Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Castanea dentata
(American chestnut)

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Datasheet

Castanea dentata (American chestnut)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Castanea dentata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • American chestnut
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Charcoal
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Three trunks of mature C. dentata (American Chestnut) showing characteristic bark.
TitleBark
CaptionThree trunks of mature C. dentata (American Chestnut) showing characteristic bark.
CopyrightGreg Reighard
Three trunks of mature C. dentata (American Chestnut) showing characteristic bark.
BarkThree trunks of mature C. dentata (American Chestnut) showing characteristic bark.Greg Reighard
Crown of C. dentata (American Chestnut) laden with burrs in October.
TitleFruits
CaptionCrown of C. dentata (American Chestnut) laden with burrs in October.
CopyrightGreg Reighard
Crown of C. dentata (American Chestnut) laden with burrs in October.
FruitsCrown of C. dentata (American Chestnut) laden with burrs in October.Greg Reighard
C. dentata (American Chestnut) leaves, showing characteristic dentate leaf margins.
TitleLeaves
CaptionC. dentata (American Chestnut) leaves, showing characteristic dentate leaf margins.
CopyrightJane E. Schneider
C. dentata (American Chestnut) leaves, showing characteristic dentate leaf margins.
LeavesC. dentata (American Chestnut) leaves, showing characteristic dentate leaf margins.Jane E. Schneider
Close-up of C. dentata (American Chestnut) burr with three nuts.
TitleFruit
CaptionClose-up of C. dentata (American Chestnut) burr with three nuts.
CopyrightGreg Reighard
Close-up of C. dentata (American Chestnut) burr with three nuts.
FruitClose-up of C. dentata (American Chestnut) burr with three nuts.Greg Reighard
C. dentata (American Chestnut) burrs and nuts.
TitleFruit
CaptionC. dentata (American Chestnut) burrs and nuts.
CopyrightGreg Reighard
C. dentata (American Chestnut) burrs and nuts.
FruitC. dentata (American Chestnut) burrs and nuts.Greg Reighard
Natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note elliptical canker and orange reproductive structures.
TitleChestnut blight
CaptionNatural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note elliptical canker and orange reproductive structures.
CopyrightDennis Fulbright/Michigan State University
Natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note elliptical canker and orange reproductive structures.
Chestnut blightNatural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note elliptical canker and orange reproductive structures.Dennis Fulbright/Michigan State University
Close-up of natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note orange reproductive structures.
TitleChestnut blight
CaptionClose-up of natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note orange reproductive structures.
CopyrightDennis Fulbright/Michigan State University
Close-up of natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note orange reproductive structures.
Chestnut blightClose-up of natural infection of C. dentata (American Chestnut) by chestnut blight fungus. Note orange reproductive structures.Dennis Fulbright/Michigan State University

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Castanea dentata (Marshall) Borkh.

Preferred Common Name

  • American chestnut

Other Scientific Names

  • Castanea americana (Michx.) Raf.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: castaño americano
  • French: châtaignier d'Amérique

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Amerikanischer Kastanienbaum
  • Italy: castagno americano

EPPO code

  • CSNDE (Castanea dentata)

Trade name

  • coffin wood
  • wormy chestnut

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fagales
  •                         Family: Fagaceae
  •                             Genus: Castanea
  •                                 Species: Castanea dentata

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation

Fuels

  • Charcoal
  • Fuelwood

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Charcoal

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Pulp

  • Short-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Stakes
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Shingles
  • Wall panelling

Veneers

Wood extractives (including oil)

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Toys
  • Wood carvings