Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Cucumis melo



Cucumis melo (melon)


  • Last modified
  • 17 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cucumis melo
  • Preferred Common Name
  • melon
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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C. melo, leaves and fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleC. melo - line drawing
CaptionC. melo, leaves and fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
C. melo, leaves and fruit.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
C. melo - line drawingC. melo, leaves and fruit. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.PROSEA Foundation


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cucumis melo L.

Preferred Common Name

  • melon

Other Scientific Names

  • Cucumis chito C. Morren
  • Cucumis flexuosus L.
  • Cucumis microspermus Nakai
  • Cucumis momordica Roxb.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: melón
  • French: melon
  • Arabic: 'aggûr; qâwûn; shammâm
  • Portuguese: melao

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kantalupe; Melone
  • Italy: pepone
  • Netherlands: meloen

EPPO code

  • CUMME (Cucumis melo)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Cucurbitaceae
  •                             Genus: Cucumis
  •                                 Species: Cucumis melo

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


CameroonPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 42,000 MT (F)
DjiboutiPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 97 MT (F)
EgyptPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 757,677 MT
GuineaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,550 MT (F)
MoroccoPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 736,800 MT
NamibiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 500 MT (F)
NigerPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
RéunionPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 21,441 MT
SudanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 28,000 MT (F)
TunisiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 95,000 MT (F)
ZimbabwePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 230 MT (F)


AfghanistanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 28,000 MT (F)
BahrainPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 953 MT (F)
BangladeshPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 204,593 MT
ChinaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,432,2480 MT (F)
IndiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 645,000 MT (F)
IndonesiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 61,244 MT
IraqPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 210,000 MT (F)
IsraelPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 37,543 MT
JapanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 225,000 MT (F)
JordanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 28,418 MT
KazakhstanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 215,750 MT
KuwaitPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,050 MT (F)
LebanonPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 8,500 MT (F)
OmanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 9,289 MT (F)
PakistanPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 274,664 MT
PhilippinesPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 9,889 MT
QatarPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 4,300 MT (F)
Saudi ArabiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 208,569 MT (F)
South KoreaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 220,385 MT
SyriaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 105,000 MT (F)
TurkeyPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,749,940 MT
United Arab EmiratesPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 8,000 MT (F)
YemenPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 27,000 MT (F)


AlbaniaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 40,000 MT (F)
AustriaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 0 MT (M)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresent
CyprusPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 10,627 MT
CzechiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 0 MT (M)
DenmarkPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 0 MT (M)
FrancePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 265,576 MT
GreecePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 143,500 MT (F)
HungaryPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 14,200 MT (F)
ItalyPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 653,309 MT
MaltaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 4,600 MT (F)
MoldovaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,673 MT
NetherlandsPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,300 MT (F)
PortugalPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 22,000 MT (F)
RomaniaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 53,794 MT
SlovakiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 858 MT
SpainPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,141,900 MT (F)
-Balearic IslandsPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwitzerlandPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 78 MT (F)
UkrainePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 97,000 MT
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1928

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 900 MT (F)
BarbadosPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 500 MT (F)
BelizePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 231 MT
CanadaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 11,830 MT
Costa RicaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 197,273 MT
CubaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 99,000 MT (F)
Dominican RepublicPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 18,917 MT (F)
El SalvadorPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,286 MT
GuadeloupePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 8,079 MT (F)
GuatemalaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 530,657 MT (F)
HaitiPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 3,000 MT
HondurasPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 224,000 MT (F)
JamaicaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,520 MT
MartiniquePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 3,000 MT (F)
MexicoPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 582,288 MT
PanamaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 101,500 MT
Puerto RicoPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 2,000 MT (F)
United StatesPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 1,042,400 MT


American SamoaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 60 MT (F)
AustraliaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 71,583 MT (F)
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 370 MT (A)
FijiPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 200 MT (F)
French PolynesiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 250 MT (F)
GuamPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 370 MT (F)
New ZealandPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 3,500 MT (F)
Solomon IslandsPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 700 MT (F)
Wallis and FutunaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 80 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 85,000 MT (F)
BrazilPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 510,000 MT (F)
-Rio Grande do NortePresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 46,000 MT (F)
ColombiaPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 39,344 MT
EcuadorPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 16,000 MT (F)
ParaguayPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 29,000 MT (F)
PeruPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 13,000 MT (F)
UruguayPresentOther melons (inc.cantaloupes) production (2008) 3,259 MT


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Adkins, S., Webster, C. G., Baker, C. A., Weaver, R., Rosskopf, E. N., Turechek, W. W., 2009. Detection of three whitefly-transmitted viruses infecting the cucurbit weed Cucumis melo var. dudaim in Florida. Plant Health Progress, (No.November), PHP-2009-1118-01-BR.

