Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cucumis melo
(melon)

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Datasheet

Cucumis melo (melon)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumis melo
  • Preferred Common Name
  • melon
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
C. melo, leaves and fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleC. melo - line drawing
CaptionC. melo, leaves and fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. melo, leaves and fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
C. melo - line drawingC. melo, leaves and fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumis melo L.

Preferred Common Name

  • melon

Other Scientific Names

  • Cucumis chito C. Morren
  • Cucumis flexuosus L.
  • Cucumis microspermus Nakai
  • Cucumis momordica Roxb.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: melón
  • French: melon
  • Arabic: 'aggûr; qâwûn; shammâm
  • Portuguese: melao

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kantalupe; Melone
  • Italy: pepone
  • Netherlands: meloen

EPPO code

  • CUMME (Cucumis melo)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Cucurbitaceae
  •                             Genus: Cucumis
  •                                 Species: Cucumis melo

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acalymma vittatum (striped cucumber beetle); Achatina fulica (giant African land snail); Acidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch); Acremonium cucurbitacearum (melon root rot); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Alternaria brassicae (dark spot of crucifers); Alternaria brassicicola (dark leaf spot of cabbage); Amblypelta cocophaga (coconut bug); Anastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly); Aulacophora coffeae; Aulacophora indica (cucurbit beetle); Bactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly); Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Bactrocera tau; Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Carpomya pardalina (Baluchistan melon fly); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Colletotrichum boninense; Colletotrichum orbiculare (anthracnose of cucurbits); Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus; Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic); Cucumber vein yellowing virus (cucumber vein yellowing); Cucumber yellow stunting disorder virus; Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus; Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus; Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus; Dacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly); Diabrotica balteata (banded cucumber beetle); Diabrotica undecimpunctata (spotted cucumber beetle); Diaphania indica (cucumber moth); Diaphania nitidalis (cucumber worm); Diaporthe melonis; Didymella bryoniae (gummy stem blight of cucurbits); Digitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass); Erwinia tracheiphila (cucurbit bacterial wilt); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis (melon fusarium wilt); Golovinomyces orontii (powdery mildew); Heliotropium europaeum (common heliotrope); Henosepilachna elaterii (melon (ladybird) beetle); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Lettuce infectious yellows virus (infectious yellows of lettuce); Liriomyza bryoniae (tomato leaf miner); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer); Longidorus (longidorids); Loxostege sticticalis (beet webworm); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Melon necrotic spot virus; Melon yellow spot virus; Nelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf); Orobanche (broomrape); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (bacterial root rot of sweet potato); Petrobia latens (brown wheat mite); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans (cucurbit angular leaf spot); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Pseudoperonospora cubensis (cucumber downy mildew); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Rhodococcus fascians (fasciation: leafy gall); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Salsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Squash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash); Squash mosaic virus (squash mosaic); Tetranychus pacificus (Pacific spider mite); Tetranychus truncatus; Thrips palmi (melon thrips); Tobacco ringspot virus; Trialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse); Watermelon mosaic virus (watermelon mosaic); Watermelon silver mottle virus (watermelon silver mottle disease); Xanthomonas cucurbitae (bacterial: pumpkin spot); Xanthomonas melonis (soft rot of the interior of the fruit); Zucchini yellow mosaic virus

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus dispersus (whitefly); Alternaria cantlous; Aphis fabae (black bean aphid); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Bactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly); Beet curly top virus (curly top); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cladosporium cucumerinum (scab of cucurbits); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Colletotrichum fructicola; Diabrotica barberi (northern corn rootworm); Dickeya chrysanthemi (bacterial wilt of chrysanthemum and other ornamentals); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Empoasca fabae (potato leafhopper); Epitrix hirtipennis (tobacco flea beetle); Eudocima fullonia (fruit-piercing moth); Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-cucumerinum (root and stem rot of cucumber); Globisporangium splendens (blast of oil palm); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Golovinomyces cichoracearum (powdery mildew); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Halotydeus destructor (redlegged earth mite); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Leptoglossus zonatus; Leveillula taurica (powdery mildew of cotton); Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Merremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose); Monosporascus cannonballus; Orobanche crenata (crenate broomrape); Orobanche ramosa (branched broomrape); Pantoea ananatis (fruitlet rot of pineapple); Papaya ringspot virus; Passiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower); Penicillium viridicatum; Pepo aphid-borne yellows virus; Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode); Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Pseudomonas syringae pv. aptata (leaf spot: sugarbeet); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Pythium deliense (damping-off: seedlings); Ralstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato); Scirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips); Scutellonema clathricaudatum; Sigmodon hispidus (hispid cotton rat); Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm); Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Tomato leaf curl Palampur virus; Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper); Verbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Zygotylenchus guevarai

Associated with (not a host):

Epicoccum nigrum (red blotch of grains); Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Pythium oligandrum (mycoparasite of Pythium spp.); Trichothecium roseum (fruit rot of tomato)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Alternaria cucumerina (cucumber blight); Anasa tristis (squash bug); Bemisia; Cathartus quadricollis (square-necked grain beetle); Diaphania hyalinata (melon worm); Empoasca abrupta (leafhopper, western potato); Empoasca decipiens (leafhopper, cotton); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium pallidoroseum (fungal gummosis (of Leucaena)); Geotrichum candidum (citrus race) (citrus sour rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Monosporascus eutypoides; muskmelon necrotic spot virus; Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Olpidium radicale; Oryzaephilus mercator (merchant grain beetle); Phoma eupyrena; Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Pseudomonas syringae (bacterial blast); Pythium butleri; Rhizopus stolonifer (bulb rot); Tarsonemus bilobatus; Uroleucon ambrosiae (lettuce, aphid, red); Zucchini yellow fleck virus

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits
  • Oil/fat
  • Vegetable