Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Cryptophlebia illepida
(koa seedworm)

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Datasheet

Cryptophlebia illepida (koa seedworm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Cryptophlebia illepida
  • Preferred Common Name
  • koa seedworm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult koa seedworm, female upper left, male lower right. Wings typically copper coloured with dark accents, wingspan 12-25 mm.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult koa seedworm, female upper left, male lower right. Wings typically copper coloured with dark accents, wingspan 12-25 mm.
CopyrightVincent P. Jones
Adult koa seedworm, female upper left, male lower right. Wings typically copper coloured with dark accents, wingspan 12-25 mm.
AdultAdult koa seedworm, female upper left, male lower right. Wings typically copper coloured with dark accents, wingspan 12-25 mm.Vincent P. Jones

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Cryptophlebia illepida (Butler) 1882

Preferred Common Name

  • koa seedworm

Other Scientific Names

  • Argyroploce illepida (Butler)
  • Argyroploce vulpes Walsingham
  • Cryptophlebia illepida illepida (Butler) Walsingham 1907
  • Cryptophlebia illepida var. fulva Walsingham 1907
  • Cryptophlebia illepida var. suffusa Walsingham 1907
  • Cryptophlebia tetrao Walsingham 1907
  • Cryptophlebia vulpes Walsingham 1907
  • Olethreutes illepida
  • Teras illepida Butler, 1882

International Common Names

  • English: klu tortricid; koa seed moth; litchi borer; litchi moth; macadamia nut borer; macadamia nut moth

EPPO code

  • ARGPIL (Argyroploce illepida)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Tortricidae
  •                             Genus: Cryptophlebia
  •                                 Species: Cryptophlebia illepida

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

United StatesPresentCABI (Undated)Present based on regional distribution.
-HawaiiPresent, WidespreadNAMBA (1957)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / gummosis
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / premature drop
Fruit / webbing
Seeds / internal feeding
Seeds / rot
Seeds / webbing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Brachymeria lasus Parasite Pupae
Bracon mellitor Parasite Larvae
Calliephialtes grapholithae Parasite Larvae
Diadegma compressa Parasite Larvae
Eriborus sinicus Parasite Larvae
Glypta rufiscutellaris Parasite Hawaii tobacco
Goniozus emigratus Parasite Larvae
Pimpla punicipes Parasite Larvae
Pristomerus hawaiiensis Parasite Larvae
Sierola cryptophlebiae Parasite
Sierola koa Parasite
Trathala flavoorbitalis Parasite Larvae

References

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Hawaii Agricultural Statistical Service (HASS), 1995. Statistics of Hawaiian Agriculture. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Jones VP, 1994. Feeding by Cryptophlebia illepida and C. ombrodelta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on macadamia nut abortion. Journal of Economic Entomology, 87(3):781-786

Jones VP, 1995. Sampling plans for Cryptophlebia spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) attacking macadamia and litchi in Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(5):1337-1342; 17 ref.

Jones VP; Caprio LC, 1992. Damage estimates and population trends of insects attacking seven macadamia cultivars in Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(5):1884-1890

Jones VP; Caprio LC; Burnham-Larish LL; Tome CHM, 1991. Recent advances in macadamia IPM. Proc. Hawaiian Macadamia Nut Association. 31:42-50.

Jones VP; Delate K; Tome CHM, 1992. Macadamia IPM: Where did all this damage come from ? Proceedings of the Hawaiian Macadamia Nut Association, 32:48-56.

Jones VP; Tome CHM; Robb CJ, 1992. Progress towards pest management in litchi. Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers Conference, 2:23-30.

Namba R, 1957. Cryptophlebia illepida (Butler) (Lepidoptera: Eucosmidae) and other insect pests of the macadamia nut in Hawaii. Hawaiian Entomological Society, 16:284-297.

Stein JD, 1983. Insects associated with Acacaia koa seeds in Hawaii. Environmental Entomology, 12:229-302.

Zimmerman EC, 1978. Insects of Hawaii. A manual of the insects of the Hawaiian Islands, including an enumeration of the species and notes on their origin, distribution, hosts, parasites, etc. Volume 9. Microlepidoptera. Part I. Monotrysia, Tineoidea, Tortricoidea, Gracillarioidea, Yponomeutoidea, and Alucitoidea. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii, 1-882.

Distribution Maps

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