Elzebroek, T.; Wind, K., 2008. Guide to cultivated plants., Guide to cultivated plants:vii-xi + 516 pp.

Fernández-Trujillo, J. P.; Lester, G. E.; Dos-Santos, N.; Martínez, J. A.; Esteva, J.; Jifon, J. L.; Varó, P., 2013. Pre- and postharvest muskmelon fruit cracking: causes and potential remedies., HortTechnology, 23:266-275

Janick, J.; Paull, R. E., 2008. The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts., The encyclopedia of fruit & nuts:xviii + 954 pp.

Niederberger, A.; Hiller, P.; Wichmann-Schauer, H., 2014. Food-borne infections after consumption of melons., Archiv für Lebensmittelhygiene, 65:72-77

Qi ZhenYu; Li JunXing; Raza, M. A.; Zou XiaoXia; Cao LiWen; Rao LinLi; Chen Liping, 2015. Inheritance of fruit cracking resistance of melon (Cucumis melo L.) fitting E-0 genetic model using major gene plus polygene inheritance analysis., Scientia Horticulturae, 189:168-174

Terry, L. A., 2011. Health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetables., Health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetables:x + 417 pp.

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), 1998. T101-o-2 MB Methyl bromide fumigation of melons for external feeders. In Treatment Manual, US Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Hyattsville, MD

Walsh, K. A.; Bennett, S. D.; Mahovic, M.; Gould, L. H., 2014. Outbreaks associated with cantaloupe, watermelon, and honeydew in the United States, 1973-2011., Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 11:945-952

Welbaum, G. E., 2015. Vegetable production and practices., Vegetable production and practices:ix + 476 pp.

Distribution References

Abbas G, Arif M J, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Aslam, Shafqat Saeed, 2010. Host plants distribution and overwintering of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis; Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 12 (3), 421-425.

Abdalla O A, Bruton B D, Fish W W, Ali A, 2012. First confirmed report of Tobacco ringspot virus in cucurbits crops in Oklahoma. Plant Disease. 96 (11), 1705.

Abdel-Salam A M M, Rezk A A, Dawoud R A, 2019. Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato Chlorosis Virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 22 (2), 83-94.

Adkins S, Webster C G, Baker C A, Weaver R, Rosskopf E N, Turechek W W, 2009. Detection of three whitefly-transmitted viruses infecting the cucurbit weed Cucumis melo var. dudaim in Florida. Plant Health Progress. PHP-2009-1118-01-BR.

Aleandri M P, Martignoni D, Reda R, Alfaro-Fernández A, Font M I, Armengol J, Chilosi G, 2014. First report of Olpidium bornovanus and O. virulentus on melon in Italy. Plant Disease. 98 (7), 997-998. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-13-1041-PDN

Ali H B, Agarwala B K, Kaddou I K, 2012. New records of aphids of the Subfamily Aphidinae (Homoptera: Aphididae) infested herbaceous plants and shrubs for Iraqi aphid fauna. Advances in Bio Research. 3 (4), 66-75.

Ali-Shtayeh M S, Jamous R M, Husein E Y, Alkhader M Y, 2010. First report of Squash leaf curl virus in squash (Cucurbita pepo), melon (Cucumis melo), and cucumber (Cucumis sativa) in the Northern West Bank of the Palestinian Authority. Plant Disease. 94 (5), 640. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-5-0640B

Alonso-Prados J L, Luis-Arteaga M, Alvarez J M, Moriones E, Batlle A, Laviña A, García-Arenal F, Fraile A, 2003. Epidemics of aphid-transmitted viruses in melon crops in Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 109 (2), 129-138. DOI:10.1023/A:1022598417979

Al-Sa'di A M, Deadman M L, Al-Said F A, Khan I, Al-Azri M, Drenth A, Aitken E A B, 2008. First report of Pythium splendens associated with severe wilt of muskmelon (Cucumis melo) in Oman. Plant Disease. 92 (2), 313. HTTP:// DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-2-0313C

Aysan Y, Mİrİk M, Abak K, Yİldİz M, Sahİn F, 2007. Pseudomonas viridiflava: a new bacterial pathogen of melon and watermelon in Turkey. Acta Horticulturae. 363-365.

