Cuscuta reflexa (dodder)
- Taxonomic Tree
- Distribution Table
- Risk of Introduction
- Hosts/Species Affected
- Host Plants and Other Plants Affected
- Growth Stages
- Biology and Ecology
- Notes on Natural Enemies
- Uses List
- Similarities to Other Species/Conditions
- Prevention and Control
- Distribution Maps
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PicturesTop of page
IdentityTop of page
Preferred Scientific Name
- Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. (1798)
Preferred Common Name
Other Scientific Names
- Cuscuta elatior Choisy (1841)
- Cuscuta hookeri Sweet (1826)
- Cuscuta macrantha Don. (1837)
- Cuscuta megalantha Steudel (1840)
- Cuscuta verrucosa Sweet (1823)
International Common Names
- French: cuscute; cuscute grosse
- CVCRE (Cuscuta reflexa)
Taxonomic TreeTop of page
- Domain: Eukaryota
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Spermatophyta
- Subphylum: Angiospermae
- Class: Dicotyledonae
- Order: Solanales
- Family: Cuscutaceae
- Genus: Cuscuta
- Species: Cuscuta reflexa
DescriptionTop of page
DistributionTop of page
Distribution TableTop of page
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.Last updated: 17 Feb 2021
|Continent/Country/Region||Distribution||Last Reported||Origin||First Reported||Invasive||Reference||Notes|
|-Yunnan||Present||Original citation: Yuncker, 1932|
|-Sikkim||Present||Original citation: Yuncker, 1932|
|-Uttar Pradesh||Present||Original citation: Rawat and Sachan (1994)|
|-Java||Present||Original citation: Yuncker, 1932|
Risk of IntroductionTop of page
Hosts/Species AffectedTop of page
Host Plants and Other Plants AffectedTop of page
Growth StagesTop of page
Biology and EcologyTop of page
Notes on Natural EnemiesTop of page
ImpactTop of page
Uses ListTop of page
Similarities to Other Species/ConditionsTop of page
Cuscuta monogyna, with style and stigmas of about equal length, is a species of the Mediterranean and Middle East, eastwards to Afghanistan, which occurs mainly on woody shrub and tree hosts but also on some herbaceous plants. It is known to be troublesome in Iran, Pakistan, the former USSR, Afghanistan, Iraq, Jordan, Israel and Cyprus, on fruit trees including citrus and olive, and on vegetables including onion (Parker and Riches, 1993).
C. lupuliformis, with style about twice as long as the stigmas, is a European species, also occurring in India, Afghanistan and Brazil, which mainly attacks only tree and shrub species (Parker and Riches, 1993).
C. japonica, with style distinctly longer than the stigmas, occurs in East Asia, and is locally important in China and Japan on both woody and herbaceous hosts including potato and aubergine, but not tomato (Parker and Riches, 1993).
Prevention and ControlTop of page
Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label.See data sheet on Cuscuta campestris.
ReferencesTop of page
Ashok Yadav, Banga RS, Balyan RS, Malik RK, Punia SS, 2007. Evaluation of herbicides against dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) infesting the hedges of bougainvillea (Bougainvillaea purpurea) and cleridendron (Cleridendron splendena). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 77(7):462-463.
Yuncker TG, 1932. The genus Cuscuta. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club, 18:113-331.
Ashok Yadav, Banga R S, Balyan R S, Malik R K, Punia S S, 2007. Evaluation of herbicides against dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) infesting the hedges of bougainvillea (Bougainvillaea purpurea) and cleridendron (Cleridendron splendena). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 77 (7), 462-463.
CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI
CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI
Fazal Hadi, Muhammad Ibrar, 2015. Ecology of weeds in wheat crops of Kalash valley, district Chitral, Hindukush Range, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 21 (3), 425-433. http://www.wssp.org.pk/vol-21-3-2015/11.%20PJWSR-06-2015.pdf
Nayak S K, Satapathy K B, 2015. Diversity, uses and origin of invasive alien plants in Dhenkanal district of Odisha, India. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 4 (2), 21-27. http://www.isca.in/IJBS/Archive/v4/i2/4.ISCA-IRJBS-2014-223.pdf
Distribution MapsTop of page
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CABI Summary Records
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