Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Corylus avellana
(hazel)

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Datasheet

Corylus avellana (hazel)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 18 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Corylus avellana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • hazel
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Charcoal
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fuelwood
  • Soil improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Corylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height.  Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
TitleHabit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height. Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
Copyright©Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height.  Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
HabitCorylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height. Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.©Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
TitleAutumnal habit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
Copyright©Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
Autumnal habitCorylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.©Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
TitleWinter habit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
Copyright©Giacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
Winter habitCorylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.©Giacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
TitleFoliage
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Corylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
FoliageCorylus avellana (hazel). foliage.©A.R. Pittaway
Corylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
TitleMale catkins
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
Copyright©Giacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
Male catkinsCorylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.©Giacomo Lozupone

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Corylus avellana L.

Preferred Common Name

  • hazel

Other Scientific Names

  • Corylus avellana f. aurea (G. Kirchn.) C. K. Schneid.
  • Corylus avellana f. contorta (Bean) Rehder
  • Corylus avellana f. fusco-rubra Dippel
  • Corylus avellana f. heterophylla (Lodd. ex Loudon) Rehder
  • Corylus avellana f. pendula (H. Jaeger) Dippel
  • Corylus avellana var. aurea G. Kirchn.
  • Corylus avellana var. contorta Bean
  • Corylus avellana var. fusco-rubra ined.
  • Corylus avellana var. heterophylla (Lodd. ex Loudon) Loudon
  • Corylus avellana var. pendula H. Jaeger

International Common Names

  • English: cobnut; European filbert; European hazel; filbert; giant filbert; hazelnut
  • Spanish: avellano; avellano de Lambert
  • French: avelinier; coudrier; noisetier; noisetier franc; noisetier tubuleux
  • Portuguese: aveleira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: gewöhnliche Hasel; Haselnuss; Haselstrauch; Lambertnuss; Lambertshasel
  • India: bhotia badam
  • Italy: nocciòlo
  • Netherlands: hazelaar, gewoone; hazelnoot, gewoone
  • Sweden: hassel

EPPO code

  • CYLAV (Corylus avellana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fagales
  •                         Family: Betulaceae
  •                             Genus: Corylus
  •                                 Species: Corylus avellana

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Anisogramma anomala (eastern filbert blight); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller); Curculio nucum (hazelnut weevil); Cydia latiferreana (filbertworm); Erysiphe corylacearum; Gonocerus acuteangulatus; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Myzocallis coryli (filbert, aphid); Nematospora coryli (yeast spot of beans); Phyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees); Phytoptus avellanae (filbert, bud mite); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Pseudomonas avellanae (stem dieback of hazel nut); Pucciniastrum coryli; Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina (hazelnut blight); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)

Minor host of:

Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Colletotrichum fioriniae; Diaporthe australafricana; Diplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease); Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Fomitiporia mediterranea (esca disease); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Fusicoccum amygdali; Gibberella baccata (collar rot of coffee); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Hyphantria cunea (mulberry moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Neonectria ditissima (Nectria canker (apple, pear)); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Orthosia cerasi (common quaker); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Phytoplasma fragariae; Phytoplasma mali (apple proliferation); Phytoplasma pyri (pear decline); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Tortrix viridana (green oak leaf-roller); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)

Wild host of:

Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Penicillium notatum (storage rot of cereals)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Dothiorella iberica; Dothiorella parva; Megaplatypus mutatus; Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Soil improvement

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Nuts

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Lipids
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Woodware

  • Turnery