Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
(globe artichoke)

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Datasheet

Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • globe artichoke
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); field crop of globe artichoke of "Romanesco" type.
TitleField crop
CaptionCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); field crop of globe artichoke of "Romanesco" type.
Copyright©Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); field crop of globe artichoke of "Romanesco" type.
Field cropCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); field crop of globe artichoke of "Romanesco" type.©Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); different typologies of globe artichoke heads.
TitleVarieties
CaptionCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); different typologies of globe artichoke heads.
Copyright©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy & Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); different typologies of globe artichoke heads.
VarietiesCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); different typologies of globe artichoke heads.©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy & Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); achenes.
TitleSeeds
CaptionCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); achenes.
Copyright©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy & Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); achenes.
SeedsCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); achenes.©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy & Paola Crinò/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); in vitro culture of globe artichoke plantlets.
TitleIn vitro culture
CaptionCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); in vitro culture of globe artichoke plantlets.
CopyrightGiorgio Ancora/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); in vitro culture of globe artichoke plantlets.
In vitro cultureCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); in vitro culture of globe artichoke plantlets.Giorgio Ancora/ENEA, Roma, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); insect pollination, in this instance by a bee (Hymenoptera).
TitlePollinator
CaptionCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); insect pollination, in this instance by a bee (Hymenoptera).
Copyright©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); insect pollination, in this instance by a bee (Hymenoptera).
PollinatorCynara cardunculus var. scolymus (globe artichoke); insect pollination, in this instance by a bee (Hymenoptera).©Mario Pagnotta/Tuscia University, Viterbo, Italy

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus Fiori

Preferred Common Name

  • globe artichoke

Other Scientific Names

  • Cynara scolymus Linneo

International Common Names

  • English: artichoke
  • Spanish: alcachofa; alcarchofa
  • French: artichaut
  • Arabic: al-karsufa
  • Chinese: yan ji tsai
  • Portuguese: alcachofa

Local Common Names

  • Argentina: alcaucil
  • Germany: Artischocke
  • Italy: carciofo
  • Lebanon: ardi-chawke
  • Netherlands: artisjok
  • Sweden: kronaertskocka

EPPO code

  • CYUSC (Cynara scolymus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Asterales
  •                         Family: Asteraceae
  •                             Genus: Cynara
  •                                 Species: Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Artichoke Italian latent virus; Artichoke latent virus; Artichoke mottled crinkle virus; Artichoke yellow ringspot virus; Autographa gamma (silver-Y moth); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Cossus cossus (carpenter moth); Cynthia cardui (painted lady butterfly); Dickeya dianthicola (slow wilt of Dianthus and potato); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Myzus persicae (green peach aphid); Pelargonium zonate spot virus; Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Platyptilia carduidactyla (artichoke plume moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato infectious chlorosis virus; Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Minor host of:

Acanthiophilus helianthi (fly, capsule); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Avena fatua (wild oat); Bean yellow mosaic virus (bean yellow mosaic); Brachycaudus helichrysi (leaf-curling plum aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma); Cassida viridis; Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Didymella ligulicola (ray (flower) blight of chrysanthemum); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Meloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode); Ostrinia nubilalis (European maize borer); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. brasiliense; Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Polygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed); Potato virus X (potato interveinal mosaic); Pratylenchus thornei; Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Raspberry ringspot virus (ringspot of raspberry); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tobacco rattle virus (spraing of potato); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Turnip mosaic virus (cabbage A virus mosaic); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt)

Associated with (not a host):

Delia platura (bean seed fly); Olpidium brassicae (Olpidium seedling blight); Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Serratia liquefaciens (insect pathogen (mainly orthopterans))

Host of (source - data mining):

Agromyza apfelbecki; Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis; Brachycaudus cardui (thistle aphid); Capitophorus elaeagni (artichoke, aphid); Copitarsia consueta; Gortyna xanthenes; Halticus bractatus; Peridroma chilenaria; Poplar mosaic virus; Pseudoleucania bilitura; Pseudomonas marginalis (kansas lettuce disease); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast)