Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cucumber mosaic virus
(cucumber mosaic)

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Datasheet

Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumber mosaic virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber mosaic
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Bromoviridae
  •         Genus: Cucumovirus
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Stunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
TitleSymptoms on soyabean
CaptionStunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
CopyrightMitsuro Kameya-Iwaki
Stunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.
Symptoms on soyabeanStunt symptoms caused by CMV soybean stunt strain on soyabean in Indonesia.Mitsuro Kameya-Iwaki
CMV particles.

Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station.
http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
TitleVirus particles
CaptionCMV particles. Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station. http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
CopyrightIACR-Rothamsted
CMV particles.

Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station.
http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/
Virus particlesCMV particles. Reproduced with permission from Rothamsted Experimental Station. http://www.res.bbsrc.ac.uk/cdm/plantpath/ IACR-Rothamsted
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV  associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
CopyrightPasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV  associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).
Symptoms on tobaccoNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite RNA (Sat-RNA).Pasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
TitleSymptoms on tobacco
CaptionNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
CopyrightPasquale Piccirillo
Necrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).
Symptoms on tobaccoNecrotic streaks on tobacco plant caused by CMV associated with a necrogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA).Pasquale Piccirillo
CMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
TitleSymptoms on pepper
CaptionCMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
CopyrightPasquale Piccirillo
CMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.
Symptoms on pepperCMV mosaic on pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruits.Pasquale Piccirillo

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumber mosaic virus

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber mosaic

Other Scientific Names

  • banana infectious chlorosis virus
  • banana mosaic virus
  • coleus mosaic virus
  • common mosaic virus
  • cowpea banding mosaic virus
  • cowpea ringspot virus
  • cucumber mosaic cucumovirus
  • cucumber yellow mosaic virus
  • cucumis virus 1
  • lily ringspot virus
  • pea top necrosis virus
  • peanut yellow mosaic virus
  • southern celery mosaic virus
  • soybean stunt virus
  • spinach blight virus
  • tomato fern leaf virus

International Common Names

  • English: CMV - spinach strain; pepper rosette disease; southern celery mosaic; spinach blight; tomato fern-leaf; wart disease of cucumber
  • Spanish: mosaico de las cucurbitáceas
  • French: mosaïque à tirets; mosaïque du concombre

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Farnblaettrigkeit: Tomate; Gelbfleckigkeit des Spinats; Gurkenmosaikvirus; Gurkenmosaikvirus: Sellerie; Kraeuselscheckung des Feldsalates; Reisigkrankheit des Paprika

English acronym

  • CMV

EPPO code

  • CMV000 (Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Bromoviridae
  •                 Genus: Cucumovirus
  •                     Species: Cucumber mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BangladeshPresentAkanda et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Bagewadi et al., 2015
ChinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Hu et al., 2016
-AnhuiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Wei et al., 2015
-BeijingPresentEPPO, 2014
-ChongqingPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Peng et al., 2015
-FujianPresentKearney et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GansuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GuangdongPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GuangxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GuizhouPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HainanPresentCao et al., 2008
-HebeiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Chen et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
-HeilongjiangPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HenanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Hong KongWidespreadBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HubeiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Liu et al., 2014
-HunanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-JiangsuPresentZhu et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-JiangxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-JilinPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-LiaoningPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Nei MengguPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-QinghaiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ShaanxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ShandongPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ShanxiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Du et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
-SichuanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-TianjinPresentLi et al., 2004
-XinjiangPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-YunnanPresentShong et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ZhejiangPresentChen and Li, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Georgia (Republic of)PresentGiorgadze, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IndiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Andhra PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-BiharPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-DelhiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GujaratPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HaryanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Himachal PradeshPresentSharma and Chowfla, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Indian PunjabPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KarnatakaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KeralaPresentEstellitta et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MaharashtraPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OdishaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-RajasthanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Tamil NaduPresentMohan and Lakshmanan, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Uttar PradeshPresentRao et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Muzafar et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
-West BengalPresentGhosh and Mukhopadhyay, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IndonesiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Damayanti et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014
-JavaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IranPresentAhoomanesh et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Saidi and Safaeizadeh, 2011; Saidi and Safaeizadeh, 2012; Arafati et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; Eyvazi et al., 2015; Shahmohammadi et al., 2015
IraqPresentFegla et al., 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
IsraelPresentGera et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
JapanWidespreadNakamura et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HokkaidoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HonshuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KyushuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Ryukyu ArchipelagoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ShikokuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
JordanPresentAl-Musa & Mansour, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
KazakhstanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Korea, Republic ofPresentYoon, 1987; Lee et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Choi et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
KuwaitPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
KyrgyzstanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
LebanonPresentKatul and Makkouk, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Choueiri et al., 2015
MalaysiaPresentDoon, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-SabahPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-SarawakPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
NepalPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
OmanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PakistanPresentBashir and Malik, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PhilippinesPresentXuan et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Saudi ArabiaPresentAl Shahwan et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SingaporePresent, few occurrencesYik, 1994; AVA, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Sri LankaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SyriaPresentKatul and Makkouk, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentChen et al., 1995b; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TajikistanPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ThailandPresentChandrasrikul and Patrakosol, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentKoblu et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Ergün et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; Sevik and Balkaya, 2015
UzbekistanRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VietnamPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
YemenPresentAlhubaishi et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Africa

AlgeriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BeninPresentEni et al., 2008; Afouda et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
CameroonPresentGauhl et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Côte d'IvoirePresentThouvenel and Fauquet, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Kouadio et al., 2014; Kouadio et al., 2015
EgyptPresentNasser, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EthiopiaPresent, few occurrencesTadesse et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GhanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
KenyaPresentBock et al., 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MadagascarPresentEPPO, 2014
MauritiusPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MoroccoPresentEl Maataoui et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
NigeriaPresentAtiri, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Kayode et al., 2014
RéunionPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Sierra LeoneWidespreadBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
South AfricaWidespreadBrand et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SudanPresentMagid, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TanzaniaWidespreadBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TogoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TunisiaPresentM'nari et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
UgandaPresentEPPO, 2014
ZambiaWidespreadBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ZimbabweWidespreadBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

North America

BermudaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
CanadaRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-QuebecPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MexicoPresentDelgado Sanchez, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
USAWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-AlabamaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ArizonaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ArkansasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-CaliforniaPresentRodriguez Alvarado et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ConnecticutPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-DelawarePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-FloridaPresentKucharek et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Babu et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
-GeorgiaPresentGillaspie et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-HawaiiPresentHu et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-IdahoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-IllinoisPresentWeinzierl, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-IndianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-IowaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KansasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-KentuckyPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-LouisianaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MainePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MarylandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MassachusettsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MichiganPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MinnesotaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MississippiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MissouriPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MontanaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-NebraskaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-New HampshirePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-New JerseyPresentSmith and Davis, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-New MexicoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-New YorkPresentRist and Lorbeer, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-North CarolinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OhioPresentNameth and Steininger, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OklahomaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-OregonPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-PennsylvaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-South CarolinaPresentFlasinski et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-TennesseePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-TexasPresentWilson and Halliwell, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-UtahPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-VermontPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-VirginiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-WashingtonPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-WisconsinPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

Antigua and BarbudaPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BarbadosPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Costa RicaPresentRivera et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
CubaPresentCastro et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
DominicaPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Dominican RepublicPresentBaker and Zettler, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
El SalvadorPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GrenadaPresentChatzivassiliou et al., 2016
GuadeloupePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
HaitiPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
HondurasPresentEspinoza and McLeod, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
JamaicaPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MartiniquePresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MontserratPresentThomas, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PanamaPresentHerrera-Vásquez et al., 2009
Puerto RicoPresentMeiners et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Trinidad and TobagoPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

South America

ArgentinaPresentAtencio et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BrazilPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-CearaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Espirito SantoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-GoiasPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-MaranhaoPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentBergmann et al., 2002
-Minas GeraisPresentZambolim et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ParaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-ParanaPresentLima Neto et al., 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-PernambucoPresentBergmann et al., 2002
-PiauiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Rio de JaneiroPresentBoari et al., 2000
-Sao PauloPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ChilePresentCastro and Sandoval, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ColombiaPresentJayasinghe, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EcuadorPresentSoler et al., 2005
French GuianaPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GuyanaPresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SurinamePresentBrunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VenezuelaPresentNava, 1996; Brunt et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Europe

AustriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BelarusPresentAmbrosov, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
BelgiumPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; Trkulja et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
BulgariaWidespread****CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Xanthis et al., 2015
CroatiaWidespreadKrajacic and Juretic, 1993; Juretic et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
CyprusWidespreadIoannou, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Czech RepublicWidespread****Polak and Sirovy, 1995; Polak, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
DenmarkWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
EstoniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
FinlandRestricted distributionCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
FranceWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GermanyWidespread****Haack, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
GreeceWidespreadKyriakopoulou, 1992; Varveri and Boutsika, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Xanthis et al., 2015
-CretePresentVovlas et al., 1994
HungaryPresentSalamon et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Salamon et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014
IrelandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentD'Amato et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-SicilyPresentD'Urso et al., 2000
LatviaPresentIgnash, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
LithuaniaPresentStanyulis et al., 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MacedoniaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MaltaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MoldovaPresentKoev et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
MontenegroPresentZindovic et al., 2007
NetherlandsWidespreadBouwen et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PolandPresentFrencel and Pospieszny, 1985; Miczynski et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
PortugalPresentLeitao et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Russian FederationPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Central RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Northern RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Russian Far EastPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Southern RussiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SerbiaWidespreadEPPO, 2014; Milojevic et al., 2014; Milosevic et al., 2015; Milojevic et al., 2016
SlovakiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SloveniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SpainWidespreadEspin et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SwedenPresentAkius, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SwitzerlandPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
UKWidespread****Pemberton and Frost, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014; Shevchenko et al., 2015
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)WidespreadSubasic et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBrooks, 2002; EPPO, 2014
AustraliaWidespreadCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentPerry et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-QueenslandPresentShukla et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaPresentAlberts et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-VictoriaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
-Western AustraliaPresentTapscott and Cowling, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Cook IslandsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
FijiPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
French PolynesiaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
KiribatiPresentShanmuganathan, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Micronesia, Federated states ofPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
New ZealandWidespreadCameron et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
NiuePresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
SamoaPresentGerlach, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
Solomon IslandsPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
TongaPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014
VanuatuPresentCABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal patterns
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / reduced size
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Whole plant / dwarfing

References

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Afouda LAC; Kotchofa R; Sare R; Zinsou V; Winter S, 2013. Occurrence and distribution of viruses infecting tomato and pepper in Alibori in northern Benin. Phytoparasitica, 41(3):271-276. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12600-013-0287-z

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