Grapholita inopinata (Manchurian fruit moth)
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Grapholita inopinata Heinrich
Preferred Common Name
- Manchurian fruit moth
Other Scientific Names
- Cydia inopinata (Heinrich)
- Cydia prunifoliae (Kozhanchikov)
- Grapholita inopinata (Heinrich)
- Grapholitha inopinata Heinrich
- Laspeyresia inopinata
- Laspeyresia prunifoliae (Kozhanchikov)
Local Common Names
- Japan: Manshuuringo-hime-shinkui; ringoko-shinkui
- CYDIIN (Cydia inopinata)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Metazoa
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Subphylum: Uniramia
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Lepidoptera
- Family: Tortricidae
- Genus: Grapholita
- Species: Grapholita inopinata
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Growth StagesTop of page Fruiting stage
List of Symptoms/SignsTop of page
|Fruit / internal feeding|
|Seeds / external feeding|
|Seeds / internal feeding|
Natural enemiesTop of page
Pathway VectorsTop of page
|Containers and packaging - wood||Yes|
Plant TradeTop of page
|Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transport||Pest stages||Borne internally||Borne externally||Visibility of pest or symptoms|
|Fruits (inc. pods)||larvae||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Growing medium accompanying plants||larvae||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches||larvae||Yes||Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye|
|Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport|
|True seeds (inc. grain)|
ReferencesTop of page
Danilevskii AS, 1958. The species of fruit moths (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae, Carposinidae, Tortricidae) injurious to fruit trees in the Far East. Revue d'Entomologie de l'URSS, 37:282-293.
EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm
Heinrich C, 1928. A new apple moth from Manchuria (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Proceedings, Entomological Society of Washington, 30:91-92.
Hwang KH et al., 1958. Acta Oeconomica-Entomologica Sinica, 1:31-36.
Kolmakova VD, 1958. On the biology of Siberian fruit moths of the genus Grapholitha (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae), injurious to fruit trees in Transbaikalia. Revue d'Entomologie de l'URSS, 37:134-150.
Kolmakova VD, 1965. Use of the local form of Trichogramma (Trichogramma embriophagum Htg.) in the orchards of Transbaikalia. Zashchita Rastenii, 24:203-210.
Komai F, 1999. Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 55:111.
Kondo T; Miyahara T, 1930. Fruit borers and a summary of their life-histories in Kwangtung, China. Journal of Plant Protection, 17:85-94.
OEPP/EPPO, 1999. EPPO Standards PM 1/2(8) EPPO A1 and A2 lists of quarantine pests. In: EPPO Standards PM 1, General Phytosanitary Measures. Paris, France: EPPO, 5-17.
Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.
Takizawa M, 1936. Studies on the apple fruit borer, Grapholitha inopinata. South Manchuria Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 16: 77-113.
Tikhonov NP, 1962. Orchard fruit moths of the Far East. Zashchita Rastenii, no. 7:45-46.
Wu WC; Huang KH, 1955. Identification of fruit moths damaging apple fruits. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 5:347-348.
CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Komai F, 1999. (Entomologica Scandinavica)., 55 111.
Distribution MapsTop of page
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