Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Calotropis gigantea
(Yercum fibre)

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Datasheet

Calotropis gigantea (Yercum fibre)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Calotropis gigantea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Yercum fibre
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Summary of Invasiveness
  • The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

    Description

    Large shrub (to 4 m tall); sometimes branching from t...

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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. ex W. T. Aiton

Preferred Common Name

  • Yercum fibre

International Common Names

  • Spanish: Mudar
  • French: Mudar

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Akonfaserstrauch
  • Italy: Seta di calotropis

EPPO code

  • CTRGI (Calotropis gigantea)

Summary of Invasiveness

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The following summary is from Witt and Luke (2017):

Description

Large shrub (to 4 m tall); sometimes branching from the base; exudes copious amounts of milky sap when damaged.

Origin

China, Iran, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

Reason for Introduction

Medicine and ornament.

Invades

Roadsides, disturbed land, wasteland, urban open spaces, fallow land, croplands, gullies, lowlands and floodplains.

Impacts

C. gigantea occurs sympatrically with C. procera in many parts of Kenya and Tanzania. As such, their impacts may be considered to be similar. Invades degraded rangeland pastures, river flats and coastal dunes.

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Gentianales
  •                         Family: Apocynaceae
  •                             Genus: Calotropis
  •                                 Species: Calotropis gigantea

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Fibre
  • Poisonous to mammals

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

References

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Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa, [ed. by Witt, A., Luke, Q.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI.vi + 601 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

Distribution References

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Devi M R, Madhavan S, Baskaran A, Thangaratham T, 2015. Ethno medicinal aspects of weeds from paddy field in Thiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu, India. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 4 (11), 1909-1920. http://www.wjpr.net/dashboard/abstract_id/4153

Mukhtar I, Khokhar I, Mushtaq S, 2013. First report of leaf spot disease of Calotropis gigantea caused by Passalora calotropidis in Lahore, Pakistan. JAPS, Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 23 (2), 670-671. http://www.thejaps.org.pk/docs/v-23-2/49.pdf

Nayak S K, Satapathy K B, 2015. Diversity, uses and origin of invasive alien plants in Dhenkanal district of Odisha, India. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 4 (2), 21-27. http://www.isca.in/IJBS/Archive/v4/i2/4.ISCA-IRJBS-2014-223.pdf

Sakthivel P, Karuppuchamy P, Kalyanasundaram M, Srinivasan T, 2012. Host plants of invasive papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Williams and Granara de Willink) in Tamil Nadu. Madras Agricultural Journal. 99 (7/9), 615-619. https://doc-00-7g-docsviewer.googleusercontent.com/viewer/securedownload/dsn1aovipa7l846lsfcf94nedj8q2p4u/qo3phtufamvk9q39umu888pbj4t4kkc6/1348647300000/c2l0ZXM=/AGZ5hq8BgbJY1gwaOYx83cPOdNw6/WkdWbVlYVnNkR1J2YldGcGJud3hNWFJvWlcxaFpISmhjMkZuY21samRXeDBkWEpoYkdwdmRYSnVZV3g4WjNnNk56WmpPREk1WXpBd01XWTNZelZrWkE=?a=gp&filename=99-7-9-615-619.pdf&chan=EQAAAOqeu1nfMdjbyOfMSElqQCfRbAOx1kCMBqnRUfeLUnjy&docid=0508176bd4abbdc3e7017b1a89751bc3%7C9c9df36583445f1fe402a841b5e1963b&sec=AHSqidZmGWqJKVKwfKsaqtFstCH

Witt A, Luke Q, 2017. Guide to the naturalized and invasive plants of Eastern Africa. [ed. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Wallingford, UK: CABI. vi + 601 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 DOI:10.1079/9781786392145.0000

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