Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Grapholita inopinata
(Manchurian fruit moth)

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Datasheet

Grapholita inopinata (Manchurian fruit moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Grapholita inopinata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Manchurian fruit moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleC. inopinata; adult (museum set specimen)
Caption
Copyright©David Agassiz
C. inopinata; adult (museum set specimen)©David Agassiz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Grapholita inopinata Heinrich

Preferred Common Name

  • Manchurian fruit moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Cydia inopinata (Heinrich)
  • Cydia prunifoliae (Kozhanchikov)
  • Grapholita inopinata (Heinrich)
  • Grapholitha inopinata Heinrich
  • Laspeyresia inopinata
  • Laspeyresia prunifoliae (Kozhanchikov)

Local Common Names

  • Japan: Manshuuringo-hime-shinkui; ringoko-shinkui

EPPO code

  • CYDIIN (Cydia inopinata)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Grapholita
  •                                 Species: Grapholita inopinata

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / internal feeding
Seeds / external feeding
Seeds / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Campoplex grapholithae Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Nemeritis sp. Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma sibiricum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma telengai Parasite Eggs

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Containers and packaging - wood Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Growing medium accompanying plants larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Leaves
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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Akulov EN; Kirichenko NI, 2014. Mass catches of Grapholitha inopinata in southern Siberia. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, No.10:36-40. http://www.z-i-k-r.ru

Bae YangSeop; Park KyuTek, 1997. Systematic study of the genus Grapholita Treitschke (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) from Korea. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences, 1(4):539-547; 48 ref.

CABI/EPPO, 2000. Grapholita inopinata. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Map No. 602. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Danilevskii AS, 1958. The species of fruit moths (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae, Carposinidae, Tortricidae) injurious to fruit trees in the Far East. Revue d'Entomologie de l'URSS, 37:282-293.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Gibanov PK; Sanin YuV, 1971. Lepidoptera - pests of fruits in the Maritime Province. Zashchita Rastenii, 16(8):41-43

Heinrich C, 1928. A new apple moth from Manchuria (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Proceedings, Entomological Society of Washington, 30:91-92.

Hwang KH et al., 1958. Acta Oeconomica-Entomologica Sinica, 1:31-36.

Kolmakova VD, 1958. On the biology of Siberian fruit moths of the genus Grapholitha (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae), injurious to fruit trees in Transbaikalia. Revue d'Entomologie de l'URSS, 37:134-150.

Kolmakova VD, 1965. Use of the local form of Trichogramma (Trichogramma embriophagum Htg.) in the orchards of Transbaikalia. Zashchita Rastenii, 24:203-210.

Komai F, 1999. Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 55:111.

Kondo T; Miyahara T, 1930. Fruit borers and a summary of their life-histories in Kwangtung, China. Journal of Plant Protection, 17:85-94.

Lopatina VV, 1978. The Manchurian apple fruit moth in the Chita region. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 4:47-48

OEPP/EPPO, 1999. EPPO Standards PM 1/2(8) EPPO A1 and A2 lists of quarantine pests. In: EPPO Standards PM 1, General Phytosanitary Measures. Paris, France: EPPO, 5-17.

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Sorokina AP, 1981. Two new species of the genus Trichogramma (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) From Central Asia and Siberia. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 60(1):157-160

Takizawa M, 1936. Studies on the apple fruit borer, Grapholitha inopinata. South Manchuria Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, no. 16: 77-113.

Tikhonov NP, 1962. Orchard fruit moths of the Far East. Zashchita Rastenii, no. 7:45-46.

Wu WC; Huang KH, 1955. Identification of fruit moths damaging apple fruits. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 5:347-348.

Distribution Maps

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