Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cucumber mosaic virus
(cucumber mosaic)

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Datasheet

Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumber mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber mosaic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Bromoviridae
  •         Genus: Cucumovirus
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Stunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean
CaptionStunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
CopyrightMitsuro Kameya-Iwaki
Stunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
Symptoms on soyabeanStunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.Mitsuro Kameya-Iwaki
CMV particles.

Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station.
http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
TitleVirus particles
CaptionCMV particles. Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station. http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
CopyrightIACR-Rothamsted
CMV particles.

Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station.
http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Virus particlesCMV particles. Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station. http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/ IACR-Rothamsted
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV  associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV  associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
Symptoms on tobaccoNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).©Pasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
Symptoms on tobaccoNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).©Pasquale Piccirillo
CMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
TitleSymptoms on pepper
CaptionCMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
Copyright©Pasquale Piccirillo
CMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
Symptoms on pepperCMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.©Pasquale Piccirillo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumber mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber mosaic

Other Scientific Names

  • banana infectious chlorosis virus
  • banana mosaic virus
  • coleus mosaic virus
  • common mosaic virus
  • cowpea banding mosaic virus
  • cowpea ringspot virus
  • cucumber mosaic cucumovirus
  • cucumber yellow mosaic virus
  • cucumis virus 1
  • lily ringspot virus
  • pea top necrosis virus
  • peanut yellow mosaic virus
  • southern celery mosaic virus
  • soybean stunt virus
  • spinach blight virus
  • tomato fern leaf virus

International Common Names

  • English: CMV - spinach strain; pepper rosette disease; southern celery mosaic; spinach blight; tomato fern-leaf; wart disease of cucumber
  • Spanish: mosaico de las cucurbitáceas
  • French: mosaïque à tirets; mosaïque du concombre

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Farnblaettrigkeit: Tomate; Gelbfleckigkeit des Spinats; Gurkenmosaikvirus; Gurkenmosaikvirus: Sellerie; Kraeuselscheckung des Feldsalates; Reisigkrankheit des Paprika

English acronym

  • CMV

EPPO code

  • CMV000 (Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Bromoviridae
  •                 Genus: Cucumovirus
  •                     Species: Cucumber mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BeninPresentEni et al. (2008); Afouda et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentGauhl et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresentThouvenel and Fauquet (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); Kouadio et al. (2014); Kouadio et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentNasser (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EthiopiaPresent, Few occurrencesTadesse et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
GhanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentBock et al. (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MadagascarPresentEPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
NigeriaPresentAtiri (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); Kayode et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Sierra LeonePresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
South AfricaPresent, WidespreadBrand and Wechmar (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SudanPresentMagid (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
TogoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TunisiaPresentM'nari et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentEPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ZimbabwePresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Antarctica

AntarcticaPresentPolischuk et al. (2007)

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
AzerbaijanPresentEPPO (2020)
BangladeshPresentAkanda et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); Bagewadi et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Hu et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
-AnhuiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Wei et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
-BeijingPresentEPPO (2020)
-ChongqingPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Peng HaoRan et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
-FujianPresentKearney et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GansuPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GuangdongPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GuizhouPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HainanPresentCao YanYong et al. (2008)
-HebeiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Chen et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
-HeilongjiangPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HubeiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Liu et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
-HunanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Inner MongoliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresentZhu et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-JiangxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-JilinPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-QinghaiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ShaanxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ShandongPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ShanxiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Du et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TianjinPresentLi ShuJu et al. (2004)
-XinjiangPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-YunnanPresentShong et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ZhejiangPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GeorgiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Hong KongPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
IndiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-BiharPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-DelhiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GujaratPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HaryanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentSharma and Chowfla (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KeralaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OdishaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-PunjabPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-RajasthanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-SikkimPresentEPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentMohan and Lakshmanan (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentRao et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); Muzafar Sheikh et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
-West BengalPresentGhosh and Mukhopadhyay (1979); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Damayanti et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
-JavaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Saidi and Safaeizadeh (2011); Saidi and Safaeizadeh (2012); Arafati et al. (2013); Eyvazi et al. (2015); Shahmohammadi et al. (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
IraqPresentFegla et al. (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentGera (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresent, WidespreadNakamura et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HokkaidoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KyushuPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Ryukyu IslandsPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ShikokuPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
JordanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
KazakhstanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KuwaitPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KyrgyzstanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentKatul and Makkouk (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); Choueiri et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresentDoon (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-SarawakPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
OmanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentBashir and Malik (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentXuan et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Saudi ArabiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
SingaporePresent, Few occurrencesYik (1994); AVA (2001); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentYoon (1987); Lee SangYong et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2002); Choi et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
Sri LankaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentKatul and Makkouk (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentChen et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TajikistanPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentChandrasrikul and Patrakosol (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Ergün et al. (2013); Șevİk and Balkaya (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
UzbekistanPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
VietnamPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentAlhubaishi et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AustriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BelarusPresentAmbrosov (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BelgiumPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Trkulja et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
BulgariaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
CroatiaPresent, WidespreadKrajačič and Juretić (1993); Juretić et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
CyprusPresent, WidespreadIoannou (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
CzechiaPresent, WidespreadPolák and Sirový (1995); Polák (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
DenmarkPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EstoniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
FinlandPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
FrancePresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
GermanyPresent, WidespreadHaack (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresent, WidespreadKyriakopoulou (1992); Varveri and Boutsika (1999); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-CretePresentVovlas et al. (1994)
HungaryPresentSalamon et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); Salamon et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
IrelandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ItalyPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-SicilyPresentD'Urso et al. (2000)
LatviaPresentIgnash (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
LithuaniaPresentStanyulis et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MaltaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MoldovaPresentKoev et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MontenegroPresentZindović et al. (2007)
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadBouwen et al. (1978); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
North MacedoniaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PolandPresentFrencel and Pospieszny (1985); Miczyński et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PortugalPresentLeitão et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
RomaniaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Central RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Northern RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Russian Far EastPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Southern RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Milojević et al. (2014); Milošević et al. (2015); Milojević et al. (2016)
Serbia and MontenegroPresent, WidespreadSubašić et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
SlovakiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SloveniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SpainPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
SwedenPresentAkius (1983); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SwitzerlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Shevchenko et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadPemberton and Frost (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BarbadosPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BermudaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
CanadaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-QuebecPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Costa RicaPresentRivera et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
CubaPresentCastro et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
DominicaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Dominican RepublicPresentBaker and Zettler (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
El SalvadorPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
GrenadaPresentChatzivassiliou et al. (2016)
GuadeloupePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
HaitiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
HondurasPresentEspinoza and McLeod (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
JamaicaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MartiniquePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MexicoPresentDelgado Sanchez (1974); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
MontserratPresentThomas (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
PanamaPresentHerrera-Vásquez et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresentMeiners et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
United StatesPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-AlabamaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ArizonaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ArkansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-ConnecticutPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentKucharek et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); Babu et al. (2014); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentGillaspie et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentHu et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IllinoisPresentWeinzierl (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-IowaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KansasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-KentuckyPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-LouisianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MainePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MissouriPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MontanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-NebraskaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New JerseyPresentSmith and Davis (1986); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New MexicoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentRist and Lorbeer (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OhioPresentNameth and Steininger (1997); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OklahomaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-South CarolinaPresentFlasinski et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TennesseePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentWilson and Halliwell (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-UtahPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VermontPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBrooks (2002); EPPO (2020)
AustraliaPresent, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentPerry et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresentShukla et al. (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-South AustraliaPresentAlberts et al. (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-TasmaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Western AustraliaPresentTapscott and Cowling (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Cook IslandsPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
FijiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
French PolynesiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
KiribatiPresentShanmuganathan (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresent, WidespreadCameron et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
NiuePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
SamoaPresentGerlach (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
TongaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
VanuatuPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresentAtencio et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-CearaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Espirito SantoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-GoiasPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-MaranhaoPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentBergmann et al. (2002)
-Minas GeraisPresentZambolim et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ParaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-ParanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-PernambucoPresentBergmann et al. (2002)
-PiauiPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
-Rio de JaneiroPresentBoari et al. (2000)
-Sao PauloPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ChilePresentCastro and Sandoval B. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
ColombiaPresentJayasinghe (1982); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EcuadorPresentSoler et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
French GuianaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GuyanaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
SurinamePresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
VenezuelaPresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal patterns
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / reduced size
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Whole plant / dwarfing

References

Top of page

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