Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Grapholita packardi
(cherry fruitworm)

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Datasheet

Grapholita packardi (cherry fruitworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Grapholita packardi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cherry fruitworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleG. packardi; adult (museum set specimen)
Caption
Copyright©David Agassiz
G. packardi; adult (museum set specimen)©David Agassiz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Grapholita packardi Zeller

Preferred Common Name

  • cherry fruitworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Cydia packardi (Zeller)
  • Enarmonia packardi (Zeller)
  • Enarmonia pyricolana (Murtfeldt)
  • Grapholita packardi Zeller
  • Grapholitha packardi Zeller
  • Laspeyresia packardi (Zeller)
  • Laspeyresia pyricolana (Murtfeldt)
  • Steganoptycha pyricolana Murtfeldt

International Common Names

  • French: noctuelle des cerises; phalène des cerises

EPPO code

  • LASPPA (Cydia packardi)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Grapholita
  •                                 Species: Grapholita packardi

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / internal feeding
Growing point / distortion
Growing point / internal feeding; boring

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Chelonus grapholithae Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Euderus cushmani Parasite Larvae
Glypta rufiscutellaris Parasite Larvae
Phanerotoma fasciata Parasite Eggs/Larvae
Psychophagus omnivorus Parasite Pupae
Scambus transgressus Parasite Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Arnett RH, 2000. American insects. A handbook of the insects of America north of Mexico. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 706

Beckwith CS, 1943. Insects attacking blueberry fruit. Circular New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, no. 472:1-4

CABI/EPPO, 2000. Grapholita packardi. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Map No. 603. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Chapman PJ, Lienk SE, 1971. Tortricid fauna of apple in New York. Special Publications, Agricultural Experimental Station, Cornell University, Geneva, New York State, 46-48

Dever DA, 1957. Notes on the biology of the cherry fruit worm in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Academy Sciences, Arts and Letters Transactions, 45:111-124

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Feder JL, Reynolds K, Go W, Wang EC, 1995. Intra- and interspecific competition and host race formation in the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia, 101(4):416-425

Garman P, 1918. Comparison of several species of Lepidoptera infesting peach and apple in Maryland, with additional notes on the oriental peach moth. Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 223:103-126

Heinrich C, 1926. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamilies Laspeyresiinae and Olethreutinae. United States National Museum Bulletin, No. 132:67-69

Hoerner JL, List GM, 1952. Controlling cherry fruitworm in Colorado. Journal of Economic Entomology, 45:800-805

Komai F, 1999. Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 55:111

Krombein KV, Hurd PD Jr. , Smith DR, Burks BD, 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press

MacKay MR, 1959. Larvae of the North American Olethreutinae (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist, Supplement 10:1-338

Miller WE, 1987. Guide to the olethreutine moths of midland North America (Tortricidae). United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook, no. 660:1-104

Neunzig HH, Falter JM, 1966. Insect and mite pests of blueberry in North Carolina. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 427:1-34

Oatman ER, 1964. Bionomics of the destructive prune worm Mineola scitulella on sour cherry in Wisconsin. Journal of Economic Entomology, 57:100-102

Oatman ER, Ehlers CG, 1962. Cherry insects and diseases in Wisconsin. Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 555:1- 43

OEPP/EPPO, 1999. EPPO Standards PM 1/2(8) EPPO A1 and A2 lists of quarantine pests. In: EPPO Standards PM 1, General Phytosanitary Measures. Paris, France: EPPO, 5-17

Salinas-Castro, A., Aburto-Aguilar, J., Landa-Cadena, M. G., San Martín-Romero, E., Morales-Báez, M., Trigos, Á., 2018. First report of the cherry borer Grapholita packardi (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) attacking hawthorn fruits (Crataegus mexicana) in Veracruz, Mexico. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 77(3), 22-25. https://biotaxa.org/RSEA/article/view/41324/35181

Sanderson ED, 1901. Three orchard pests. I. The apple bud-borer. II. The fruit-tree bark-borer. III. The periodical cicada. Delaware College Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 53:3-19

Smith IM, McNamara DG, Scott PR, Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref

Tomlinson WE, 1951. Control of insect larvae infesting immature blueberry fruit. Journal of Economic Entomology, 44:247-250

USDA, 1963. List of intercepted plant pests, 1962. Washington, USA: United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Plant Quarantine Division

Vergeer T, 1954. The cherry fruitworm (Grapholitha packardi) as a blueberry pest in Michigan. Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station Quarterly Bulletin, no. 36:370-373

Distribution References

Beckwith C S, 1943. Insects attacking blueberry fruit. In: Circular New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, 1-4.

CABI, EPPO, 2000. Grapholita packardi. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 603.

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CHAPMAN P J, LIENK S E, 1971. Tortricid fauna of apple in New York (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae); including an account of apples' occurrence in the State, especially as a naturalized plant. Geneva, NY, USA: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. 122 pp.

Dever DA, 1957. Notes on the biology of the cherry fruit worm in Wisconsin., 45 111-124.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Feder J L, Reynolds K, Go W, Wang E C, 1995. Intra- and interspecific competition and host race formation in the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia. 101 (4), 416-425. DOI:10.1007/BF00329420

Garman P, 1918. Comparison of several species of Lepidoptera infesting peach and apple in Maryland, with additional notes on the oriental peach moth. In: Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin. 103-126.

HOERNER J L, LIST G M, 1952. Controlling cherry fruitworm in Colorado. Journal of Economic Entomology. 45 (5), 800-805. DOI:10.1093/jee/45.5.800

Neunzig HH, Falter JM, 1966. Insect and mite pests of blueberry in North Carolina. In: North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 427 1-34.

NHM, 1923. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London).

OATMAN E R, 1964. Bionomics of the destructive prune worm, Mineola scitulella, on sour cherry in Wisconsin. Journal of Economic Entomology. 57 (1), 100-102 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/57.1.100

OATMAN E R, EHLERS C G, 1962. Cherry insects and diseases in Wisconsin. Bulletin. Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station. 43 pp.

OEPP/EPPO, 1999. EPPO Standards PM 1/2(8) EPPO A1 and A2 lists of quarantine pests. In: EPPO Standards PM 1, General Phytosanitary Measures, Paris, France: EPPO. 5-17.

Salinas-Castro A, Aburto-Aguilar J, Landa-Cadena M G, San Martín-Romero E, Morales-Báez M, Trigos Á, 2018. First report of the cherry borer Grapholita packardi (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) attacking hawthorn fruits (Crataegus mexicana) in Veracruz, Mexico. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina. 77 (3), 22-25. https://biotaxa.org/RSEA/article/view/41324/35181

Sanderson E D, 1901. Three orchard pests. I. The apple bud-borer. II. The fruit-tree bark-borer. III. The periodical cicada. In: Delaware College Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin. 3-19.

TOMLINSON jr W E, 1951. Control of Insect Larvae infesting immature Blneberry Fruit. Journal of Economic Entomology. 44 (2), 247-250 pp. DOI:10.1093/jee/44.2.247

Vergeer T, 1954. The cherry fruitworm (Grapholitha packardi) as a blueberry pest in Michigan. In: Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station Quarterly Bulletin. 370-373.

Distribution Maps

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