Aysan Y, Mİrİk M, Ala A, Sahİn F, Cİnar O, 2003. First report of Pseudomonas viridiflava on melon in Turkey. Plant Pathology. 52 (6), 800. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2003.00909.x

Bananej K, Keshavarz T, Vahdat A, Salekdeh G H, Glasa M, 2008. Biological and molecular variability of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus in Iran. Journal of Phytopathology. 156 (11/12), 654-659. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01430.x

Bananej K, Menzel W, Kianfar N, Vahdat A, Winter S, 2013. First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting cucumber, melon, and squash in Iran. Plant Disease. 97 (7), 1005. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0125-PDN

Bananej K, Vahdat A, 2008. Identification, distribution and incidence of viruses in field-grown cucurbit crops of Iran. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 47 (3), 247-257.

Bezerra C de S, Correia K C, Câmara M P S, Sales Júnior R, Armengol J, Michereff S J, 2013. Population structure of Monosporascus cannonballus isolated from melons produced in Northeastern Brazil based on mycelial compatibility groups. Acta Scientiarum - Agronomy. 35 (2), 161-167.

Boubourakas I N, Avgelis A D, Kyriakopoulou P E, Katis N I, 2006. Occurrence of yellowing viruses (Beet pseudo-yellows virus, Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus and Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus) affecting cucurbits in Greece. Plant Pathology. 55 (2), 276-283. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01341.x

Broge M, Howard A, Biles C L, Udayanga D, Taff H, Dudley L, Bruton B D, 2020. First report of Diaporthe fruit rot of melons caused by D. pterocarpi in Costa Rica. Plant Disease. 104 (5), 1550-1550. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-19-1655-PDN

Brown J K, Guerrero J C, Matheron M, Olsen M, Idris A M, 2007. Widespread outbreak of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus in melon, squash, and watermelon crops in the Sonoran desert of Arizona and Sonora, Mexico. Plant Disease. 91 (6), 773. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-6-0773A

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Cara M de, López V, Santos M, Tello Marquina J C, 2008. Association of Pythium aphanidermatum with root and crown rot of melons in Honduras. Plant Disease. 92 (3), 483. HTTP:// DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-3-0483C

Choi GugSeoun, 2001. Occurrence of two Tobamovirus diseases in cucurbits and control measures in Korea. Plant Pathology Journal. 17 (5), 243-248.

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Ciuffo M, Kurowski C, Vivoda E, Copes B, Masenga V, Falk B W, Turina M, 2009. A new Tospovirus sp. in cucurbit crops in Mexico. Plant Disease. 93 (5), 467-474. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-5-0467

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Desbiez C, Lecoq H, Aboulama S, Peterschmitt M, 2000. First report of cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus in Morocco. Plant Disease. 84 (5), 596. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.596C

Desbiez C, Millot P, Wipf-Scheibel C, Blancard D, Chesneau T, Lecoq H, 2016. First report of pepo aphid-borne yellows virus in cucurbits in Tanzania and Mayotte. New Disease Reports. 20. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.

El-Wakil A A, El-Zefzaf H M, 2001. A new record of cantaloupe anthracnose disease in Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology. 29 (2), 119-120.

Fadlelmula A A, Ali E B M, 2014. Fruit fly species, their distribution, host range and seasonal abundance in Blue Nile State, Sudan. Persian Gulf Crop Protection. 3 (3), 17-24.

