Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Corylus avellana
(hazel)

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Datasheet

Corylus avellana (hazel)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Corylus avellana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • hazel
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Charcoal
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fuelwood
  • Soil improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Corylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height.  Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
TitleHabit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height. Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
CopyrightLucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height.  Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
HabitCorylus avellana (hazel); habit in garden hedge, ca.5 years old and 2.5m in height. Caramnaico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
TitleAutumnal habit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
CopyrightLucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.
Autumnal habitCorylus avellana (hazel). autumnal habit. Caramanico Terme, Abruzzo, Italy.Lucio Di Cosmo
Corylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
TitleWinter habit
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
CopyrightGiacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.
Winter habitCorylus avellana (hazel); winter habit. Viterbo, Italy.Giacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
TitleFoliage
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Corylus avellana (hazel). foliage.
FoliageCorylus avellana (hazel). foliage.©A.R. Pittaway
Corylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
TitleMale catkins
CaptionCorylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
CopyrightGiacomo Lozupone
Corylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.
Male catkinsCorylus avellana (hazel); twig with male catkins.Giacomo Lozupone

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Corylus avellana L.

Preferred Common Name

  • hazel

Other Scientific Names

  • Corylus avellana f. aurea (G. Kirchn.) C. K. Schneid.
  • Corylus avellana f. contorta (Bean) Rehder
  • Corylus avellana f. fusco-rubra Dippel
  • Corylus avellana f. heterophylla (Lodd. ex Loudon) Rehder
  • Corylus avellana f. pendula (H. Jaeger) Dippel
  • Corylus avellana var. aurea G. Kirchn.
  • Corylus avellana var. contorta Bean
  • Corylus avellana var. fusco-rubra ined.
  • Corylus avellana var. heterophylla (Lodd. ex Loudon) Loudon
  • Corylus avellana var. pendula H. Jaeger

International Common Names

  • English: cobnut; European filbert; European hazel; filbert; giant filbert; hazelnut
  • Spanish: avellano; avellano de Lambert
  • French: avelinier; coudrier; noisetier; noisetier franc; noisetier tubuleux
  • Portuguese: aveleira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: gewöhnliche Hasel; Haselnuss; Haselstrauch; Lambertnuss; Lambertshasel
  • India: bhotia badam
  • Italy: nocciòlo
  • Netherlands: hazelaar, gewoone; hazelnoot, gewoone
  • Sweden: hassel

EPPO code

  • CYLAV (Corylus avellana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fagales
  •                         Family: Betulaceae
  •                             Genus: Corylus
  •                                 Species: Corylus avellana

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Anisogramma anomala (eastern filbert blight); Apple mosaic virus (chestnut mosaic); Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller); Curculio nucum (hazelnut weevil); Cydia latiferreana (filbertworm); Gonocerus acuteangulatus; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Myzocallis coryli (filbert, aphid); Nematospora coryli (yeast spot of beans); Phyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees); Phytoptus avellanae (filbert, bud mite); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Pseudomonas avellanae (stem dieback of hazel nut); Pucciniastrum coryli; Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina (hazelnut blight); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)

Minor host of:

Amphitetranychus viennensis (hawthorn (spider) mite); Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Chinavia hilaris (green stink bug); Diaporthe australafricana; Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Fomitiporia mediterranea (esca disease); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Fusicoccum amygdali; Gibberella baccata (collar rot of coffee); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Hyphantria cunea (mulberry moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Malacosoma neustria (common lackey); Monilinia fructigena (brown rot); Neonectria ditissima (Nectria canker (apple, pear)); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Orthosia cerasi (common quaker); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Parthenolecanium corni (European fruit lecanium); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Phytoplasma fragariae; Phytoplasma mali (apple proliferation); Phytoplasma pyri (pear decline); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Tortrix viridana (green oak leaf-roller); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)

Wild host of:

Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Saturnia pyri (giant emperor moth)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Penicillium notatum (storage rot of cereals)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Botryosphaeria obtusa (black rot of apple); Dothiorella iberica; Dothiorella parva; Megaplatypus mutatus; Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Soil improvement

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Nuts

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Lipids
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Woodware

  • Turnery