Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cucumis sativus
(cucumber)

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Datasheet

Cucumis sativus (cucumber)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 15 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumis sativus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • cucumber
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. sativus fruit.
TitleCucumbers
CaptionC. sativus fruit.
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
C. sativus fruit.
CucumbersC. sativus fruit.©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumis sativus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • cucumber

International Common Names

  • English: gherkin
  • Spanish: cohombro; pepino
  • French: concombre; cornichon
  • Portuguese: pepininho

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Gurke
  • India: khira
  • Italy: cetriolo
  • Netherlands: augurk; komkommer
  • Sweden: gurka

EPPO code

  • CUMSA (Cucumis sativus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Cucurbitaceae
  •                             Genus: Cucumis
  •                                 Species: Cucumis sativus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acalymma vittatum (striped cucumber beetle); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Arabis mosaic virus (hop bare-bine); Aulacophora foveicollis (red pumpkin beetle); Aulacophora indica (cucurbit beetle); Aulacophora lewisii; Aulacorthum solani (foxglove aphid); Bactrocera atrisetosa; Bactrocera cucumis (cucumber fruit fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera solomonesis; Bactrocera tau; Beet curly top virus (curly top); Beet pseudoyellows virus; Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Cladosporium cucumerinum (scab of cucurbits); Cladosporium tenuissimum; Colletotrichum orbiculare (anthracnose of cucurbits); Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus; Cucumber leaf spot virus; Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Cucumber necrosis virus; Cucumber vein yellowing virus (cucumber vein yellowing); Cucumber yellow stunting disorder virus; Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus; Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus; Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus; Cuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed); Diabrotica balteata (banded cucumber beetle); Diabrotica undecimpunctata (spotted cucumber beetle); Diaphania hyalinata (melon worm); Diaphania indica (cucumber moth); Diaphania nitidalis (cucumber worm); Didymella bryoniae (gummy stem blight of cucurbits); Ditylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Epilachna indica; Erwinia tracheiphila (cucurbit bacterial wilt); Forficula auricularia (European earwig); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cucumerinum (Fusarium wilt of cucumber); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-cucumerinum (root and stem rot of cucumber); Galinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Golovinomyces cichoracearum (powdery mildew); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Henosepilachna elaterii (melon (ladybird) beetle); Henosepilachna pusillanima; Hop stunt viroid (hop stunt viroid); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Lygus rugulipennis (bishop bug); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Megymenum brevicorne; Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne exigua (coffee root-knot nematode); Melon necrotic spot virus; Melon yellow spot virus; Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode); Olpidium brassicae (lettuce big vein); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Penidiella strumelloidea; Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Phomopsis sclerotioides (black root rot of cucumber); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Prunus necrotic ringspot virus (almond bud failure); Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis (lettuce marginal leaf blight); Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata (leaf spot: sugarbeet); Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans (cucurbit angular leaf spot); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pseudoperonospora cubensis (cucumber downy mildew); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Pythium ultimum (black-leg of seedlings); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Senecio vulgaris; Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Squash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash); Squash mosaic virus (squash mosaic); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips flavus (honeysuckle thrips); Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Tobacco necrosis virus (augusta disease of tulip); Tobacco ringspot virus; Tomato black ring virus (ring spot of beet); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Watermelon mosaic virus (watermelon mosaic); Watermelon mosaic virus 1 (WMV - strain 1); Xanthomonas campestris pv. cannabis (leafspot.); Xanthomonas cucurbitae (bacterial: pumpkin spot); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode); Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

Minor host of:

Acidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch); Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Adelphocoris lineolatus (lucerne bug); Alternaria cantlous; Alternaria dauci (leaf blight of carrot); Anastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly); Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Aphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Carpomya pardalina (Baluchistan melon fly); Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus; Chrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Dacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly); Delia platura (bean seed fly); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Eggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus); Epitrix cucumeris (potato flea beetle); Epitrix hirtipennis (tobacco flea beetle); Epitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle); Fusarium culmorum (culm rot: cereals); Gibberella fujikuroi (bakanae disease of rice); Gibberella fujikuroi var. subglutinans; Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Impatiens necrotic spot virus (TSWV-I); Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Meloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne mayaguensis; Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus; Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape); Pachnoda interrupta (chafer beetle); Papaya ringspot virus; Pectobacterium atrosepticum (potato blackleg disease); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. brasiliense; Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Penicillium italicum (blue mould); Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci (wildfire); Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Pythium myriotylum (brown rot of groundnut); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Scutellonema brachyurus; Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Sminthurus viridis (lucerne flea); Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant); Spergula arvensis (corn spurry); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Stemphylium solani (grey leaf spot); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tobacco mosaic virus (tobacco mosaic); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus; Tomato leaf curl Palampur virus; Trialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly); Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Tyrophagus putrescentiae (cereal mite); Ulocladium atrum (Ulocladium blight of potato); Urd bean leaf crinkle virus; Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Xestia c-nigrum (spotted cutworm)

Wild host of:

Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Xiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Bacillus subtilis; Cladosporium oxysporum (seedlings blight of passion fruit); Lecanicillium lecanii (mycoparasite of aphids, whitefly and Puccinia spp.); Pea early-browning virus; Pseudomonas fluorescens (pink eye: potato); Pseudomonas putida (biocontrol: Erwinia spp.); Serratia marcescens; Serratia plymuthica; Solenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Anasa tristis (squash bug); Artichoke yellow ringspot virus; Bryobia lagodechiana; Chrysodeixis includens (soybean looper); Corynespora cassiicola (target leaf spot of tomato); Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Epilachna ocellata; Epilachna pusillanima (potato epilachna); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium solani f.sp. cucurbitae (root rot: cucurbits); Lacanobia oleracea (bright-line brown-eye moth); Lygus gemellatus; Macrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid); Microcephalothrips abdominalis (composite thrips); muskmelon necrotic spot virus; Penicillium oxalicum (root rot: Sorghum spp.); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pythium deliense (damping-off: seedlings); Pythium spinosum (root rot: ornamentals); Rhizopus arrhizus (barn rot of tobacco); Tarsonemus bilobatus; Tetranychus neocaledonicus (spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Tomato ringspot virus (ringspot of tomato); Zucchini yellow fleck virus

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Vegetable

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical