Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cyrtorhinus fulvus



Cyrtorhinus fulvus


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cyrtorhinus fulvus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Adult of Cyrtorhinus sp.
TitleAdult of Cyrtorhinus sp.
CaptionAdult of Cyrtorhinus sp.
Copyright©Natural History Museum, London
Adult of Cyrtorhinus sp.
Adult of Cyrtorhinus sp.Adult of Cyrtorhinus sp.©Natural History Museum, London


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cyrtorhinus fulvus

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Heteroptera
  •                             Family: Miridae
  •                                 Genus: Cyrtorhinus
  •                                     Species: Cyrtorhinus fulvus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
PhilippinesPresent, WidespreadNative

North America

United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.


American SamoaPresent
FijiPresent, WidespreadNative
French PolynesiaPresentIntroduced1947Established
Papua New GuineaPresent, WidespreadNative
SamoaPresent, WidespreadNativeOriginal citation: Carvalho & Southwood, 1987
Solomon IslandsPresentIntroduced1975Established
TuvaluPresentIntroduced1983Establishment uncertain
Wallis and FutunaPresentIntroducedNot established

Natural enemy of

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SpeciesStages attackedCountries where known to occurReferences
Tarophagus colocasiaeEggs/Nymphs
Tarophagus persephoneEggs
Tarophagus proserpinaAdults/Nymphs


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Bentur JS; Kalode MB, 1985. Technique for rearing the predatory mirid bug Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Reut) on Corcyra eggs. Current Science, India, 54(11):513-514

Chakraborty DP; Srivastava PC; Ghose GC; Maslen NR; Holt J; Fowler SV, 1990. Rice pest abundance in Bihar and Orissa States, India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(4):26-27

Chelliah S; Rajendran R, 1984. Toxicity of insecticides to the predatory mirid bug Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(4):15-16

Chen JM; Cheng JA; He JH, 1994. Effects of temperature and food on the development, survival and reproduction of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Reuter). Acta Entomologica Sinica 37:63-70 (in Chinese, English summary).

Chua TH; Mikil E, 1989. Effects of prey number and stage on the biology of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Hemiptera: Miridae): a predator of Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae) Environmental Entomology, 18(2):251-255.

Clausen CP, 1978. Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: a World Review. Agricultural Handbook No. 480. Washington DC, USA: Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture.

Dhaliwal GS; Pathak MD; Vega CR, 1990. Effect of a rice allelochemical on insect pests, predators and plant pathogens. Journal of Insect Science, 3(2):136-140

Fabellar LT; Heinrichs EA, 1986. Relative toxicity of insecticides to rice planthoppers and leafhoppers and their predators. Crop Protection, 5(4):254-258

Geetha N; Gopalan M; Balasubramanian G, 1993. Ovipositional behaviour of mirid bug, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Reuter) on rice and weeds. Journal of Entomological Research, 17(1):17-20

Greathead DJ, 1971. A review of biological control in the Ethiopian Region. CIBC Technical Communication No. 5. Farnham Royal, UK: CAB International.

Greathead DJ; Greathead AH, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information, 13(4):61N-68N.

Heinrichs EA; Aquino GB; Valencia SL; Sagun S de; Arceo MB, 1986. Management of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae), with early maturing rice cultivars. Environmental Entomology, 15(1):93-95

Heinrichs EA; Basilio RP; Valencia SL, 1984. Buprofezin, a selective insecticide for the management of rice planthoppers (Homoptera: Delphacidae) and leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Environmental Entomology, 13(2):515-521

Heong KL; Bleih S; Lazaro AA, 1990. Predation of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter on eggs of the green leafhopper and brown planthopper in rice. Researches on Population Ecology, 32(2):255-262

Heong KL; Bleih S; Rubia E, 1989. Predation of wolf spider on mirid bug and brown planthopper (BPH). International Rice Research Newsletter, 14(6):33

Kamal NQ; Dyck VA, 1994. Regulation of whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera Horvath populations by predators. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 22(1):61-67.

Lei NJ; Dai J; Nie ZY, 1984. Observations on the effectiveness of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter for the control of planthoppers in rice fields. Natural Enemies of Insects (Kunchong Tiandi), 6(3):143-144

Li KH; Li YF; Xu X, 1985. Toxic determination of Yefeisan and Sumicidin to Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) and Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Reut). Guangdong Agricultural Science, No. 2:34-35

Liquido NJ; Nishida T, 1983. Geographical distribution of Cyrtorhinus and Tytthus (Heteroptera: Miridae), egg predators of cicadellid and delphacid pests. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 31(4):159-162

Liquido NJ; Nishida T, 1985. Observations on some aspects of the biology of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter (Heteroptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 25:95-101

Liquido NJ; Nishida T, 1985. Variation in number of instars, longevity, and fecundity of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter (Hemiptera: Miridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 78(4):459-463

Luo GF, 1985. Population fluctuations of rice planthoppers in paddy fields and an analysis of correlation with their natural enemies. Insect-Knowledge - Kunchong-Zhishi 22:101-104 (in Chinese, English summary).

Luo XN; Zuo WX, 1986. A study on the relationship between the population fluctuations of rice planthoppers and their natural enemies and natural control effects. Natural Enemies of Insects, 8(2):72-79

Mancharan N; Jayaraj S, 1979. Observations on the ecology and bio-control agents of the rice brown planthopper. Recent trends in rice brown plant hopper control. Colloquium on rice brown plant hopper, 24 June 1979. Sandoz (India) Limited. Coimbatore India, 28-31

Manjunath TM, 1978. Two nematode parasites of rice brown planthopper in India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 3(2):11-12

Manjunath TM; Naidu BS; Krishna Prasad NK, 1977. The rice brown planthopper and its predator, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, on some rice cultivars in India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 2:5.

Manti I; Shepard BM, 1990. Predation of brown planthopper (BPH) eggs by Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter. International Rice Research Newsletter, 15(6):25

Nguyen Cong Thuat; Dias van Thans, 1984. Population dynamics of the brown planthopper (BPH) in the Mekong Delta. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(5):14-15

Ooi PAC, 1979. Flight activities of brown planthopper, whitebacked planthopper, and their predator C. lividipennis in Malaysia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 4(6):12

Ooi PAC, 1980. Seasonal abundance of the whitebacked planthopper and brown planthopper and predators in insecticide-free rice fields in Malaysia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 5(1):13-14

Ooi PAC; Lim GS; Koh AK, 1978. Some common predators associated with the brown planthopper in Malaysia. International Rice Research Newsletter, 3(4):17

Peter C; David BV; Sundararajan R; Govindarajalu V, 1989. Evaluation of ethofenprox for the control of the brown plant hopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal.) and its effect on predators. Pestology, 13(12):13-16

Pophaly DJ; Rao TB; Kalode MB, 1978. Biology and predation of the mirid bug, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter on plant and leafhoppers in rice. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 6(1):7-14

Rajendram GF; Devarajah FR, 1990. Laboratory rearing of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Hemiptera: Miridae). Vingnanam Journal of Science, 5(1-2):14-21, 45

Reddy MS; Rao PK; Rao BHK; Rao GN, 1983. Preliminary studies on the seasonal prevalence of certain Homoptera occurring on rice at Hyderabad. Indian Journal of Entomology, 45(1):20-28

Reissig WH; Heinrichs EA; Valencia SL, 1982. Effects of insecticides on Nilaparvata lugens and its predators: spiders, Microvelia atrolineata, and Cyrtorhinus lividipennis. Environmental Entomology, 11(1):193-199

Reyes TM; Gabriel BP, 1974. The life-history and consumption habits of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter (Hemiptera: Miridae). Philippine Entomologist, 3(2):79-88

Riley JR; Reynolds DR; Farrow RA, 1987. The migration of Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) (Delphacidae) and other Hemiptera associated with rice during the dry season in the Philippines: a study using radar, visual observations, aerial netting and ground trapping. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 77(1):145-169

Rombach MC; Roberts DW, 1989. Hirsutella species (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) on Philippine insects. Philippine Entomologist, 7(5):491-518

Shui-chen Chiu, 1979. Biological control of the brown planthopper. International Rice Research Institute: Brown planthopper: threat to rice production in Asia. International Rice Research Institute. Los Banos, Laguna Philippines, 335-355

Sivapragasam A; Asma A, 1985. Development and reproduction of the mirid bug, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Heteroptera: Miridae) and its functional response to the brown planthopper. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 20(4):373-379

Stapley JH, 1976. The brown planthopper and Cyrtorhinus spp. predators in the Solomon Islands. Rice Entomology Newsletter, No. 4:15-16

Suvaparp P; Heong KL, 1992. Relative potency of three insecticides on Cyrtorhinus lividipennis and brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens. International Rice Research Newsletter, 17(6):28-29

Upadhyay RK; Diwakar MC, 1983. Natural enemies of rice insect pests in Chhatisgarh (M.P.), India. International Rice Research Newsletter, 8(6):17-18

Yasumatsu K, 1975. Preliminary studies on the taxonomy of natural enemies of agricultural pests for the development of integrated control programmes. FAO AGP: DP/ROK/17/532, Suweon, Korea.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Greathead D J, Greathead A H, 1992. Biological control of insect pests by insect parasitoids and predators: the BIOCAT database. Biocontrol News and Information. 13 (4), 61N-68N.

Distribution Maps

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