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García-Jiménez J, Armengol J, Sales R, Jordá C, Bruton B D, 2000. Fungal pathogens associated with melon collapse in Spain. Bulletin OEPP. 30 (2), 169-173. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2000.tb00873.x

Gómez J, Serrano Y, Pérez A, Porcel E, Gómez R, Aguilar M I, 2014. Fusarium solani f. sp. cucurbitae, affecting melon in Almería Province, Spain. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 9 (1), 136. DOI:10.1007/s13314-014-0136-z

Gracia O, 2000. First report of zucchini yellow mosaic virus in Argentina. Plant Disease. 84 (3), 371-371. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.3.371B

Gu Q S, Liu Y H, Wang Y H, Huangfu W G, Gu H F, Xu L, Song F M, Brown J K, 2011. First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus in cucumber, melon, and watermelon in China. Plant Disease. 95 (1), 73. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-10-0550

Halfeld-Vieira B A, Terao D, Nechet K L, 2020. First report of Geotrichum candidum causing sour-rot of melon in Brazil. Plant Disease. 104 (5), 1537-1537. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-11-19-2484-PDN

Hamed K, Menzel W, Dafalla G, Gadelseed A M A, Winter S, 2011. First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting muskmelon and cucumber in Sudan. Plant Disease. 95 (10), 1321. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-11-0349

Hattab M M, Kummert J, Roussel S, Ezzaier K, Zouba A, Jijakli M H, 2005. First report of Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus in Tunisia causing yellows on five cucurbitacious species. Plant Disease. 89 (7), 776. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0776B

Herrero M L, Blanco R, Santos M, Tello J C, 2002. First report of Phytophthora capsici on cucumber and melon in Southeastern Spain. Plant Disease. 86 (5), 558. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.5.558A

Hord M J, García A, Villalobos H, Rivera C, Macaya G, Roossinck M J, 2001. Field survey of cucumber mosaic virus subgroups I and II in crop plants in Costa Rica. Plant Disease. 85 (9), 952-954. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.9.952

Horuz S, Cetınkaya-Yıldız R, Mırık M, Aysan Y, 2014. Occurrence, isolation, and identification of Acidovorax citrulli from melon in Turkey. Plant Protection Science. 50 (4), 179-183.

Jabnoun-Khiareddine H, Daami-Remadi M, El-Mahjoub M, 2013. Status of Verticillium dahliae race 2 in Tunisia [Conference poster]. In: 11th International Verticillium Symposium, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany, 5-8 May 2013 [11th International Verticillium Symposium, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany, 5-8 May 2013.], [ed. by Koopman B, Tiedemann A von]. Braunschweig, Germany: Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft e.V. Verlag. 134.

Jacob C J, Krarup C, Díaz G A, Latorre B A, 2013. A severe outbreak of charcoal rot in cantaloupe melon caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in Chile. Plant Disease. 97 (1), 141-142. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-12-0588-PDN

Juárez M, Tovar R, Fiallo-Olivé E, Aranda M A, Gosálvez B, Castillo P, Moriones E, Navas-Castillo J, 2014. First detection of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting zucchini in Spain. Plant Disease. 98 (6), 857-858. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-13-1050-PDN

Kao J, Jia L, Tian T, Rubio L, Falk B W, 2000. First report of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (genus Crinivirus) in North America. Plant Disease. 84 (1), 101. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.1.101C

Khan I, Marwat K B, Khan I A, Haidar Ali, Dawar K, Khan H, 2011. Invasive weeds of southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 17 (2), 161-174.

Kheireddine A, Sáez C, Sifres A, Picó B, López C, 2020. First report of cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus infecting cucumber and zucchini in Algeria. Plant Disease. 104 (4), 1264-1264. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-19-2091-PDN

Kostova D, Lisa V, Milne R G, Vaira A M, Dellavalle G, Tsorlianis S, 2003. Virus diseases of vegetable crops in southern Bulgaria. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 42 (1), 3-8.

Kumagai L B, Woods P W, Walcott R, Moua X, 2014. First report of bacterial fruit blotch on melon caused by Acidovorax citrulli in California. Plant Disease. 98 (10), 1423-1424. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0286-PDN

Kuo Y W, Rojas M R, Gilbertson R L, Wintermantel W M, 2007. First report of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus in California and Arizona, in association with Cucurbit leaf crumple virus and Squash leaf curl virus. Plant Disease. 91 (3), 330. HTTP:// DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-3-0330B

Kuramae E E, Buzeto A L, Ciampi M B, Souza N L, 2003. Identification of Rhizoctonia solani AG 1-IB in lettuce, AG 4 HG-I in tomato and melon, and AG 4 HG-III in broccoli and spinach, in Brazil. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 109 (4), 391-395. DOI:10.1023/A:1023591520981

Langston D B Jr, Sanders F H, Brock J H, Gitaitis R D, Flanders J T, Beard G H, 2003. First report of a field outbreak of a bacterial leaf spot of cantaloupe and squash caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae in Georgia. Plant Disease. 87 (5), 600. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.5.600B

Lebeda A, Sedláková B, 2006. Identification and survey of cucurbit powdery mildew races in Czech populations. In: Cucurbitaceae 2006, Asheville, North Carolina, USA, 17-21 September 2006 [Cucurbitaceae 2006, Asheville, North Carolina, USA, 17-21 September 2006.], North Carolina, USA: Organizing Committee, Cucurbitaceae. 444-452.

Lebeda A, Sedláková B, Pavelková J, 2012. New hosts of Pseudoperonospora cubensis in the Czech Republic and pathogen virulence variation. In: Cucurbitaceae 2012. Proceedings of the Xth EUCARPIA Meeting on Genetics and Breeding of Cucurbitaceae, Antalya, Turkey, 15-18 October, 2012 [Cucurbitaceae 2012. Proceedings of the Xth EUCARPIA Meeting on Genetics and Breeding of Cucurbitaceae, Antalya, Turkey, 15-18 October, 2012.], [ed. by Sari N, Solmaz I, Aras V]. Adana, Turkey: University of Cukurova, Ziraat Fakultesi. 768-776.

Lecoq H, Dufour O, Wipf-Scheibel C, Girard M, Cotillon A C, Desbiez C, 2007. First report of Cucumber vein yellowing virus in melon in France. Plant Disease. 91 (7), 909. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-7-0909C

Ligoxigakis E K, 2000. Hosts of Verticillium dahliae in Kriti (Greece). Bulletin OEPP. 30 (2), 235-238. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.2000.tb00886.x

Liu L Z, Chen Y Y, Zhu W M, 2010. First report of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus on melon in China. Plant Disease. 94 (4), 485. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-4-0485A

Louro D, Quinot A, Neto E, Fernandes J E, Marian D, Vecchiati M, Caciagli P, Vaira A M, 2004. Occurrence of cucumber vein yellowing virus in cucurbitaceous species in southern Portugal. Plant Pathology. 53 (2), 241. DOI:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.00996.x

Mahdizadeh V, Safaie N, Aghajani M A, 2011. New hosts of Macrophomina phaseolina in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 93 (4, Supplement), S4.70.

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Manglli A, Murenu M, Sitzia M, Tomassoli L, 2016. First report of Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus infecting cucurbits in Italy. New Disease Reports. 23. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.034.023

Marić I, Marčić D, Petanović R, Auger P, 2018. Biodiversity of spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) in Serbia: a review, new records and key to all known species. Acarologia. 58 (1), 3-14.

Markakis E A, Trantas E A, Lagogianni C S, Mpalantinaki E, Pagoulatou M, Ververidis F, Goumas D E, 2018. First report of root rot and vine decline of melon caused by Monosporascus cannonballus in Greece. Plant Disease. 102 (5), 1036. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-17-1568-PDN

Mazenov A, Serçe Ç U, 2018. First report of Cucumber mosaic virus on Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae crops in the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Plant Pathology. 101 (2), 415-415. DOI:10.1007/s42161-018-0190-z

McKenzie C L, Anderson P K, Villarreal N, 2004. An extensive survey of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in agricultural ecosystems in Florida. Florida Entomologist. 87 (3), 403-407. DOI:10.1653/0015-4040(2004)087[0403:AESOBT]2.0.CO;2

Mnari-Hattab M, Zammouri S, Belkadhi M S, Doña D B, Ben Nahia E, Hajlaoui M R, 2015. First report of Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus infecting cucurbits in Tunisia. New Disease Reports. 21. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2015.031.021

Moretti C, Sequino S, Buonaurio R, 2005. First report of leaf necrosis caused by Pseudomonas viridiflava on melon seedlings in Italy. Plant Disease. 89 (1), 109. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-0109A

Moura M C F, Holanda I S A, Júnior R S, Queiroz A P O, Araújo E O A, Oliveira G D C, Nunes G H S, Nagata T, Negreiros A M P, 2018. First report of Melon necrotic spot virus in melon plantations in Brazil. Plant Disease. 102 (5), 1048-2048. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-17-1391-PDN

Narmadhavathy S, Kamala Nayar, Gokulapalan C, Geetha D, 2016. First report of leaf spot disease of culinary melon caused by Colletotrichum fructicola in India. Indian Phytopathology. 69 (3), 318-319.

