Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Castanea sativa
(chestnut)

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Datasheet

Castanea sativa (chestnut)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Castanea sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • chestnut
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Charcoal
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Ornamental

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Castanea sativa, cv. 'Mozza ', selected for timber production.  The tree illustrated has a dbh of 70 cm and is ca. 28 m in height.
TitleChestnut forest tree
CaptionCastanea sativa, cv. 'Mozza ', selected for timber production. The tree illustrated has a dbh of 70 cm and is ca. 28 m in height.
CopyrightAlberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa, cv. 'Mozza ', selected for timber production.  The tree illustrated has a dbh of 70 cm and is ca. 28 m in height.
Chestnut forest treeCastanea sativa, cv. 'Mozza ', selected for timber production. The tree illustrated has a dbh of 70 cm and is ca. 28 m in height.Alberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa orchard for fruit production, density 130 trees/hectare. Trees have a mean dbh of 80 cm. Garfagnana, northern Appennines, central Italy.
TitleChestnut orchard stand
CaptionCastanea sativa orchard for fruit production, density 130 trees/hectare. Trees have a mean dbh of 80 cm. Garfagnana, northern Appennines, central Italy.
CopyrightAlberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa orchard for fruit production, density 130 trees/hectare. Trees have a mean dbh of 80 cm. Garfagnana, northern Appennines, central Italy.
Chestnut orchard standCastanea sativa orchard for fruit production, density 130 trees/hectare. Trees have a mean dbh of 80 cm. Garfagnana, northern Appennines, central Italy.Alberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa stand undergoing conversion from chestnut coppice to high forest. Casentino forest, central Italy.
TitleChestnut stand undergoing conversion
CaptionCastanea sativa stand undergoing conversion from chestnut coppice to high forest. Casentino forest, central Italy.
CopyrightAlberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa stand undergoing conversion from chestnut coppice to high forest. Casentino forest, central Italy.
Chestnut stand undergoing conversionCastanea sativa stand undergoing conversion from chestnut coppice to high forest. Casentino forest, central Italy.Alberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa leaves, male catkins and female inflorescence.
TitleChestnut flowers and foliage
CaptionCastanea sativa leaves, male catkins and female inflorescence.
CopyrightAlberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa leaves, male catkins and female inflorescence.
Chestnut flowers and foliageCastanea sativa leaves, male catkins and female inflorescence.Alberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa fruits, cv. 'Selvana', selected for flour production. Italy.
TitleChestnut fruits
CaptionCastanea sativa fruits, cv. 'Selvana', selected for flour production. Italy.
CopyrightAlberto Maltoni
Castanea sativa fruits, cv. 'Selvana', selected for flour production. Italy.
Chestnut fruitsCastanea sativa fruits, cv. 'Selvana', selected for flour production. Italy.Alberto Maltoni
TitleSweet chestnuts
Caption
Copyright©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management
Sweet chestnuts©Oregon State University, Dept of Nutrition & Food Management

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Castanea sativa Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • chestnut

Other Scientific Names

  • Castanea castanea Karsten
  • Castanea vesca Gaertn.
  • Castanea vulgaris Lam.
  • Fagus castanea L.

International Common Names

  • English: European chestnut; European chestnut tree; sweet chestnut
  • Spanish: castaño
  • French: châtaignier; châtaignier commun; marron
  • Russian: kastan
  • Arabic: gastal
  • Chinese: li shu
  • Portuguese: castanheiro

Local Common Names

  • Croatia: pitomi kesten
  • Denmark: aegtekastanj
  • Germany: Edelkastanie; Edelkastanienbaum; Edel-Kastanienbaum; Esskastanienbaum; Ess-Kastanienbaum; Marone
  • Greece: kastanea; kastania
  • Hungary: gesztenye; gesztney
  • Italy: castagno; castagno comune; castagno europeo
  • Netherlands: tamme kastanje; tamme kastanjeboom
  • Romania: castan
  • Slovakia: gastan
  • Sweden: aekte kastanjtraed; äkta kastanj
  • Turkey: kestane agaci

EPPO code

  • CSNSA (Castanea sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fagales
  •                         Family: Fagaceae
  •                             Genus: Castanea
  •                                 Species: Castanea sativa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Cryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut); Curculio elephas (chestnut weevil); Cydia splendana (chestnut tortrix moth); Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp); Gnomoniopsis castanea; Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Phytophthora pseudosyringae; Phytoplasma castaneae

Minor host of:

Apiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose); Archips fuscocupreanus; Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Euproctis chrysorrhoea (brown-tail moth); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Grapholita funebrana (red plum maggot); Heterobasidion abietinum; Heterobasidion annosum; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Scolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle); Sphaeronema alni; Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)

Wild host of:

Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall)

Associated with (not a host):

Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alebra albostriella; Antheraea proylei; Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Cryphonectria naterciae; Cryptodiaporthe castanea; Curculio dentipes (curculio, chestnut); Cydia fagiglandana (beech seed moth); Cydia kurokoi; Eotetranychus carpini (mite, yellow); Eotetranychus tiliarius (lime mite); Hypoxylon mediterraneum (charcoal disease: cork oak); Melanconis modonia; Monema flavescens (oriental moth); Pammene fasciana; Pandemis corylana; Pezicula cinnamomea; Phytophthora citricola (black hop root rot); Zygina flammigera (fruit tree leafhopper)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry

Fuels

  • Charcoal

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Flour/starch
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Nuts

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Roundwood

  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Stakes
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates

Veneers

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated veneer lumber
  • Laminated wood
  • Particleboard

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Tool handles