Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cucumber vein yellowing virus
(cucumber vein yellowing)



Cucumber vein yellowing virus (cucumber vein yellowing)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumber vein yellowing virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber vein yellowing
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Ipomovirus
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumber vein yellowing virus

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber vein yellowing

Other Scientific Names

  • Bottle gourd mosaic virus

International Common Names

  • Spanish: virus de las venas amarillas del pepino

English acronym

  • CVYV

EPPO code

  • CVYV00 (Cucumber vein yellowing virus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Ipomovirus
  •                     Species: Cucumber vein yellowing virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
-West BengalPresentCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
IranRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
IsraelPresentCohen & Nitzany, 1960; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
JordanPresent1985Al-Musa et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
LebanonRestricted distributionAbrahamian et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
Saudi ArabiaAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
SyriaAbsent, unreliable recordEPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresent1989Yilmaz et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014


EgyptWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2014
SudanPresentDesbiez et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
TunisiaRestricted distributionYakoubi et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014


BelgiumAbsent, no pest recordEPPO, 2014
CyprusRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
FranceEradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
-France (mainland)EradicatedCABI/EPPO, 2014
PortugalRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014
SpainRestricted distributionCuadrado et al., 2001a; Cuadrado et al., 2001b; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal patterns
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / reduced size
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Whole plant / discoloration
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
True seeds (inc. grain)

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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Bemisia tabaciEFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2013. Insect


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===, 2005. Cucumber vein yellowing ipomovirus. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 35(3):419-421.

Abrahamian PE; Sobh H; Seblani R; Samsatly J; Jawhari M; Abou-Jawdah Y, 2013. First report of Cucumber vein yellowing virus on cucumber in Lebanon. Plant Disease, 97(11):1516-1517.

Al-Musa AM, 1989. Oversummering hosts for some cucurbit viruses in the Jordan valley. Journal of Phytopathology, 127(1):49-54

Al-Musa AM; Qusus SJ; Mansour AN, 1985. Cucumber vein yellowing virus on cucumber in Jordan. Plant Disease, 69(4):361

Anon, 2000. Current recommendations for eradication and containment. PHSI Handbook of Instructions. York, UK: MAFF.

Anon, 2001. Cucumber vein yellowing virus. Avisos e Informaciones Fitosanitarias. Departamento de Sanidad Vegetal No. 54. Seville, Spain: Consejerio de Agricultura et Pesca, Juntas de Andalucía, Sevilla.

Berger PH; Adams MJ; Barnett OW, Brunt AA et al. , 2005. Potyviridae. In: Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA, eds. Virus Taxonomy, VIIIth Report of the ICTV. London, UK: Elsevier/Academic Press, 819-841.

Brunt AA; Crabtree K; Dallwitz MJ; Gibbs AJ; Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2014. Cucumber vein yellowing virus. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No.October. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 949 (Edition 2).

Cuadrado IM; Janssen D; Velasco L; Ruiz L; Segundo E, 2001. Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV) now in Spain. EWSN Newsletter, No. 8. Norwich, UK: John Innes Centre.

Cuadrado IM; Janssen D; Velasco L; Ruiz L; Segundo E, 2001. First report of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in Spain. Plant Disease, 85(3):336; 2 ref.

Desbiez C; Delécolle B; Wipf-Scheibel C; Lecoq H, 2001. Le Cucumber vein yellowing virus, virus transmis par l’aleurode Bemisia tabaci, est un member des Ipomovirus, Potyviridae. 8èmes Rencontres de Virologie Végétale. Aussois, France: CNRS.

Dubitzki E; Rosenberg U; Yogev E, 1991. Inhibition of virus transmission and control of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) by the detergent 'Zohar LQ-215' in melon. Hassadeh, 72(2):197-198

EFSA Panel on Plant Health, 2013. Scientific Opinion on the risks to plant health posed by Bemisia tabaci species complex and viruses it transmits for the EU territory. EFSA Journal, 11(4). 3162.

EPPO, 2007. Cucumber vein yellowing virus (Ipomovirus). Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 37(3):554-559.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Harpaz I; Cohen S, 1965. Semipersistent relationship between cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV) and its vector Bemisia tabaci. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 54:240-248.

Janssen D; Martin G; Velasco L; Gomez P; Segundo E; Ruiz L; Cuadrado IM, 2005. Absence of a coding region for the helper component-proteinase in the genome of cucumber vein yellowing virus, a whitefly-transmitted member of the Potyviridae. Archives of Virology, 150(7): 1439-1447.

Janssen D; Ruiz L; Velasco L; Segundo E; Cuadrado IM, 2002. Non-cucurbitaceous weed species shown to be natural hosts of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in south-eastern Spain. Plant Pathology, 51(6):797; 3 ref.

Lecoq H; Desbiez C; DelTcolle B; Cohen S; Mansour A, 2000. Cytological and molecular evidence that the whitefly-transmitted cucumber vein yellowing virus is a tentative member of the family Potyviridae. Journal of General Virology, 81(9):2289-2293; 21 ref.

Louro D; Quinot A; Neto E; Fernandes JE; Marian D; Vecchiati M; Caciagli P; Vaira AM, 2004. Occurrence of cucumber vein yellowing virus in cucurbitaceous species in southern Portugal. Plant Pathology; 53(2): 241.

Mansour A, 1994. Incidence of cucurbit viruses affecting cucumber in plastic houses in Jordan. Dirasat. Series B, Pure and Applied Sciences, 21(4):175-179; 10 ref.

Mansour A; Al-Musa A, 1993. Cucumber vein yellowing virus: host range and virus vector relationships. Journal of Phytopathology, 137(1):73-78

Mansour AN; Hadidi N, 1999. Cucumber vein yellowing virus: purification and serological studies. Dirasat. Agricultural Sciences, 26(1):8-14; 9 ref.

Martínez-García B; Marco CF; Goytia E; López-Abella D; Serra MT; Aranda MA; López-Moya JJ, 2004. Development and use of detection methods specific for Cucumber vein yellowing virus. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 110:811-821.

Montoro T; Sanchez-Campos S; Camero R; Marco CF; ; Corella P; Gomez-Guillamon ML, 2004. Searching for resistance to cucumber vein yellowing virus in Cucumis melo. Progress in Cucurbit Genetics and Breeding Research. Proceedings of Cucurbitaceae 2004.8th-EUCARPIA Meeting on Cucurbit Genetics and Breeding, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 12-17-July, 2004, 197-202.

Papayiannis LC; Ioannou N; Boubourakas IN; Dovas CI; Katis NI; Falk BW, 2005. Incidence of viruses infecting cucurbits in Cyprus. Journal of Phytopathology, 153(9):530-535.

Pico B; Sifres A; Nuez F, 2005. Quantitative detection of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in susceptible and partially resistant plants using real-time PCR. Journal of Virological Methods, 128(1/2): 14-20.

Pico B; Villar C; Nuez F, 2003. Screening Cucumis sativus landraces for resistance to cucumber vein yellowing virus. Plant Breeding, 122(5): 426-430.

Rubio L; Janssen D; Cuadrado IM; Moreno P; Guerri J, 2003. Rapid detection of cucumber vein yellowing virus by tissue-print hybridisation with digoxigenin-labelled cDNA probes. Journal of Virological Methods, 114(1): 105-107.

Sela I; Assouline I; Tanne E; Cohen S; Marco S, 1980. Isolation and characterization of a rod-shaped, whitefly-transmissible, DNA-containing plant virus. Phytopathology, 70(3):226-228

Yakoubi S; Desbiez C; Fakhfakh H; Wipf-Scheibel C; Marrakchi M; Lecoq H, 2007. Occurrence of Cucurbit yellows stunting disorder virus and Cucumber vein yellowing virus in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology, 89(3):417-420.

Yilmaz MA; Ozaslan M; Ozaslan D, 1989. Cucumber vein yellowing virus in Cucurbitaceae in Turkey. Plant Disease, 73(7):610

Zouba AA; Lopez MV; Anger H, 1998. Squash yellow leaf curl virus: a new whitefly-transmitted poty-like virus. Plant Disease, 82(5):475-478; 24 ref.

Distribution Maps

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