Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cucurbita maxima
(giant pumpkin)



Cucurbita maxima (giant pumpkin)


  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucurbita maxima
  • Preferred Common Name
  • giant pumpkin
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Essential oils
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.

Preferred Common Name

  • giant pumpkin

Other Scientific Names

  • Cucurbita turbaniformis M. Roem.

International Common Names

  • English: autumn squash; banana squash; buttercup squash; calabaza; courge; Hubbard squash; pumpkin; squash banana; squash buttercup; turban squash; winter squash; winter squash
  • Spanish: calabaza amarilla; calabaza de Castilla; calabaza redonda; zapallo
  • French: courge commune; giraumon; pâtisson; potiron
  • Chinese: zhong guo
  • Portuguese: abóbora-moranga; cabaca

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kuerbis; Riesen- Kuerbis
  • Italy: zucca gigante
  • Netherlands: reuzenkalebas
  • Peru: loche
  • Russian Federation: tykva
  • Sweden: jaettepumpa

EPPO code

  • CUUMA (Cucurbita maxima)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Cucurbitaceae
  •                             Genus: Cucurbita
  •                                 Species: Cucurbita maxima

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acanthocoris scabrator (squash bug); Alternaria cucumerina (cucumber blight); Anastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aulacophora foveicollis (red pumpkin beetle); Aulacophora indica (cucurbit beetle); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera diversa (fruit fly, three striped); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera tau; Beet pseudoyellows virus; Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Colletotrichum orbiculare (anthracnose of cucurbits); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows); Dacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly); Deroceras invadens (tramp slug); Deroceras laeve (meadow slug); Diabrotica speciosa (cucurbit beetle); Didymella bryoniae (gummy stem blight of cucurbits); Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug); Erwinia tracheiphila (cucurbit bacterial wilt); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae (root rot: cucurbits); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Lettuce infectious yellows virus (infectious yellows of lettuce); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Lolium temulentum (darnel); Longidorus (longidorids); Megymenum brevicorne; Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Murdannia nudiflora (doveweed); Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pseudoperonospora cubensis (cucumber downy mildew); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Squash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash); Squash mosaic virus (squash mosaic); Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xanthomonas cucurbitae (bacterial: pumpkin spot); Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

Minor host of:

Acalymma vittatum (striped cucumber beetle); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense; Carpomya pardalina (Baluchistan melon fly); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cladosporium cucumerinum (scab of cucurbits); Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus; Diaphania nitidalis (cucumber worm); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Megalurothrips usitatus (bean flower thrips); Paratrichodorus porosus; Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Ralstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)

Wild host of:

Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)

Host of (source - data mining):

Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Pythium spinosum (root rot: ornamentals)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable


  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore