Large shrub (to 4 m tall); sometimes branching from the base; exudes copious amounts of milky sap when damaged.
China, Iran, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
Reason for Introduction
Medicine and ornament.
Roadsides, disturbed land, wasteland, urban open spaces, fallow land, croplands, gullies, lowlands and floodplains.
C. gigantea occurs sympatrically with C. procera in many parts of Kenya and Tanzania. As such, their impacts may be considered to be similar. Invades degraded rangeland pastures, river flats and coastal dunes.
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.