Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Danaus plexippus
(monarch butterfly)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Danaus plexippus (monarch butterfly)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Danaus plexippus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • monarch butterfly
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Monarch butterfly feeding on Buddleia davidii at Secrest Arboretum, Wayne County, Ohio, USA.
TitleAdult
CaptionMonarch butterfly feeding on Buddleia davidii at Secrest Arboretum, Wayne County, Ohio, USA.
CopyrightTimothy A. Ebert
Monarch butterfly feeding on Buddleia davidii at Secrest Arboretum, Wayne County, Ohio, USA.
AdultMonarch butterfly feeding on Buddleia davidii at Secrest Arboretum, Wayne County, Ohio, USA.Timothy A. Ebert

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus)

Preferred Common Name

  • monarch butterfly

Other Scientific Names

  • Anosia plexippus (Linnaeus)
  • Danaida archippus
  • Danaida plexippus (Linnaeus)
  • Danais archippus
  • Danais menippe
  • Danais plexippus (Linnaeus)
  • Danaus archippus (Fabricius)
  • Danaus menippe (Hübner)

International Common Names

  • English: milkweed, butterfly; monarch, butterfly; wanderer, butterfly
  • French: monarque

EPPO code

  • DANAAR (Danaus archippus)
  • DANAME (Danaus menippe)
  • DANAPL (Danaus plexippus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Nymphalidae
  •                             Genus: Danaus
  •                                 Species: Danaus plexippus

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Africa

MauritiusUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
RéunionUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
Southern AfricaPresent
Spain
-Canary IslandsUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts

North America

BermudaPresent
CanadaPresent
-OntarioUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
MexicoPresent
USAPresent
-CaliforniaPresentCAB Abstracts
-FloridaPresentCAB Abstracts
-HawaiiPresent
-LouisianaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-North DakotaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-OhioPresent
-TexasPresent
-VermontUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-VirginiaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-WisconsinPresent

Central America and Caribbean

CaribbeanPresent

Europe

HungaryUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
IrelandUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
NetherlandsPresent
Portugal
-MadeiraUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
SpainPresent
UKUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-QueenslandPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
New ZealandPresent

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Brachymeria lasus Parasite
Brachymeria ovata Parasite Pupae
Entomophaga maimaiga Pathogen
Exorista bombycis Parasite Larvae
Icterus abeillei Predator
Lespesia archippivora Parasite Larvae
Paradrino laevicula Parasite Larvae
Pheucticus melanocephalus Predator Adults
Sturmia convergens Parasite Larvae
Tenodera sinensis Predator Adults

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map