Nematollahi S, Haghtaghi E, Koolivand D, Hajizadeh M, 2014. Molecular detection of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus variants from cucurbits fields in Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 47 (11), 1303-1310. DOI:10.1080/03235408.2013.840102

Obradovic A, Arsenijevic M, 2002. First report of a wilt and stem rot of muskmelon and watermelon transplants incited by Pseudomonas cichorii in Serbia. Plant Disease. 86 (4), 443. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.4.443C

Orfanidou C, Maliogka V I, Katis N I, 2014. First report of Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus in cucumber, melon, and watermelon in Greece. Plant Disease. 98 (10), 1446-1447. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-14-0311-PDN

Papayiannis L C, Brown J K, Seraphides N A, Hadjistylli M, Ioannou N, Katis N I, 2009. A real-time PCR assay to differentiate the B and Q biotypes of the Bemisia tabaci complex in Cyprus. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 99 (6), 573-582. DOI:10.1017/S0007485308006603

Papayiannis L C, Ioannou N, Boubourakas I N, Dovas C I, Katis N I, Falk B W, 2005. Incidence of viruses infecting cucurbits in Cyprus. Journal of Phytopathology. 153 (9), 530-535. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.01015.x

Rao Q, Luo C, Zhang H, Guo X, Devine G J, 2011. Distribution and dynamics of Bemisia tabaci invasive biotypes in central China. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 101 (1), 81-88. DOI:10.1017/S0007485310000428

Razi S, Bernard E C, Laamari M, 2017. A survey of thrips and their potential for transmission of viruses to crops in Biskra (Algeria): first record of the species Frankliniella intonsa and Thrips flavus. Tunisian Journal of Plant Protection. 12 (2), 197-205.

Rehmat Ullah, Kalim Ullah, Khan M A, Imdad Ullah, Zahid Usman, 2014. Summer weeds flora of district Dera Isamail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research. 20 (4), 505-517.

Safara S, Hayati J, Ardakani M R, Habibi M K, 2011. Occurrence, distribution and biological variability of Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus in cucurbits of Khuzestan province, South west of Iran. International Journal of Plant Biology. 2 (1), 19-23. DOI:10.4081/pb.2011.e6

Samsatly J, Sobh H, Jawhari M, Najjar C, Haidar A, Abou-Jawdah Y, 2012. First report of Watermelon chlorotic stunt virus in cucurbits in Lebanon. Plant Disease. 96 (11), 1703. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-12-0366-PDN

Santosh Mazumdar, Bhuiya B A, 2014. Vegetable leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and their plant hosts in Bangladesh. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 6 (6), 5894-5899. DOI:10.11609/JoTT.o3892.5894-9

Sedighian N, Shams-Bakhsh M, Osdaghi E, Khodaygan P, 2014. Etiology and host range of bacterial leaf blight and necrosis of squash and muskmelon in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology. 96 (3), 507-514.

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435.

Shahid M, Rehman A U, Khan A U, Mahmood A, 2007. Geographical distribution and infestation of plant parasitic nematodes on vegetables and fruits in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. 25 (1), 59-67.

Sharma P, Gaur R K, 2015. First report of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus on muskmelon in India. Journal of Plant Pathology. 97 (3), 551.

Shen RuiQing, Zhang Ping, Guo ChengJin, Zhang LiRong, Kang PingZhi, 2012. Study on fungi belonging to Fusarium Link in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Plant Diseases and Pests. 3 (2), 6-8.

Shimizu Y, Kohama T, Uesato T, Matsuyama T, Yamagishi M, 2007. Invasion of solanum fruit fly Bactrocera latifrons (Diptera: Tephritidae) to Yonaguni Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 42 (2), 269-275. DOI:10.1303/aez.2007.269

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Simón B, Cenis J L, Demichelis S, Rapisarda C, Caciagli P, Bosco D, 2003. Survey of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) biotypes in Italy with the description of a new biotype (T) from Euphorbia characias. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 93 (3), 259-264. DOI:10.1079/BER2003233

Sobh H, Samsatly J, Jawhari M, Najjar C, Haidar A, Abou-Jawdah Y, 2012. First report of Squash leaf curl virus in cucurbits in Lebanon. Plant Disease. 96 (8), 1231. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-12-0365-PDN

Song J H, Wu Z R, Zhang L X, Tan G J, Wang S, Wang J J, 2018. First report of Bacillus pumilus causing fruit rot on muskmelon (Cucumis melo) in China. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 439. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-17-1169-PDN

Suwannarach N, Khuna S, Kumla J, Tanruean K, Lumyong S, 2020. First report of Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing fruit rot on melon (Cucumis melo) in Thailand. Plant Disease. 104 (1), 280-280. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-19-1454-PDN

Takada H, 2002. Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae; Aphelinidae) of four principal pest aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) on greenhouse vegetable crops in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology. 37 (2), 237-249. DOI:10.1303/aez.2002.237

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Tang Y, Li J F, Wang T, Lin T, Ma G B, Zhu P K, Xu L, 2020. First report of Penicillium oxalicum causing blue mold rot of muskmelon (Cucumis melo) in China. Plant Disease. 104 (5), 1550-1550. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-19-2047-PDN

Tian T, Posis K, Maroon-Lango C J, Mavrodieva V, Haymes S, Pitman T L, Falk B W, 2014. First report of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus on melon in the United States. Plant Disease. 98 (8), 1163-1164. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0176-PDN

Tomassoli L, Meneghini M, 2007. First report of Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus in Italy. Plant Pathology. 56 (4), 720. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01583.x

Torés J A, Sánchez-Pulido J M, López-Ruiz F, Vicente A de, Pérez-García A, 2009. First occurrence of cucurbit powdery mildew caused by race 3-5 of Podosphaera fusca in Spain. Plant Disease. 93 (10), 1073. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-10-1073B

Trkulja V, Kovačić D, Ćurković B, Vučurović A, Stanković I, Bulajić A, Krstić B, 2013. First report of Cucumber mosaic virus on melon in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Plant Disease. 97 (8), 1124-1125. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-02-13-0135-PDN

Trkulja V, Vasić J, Vuković B, Stanković I, Vučurović A, Bulajić A, Krstić B, 2014. First report of Watermelon mosaic virus infecting melon and watermelon in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Plant Disease. 98 (12), 1749-1750. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-14-0752-PDN

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Wong M, Grandgirard J, Hascoat J, Hoareau M, Simiand C, Reynaud B, Lefeuvre P, Delatte H, Lett J M, 2017. Occurrence of the Israel strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus and the whitefly Bemisia tabaci MEAM1 species in French Polynesia. New Disease Reports. 29. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2017.035.029

Yakoubi S, Desbiez C, Fakhfakh H, Wipf-Scheibel C, Marrakchi M, Lecoq H, 2007. Occurrence of Cucurbit yellows stunting disorder virus and Cucumber vein yellowing virus in Tunisia. Journal of Plant Pathology. 89 (3), 417-420.

Yan L Y, Zang Q Y, Huang Y P, Wang Y H, 2016. First report of root rot and vine decline of melon caused by Monosporascus cannonballus in eastern mainland China. Plant Disease. 100 (3), 651. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-15-0655-PDN

Yazdani-Khameneh S, Golnaraghi A R, Rakhshandehroo F, 2013. Report of a new begomovirus on melon in Iran. New Disease Reports. 17. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2013.028.017

Yu C, Wang D, Zhang X, Shi K, Li X, Yuan X, 2016. First report of Melon necrotic spot virus in watermelon in China. Plant Disease. 100 (7), 1511-1512. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-16-0056-PDN

Yuki V A, Rezende J A M, Kitajima E W, Barroso P A V, Kuniyuki H, Groppo G A, Pavan M A, 2000. Occurrence, distribution, and relative incidence of five viruses infecting cucurbits in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Plant Disease. 84 (5), 516-520. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.5.516

Zala M B, Patel H C, Bharpoda T M, Borad P K, 2013. First report of Nysius ericae (Schilling) on muskmelon, Cucumis melo L. in Gujarat. Insect Environment. 19 (1), 26-27.

Zhang Y J, Li G F, Li M F, 2009. Occurrence of Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus on cucurbitaceous plants in China. Plant Disease. 93 (2), 200. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-2-0200C

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