Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Curcuma longa
(turmeric)

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Datasheet

Curcuma longa (turmeric)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Curcuma longa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • turmeric
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Food additive
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Curcuma longa (turmeric); fresh rhizome and powder.
TitleTuber
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); fresh rhizome and powder.
Copyright©Simon A. Eugster (LivingShadow)/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); fresh rhizome and powder.
TuberCurcuma longa (turmeric); fresh rhizome and powder.©Simon A. Eugster (LivingShadow)/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); field crop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2011.
TitleField crop
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); field crop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2011.
Copyright©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); field crop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2011.
Field cropCurcuma longa (turmeric); field crop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2011.©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); planted with coconut as an intercrop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2013.
TitleField crop
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); planted with coconut as an intercrop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2013.
Copyright©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); planted with coconut as an intercrop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2013.
Field cropCurcuma longa (turmeric); planted with coconut as an intercrop. Tamil Nadu, India. November 2013.©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); flower and leaves. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September 2016.
TitleFlower
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); flower and leaves. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September 2016.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); flower and leaves. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September 2016.
FlowerCurcuma longa (turmeric); flower and leaves. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. September 2016.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); harvested rhizomes. Tamil Nadu. India. January 2014.
TitleHarvested rhizomes
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); harvested rhizomes. Tamil Nadu. India. January 2014.
Copyright©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); harvested rhizomes. Tamil Nadu. India. January 2014.
Harvested rhizomesCurcuma longa (turmeric); harvested rhizomes. Tamil Nadu. India. January 2014.©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); harvested and cleaned rhizomes. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA.  January 2017.
TitleHarvested rhizomes
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); harvested and cleaned rhizomes. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2017.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); harvested and cleaned rhizomes. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA.  January 2017.
Harvested rhizomesCurcuma longa (turmeric); harvested and cleaned rhizomes. Hawea Pl Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. January 2017.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); habit, with a crop in a small garden. Pali o Waipio, Maui, Hawaii, USA. November 2012.
TitleHabit
CaptionCurcuma longa (turmeric); habit, with a crop in a small garden. Pali o Waipio, Maui, Hawaii, USA. November 2012.
Copyright©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Curcuma longa (turmeric); habit, with a crop in a small garden. Pali o Waipio, Maui, Hawaii, USA. November 2012.
HabitCurcuma longa (turmeric); habit, with a crop in a small garden. Pali o Waipio, Maui, Hawaii, USA. November 2012.©Forest & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Plant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Line drawing of plant parts, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome.
TitleLine drawing of plant parts
CaptionPlant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Line drawing of plant parts, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
Plant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Line drawing of plant parts, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome.
Line drawing of plant partsPlant parts of turmeric (C. longa). Line drawing of plant parts, not necessarily to scale. (A) habit, flowering clump; (B) rhizome.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Curcuma longa L.

Preferred Common Name

  • turmeric

Other Scientific Names

  • Amomum curcuma Jacq. (1776)
  • Curcuma domestica Valeton (1918)

International Common Names

  • French: curcuma

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: lômiêt; rômiêt
  • Germany: Gelbwurzel
  • Indonesia: koneng; kunir; kunyit; tius
  • Italy: curcuma
  • Laos: khminz khünz
  • Malaysia: kunyit; temu kunyit
  • Myanmar: nanwin
  • Papua New Guinea: kawawara
  • Philippines: dilaw; duwaw; kalawag
  • Thailand: khamin; khamin-chan; khamin-kaeng

EPPO code

  • CURLO (Curcuma longa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Zingiberales
  •                         Family: Zingiberaceae
  •                             Genus: Curcuma
  •                                 Species: Curcuma longa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aspidiella hartii (yam scale); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Criconemella (ring nematode); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Pratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Stephanitis typica (banana lace-wing bug); Taphrina maculans (leaf spot: turmeric); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xiphinema (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Attacus atlas (atlas moth); Chaeridiona mayuri; Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Colletotrichum capsici (leaf spot of peppers); Conogethes punctiferalis (castor capsule borer); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Melilotus indica (Indian sweetclover); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Paspalum distichum (knotgrass); Pythium graminicola (seedling blight of grasses); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Rhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)

Wild host of:

Raoiella indica (red palm mite)

Associated with (not a host):

Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea)

Host of (source - data mining):

Ageratum conyzoides (billy goat weed); Agistemus industani; Amaranthus viridis (slender amaranth); Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Cercospora; Chenopodium album (fat hen); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Colletotrichum; Convolvulus arvensis (bindweed); Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Lasioderma serricorne (cigarette beetle); Malva parviflora (pink cheeseweed); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Mimegralla coeruleifrons; Oxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel); Parthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed); Phalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass); Planococcus lilacinus (cacao mealybug); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Rumex dentatus; Setosphaeria rostrata (leaf spot of grasses); Sonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle); Sphaceloma; Trifolium resupinatum (Shaftal clover); Udaspes folus; Xiphinema insigne

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Food additive
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Materials

  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore