Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cucurbita maxima
(giant pumpkin)



Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin)


  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucurbita maxima
  • Preferred Common Name
  • giant pumpkin
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); Large pumpkin with smartphone for scale. Surrey, England. September 2020.
CaptionCucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); Large pumpkin with smartphone for scale. Surrey, England. September 2020.
Copyright©Dr Philip Taylor (CABI)
Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); Large pumpkin with smartphone for scale. Surrey, England. September 2020.
FruitCucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); Large pumpkin with smartphone for scale. Surrey, England. September 2020.©Dr Philip Taylor (CABI)
Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); 'Burgess' buttercup squash.
CaptionCucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); 'Burgess' buttercup squash.
Copyright©Thomas A. Zitter
Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); 'Burgess' buttercup squash.
FruitsCucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin); 'Burgess' buttercup squash.©Thomas A. Zitter


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.

Preferred Common Name

  • giant pumpkin

Other Scientific Names

  • Cucurbita turbaniformis M. Roem.

International Common Names

  • English: autumn squash; banana squash; buttercup squash; calabaza; courge; Hubbard squash; pumpkin; squash banana; squash buttercup; turban squash; winter squash; winter squash
  • Spanish: calabaza amarilla; calabaza de Castilla; calabaza redonda; zapallo
  • French: courge commune; giraumon; pâtisson; potiron
  • Chinese: zhong guo
  • Portuguese: abóbora-moranga; cabaca

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kuerbis; Riesen- Kuerbis
  • Italy: zucca gigante
  • Netherlands: reuzenkalebas
  • Peru: loche
  • Russian Federation: tykva
  • Sweden: jaettepumpa

EPPO code

  • CUUMA (Cucurbita maxima)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Cucurbitaceae
  •                             Genus: Cucurbita
  •                                 Species: Cucurbita maxima

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AlgeriaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 240,000 MT (F)
Cabo VerdePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,147 MT (Im)
CameroonPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 150,867 MT (Im)
Central African RepublicPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 31,000 MT
Côte d'IvoirePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 20,560 MT (Im)
DjiboutiPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 16 MT (Im)
EgyptPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 633,557 MT
LibyaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 33,669 MT (Im)
MauritiusPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 19,191 MT
MoroccoPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 211,834 MT (Im)
MozambiquePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,034 MT (Im)
NigerPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 49,262 MT
RéunionPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 912 MT (Im)
RwandaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 234,671 MT (Im)
SenegalPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 6,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 177,852 MT
TunisiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 47,607 MT (Im)


BahrainPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 599 MT (Im)
BangladeshPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 402,470 MT (Im)
BhutanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 6,596 MT (Im)
BruneiPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 581 MT (Im)
ChinaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 6,978,170 MT (F)
IndiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 4,695,540 MT (Im)
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
IndonesiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 428,197 MT
IraqPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 165,239 MT
IsraelPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 13,078 MT
JapanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 222,833 MT (Im)
JordanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 93,118 MT
KuwaitPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 12,496 MT (Im)
KyrgyzstanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 2,000 MT (*)
LebanonPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 25,000 MT (F)
MalaysiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 21,200 MT
OmanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 2,184 MT
PakistanPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 252,028 MT
PhilippinesPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 317,571 MT
QatarPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 370 MT
Saudi ArabiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 122,193 MT (Im)
Sri LankaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 127,890 MT
SyriaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 122,340 MT
ThailandPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 203,121 MT (Im)
TurkeyPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 410,804 MT
United Arab EmiratesPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 32,648 MT (Im)
YemenPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 10,695 MT (Im)


AlbaniaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 9,700 MT (F)
AustriaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 19,671 MT
BelgiumPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 47,527 MT
BulgariaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 817 MT
CyprusPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 3,893 MT
DenmarkPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 3,280 MT
FinlandPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,798 MT
FrancePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 124,557 MT
GermanyPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 88,156 MT
GreecePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 74,177 MT (Im)
HungaryPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 20,192 MT
ItalyPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 538,534 MT
LatviaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 3,776 MT
LithuaniaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,394 MT
MaltaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,477 MT
NetherlandsPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 18,000 MT
PolandPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 60,687 MT
PortugalPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 13,039 MT (Im)
RomaniaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 98,847 MT
RussiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,175,890 MT
SlovakiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 20,986 MT (Im)
SpainPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 393,100 MT
SwitzerlandPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 10,140 MT
UkrainePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 626,900 MT
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1928

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 320 MT (Im)
BarbadosPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 166 MT
BelizePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 221 MT (Im)
CanadaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 88,954 MT
-British ColumbiaPresent
Cayman IslandsPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 42 MT (Im)
CubaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 340,328 MT
DominicaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 849 MT (Im)
Dominican RepublicPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 38,294 MT
El SalvadorPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 7,555 MT (Im)
GrenadaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 364 MT (Im)
GuadeloupePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 307 MT (Im)
HaitiPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 580 MT (Im)
HondurasPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 3,588 MT (Im)
JamaicaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 49,432 MT
MexicoPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 525,445 MT
Puerto RicoPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 11,624 MT (Im)
Saint LuciaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 277 MT (Im)
Saint Pierre and MiquelonPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 0 MT (F)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 559 MT (Im)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,812 MT (Im)
United StatesPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 823,260 MT


AustraliaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 102,934 MT
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 0 MT (A)
FijiPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 1,646 MT (Im)
French PolynesiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 113 MT (Im)
New ZealandPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 140,742 MT (Im)
Papua New GuineaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 127 MT (Im)
Solomon IslandsPresent
TongaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 18,693 MT (Im)

South America

ArgentinaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 337,566 MT (Im)
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 141,415 MT (Im)
ColombiaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 67,729 MT (Im)
EcuadorPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 4,520 MT (Im)
GuyanaPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 5,454 MT (Im)
ParaguayPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 7,164 MT (Im)
PeruPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 198,998 MT
UruguayPresentPumpkins, squash and gourds production (2011) 15,151 MT (Im)


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Singh R, Raj S K, Chandra G, 2001. Association of a monopartite begomovirus with yellow mosaic disease of pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) in India. Plant Disease. 85 (9), 1029. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.9.1029C

Svoboda J, Polák J, 2002. Distribution, variability and overwintering of zucchini yellow mosaic virus in the Czech Republic. Plant Protection Science. 38 (4), 125-130.

Wintermantel W M, 2004. Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima and C. pepo), a new host of beet pseudo yellows virus in California. Plant Disease. 88 (1), 82. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.1.82C

Yuki V A, Rezende J A M, Kitajima E W, Barroso P A V, Kuniyuki H, Groppo G A, Pavan M A, 2000. Occurrence, distribution, and relative incidence of five viruses infecting cucurbits in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Plant Disease. 84 (5), 516-520. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.516

Zeeshan Ahmad, Khan S M, Shahab Ali, Inayat-ur-Rahman, Hussan Ara, Iram Noreen, Ayesha Khan, 2016. Indicator species analyses of weed communities of maize crop in District Mardan, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 22 (2), 227-238.

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