ecology and Management, 141(1/2), 107-116. doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00494-1

Majunke, C., 2000. The mass outbreak of the European pine moth (Dendrolimus pini L.) in Brandenburg - a weather analysis during the progradation. (Die Massenvermehrung des Kiefernspinners (Dendrolimus pini L.) in Brandenburg - Analyse der Witterung in der Progradation). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie, 12(1-6), 75-78.

Matek, M., Pernek, M., 2018. First record of Dendrolimus pini outbreak on Aleppo pine in Croatia and severe case of population collapse caused by entomopathogen Beauveria bassiana. SEEFOR, 9(2), 91-96. doi: 10.15177/seefor.18-17

Distribution References

Baldassari N, 1996. Cedrus deodara, a new host plant for Dendrolimus pini, Pandemis cerasana and Argyrotaenia ljungiana. (Il cedro deodara nuova pianta ospite di Dendrolimus pini L. (Lep. Lasiocampidae), Pandemis cerasana (Hübner) e Argyrotaenia ljungiana (Thunberg) (Lep. Tortricidae).). Monti e Boschi. 47 (1), 39.

Belmonte M G, 2007. The Lepidoptera of the Sierra de Altaona and its surroundings (Murcia, Spain) (Insecta: Lepidoptera). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología. 35 (140), 373-380. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/455/45514001.pdf

Braschi J, Ponel P, Hebrard J-P, Fouchard M, 2018. Preliminary survey of the nocturnal Lepidoptera community on Bagaud island (Hyères Island Archipelago, Port-Cros National Park). In: Scientific Reports of the Port-Cros National Park, 113-121. https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01890139/

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Csóka G, 1991. The effects of damage stress by the pine moth (Dendrolimus pini L.) on the growth of a stand of young pines. (Der Einfluss der Schadenerregung des Kiefernspinners (Dendrolimus pini L.) auf das Wachstum eines Kiefern-Jungbestandes.). Anzeiger für Schadlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz. 64 (8), 148-150.

Dautbašić M, Mujezinović O, Topalović J, Tahirović A, 2014. Health status of forest even - aged stands on area of Eastern Bosnia. Radovi Šumarskog Fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu. 44 (2), 53-64. http://sfsa.unsa.ba/dokumenti/2015/radovi/HEALTH_STATUS_OF_FOREST_EVEN_AGED_STANDS_ON_AREA_OF_EASTERN_BOSNIA.pdf

De Vrieze M, 2001. Interesting observations of Lepidoptera in Greece. Phegea. 29 (1), 41-47. http://www.phegea.org/Phegea/2002/Phegea30-2_41-47.pdf

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Gedminas A, Lynikienė J, Bagdžiūnaitė A, 2011. The distribution of entomopathogen Cordyceps militaris Link. in pine stands of South Lithuania and impact on pine needle-eating insect pests. (Entomopatogeno Cordyceps militaris Link. paplitimas Pietų Lietuvos pušynuose ir jo įtaka pušų spyglius graužiantiems kenkėjams.). Miškininkystė. 14-21. http://www.mi.lt/miskininkyste.htm

Grodner J, Zander R, 2010. Sex propheromone of the pine tree lappet moth Dendrolimus pini and its use in attractant-based monitoring system. Pestycydy. 43-49.

Häussler D, 1989. Investigations to improve soil searches for overwintering stages of the Scots pine pests Panolis flammea, Bupalus piniarius, Dendrolimus pini and Diprion sp. (Untersuchungen zur Rationalisierung von Bodensuchen nach Überwinterungsstadien der Kiefernschädlinge Panolis flammea, Bupalus piniarius, Dendrolimus pini und Diprion sp.). Beiträge für die Forstwirtschaft. 23 (3), 119-123.

Jez M, Zaksek V, Stanta R, Zadravec B, Verovnik R, 2015. Moth fauna (Lepidoptera) at selected illuminated churches in Slovenia. (Favna nočnih metuljev (Lepidoptera) na izbranih osvetljenih cerkvah v Sloveniji). Natura Sloveniae. 17 (2), 17-45. https://search.proquest.com/openview/8ce2725e37ba2e31eb340b73ace359da/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=556336

Knill-Jones S A, 1997. Recent notable Lepidoptera including Dendrolimus pini (Linnaeus) recorded on the Isle of Wight. Entomologist's Gazette. 48 (2), 107-109.

Kondur Y, Oner N, Sİmsek Z, 2006. Harmful insects and relationships between certain tree properties in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) of Ilgaz Mountain, Cankiri, Turkey. Journal of Biological Sciences. 6 (6), 1065-1070. http://www.ansinet.org/jbs

Konecka E, Kaznowski A, Stachowiak M, Maciąg M, 2018. Activity of spore-crystal mixtures of new Bacillus thuringiensis strains against Dendrolimus pini (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) and Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Folia Forestalia Polonica. Series A, Forestry. 60 (2), 91-98. DOI:10.2478/ffp-2018-0009

Kononov A, Ustyantsev K, Wang B, Mastro V C, Fet V, Blinov A, Baranchikov Y, 2016. Genetic diversity among eight Dendrolimus species in Eurasia (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) inferred from mitochondrial COI and COII, and nuclear ITS2 markers. 17 (157), DOI:10.1186/s12863-016-0463-5

Kula E, 2007. Caterpillars of the crown fauna in stands of substitute tree species. Folia Oecologica. 34 (1), 30-41. http://sav.savzv.sk/savnew

Lindelöw Ǻ, Björkman C, 2001. Insects on lodgepole pine in Sweden - current knowledge and potential risks. Forest Ecology and Management. 141 (1/2), 107-116. DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00494-1

Majunke C, 2000. The mass outbreak of the European pine moth (Dendrolimus pini L.) in Brandenburg - a weather analysis during the progradation. (Die Massenvermehrung des Kiefernspinners (Dendrolimus pini L.) in Brandenburg - Analyse der Witterung in der Progradation.). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie. 12 (1-6), 75-78.

Matek M, Pernek M, 2018. First record of Dendrolimus pini outbreak on Aleppo pine in Croatia and severe case of population collapse caused by entomopathogen Beauveria bassiana. SEEFOR. 9 (2), 91-96. DOI:10.15177/seefor.18-17

Mikkola K, Ståhls G, 2008. Morphological and molecular taxonomy of Dendrolimus sibiricus Chetverikov stat.rev. and allied lappet moths (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae), with description of a new species. Entomologica Fennica. 19 (2), 65-85. http://www.entomologicafennica.org/Volume19/abstracts19_65.htm

Ostrauskas H, Ivinskis P, 2011. Moths caught in pheromone traps during search for Dendrolimus pini and D. sibiricus (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae) in Lithuania. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 21 (3), 238-243. DOI:10.2478/v10043-011-0027-x

Pszczolkowski M A, Smagghe G, 1999. Effect of 20-hydroxyecdysone agonist, tebufenozide, on pre- and post-diapause larvae of Dendrolimus pini (L.) (Lep., Lasiocampidae). Journal of Applied Entomology. 123 (3), 151-157. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0418.1999.00326.x

Stancă-Moise C, 2015. Information on the Macrolepidoptera fauna of "Dumbrava Sibiului" oak forest (Sibiu, Romania). Analele Universității din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie. 22 (1), 33-46. http://www.bioresearch.ro/bioresearch/2015-1/033-046-AUOFB.22.1.2015.MOISE.C.-Information.on.the.macrolepidoptera.pdf

Stanca-Moise C, 2015. The Collection of Lepidoptera Preserved at the Lucian Blaga "University - Sibiu (Note 1)". Oltenia. Studies and communications. Natural Sciences. 31 (2), 101-114. http://biozoojournals.ro/oscsn/cont/31_2/14_Stanca-Moise.pdf

Sukovata L, Kolk A, Jaroszynska J, Krajewska U, Purzynska A, Isidorov V, 2002. Host-tree Preferences of the Pine Moth (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) and Pine Beauty Moth (Lepidopera: Noctuidae) Larvae in Relation to Needle Quality. [Proceedings: Ecology, Survey and Management of Forest Insects GTR-NE-311], 98-106. https://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/gtr/gtr_ne311/gtr_ne311_098.pdf

Vassiliev I Y, 1913. Dendrolimus pini, L., and Dendrolimus segregatus, Butl., their life-history, injurious activities and methods of fighting them. Memoirs of the Bureau of Entomology of the Scientific Committee of the Central Board of Land Administration and Agriculture. 5 (7), 99 pp.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map
Select a dataset
Map Legends
  • CABI Summary Records
Map Filters
Extent
Invasive
Origin
Third party data sources: